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Praegustator

(174 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] ('Food taster'). Food tasters, used to protect persons in positions of high authority from poisoning, had been employed since the time of the Persian Achaemenidae [2], then also by Alexander [4] the Great (e.g. Xen. Cyr. 1,3,9; Just. Epit. 12,14,9). Mark Antony (Antonius [II I 9]) is said to have been the first of the Romans to employ a praegustator (Plin. HN. 21,9,12). Praegustatores were put in the employ of Roman rulers beginning with Augustus [1]. It is unclear whether their profession was always in r…

Rufus

(1,595 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Simons, Roswitha (Düsseldorf)
Common Roman cognomen ('red-haired', 'redhead', Quint. Inst. 1,4,25). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] [- - -]us R. Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia with an impressive monument in Rome Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia, probably in the final period of the Republic or the first years of Augustus. An impr…

Catilius

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] [Ca]tilius Longus Eques from Bithynia, 1st cent. AD Eques from Apamea in Bithynia who was accepted into the Senate by Vespasian (CIL III 335 = Eck, ZPE 42, 1981, 242ff. = AE 1982, 860). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C. Severus Procos. Asiae, 3rd cent. AD Descendant of C. [3]. as attested in Frater Arvalis, 213 and 218; probably procos. Asiae (IGR IV 1281) [1. 112f., 418f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) …

Glitius

(264 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q.G. Atilius Agricola Quaestor under Vespasianus An Atilius by birth, presumably adopted by a G., from Augusta Taurinorum, where he was honoured by various cities, also by means of trapezophora. Probably of senatorial origin; the fact that he became quaestor of Vespasianus indicates imperial patronage; under Domitianus he was iuridicus in Spain, legatus legionis VI Ferratae in Syria and praetorian governor of Belgica, also under Nerva, then cos. suff. in September/October AD 97, when Trajan was adopted. Consular governor of Pannonia in 101-2, p…

Plancia Magna

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of M. Plancius [3] Varus and wife of C. Iulius [II 48] Cornutus Tertullus. She was from Perge, where she held several public offices. Aft…

Nymphidius

(291 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Lupus Soldier and adviser of Pliny the Younger He served in the army as a praefectus in Syria around AD 80/1, when Plinius the Younger was a tribunus militum in the legio III Gallica. Later N. reached rank of a primipilaris. Pliny called him to Pontus-Bithynia as an adviser. For his son of the same name Pliny requested a military tribunate from the emperor Trajan (Plin. Epist. 10,87). PIR2 N 248; 249. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.N. Sabinus 1st cent. AD soldier and official Son of C. Iulius […

Caristanius

(91 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.C. Fronto Official under Vespasian Senator from Caesarea in Pisidia. Vespasian made him inter tribunicios adlectus. He was the praetorian governor of Lycia-Pamphylia from AD 81- c. 83/84; cos. suff…

Terentius

(5,938 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Bartels, Jens (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Et al.
Roman nomen gentile of Sabine origin. Its members begin to appear in the sources late in the 3rd cent. BC. Politically the most important branch was that of the Terentii Varrones which attained the ranks of the nobility with T. [I 14] Varro, consul in 216 BC. From the mid-2nd cent., several families of this branch were in simultaneous and unconnected existence. Cognomina showing geographical origins are widespread among the Terentii (Afer, Lucanus, Massaliota). …

Sicinius

(441 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman plebeian nomen gentile, often confused with Siccius; members of the family frequently appear as people's tribunes in the 5th cent. BC, but the family is otherwise insignificant. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] S., C. Tradition links S. with the origins and early development of the people's tribunate ( tribunus plebis ): S. was firstly the initiator of the secessio plebis of 494 BC and then one of the people's tribunes, subsequently elected for the first time (Liv. 2,32,2; 2,33,2; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 6,45,2; 6,89,2; cf. Diod. Sic. 11,68,8: S. as tr.pl. in 470 after their number had been increased to four), then aedile in 492 (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 7,14,2; Liv. 2,34,9) and as …

Corvinus

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Friend of the poet Juvenal Friend of the poet  Juvenal, who dedicated satura 12 to him. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Mentioned by Juvenal as an exiled senator Mentioned by Juvenal as an exiled senator (1,108). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C. Celer Municipal quaestor in Oea in Africa Municipal quaestor in Oea in Africa (Apul. Apol. 101). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Harpocras

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Freedman of Claudius, who is said to have honoured him by permitting him the use of a litter and the holding of games in Rome, which was normally the prerogative of the magistrates. PIR2 H 16. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Hosidius

(322 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.H. Geta Mint master in the 1st cent. BC Mint master, perhaps in the year 54 BC (MRR 2, 441); proscribed by the triumviri in 43, but rescued by his son; later struck from the proscription lists (App. B Civ. 4,171). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] [H.] Geta Senator, probably Augustan-Tiberian period, quaesitor Senator, whose fragmentary cursus probably belongs to the Augustan-Tiberian period because of the office of quaesitor. CIL IX 2844; PIR2 H 215. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.H. Geta Legionary legate in Britain in 43 AD, orna…

Pisibania Lepida

(50 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Member of the senatorial class, who had an estate at Ferentium in southern Etruria (CIL XI 3003 and p. 1313); she was related to Pisibanius [2] (cf. [1. 158f.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n.Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 147-182.

Coelius

(856 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Plebeian gentilicium, also Coilius, in surviving manuscripts often confused with Caelius (Schulze 155; ThlL, Onom. 2, 523-525). Bearers of this name are documented since the 2nd cent. BC, usually belonging to the Tribus Aemilia. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] C. Antipater, L. Historiographer, late 2nd cent. BC Possibly the brother of the senator C. Coelius C.f. [1; 2. 16], a highly educated scholar of law and rhetoric (Cic. Brut. 102; Dig. 1,2,2,40), considered the teacher and friend of L. Licinius Crassu…

Mustius

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. M. Priscus. Praetorian governor of Dacia superior probably from AD 141/2, attested there in 144  (CIL XVI 90). Probably cos. suff. in absentia in August of the same year [1. 56f.]. PIR2 M 760. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Piso, FPD.

Sutorius

(15 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. Naevius Cordus S. Macro see Naevius [II 3]. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Eppia

(32 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a senator, who under Domitian allegedly left her husband to follow a gladiator to Egypt (Juv. 6,82-114; cf. PIR2 E 79, F 91). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Julio-Claudian dynasty

(376 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] This term describes the first five sole rulers of Rome (including their families) after the end of the Republic and the Civil Wars: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius [III 1], and Nero. If we begin Augustus' monarchical status with his victory at Actium ( Actium) on 2 Sept. 31 BC, the dynasty's rule lasted almost 99 years, until the suicide of Nero on 9 (?) June, AD 68. It descends from four families ( Augustus: stemma ‘The Julio-Claudian dynasty’): the familia Iulia, familia Octavia, familia Claudia and familia Domitia. But in reality the dynasty unfolded al…
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