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Poseidonia, Paistos, Paestum

(1,150 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Socii (Roman confederation) | Theatre | | Coloniae | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization | Regio, regiones (Ποσειδωνία/ Poseidōnía: Aristot. Mir. 839a 30; Παιστός/ Paistós: Str. 5,4,13; Ποσειδωνιάς/ Poseidōniás: Scymn. 248; 'Oscan' Παῖστον/ Paîston: Ptol. 3,1,8; Posidonia: Liv. Per. 14; Plin. HN. 3,71; Latin Paestum: Plin. loc. cit.; Pestum: Tab. Peut. 6,5). [German version] I. History Town in Lucania (Aristot. loc. cit.) on the south coast of the Gulf of Salerno (Str. loc. cit.: Π…

Temesa

(167 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
[German version] (Τεμέση/ Temésē). City in Bruttium (Bruttii), in the Roman period Tempsa (Str. 6,1,5; Plin. HN 3,72); its location is uncertain, but it was somewhere in the valley of the Sabutus (modern Savuto). T. was founded by the Ausones; these were followed by the Aetolians under Thoas [3], then the Bruttii. In 194 BC a Roman colonia (Str. loc.cit.; Liv. 34,45) was established. Followers of Spartacus used T. as a base (Cic. Verr. 2,5,39-41). Near T., there was a heroon to Polites [2] (cf. Paus. 6,6,4-10). Copper mines at T. had already been exhau…

Sybaris

(605 words)

Author(s): Johannsen, Nina (Kiel) | Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
(Σύβαρις; Sýbaris). [German version] [1] Monster on the mountain Cirphis near Crisa Monster on the mountain Cirphis near Crisa, also called Lamia (Lamia [1]). In order to keep the area free of S.' regular visitations, a youth called Alcyoneus was to be sacrificed. Out of love for him, however, Eurybatus spontaneously took his place. He managed to overcome S. and throw it from a rock. On the site of its fall the spring S. arises (Antoninus Liberalis 8, according to Nicander). Johannsen, Nina (Kiel) [German version] [2] Name of a youth Name of a youth, possibly a river god, in a picture…

Metapontum

(657 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization | Regio, regiones (Μεταπόντιον, Metapóntion; Lat. Metapontum). A lower Italian city in Lucania, on the Gulf of Taras/Tarentum, said to have first been founded by the Pylians under Nestor upon their return from Troy (Strab. 6,1,15). The continuity of the Achaean substrate between the Mycenaean period and the great colonisation seems to have continued in the cultic domain (Artemision by the Venella an…

Leucopetra

(88 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
[German version] (Λευκόπετρα; Leukópetra, ‘white rock’). Promontory on the Adriatic coast south of Rhegium (Str. 5,1,3; 6,1,7), modern Capo dell'Armi near Motta S. Giovanni. Together with other ‘white rocks’ (Capo Leucata, Phalaron Akron, Leucopetrae Tarentinorum) it marks the sea route from Greece to lower Italy and Sicily. The light-coloured rocks helped the sailors navigate. Muggia, Anna (Pavia) Bibliography C. Turano, Leucopetra, in: Calabria antica, 1977, 34-44 BTCGI 4, 420f. M. Giangiulio, Tra mare e terra, in: F. Prontera (ed.), La Magna Grecia e il mare, 1996, 261-263.

Taras

(1,524 words)

Author(s): Goldhahn, Tobias | Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Toral-Niehoff, Isabel (Freiburg)
(Τάρας/ Táras). [German version] [1] Son of Poseidon and a South-Italian nymph Son of Poseidon and a South-Italian nymph (Paus. 10,10,8), or son of Heracles [1] (Serv. Aen. 3,551); hero and eponym of the town of Taranto ( cf. T. [2]) and of its river. He is considered to be the founder (Paus. l.c.), or at least the patron (Serv. l.c.) of Taranto. On a coin from Taranto, he is represented as a boy reaching out for Poseidon; the image of a dolphin rider appearing on other coins from Taranto, represents rather Phalantus [1], in spite o…

Velia

(851 words)

Author(s): Salomone Gaggero, Eleonora (Genoa) | Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing)
[German version] [1] Ligurian city in the valley of the upper Chero (Βελεία, Βελία/ Bel(e)ía; Οὐελεία/ Oueleía). Ligurian city (but in Regio VIII) in the valley of the upper Chero (tributary of the Po), c. 30 km to the south of Placentia; modern Velleia. Possibly an Augustean colonia, tribus Galeria (Plin. HN 3,47; ILS 1079, l. 8: res publica Velleiat[ium]; ILS 5560: municipes); according to the archaeological finds evidently destroyed in the 4th/5th cent. AD and abandoned. Parts of the forum survive (drainage system; paving, cf. CIL XI 1184; basilica; po…

Rhegion

(655 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bundesgenossensystem | Etrusci, Etruria | Handel | Italien, Sprachen | Kolonisation | Naturkatastrophen | Punische Kriege | Regio, regiones | Roma | Roma | Theater | Straßen (Ῥήγιον, lat. Regium), h. Reggio di Calabria. Stadt an der bruttischen Küste des Fretum Siculum (Meerenge von Messina). Strategische Lage und Fehlen von landwirtschaftlich nutzbarem Territorium verwiesen die Stadt auf die einträgliche Kontrolle der Meerenge. In der 2. H. des 8. Jh. v. Chr., kurz …

Kroton

(434 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bundesgenossensystem | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Italien, Sprachen | Kolonisation | Punische Kriege | Straßen (Κρότων, lat. Croto[n]). Um 733 v.Chr. unter Myskelos aus Rhypes von achaiischen Kolonisten auf ein delphisches Orakel hin gegr. Stadt an der Ostküste von Bruttium/Südit. (Antiochos, FGrH 555 F 10). Im 6. Jh.v.Chr. expandierte K. auf Kosten der Nachbarkolonien: Wichtige Stationen sind die Einnahme und Zerstörung von Siris Mitte 6. Jh., die Nied…

Neapolis

(1,882 words)

Author(s): von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Meyer, Ernst † (Zürich) | Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Et al.
(Νέα πόλις, Νεάπολις, “Neue Stadt”). [English version] [1] Stadt an der Nordküste der Ägäis Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Makedonia, Makedones | Moesi, Moesia | Straßen Stadt an der Nordküste der Ägäis im Westen der Mündung des Nestos gegenüber Thasos, h. Kavalla (Strab. 7a,1,36; Ps.-Skyl. 67). Wohl thasische Kolonie; die genaue Gründungszeit ist unbekannt. E. des 6. Jh.v.Chr. autonome Silberprägung nach dem Vorbild von Eretria [1] (HN 196). Aus dieser Zeit stammen Reste eines Tempels der Athena Partheno…

Laus

(337 words)

Author(s): Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg) | Muggia, Anna (Pavia)
[English version] [1] Insekt Insekt; φθείρ/ phtheír, lat. pediculus, spätlat. auch tinea (Isid. orig. 12, 5,11: vestimentorum vermis). Von den angeblich 53 Arten [1] sind nur drei Parasiten des Menschen von Bed. 1. Die Filz-L., Phirus pubis (L.), (φθείρ ἄγριος/ phtheir ágrios: Aristot. hist. an. 5,31,557a 4-10; vgl. Hdt. 2,37 über die Rasur der Körperhaare bei den ägypt. Priestern), welche für die φθειρίασις βλεφάρων/ phtheiríasis blephárōn (den Läusebefall der Augenlider) verantwortlich sein soll (Cels. 6,6,15). 2. Die gerne auf Schafswolle (Aristot. hist. a…
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