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Rufinus

(1,669 words)

Author(s): Albiani, Maria Grazia (Bologna) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Gatti, Paolo (Trento) | Gutsfeld, Andreas (Münster) | Et al.
[German version] I Greek (Ῥουφῖνος/ Rhouphînos). [German version] [I 1] Epigrammatist Greek epigrammatist; dating uncertain (Neronian/Flavian era? [2; 4]; 2nd cent. AD? [3]; late 4th cent. AD? [1]); origin unknown (Anth. Pal. 5,9: residence in Ephesus). 37 erotic poems are extant, all in Anth. Pal. 5,2-103 (on this so-called Sylloge Rufiniana, perhaps also from the 4th cent. AD, cf. [5]). With the exception of the paederastic poem 28 (cf. also 19), R.' epigrams, in which 13 women's names are mentioned (two further fictitious ones in 44,1), tr…

Gabrielus

(53 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Praefectus urbis Constantinopolitanae in AD 543; while in office, he resumed charge of the capital's grain supply, which John the Cappadocian ( Iohannes [16]) had assigned to the praefectus praetorio Orientis (Lydus, Mag. 3,38; Nov. Iust. 125). Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography PLRE 3 A, 498 Stein, Spätröm. R., vol. 2, 441.

Gaudentius

(730 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Uthemann, Karl-Heinz (Amsterdam) | Et al.
(Γαυδέντιος; Gaudéntios). [German version] [1] G. Philosophus Musician and philosopher Author of an introduction to harmony, Ἁρμονικὴ εἰσαγωγή ( Harmonikḕ eisagōgḗ) ─ probably written in line with Claudius Ptolemy's ─ translated into Latin by Cassiodorus' friend Mutianus (Cassiod. Inst. 2,5,142 Mynors). The incompletely preserved work (in 23 chapters) contains traditional teachings in a slightly modified form, especially from Aristoxenus and the Pythagoreans: voice, sound, interval, modes, composition (1-7), unison…

Magnus

(1,025 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Groß-Albenhausen, Kirsten (Frankfurt/Main) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Et al.
Roman cognomen, which originally designated bodily size or birth order (‘the Elder’), as in the Republican period in the case of Sp. Postumius Albinus M. ( cos. 148 BC) and T. Roscius M. (Cic. Rosc. Am. 17) [1. 275; 3. 47]. As an assumption of the epithet of Alexander [4] ‘the Great’ (ὁ μέγας/ ho mégas, in the sense of great historical importance), first taken by Cn. Pompeius ( cos. 70 and 55) in the 1st cent. BC, then inherited by his sons Cn. and Sex. Pompeius and their descendants. Sex. Pompeius used M. also as a praenomen resp. nomen gentile [4. 364f.]. In the Imperial period, more frequen…

Agrippinus

(79 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Comes et magister utriusque militiae per Gallias in the years AD 451/52-456/457, then replaced by emperor  Maiorianus with  Aegidius and accused, deployed again by  Ricimer in 461 and sent to Gallia, where he gave over the city of Narbo 462 to the West Goths, in order to win them over against Aegidius (Chron. min. 2, 26, 33 Mommsen; MGH SS rer. Merov. 3,109; 149-152). PLRE 2, 37 f. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography D. Henning, Periclitans res publica, 1999

Herculius

(58 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Praefectus praetorio 408 to 410 BC Praefectus praetorio Illyrici from AD 408 to 410 (Cod. Theod. 12,1,172; 15,1,49), in whose honour the Sophists erected statues in Athens and Megara (IG II2 4224f.; VII 93).  Iohannes Chrysostomos sent him epist. 201. PLRE 2, 545. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) [German version] [2] see Maximianus see  Maximianus

Longinianus

(93 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Flavius Macrobius L., in AD 399 comes sacrarum largitionum ( comes, comites ), as praefectus urbi had the walls and gates of Rome restored in 401-402 because of the threat of the Goths (ILS 797). In 406 L. became praef. praet. italiae, as a friend of Stilicho, when he was …

Felix

(619 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Michel, Simone (Hamburg) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) | Fröhlich, Roland (Tübingen) | Et al.
Roman cognomen (‘The Fortunate One’), in the Republican period initially an epithet of the dictator L. Cornelius [I 90] Sulla and his descendants (Cornelius [II 59-61]); in the Imperial period, as a name invoking luck, one of the most common cognomina and the most common slave name. Elver…

Ulpius

(1,427 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] [0] C. U. Antoninus Proconsul of Lycia-Pamphylia (communication from M. Waelkens). Whether he is identical with the senator U. Antoninus who participated in the secular games of AD 204 [1] must remain an open question.…

Gerontius

(304 words)

Author(s): Groß-Albenhausen, Kirsten (Frankfurt/Main) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Armenian, about AD 350, had great influence at the court in Constantinople Armenian, held his first office in the imperial administration in AD 356-357 (Lib. Ep. 538 Foerster), praefectus Aegypti i…

Notitia Romae

(74 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] The Notitia regionum urbis (Romae) XIV, also known as the Libellus de regionibus urbis Romae, is the most comprehensive source for the administrative structure of the city's 14 districts and for the stock of buildings in ancient Rome. Its core description of the city dates back to the reign of Constantinus [1] I, with interpolations from the 4th cent. Notitia dignitatum; Roma …

Honoria

(181 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Iusta Grata H., western Roman empress. Daughter of  Constantius [6] III and of  Galla [3] Placidia, elder sister of  Valentinianus III, born in AD 417 or 418 (Olympiodorus fr. 34 FHG IV 65; Sozom. Hist. eccl. 9,16,2), probably became Augusta before 437 (ILS 817f.). She was forced to take a vow of eternal virginity, but in 449 was expelled from court because of an affair with her procurator an…

Reparatus

(172 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Letsch-Brunner, Silvia (Zürich)
[German version] [1] Late-Roman senator, c. AD 527, praefectus urbis Romae Late-Roman senator, brother of Pope Vigilius, c. AD 527 praefectus urbis Romae under the Gothic king Athalaric. In 536, he was interned by the Goths in Ravenna. He fled to Liguria, and in 538, Belisarius appointed him praefectus praetorio (Italiae) in Mediolan(i)um [1] (Milan), where he was assassinated in 539 by the vic…

Flavianus

(473 words)

Author(s): Franke, Thomas (Bochum) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] [1] Praefectus praetorio 222 oder 223 n. Chr. Praefectus praetorio mit (Geminius) Chrestus im Jahre 222 oder 223 n.Chr. Als ihnen auf Drängen der Iulia Mamaea Domitius Ulpianus von Severus Alexander als Praetorianerpraefekt übergeordnet wurde, meuterte die Garde, worauf Ulpianus F. und Chrestus töten ließ (Cass. Dio 80,2,2; Zos. 1,11,2). PIR2 F 180. Franke, Thomas (Bochum) [English version] [2] Virius Nicomachus F. heidnischer, stadtröm. Aristokrat; Freund des Symmachus Dominierende Gestalt der stadtröm. nichtchristl. Aristokratie im letzten Viertel des 4. Jh. n.Chr. Eine enge Freundschaft verband ihn mit Q. Aurelius Symmachus, von dem zahlreiche Briefe an ihn erhalten sind (Symm. epist. 2,1-91). Er war 364/5 consularis Siciliae, 377 vicarius Africae und unterstützte dabei evtl. die Donatisten (Aug. epist. 87,8). Er setzte sich für die Belange von Leptis Magna ein (Amm. 28,6,28). 382/3 (oder 389/390) war er quaestor sacri palatii, 390 praefectus praetorio Italiae, Illyriae et Africae. Er unterstützte die Usurpation des …

Honoria

(163 words)

Regendarius

(124 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] Spätantiker Beamter im officium [6] der Praetorianerpraefekten, der für die Ausstellung der Berechtigungsscheine ( evectiones) zur Benutzung des cursus publicus zuständig war (Lyd. mag. 3,4 und 21; Cassiod. var. 11,29). Die Identität des Amtes mit dem des regerendarius, den die Notitia dignitatum in den Offizien aller Praetorianerpraefekten, des Stadtpraefekten von Rom, der Heermeister und einer Reihe der comites und duces des Westens verzeichnet (Not. dign. or. 2,68; 3,29; Not. dign. occ. 2,52; 3,47; 4,28; 5,280; 25,44; 30,27 u.ö.), ist…

Florentius

(339 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] [1] Flavius F. Praefectus praetorio Galliarum 357-360 n. Chr. war 357-360 n.Chr. praefectus praetorio Galliarum. Auf sein Betreiben ließ Constantius [2] II. Hilfstruppen aus Gallien abziehen, was die Erhebung Iulians zur Folge hatte (Iul. epist. 282c; Amm. 20,4,2). Constantius ernannte ihn 360 zum praefectus praetorio Illyrici und ehrte ihn 361 mit dem Consulat (Amm. 21,6,5). Nach Iulians Sieg wurde er von der Kommission zu Kalchedon in absentia zum Tod verurteilt (Amm. 22,3,6). Wahrscheinlich ist er identisch mit dem gleichnamigen comes des Constantius, de…

Festus

(926 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Eigler, Ulrich (Trier) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Konstanz)
[English version] [1] s. Marcius Festus s. Marcius Festus Portmann, Werner (Berlin) …

Felix

(582 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Michel, Simone (Hamburg) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) | Fröhlich, Roland (Tübingen) | Et al.
Röm. Cognomen (“der Glückliche”), in republikanischer Zeit zunächst Beiname des Dictators L. Cornelius [I 90] Sulla und seiner Nachfahren (Cornelius [II 59-61]); in der Kaiserzeit als glückverheißende Bezeichnung eines der häufigsten Cognomina überhaupt und häufigster Sklavenname. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [1] Steinschneider der röm. Republik Steinschneider aus der Zeit der röm. Republik, wohl Zeitgenosse des Dioskurides [8], zusammen mit Anteros inschr. als gemari de sacra viam genannt [1. 44 u. Anm. 40]. Signierte den berühmten Sardonyx…

Notitia Africae

(61 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] ( Notitia provinciarum et civitatum Africae). Die N.A. bietet eine Liste von 466 katholischen Bischöfen aus Africa bis in die Zeit des Vandalenkönigs Hunericus/Hunerich 484 n.Chr., verfaßt etwa gleichzeitig mit dem Werk des Victor von Vita. Notitia dignitatum Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography Ed.: MGH AA 3, 1, 1878, 63-71  M. Petschenig, Victor Vitensis, in: CSEL 7, 1881, 115-134.
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