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Egrilius

(265 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M. Acilius Priscus E. Plarianus Roman magistrate and pontifex Volcani after 105 AD An E. by birth but adopted by a M. Acilius Priscus. The family came from Ostia. Senator. He rose via the proconsulate in the Narbonensis, the command of the legio VIII Augusta, to the praefectura of the aerarium militare and then the aerarium Saturni 126 [1. 301]. It is unknown if he became consul. In Ostia pontifex Volcani after 105. PIR2 E 48 [1. 285-308]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A.E. Plarianus Cos. suff. 128 AD pater. Cos. suff. in 128. Vidman, FOst 49 [1. 302]. Eck, We…

Milonia Caesonia

(121 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Vistilia [2], born around 5 AD. Although she was not exceptionally beautiful and was already the mother of three daughters, Caligula had a relationship and a close personal bond with her. He married her when she was pregnant, shortly before the birth of a daughter who was given the name Iulia [14] Drusilla. However, Nero did not grant M. the name Augusta. She was murdered together with Caligula and her daughter at the beginning of the year 41 by a centurio. Nothing in CIL VI 32347 (Acts of the Arval brethren) points to the deletion of her name. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bib…

Pullaienus

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Albius P. Pollio. Cos. suff. under Domitianus [1] in the year of crisis, AD 90; he was therefore supposed to have been one of the emperor's loyal followers. Proconsul of Asia probably in 104/5. Possibly identical with the owner of a number of brickworks in 123. PIR2 P 1076. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Ummidia

(121 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] U. Cornificia Faustina Daughter of U. [3], niece of Marcus [2] Aurelius. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, Nr. 827. [German version] [2] U. Quadratilla Daughter of U. [1]. For her possible marriage and descendants see [1. 662-665]. Pliny (Epist. 7,24) describes her as an extravagant woman, who even at a great age kept a group of mimes; in her home city of Casinum she had an amphitheatre and a temple built (ILS 5628). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2 Raepsaet-Charlier, Nr. 829. [German version] [3] U. (Quadratilla) Married to th…

Pasidienus

(108 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. P. Firmus Cos. suff. AD 75 Cos. suff. in AD 75; related to P. [2], presumably his son. PIR2 P 138. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] P. P. Firmus Office Holder (1st cent. AD) Senator. Praetorian Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Claudius [III 1]. He became cos. suff. in AD 65, replacing Iulius Vestinus Atticus, who had been forced to withdraw; P. would probably never have attained the consulate without this sudden vacancy. He was probably already quite old, at least over 50, which explains the short interval pr…

Statoria

(64 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] S. Marcella. Wife of C. Minicius [4] Fundanus, sister of Statorius Secundus, mother of two daughters, including Minicia Marcella, whose death is mentioned in Plinius (Ep. 5,16). The ara of her tomb was found together with the ara of her daughter on Monte Mario in Rome (CIL VI 16632). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, Tra epigrafia, prosopografia e archeologia, 1996, 239.

Lygdus

(51 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Slave and eunuch of Drusus [II 1], the son of Tiberius. Aelius [II 19] Seianus instigated L.'s poisoning of Drusus in AD 23. When Apicata, the wife of Seianus, testified about her husband in 30, L. was also convicted and executed. PIR2 L 465. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Lurius Varus

(61 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Consular representative who in AD 57 through mediation on the part of Otho was re-admitted to the Senate by Nero after he had been expelled from the committee for extortion (PIR2 L 428). According to Syme [1. 366ff.], he could have been consular legate in Pannonia or Dalmatia. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP, vol. 4.

[?Arr]enus Sabinus

(60 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator from Interamna Praetuttiorum. He entered the Senate under Augustus, became quaestor, people's tribune, praetor, proconsul of an unnamed province, and finally legate to Augustus, probably in the province of Galatia. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M. Buonocore, W. Eck, Teramo tra storia ed Epigrafia, in: Atti della Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia, Ser. 3. Rendiconti, 72, 1999/2000, 221 ff.

Statores

(105 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (from stare, 'to stand at someone's side'; in the military realm = ordinance). Soldiers who in the Imperial Period belonged to the staff of military commanders and governors with troops. They could belong to the troops from the city of Rome or to those in the provinces. Their tasks are difficult to determine; they might have functioned as letter couriers and prison wards. However, these tasks were probably only an (occasional) part of their duties. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Haensch, A commentariis und commentariensis, in: Y. Le Bohec (ed.), La hiérarchie…

Appuleia

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Varilla, daughter of Sex. Appuleius, granddaughter of  Octavia, the sister of Augustus; in AD 17 she was accused of adulterium and lèse majesté against Augustus and Tiberius but after the princeps' intervention she was merely removed 200 miles from Rome (Tac. Ann. 2,50). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, AA, 317, 327 PIR2 A 968.

Accenna

(60 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [M.?] A. Verus. Suffect consul in AD 125 together with P. Lucius Cosconianus [1; 2]. Like the other senatorial Accennae he was from Baetica; cf. [3. 27 ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck et al., Neue Militärdiplome mit neuen Konsulndaten, in: Chiron 32, 2002, 401-426 2 W. Eck, P. Weiß, Hadrianische Suffektkonsuln: Neue Zeugnisse aus Militärdiplomen, in: ibid., 449-489 3 Caballos, vol. 1.

Livinus

(75 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [ - - -] L. Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Nero Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Nero; the nomen gentile of the senator has been erased for unknown reasons ([1. 200f.]; cf. [2. 200 no. 3]). Possibly, his cognomen was Livi<a>nus [cf. 3. 205f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 A. Chaniotis, G. Preuss, in: ZPE 80, 1990, 189-202 2 Ergon 1975 3 M. A. Welborn Baldwin, Fasti Cretae et Cyrenarum, thesis Ann Arbor 1983.

Iasdius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.I. Aemilianus Honoratianus Postumus Son of Frater Arvalis, 2nd cent. AD Son of I. [2]. Frater Arvalis AD 240-241. CIL VI 41225. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Scheid, Collège 464ff. [German version] [2] L.? I. Domitianus Senator, homo novus, praetor, several magistr. Entered the Senate as homo novus. After being a praetor he commanded two legions, became curator viae Aemiliae and simultaneously praefectus alimentorum. Was praetorian governor and suffect consul between about AD 215 and 225. Subsequently, consular legate of Germania i…

Vespronius

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. V. Candidus Sallustius Sabinus. Praetorian governor of Numidia, cos. suff. in the same province, c. AD 176. Consular governor of Tres Daciae (Daci, Dacia C) c. 183-186. Probably proconsul of Africa (Africa 3) at the end of the reign of Commodus. According to Tertullianus [2] (Ad Scapulam 4,3) he treated Christians with leniency. At the beginning of 193 he was sent by the emperor Didius [II 6] Iulianus with a senatorial legation to meet the approaching Septimius [II 7] Severus; at this event he was all…

Sutorius

(15 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. Naevius Cordus S. Macro see Naevius [II 3]. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Eppia

(32 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a senator, who under Domitian allegedly left her husband to follow a gladiator to Egypt (Juv. 6,82-114; cf. PIR2 E 79, F 91). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Julio-Claudian dynasty

(376 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] This term describes the first five sole rulers of Rome (including their families) after the end of the Republic and the Civil Wars: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius [III 1], and Nero. If we begin Augustus' monarchical status with his victory at Actium ( Actium) on 2 Sept. 31 BC, the dynasty's rule lasted almost 99 years, until the suicide of Nero on 9 (?) June, AD 68. It descends from four families ( Augustus: stemma ‘The Julio-Claudian dynasty’): the familia Iulia, familia Octavia, familia Claudia and familia Domitia. But in reality the dynasty unfolded al…

Lappius

(176 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Bucius L. Maximus. Senator. Legate of the legio VIII Augusta at Argentorate around AD 77/78; Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Domitian [1]. Suffect consul in 86, then consular legate in Germania inferior. When Antonius Saturninus revolted against Domitian at Mainz in late 88/early 89, L. put down the rebellion with his provincial troops; L. is described on his wife's funerary inscription (CIL VI 1347 = 37049 = ILS 1006) as confector belli Germanici, indicating acceptance of the official propaganda according to which the uprising was in reality a …

Tres militiae

(276 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A schedule of promotion for equestrians ( equites Romani ) as commanders of auxiliary units and legions developed in the Roman army from the early Imperial period. In many cases, it comprised three steps. Although Claudius [III 1] had set the sequence: praefectus cohortis - praefaectus alae - tribunus militum (Suet. Claud. 25,1), from the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty the normal order became: praefectus cohortis (commander of a cohort of 500 men; praefectus ), - tribunus [4] militum with a legion (or a cohors civium Romanorum), and finally praefectus alae (commande…

Attia Viriola

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] From a noble family, married to a senator of praetorian rank. When she was disowned by her 80-year-old father, Pliny represented her case before the centumviri (Plin. Ep. 6,33); cf. [1. 700f.]. PIR2 A 1370. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2.

Maecianus

(65 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Avidius M., son of the usurper Avidius [1] Cassius, was iuridicus Alexandriae in AD 175; killed towards the end of the revolt by the soldiers; his mother was a Maecia ( Maecius). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography A. R. Birley, Marcus Aurelius, 21987, 192 PIR2 A 1406 R. Syme, Avidius Cassius - His Rank, Age and Quality, in: Bonner Historia-Augusta-Colloquium 1984/85, 1987, 218.

Futius

(107 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. Futius Cos. suff. probably in the time of Claudius Cos. suff. probably in the time of Claudius. PIR2 F 605; Vidman, FO2 72. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] F. Longus Proconsul of Achaea Proconsul of Achaea; the period cannot be established precisely (AE 1973, 495 = 1974, 601). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Q. F. Lusius Saturninus Cos. suff. probably AD 41 Cos. suff. with M. Seius Varanus, probably in July AD 41 ([1] = AE 1984, 228). At the instigation of Suillius, Claudius had him executed in 43. PIR2 L 449. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G.…

Danacia

(19 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] D. Quartilla Aureliana Wife of the senator Aiacius (AE 1968, 518, 523). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vibidius Virro

(80 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Homo novus, perhaps from Corfinium. No later than 9 BC he was a member of the Senate (Frontin. Aq. 129). Tiberius [1] made him, together with others, leave the Senate, since he had become impoverished by his way of life and no longer owned the minimum required for a Senator (Tac. Ann. 2,48,3). His daughter was Vibidia. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Syme, Ten Studies in Tacitus, 1970, 76 f. T. P. Wiseman, New Men in the Roman Senate, 1971, 273.

Hormus

(54 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Flavius) H. was Vespasian's freedman, who accompanied the Flavian troops during their advance into Italy and had great influence besides  Antonius [II 13] Primus (Tac. Hist. 3,12,3; 28,1). He was rewarded by the Senate with the equestrian rank on 1 January AD 70. Tac. Hist. 4,39,1; PIR2 H 204. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vistilius

(83 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. V. Senator at the time of Augustus and Tiberius who rose to the rank of praetor; from Iguvium. Closely connected with Nero Claudius [II 24] Drusus the Elder, he was received by Tiberius [II 1] into his circle of amici ( Amicitia ). Repudiated by Tiberius because of a pamphlet against Caligula he had allegedly written he took his life (Tac. Ann. 6,9,2). Probably a brother of Vistilia [2], father of Vistilia [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP 2, 810 f.

Ennia Aequa

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of L. Vitrasius Flamininus, cos. suff. in 122, mother of L. Vitrasius Ennius Aequus. CIL X 4123 = Camodeca, EOS I 531. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cossonius

(141 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. C. Gallus Vecilius Crispinus Mansuanius Marcellinus Numisius Sabinus. Senator whose career is known from an inscription from Antioch [5] in Pisidia (CIL III 6813 = ILS 1038). Quaestor in the province of Pontus-Bithynia, people's tribune, praetor, curator viarum Clodiae, Cassiae, Ciminiae, Traianae novae, praef. frumenti dandi, legatus legionum I Italicae et II Traianae, proconsul Sardiniae ( c. AD 111), praetorian imperial legate of Galatia, Pisidia c. AD 113-115; suffect consul probably in 116 [1. 9-35] or even not until 117, VIIvir epulonum; first known…

Pudens

(128 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Proconsul of the province of Lycia-Pamphylia in the 2nd cent. AD Proconsul of the province of Lycia-Pamphylia, no earlier than under Marcus [2] Aurelius and Lucius Verus. Identification is not possible. PIR2 P 1064. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Friend of the poet Martialis [1] from Umbria P., for whom also the praenomen Aulus is transmitted. A friend of the poet Martialis [1], he was from Umbria and rose to primipilus. On the possibilities for identification cf. PIR2 P 1069. In an inscription from Sarsina [1. 264], however, [Au]lus can hardly be res…

Rustius

(110 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cn. Marcius R. Rufinus. Equestrian who began his career as the centurio of a legion, then became primus pilus of the legio III Gallica in Syria, tribune among the vigiles, the cohortes urbanae and the praetorians in Rome; primus pilus for the second time with the legio III Cyrenaica in Arabia. He then transferred into a procuratorial career: procurator of Syria (Coele?), praefect of the two Italic fleets, praepositus annonae probably during the Parthian War in AD 198; finally praefect of the vigiles in 205-207 with the title of eminentissimus vir. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bib…

Laberia

(65 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Marcia Hostilia Crispina Moecia Cornelia. Daughter of Laberius [II 3] Maximus, cos. II AD 103, and second wife of C. Bruttius [II 4] Praesens, cos. II in 139. L. accompanied her husband to Africa during his time as proconsul there (CIL VIII 110); her estates were near Amiternum and Trebula Mutuesca (Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 478). PIR2 L 15. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Funisulana Vettula

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of Tettius Africanus, praefectus Aegypti in the year AD 82; probably the sister or the daughter of Funisulanus Vettonianus. PIR2 F 571. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Iallius

(99 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M.I.M. f. Volt(inia tribu) Bassus Fabius Valerianus. Senator, who originated from Alba Helviorum in Narbonensis. In AD 156-159 he was in charge of Pannonia inferior as praetorian governor (AE 1976, 542; RMD II 102; 103). Cos. suff. shortly thereafter; curator operum publicorum in 161; consular governor of Moesia inferior; then comes Augustorum during the Parthian War. At the end of his career he was consular governor of Pannonia superior, where he made peace with invading Germanic tribes (Cass. Dio 71,3,1; PIR2 J 4). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Kolb, Bauver…

Cadius

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.C. Rufus. Proconsul of Bithynia et Pontus shortly before the year AD 49 when he was sentenced by the Senate because of  repetundae (Tac. Ann. 12,22,3) [1. 159ff]. Readmitted into the Senate by Otho (PIR2 C 6). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Stumpf, Numismatische Unt., 1991.

Sanquinius

(119 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. S. Maximus. Son of a senator of the Augustan period, possibly M. Sanquinius, the Master of the Mint (RIC I 2 337; 342). S. became consul on 1 February AD 39 instead of Caligula, perhaps until the end of  June (Cass. Dio 59,13,2); at the same time he may have been a políarchos [2] ( praefectus urbi). CIL X 905 and Tac. Ann. 6,4,3 are also seen as relating to S.; in that case he would have been cos. suff. by c. 21/2, but  cos. II in 39. This reconstruction must, however, remain uncertain. In c. 46 he was legate of the army of Lower Germany; he also died there (Tac. Ann. 11,18,1). Eck, Wer…

Vettulenus

(361 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Sex. V. Cerialis Senator, whose family may have originated in the Sabine lands [1. 325-332]. Legionary legate in the Jewish War under Vespasianus; after the conquest of Jerusalem (in AD 70), he was the first senatorial governor to take over the province of Judaea (Palaestina). Probably in the first half of the year 71 he returned to Rome; suffect consul probably in 72 or 73. Recorded 75-78 as consular legate of Moesia (CIL XVI 22; cf. [2. 30, tab. I, Z. 9; 3]) ILS 988 may refer to him. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme RP, vol. 1 2 RMD I, No. 2 3 W. Eck et al., Neu…

Subrius

(94 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. S. Dexter. Tribune of a praetorian cohort, who in January of AD 69 made an unsuccessful attempt to keep the soldiers from revolting against Galba [2] (Tac. Hist. 1,31,4). He is identical with the procurator et praefectus of the province of Sardinia in 74 [1.80f.]. His name appears again as cos. of 104 and procos. of Asia in 120/121, Sex. S. Dexter Cornelius Priscus [2.154, 210]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Pflaum, vol. 1 2 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 13, 1983, 147-237. Syme, RP 7, 481; 490.

Martina

(108 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] In the context of Germanicus' [2] sudden death in Syria in AD 19, Martina was said to have prepared the poison that killed him. Allegedly she was a friend of Munatia Plancina, the wife of Cn. Calpurnius [II 16] Piso, Germanicus's adversary. Cn. Sentius, Calpurnius Piso's successor in Syria, sent her to Rome, but she died suddenly in Brundisium during the journey (Tac. Ann. 2,74,2; 3,7,2). Since the poisoning of Germanicus is a fabrication, the allegations against Martina are also without foundation (cf. [1. 153; 154f.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, A. C…

Doryphorus

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] see Polyclitus see  Polyclitus Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] D., Doryphoros Freedman of Claudius or Nero Being a freedman of Claudius or Nero, his full name was Ti. Claudius D. He exercised the function of a libellis and had great influence on Nero, who is to supposed to have even married him. Since D. opposed Nero's marriage with Poppaea, he was removed by him in the year 62 with poison. His possessions, even those in Egypt, fell back to the emperor. PIR2 D 194. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Bessone, GFF 2, 1979, 105ff.

Truttedius Clemens

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. T. C., equestrian; tribune of the second cohort of the vigiles in Rome; later procurator of Asturia et Gallaecia, afterwards of Dalmatia et Histria; perhaps in first half of the 2nd cent. AD (CIL II 2643; VI 2968; AE 1985, 374);  cf.  [1. 64]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Prov. Hispania superior (AHAW 19), 2000.

Corellia

(25 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Hispulla. Daughter of Corellius [2]; married to one Neratius; Corellius [1] was her son. PIR2 C 1296. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Suetrius

(132 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Octavius Appius S. Sabinus. Senator from Histonium; his father was already a senator. Admitted to the Senate under Septimius [II 7] Severus. After junior posts, legate to the legio XXII Primigenia; took part as dux vexillationis in Caracalla’s expeditio Germanica; governor of Raetia in AD 213, cos. ord. in 214; then iudex instead of the emperor in a province; praefectus alimentorum and appointed ad corrigendum statum Italiae. Governor of Pannonia inferior in 216/17 and of a further consular province; procos. of Africa c. 230. In 240 for the second time cos. ord.; cf. …

Cossutianus Capito

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator at least from 47 BC; in 57 sentenced by the Senate because of extortion in his province, perhaps Lycia-Pamphylia (Tac. Ann . 13,33; 16,21; [1]). As son-in-law of Ofonius Tigellinus was readmitted to the Senate where he accused Antistius Sosianus and Thrasea Paetus (PIR2 C 1543). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2, 1150ff.

Platorius

(266 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.P.Nepos Aponius Italicus Manilianus C. Licinius Pollio Official under Trajan and Hadrian Senator with a lengthy career under Trajan (Traianus) and Hadrian (Hadrianus). From a not especially promising start as triumvir capitalis, he at length gained Trajan's support as praetor. Subsequently, he became curator viae Cassiae, Clodiae, Ciminiae novae, Traianae; thereupon, legate of legio I Adiutrix during the Parthian War; praetorian legate of Thracia, AD 117/8; cos. suff., AD 119, together with Hadrian, from which a close association with the la…

Suffect consul

(321 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Roman magistrates (Magistratus) were, on principle, elected for one year only. When, however, a magistrate resigned or died during his term of office, a successor had to be appointed for the rest of that year. This successor was called suffectus (from sufficere, 'to grow again'). While by-elections were rare during the Republic, it became normal during the period of the Triumvirate (43-30 BC) and then from 5 BC, to appoint more than two consuls per year from the outset who were to hold office in succession and in pairs. At first, there were usually only two suffecti per year…

Duvius

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. D. Avitus One of the earliest senators to come from Gaul (Vasio Vocontiorum). After his praetorship he became praetorian governor of Aquitania; cos. suff. with Thrasea Paetus in the last months of AD 56. In 57/8 he became commander of the army of Lower Germany, presumably through the influence of the praetorian prefect Afranius Burrus (likewise from Vasio Vocontiorum) (CIL XII 1354 = ILS 979; AE 1976, 391). He drove out the Frisians, who occupied the right bank of the Rhine. With the commander of the…

Poenius Postumus

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian praefectus [5] castrorum of the Legio II Augusta in Britain, who did not follow the orders of the governor Suetonius Paulinus during Boudicca's revolution in AD 60. Since he had deprived his legion of participation in the victory he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 14,34-37, esp. 37,3). PIR2 P 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Thyrsus

(35 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A freed slave of Octavianus; after the Battle of Actium, sent on secret orders to Cleopatra [II 12], but sent back again by M. Antonius [I 9] (Cass. Dio 51,8,6; 51,9,5 f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Burbuleius

(76 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.B. Optatus Ligarianus, senator. A long career led him via the prefecture of the aerarium Saturni to the suffect consulate (probably AD 135, AE 1983, 517). Finally he was legate of Cappadocia from c. 137-140 [1. 182ff.] and Syria, where he died (CIL X 6006 = ILS 1066; cf. AE 1983, 157 = [2. 121]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten, in: Chiron 13, 1983 2 H. Solin, Analecta Epigraphica, in: Arctos 18, 1984.

Macer

(171 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Licinius M., C. see Licinius [I 30] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Licinius M. Calvus, C. see Licinius [I 31] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Correspondent of the younger Pliny, end of the 1st cent. AD Correspondent of the younger Plinius (Plin. Ep. 6,24). Probably identical to P. Calpurnius [II 11]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [4] [- - -]cius Macer Cos. suff. in AD 100 Cos. suff. in AD 100 [1. 45, 94]; identification with other senators who bear the name M. during this period is not possible: M., curator viae Appiae in 95; M., Imperial…

Pantuleius

(117 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Roman eques, late 1st cent. BC. - early 1st cent. AD Wealthy Roman equestrian who, upon his death in AD 7, made Tiberius his partial heir instead of M. Servilius, cos. AD 3 (Tac. Ann. 2,48,1). PIR2 P 95. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Pantuleius Graptiacus Governor of Thrace, AD 172 He may have stemmed from Fundi, if he is indeed named in CIL X 6265. Praetorian governor of the province of Thrace in AD 172. If his name is really to be supplemented in AE 1969/1970, 579, he was also suffect consul and consular legate of Moesia inferior under Commodus. PIR2 P 96. Eck, We…

Crepereius

(78 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Gallus Confidant of Agrippina the Younger, killed under Nero Agrippina [3] the Younger's confidant, killed in AD 59 in the shipwreck organized by Nero in the Gulf of Baiae (Tac. Ann. 14,5,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C.Proculus Cos. suff. and procos. of unknown dating Suffectio consul and proconsul of an unknown province (PIR2 C 1573); according to [1. 27ff.], perhaps proconsul on Cyprus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Le Glay, CCEC 1986, no. 6.

Britannicus

(351 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Son of Emperor Claudius and Valeria Messalina, born 12 February 41, 20 days after Claudius' assumption of office. His name was first Ti. Claudius Caesar Germanicus, changed to Ti. Claudius Caesar Britannicus after his father's triumph in Britain in 43 (Suet. Claud. 27,1). He was brought up, together with Titus, the later emperor, by the freedman Sosibius (Suet. Tit. 2). He took part in the Game of Troy at the Secular Games of 47. C. Silius, his mother's lover, is said to have want…

Urbanae cohortes

(287 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Augustus established three cohorts on military lines for the purpose of 'policing' Rome (Police). They bore the numbers X-XII, which demonstrates their close association with the nine cohorts of the Praetorians. They were also accommodated in the same camp ( castra praetoria), while being under the command not of the praefectus praetorio , but the praefectus urbi . This could occasion differing political loyalties (cf. Suet. Claud. 10,3 after the death of Caligula). The UC had the maintenance of peace in the city as t…

Helvidius

(320 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.H. Priscus Praetor in 70 AD Came from Cluviae. His father had been   primipilus . Entry to the Senate before AD 49. Quaestor Achaiae at the latest in 49/50; his companion was P.  Celerius of Histonium (IEph 7, 1, 3043/4 = [1. 67ff.]). Legionary legate in Syria as quaestorian in 51. During this period he married Fannia, the daughter of  Clodius [II 15] Thrasea Paetus. People's tribune in 56; then no other office under Nero, a consequence of the link with his father-in-law and the Stoic-influenced ci…

Ragonius

(190 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. R. Quintianus Consul ord. in AD 289 Cos. ord. in AD 289, presumably only for the first two months of the year [1. 275 ff.]. He was a descendant of L. Ragonius Venustus, cos. ord. in 240 and of R. [2] and R. [3]. PIR2 R 15. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Probleme der Konsularfasten, in: ZPE 118, 1997, 275-280. [German version] [2] L. R. Urinatius Larcius Quintianus Senator, probably proconsul of Sardinia under Marcus Aurelius Senator, probably from Opitergium, cf. [1. 265 ff., 293]. His career took him via the juridicate in Apulia to the…

Mercello

(44 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Mercello Persinus Marius. An equestrian from Cordoba, where he held municipal offices; p rocurator Augusti, probably in the first decades of the 1st cent. AD, possibly in Hispania Baetica (CIL II2 7, 311; II2 5, 1296). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sabinius Barbarus

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Sabinius Barbarus. Praetorian legate (of the legio III Augusta?) in Africa in AD 116/7 [1. 361 f.], cos. suff. in 118. Not to be identified with a Barbarus who is called ὑπατικός/ hypatikós (Latin consul) in IGR IV 494; cf. Syme, RP 3, 1303; PIR2 B 46. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 281-362.

Afer

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Frequently used cognomen, since the later Republic nearly always without reference to its meaning ‘stemming from Africa’. Used thus, e.g., by the poet P.  Terentius Afer [1]. [German version] [1] Cognomen used by the poet Martial Cognomen used by the poet Martial. Various persons are meant: 4,37; 78; 6,77; 9,7; 25; 10,84; 12,42. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cousin of Caracalla A., cousin of Caracalla, who had him killed in 212 (SHA Carac. 3,6 f.; probably identical to L. Septimius Aper, cos. ord. 207 [2]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 205 2 A. …

Didia Clara

(40 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Didius [II 6] and wife to Cornelius [II 47] Repentinus. Coins bearing her name and the title Augusta were minted in April and May of AD 193. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 312.

Dexius

(35 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C.D. Staberianus. Cos. suff. together with L. Venuleius Montanus in an unknown year (AE 1958, 262; [1. 111]; for possible identifications see [2. 338ff.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, RE Suppl. 14 2 Scheid, Collège.

Verus

(570 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Imp. Caesar L. Aurelius Verus Augustus (in literary sources usually called L. Verus; his vita in the HA is less reliable). Roman emperor AD 161-169. Born on 15 December 130 as L. Ceionius Commodus, son of L. Ceionius [3] Commodus, who was adopted by Hadrianus in 136 but died on 1 January 138, and Avidia [1] Plautia (cf. stemma under Adoptive emperors). After the death of his father he and the later Marcus [2] Aurelius were adopted at Hadrian's command by Antoninus [1] Pius. His name after adopti…

Curtius

(99 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 2a] A. C. Crispinus Suffect consul in AD 159 (CIL VI 32321 = [1]). The family probably came from Aspendus in Pamphylia; his sons could be A. Curtius Crispinus Arruntianus and A. Curtius Auspicatus Titinnianus (IGR III 803; CIL XIV 2695; 3030 = ILS 7788). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n. Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 160-167. [German version] [II 9a] Cn.C. Severus praefectus alae [1]; also named in Tac. Ann. 12,55,1 f. He honoured Ummidius [2] Quadratus with a monument in an exedra in Apamea. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibli…

Trebellenus

(114 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. T. Rufus. Senator from Concordia in Upper Italy, where among other things an equestrian statue was raised to him (ILS 931; cf. 931a). After serving as quaestor and people's tribune, he became legatus Augusti with a legion. A praetorian in 18 AD, he was given the task of looking after the children of the Thracian king Kotys [I 9] as their tutor; this task, during which he also became involved in armed conflicts, lasted at least until 21 (Tac. Ann. 2,67,2; 3,38,3 f.). When he was accused of maiestas in 35 AD, he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 6,39,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliog…

Novellius

(107 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Torquatus N. Atticus. From Milan (Mediolan(i)um [1]). In the course of his career, N. served, probably under Tiberius inter alia, as tribune in Germania with the legio I, was tribunus vexillariorum legionum quattuor primae, quintae, vicesimae, vicesimae primae; and was finally posted to the province of Gallia Narbonensis as legatus ad census accipiendos et dilectum et proconsul, still under Tiberius. N. died there at the age of 44. According to Pliny (HN 14,144), he was one of Tiberius' drinking companions (CIL XIV 3602 = ILS 950). PIR2 N 175. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibli…

Volasenna

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] P. V. Suffect consul in c. AD 54; pro-consul of Asia probably in 62/3 [1. 438-441]. Probably a brother of V. [2]. Bibliography 1 Vogel-Weidemann. [German version] [2] C. V. Severus Probably a brother of V. [1]. Suffect consul together with Cn. Hosidius [4] Geta in November/December AD 47 [1. 247]. Cf. CIL VI 8,3, p. 4784 ad 31767. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Camodeca, Tabulae Pompeianae Sulpiciorum, 1999.

Munatia Plancina

(275 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] She was probably the daughter of Munatius [II 1], thus granddaughter of Munatius [I 4] and sister to Munatius [II 6]. This lineage gave her great self-confidence (Tac. Ann. 2,43,3). Probably the second wife of Cn. Calpurnius [II 16] Piso, whom she bore two sons, Cn. Calpurnius [II 20] Piso and M. Calpurnius [II 23] Piso. She was a member of the inner circle of friends of Livia [2], the mother of Tiberius. In AD 18, she accompanied her husband to Syria, where she played an importan…

Avidius

(727 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A. Cassius, C. Deputy commander to L. Verus in the Parthian War Came from Cyrrhus in Syria, son of A. [2] (SHA Marc. 25,12). Admitted into the Senate under Antoninus Pius; deputy commander to L. Verus in the Parthian War, in command of the legio III Gallica and auxiliary troops (Lucian. 31); conquered Seleucia and Ctesiphon (Cass. Dio 71,2,2ff.; 3,1); his contribution to the Parthian War was even recognized in Rome (Fronto Ad Am. 1,6) [1; 2. 141ff.]. Probably suffect consul in 166 [6. 181f.], also governor of Syria from a…

Vespasius Pollio

(74 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian from Nursia. Three times he was a tribunus [4] militum in a legion, including the Legio I, then a praefectus [5] castrorum, no earlier than the time of Augustus (Suet. Vesp. 1,3; cf. [1. 155-160]). His daughter was Vespasia Polla; one of his sons reached the rank of senator (cf. Vespasianus, with stemma). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Epigraphische Notizen aus Italien, in: ZPE 77, 1989, 155-180 2 Demougin, Nr. 192.

Sedatius

(130 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. S. Severianus Iulius Rufinus Acer Metilius Nepos Rufinus Ti. Rutilianus Censor. A senator from the city of Limonum in Aquitania (AE 1981, 640), he was probably admitted to senatorial status from equestrian status. After quaestorship, people's tribuneship and praetorship he achieved command of a legion, the cura viae Flaminiae and praetorian governorship in Dacia (AD 150/1-153) and in 153 consulship. He was dispatched as consular legate to Cappadocia  by Antoninus [1] Pius. There he and his army were defeated by the Parthian…

Plotia Isaurica

(53 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Owner of brickworks near Rome in the time of Trajan (98-117), products of which survive in great numbers (CIL XV 52-60; 63-68; 339 etc.). She may have been a member of a senatorial family (cf. Plotius [II 3 and 4]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, Nr. 620  PIR2 P 524.

Aius Sanctus, T

(85 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Rhetoric instructor of  Commodus (SHA Comm. 1,6; Ateius or Attius, according to AE 1961, 280 to emend). Equestrian procurator, among other things ab epistulis Graecis, a rationibus; praef. Aegypti 179/180 [1]. Acceptance into the Senate, cos. suff. around 184, praef. alimentorum; his grave inscription erected by M. Aurelius Cleander (AE 1961, 280). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 W. Eck, s. v. T. Aius Sanctus, RE Suppl. 14, 40 f.

Ostorius

(419 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] O. Sabinus Accuser of Marcius [II 2] Barea Soranus Roman eques who accused Marcius [II 2] Barea Soranus in 66 and was awarded 1,2 million sesterces and the Ornamenta Quaestoria. PIR2 O 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M. O. Scapula Senator and official (1st cent. AD), son of O. [4] Senator who served in the army in Britain under his father O. [4] and was awarded the corona civica for rescuing citizens (Tac. Ann. 12,31,4). In 59 cos. suff. Although he had saved the praetor Antistius [II 5] Sosianus from indictment, the latter accused him lat…

Curtilius

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.C.Mancia Cos. suff. 55 AD Suffect consul in AD 55 [1. 267]; governor and commander of the Upper Germanic army from 56 until at least 58 [2. 25f.]. We are uncertain whether he became proconsul of Africa (PIR2 C 1605; [3. 214ff.]). Re the bequeathing of his fortune, see Domitia [II 7]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, L'archivio Puteolano dei Sulpicii I, 1992 2 Eck, Statthalter 25f. 3 Vogel-Weidemann.

Germanicus

(1,417 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Epithet, conferred for a victory over Germanics Epithet, first conferred to Nero  Claudius [II 24] Drusus posthumously by the Senate in 9 BC, for his victories over Germanic tribes; adopted by his successors G. [2], Caligula, Claudius, Nero. Vitellius gave the name to his son. From the time of Domitian, it was again granted by the Senate for victories over Germanic tribes, namely to Nerva, Trajan, and Marcus Aurelius. The intensification 'G. maximus' is found from Commodus to Gratianus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography P. Kneißl, Die Siegestitulatur der röm…

Mussidius

(165 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.M. Senator in the Augustan period Senator in the Augustan period IVvir viarum curandum, quaestor, tribunus plebis, praetor, possibly proconsul. Father of M. [2] (CIL VI 1467 = 41053). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] T.M.Pollianus Consul AD 40 or 43/4 Son of M. [1], from the tribus Arnensis. Decemvir stlitibus iudicandis, quaestor, tribunus plebis, praetor, curator viarum, praefectus frumenti dandi, proconsul provinciae Galliae Narbonensis, consul either in AD 40 or AD 43/4 [1.263]. In AD 48, he may have been accepted as a member…

Tarius

(163 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. T. Rufus. Possibly from Liburnia ([1. 105-135], but cf. [2. 563]), of lowly origins (Plin. HN 18,37). He was involved in leading sea operations at Actium (Cass. Dio 50,14,1), probably already a senator at the time. He acquired a large estate in Picenum (Plin. HN loc.cit.), possibly proconsul of Cyprus: IGR 3, 952. He took part, in c. 16 BC, in campaigns in Macedonia (Cass. Dio 54,20,3), possibly as ( legatus) pro pr( aetore) (AE 1936, 18), but possibly only as promagistrate pro pr( aetore). In 16 BC cos. suff. According to Frontin. Aq. 102,3 f., in AD 23 a…

Murrenius

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. M. Severus. Consul suffectus in December 202 AD. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. Pferdehirt, Vier neue Militärdiplome im Besitz des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, in: Arch. Korrespondenzblatt 31, 2001, 61-280, bes. 266 ff.

Antonine

(191 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] This term designates the Roman emperors of the 2nd cent. The limits of its application are not strictly defined. Normally it covers only the time from  Antoninus [1] Pius to  Commodus (180-192), as all these emperors bore the name Antoninus, as in [1] below. In the same context both  Caracalla and  Elagabalus should be included, since both bore the name; albeit stemming from a belated and fictive adoption. Others use it to cover the time from  Nerva to Commodus, as in [2], from  H…

Gerellanus

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praetorian tribune, who instigated the killing of consul Iulius Vestinus in AD 65 under Nero's orders (Tac. Ann. 15,69). His brother is possibly L.G. Fronto (CIL III 14387 g.h = IGLS VI 2786/7). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. Dobson, Die Primipilares, 1978, 201f.

Decianus

(62 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Friend of Martial who came from Emerita in the province of Lusitania, but acted as a lawyer ( causidicus) in Rome (Mart. 1,61,10; 2,5). He was a friend of literature to whom Martial dedicated his second book of epigrams. Follower of Stoic philosophy. In Martial, he only appears in book 1 and 2. PIR2 D 20. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sellius

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. S. Clodianus. Senator, who is probably identical to the Asellius Claudianus mentioned in the Historia Augusta (HA Sept. Sev. 13,1). Suffect consul before 193 AD, the year in which he is recorded as curator operum publicorum (AE 1974, 11; [1. 236]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Kolb, Bauverwaltung.

Mammius

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.M. Pollio. Senator. During his tenure as consul designatus in AD 49, and at the urging of Agrippina [3], he proposed to the Senate that Claudius [III 1] should marry his daughter to the son of Agrippina [3], the future emperor Nero (Tac. Ann. 12,9). He is attested as consul in May of the same year. PIR2 M 126. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Martius

(316 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. M. Macer Proconsul of Achaia, after AD 44 Senator, probably from Arretium. M.'s career began under Tiberius; between AD 41 and 44 he was governor of Moesia under the command of Memmius [II 4] Regulus. Finally he became proconsul of Achaia by direct appointment. PIR2 M 343. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M. Torelli, in: EOS 2, 289. [German version] [2] L. M. Macer Praetor M.'s career included three offices of the vigintiviri and culminated in the praetorship. Since he was also Salius Palatinus ( Salii ), he must have been a patrician;…

Tenagino Probus

(160 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian official, who, as Praeses provinciae Numidiae, dedicated a gate building, designed with a groma, in Lambaesis (see city plan no. 10c) in AD 268 still under Gallienus (CIL VIII 2571 = 18057 = AE 1974,723;  cf. [1]). Under Claudius [III 2] Gothicus he continued in office there (AE 1936,58; ILAlg II 1,24). He is probably identical to the Probus who, as Praefectus Aegypti in 269, was victorious over the Marmarites in Cyrenaeca and founded the city of Claudiopolis (AE 1934,257). According to Zos. 1,4,4 he fought for…

Nymphidia

(28 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of the imperial freedman C. Iulius [II 36] Callistus and a seamstress; mother of C. Nymphidius [2] Sabinus. PIR2 N 251. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Poppaeus

(242 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. P. Sabinus Homo novus, cos. ord. AD 9 His family is presumably from Interamna Praetuttiorum, not Pompeii. Homo novus; his brother was P. [2]; father of  Poppaea [1] Sabina and father-in-law of T. Ollius. Promoted by Augustus and above all Tiberius. In 9 AD, extraordinarily for a homo novus, he became cos. ord. Shortly thereafter, probably in 11 AD, he was sent to Moesia; he was presumably the first to organize it as an independent province. In 15, he was also placed over Achaea and Macedonia, and so held overarching command …

Crispinus

(93 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Official under Domitian, originally from Egypt Originally from Egypt, perhaps formerly a slave. In Iuvenal 4,108 he is mentioned as a participant in Domitian's consilium on the Albanum (cf. [1. 532, n. 76]: perhaps praef. annonae; [2. 69f.]: courtier). Since Martial 7,99 is addressed to him, he was in any case an influential man at Domitian's court (PIR2 C 1586). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 7 2 B. W. Jones, The Emperor Domitian, 1992. [German version] [2] A. A[..]cius C. (IEphes. III 517; VII 3045) see A.  Larcius Crispinus. Eck, Werner (Cologn…

Saevinius

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. S. Proculus, senator, perhaps of equestrian origin. On his career: AE 1969/70, 601 and IEph VII 1, 3037. After serving as praetor, he became the legate of the procos. of Asia on the insulae Cyclades, probably upon the special request of Marcus Aurelius and Verus, then i uridicus per Flaminiam et Transpadanam, legate of the legio XXX Ulpia in Xanten; praetorian governor of Cilicia, later of Galatia as well. Cos. suff. in c. AD 180. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Alföldy, Konsulat 200; 345  W. Eck, Zur Verwaltungsgeschichte Italiens unter Marc Aurel, in: ZPE …

Cottia

(30 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of the consul Vestricius Spurinna, to whom Plin. Ep. 3,10 is addressed. Possibly from the Transpadana [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 7, 488, 542f.

Oclatius

(86 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Ti. O. Severus. Senator whose name used to be read as T. Iul(ius) Clatius Severus (PIR2 I 268). The correct name has now become known through a military award certificate that attests him as cos. suff. around AD 169-172 [1. 9ff.]. He is named, probably as the governor of Pontus-Bithynia, in 174 on a lead weight that is thought to come from Nicomedia (IGR I 524). PIR2 I 268. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Wolff, Neue Militärdiplome aus Künzing, in: Ostbairische Grenzmarken 41, 1999.

Statorius

(49 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.(?) S. Secundus. senator; cos. suff. under Hadrian. Thereafter, probably in c. AD 124/5, consular governor of Cappadocia (AE 1968, 504); cf. [1.160-163]. Brother in law of Minicius [4] Fundanus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 13, 1983, 147-237.

Maternus

(350 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Conspirator against Commodus At first a soldier, then ringleader of a group of rebels, with whom he exercised considerable influence through raids in Gaul and Hispania. If the bellum desertorum (War of the Deserters) can be connected with him, the legio VIII Augusta, which was stationed in Argentorate, fought against him. When M. tried to kill Commodus himself, he is said to have been betrayed by other members of his movement and was executed (HA Comm. 16,2; Hdn. 1,10; 11,5; [1. 178ff.]; cf. also [2. 69f.]). PIR2 M 363. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Th. Grünewald,…

Mummia

(160 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M. Achaica Wife of Sulpicius Galba (cos. in 5 BC) Granddaughter of  Q. Lutatius [4] Catulus, cos. in 78 BC, and proneptis (‘great-niece’) of L. Mummius [I 3] Achaicus, the conqueror of Corinth (Suet. Galba 3,5). M. was married to Sulpicius Galba, cos. in 5 BC; her son was later the emperor Galba [2]. PIR2 M 712. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M. Laevilla Senator's wife of the Mummii Sisennae family Senator's wife with an estate in Apulia (CIL IX 220; AE 1980, 279). She presumably belonged to the Mummii Sisennae family [1. 347]. PIR2 M 713. Eck, Werner (Cologne) B…

Orfitus

(117 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
The cognomen O. can be found in several senatorial families of the Imperial period (cf. PIR2, vol. 5, 461-463). [German version] [1] Third husband of Vistilia Third husband of Vistilia; the marriage produced a son (Plin. HN 7,39). Probably the grandfather of P. Cornelius [II 50] Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus. PIR2 O 139. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP, vol. 2, 812. [German version] [2] Lover of Faustina [3] According to the Historia Augusta (SHA Aur. 29,1), O. was a lover of Faustina [3]; Marcus [2] Aurelius is said to have promoted him nonetheless. It is…

Opsius

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.O. Senator, 1st cent. AD Senator who, along with other senators, accused Titius Sabinus in the Senate of being a friend of Germanicus [2]. He was later called to account for this. PIR2 O 126. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.O.Navius Fannianus Senator from Neapolis Senator from Neapolis; it is uncertain whether he was a descendant of O. [1]. According to IG XIV 719 (= IGR I 431 = [1. 20ff. no. 6], he possibly lived as late as the 2nd/3rd cent. AD. PIR2 O 127. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 E. Miranda (ed.), Iscrizioni greche d'Italia. Napoli I, 1990.

Crescens

(71 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Freedman of Nero's Freedman of Nero's, who in AD 69 held a banquet for the citizens in Carthago on the occasion of Otho's installation as emperor (Tac. Hist. 1,76,3; PIR2 C 1576). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cynical philosopher mid-2nd cent. AD Cynical philosopher from the mid-2nd cent. who attacked Justin as well as Christianity (Justin. Apol. 2,3; Euseb. Hist. eccl. 4,16). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Maximius Attianus

(41 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator; quaestor in the province of Asia in AD 209 at the earliest (AE 1998, 1361 f.); positively identical to the consular governor of Germania superior in 229 AD. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Eck, Statthalter, 91 f.

Icelus II (rom.)

(122 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Full name (Ser. Sulpicius) I. Marcianus. Freedman of  Galba [2], who had remained behind in Rome during Galba's governorship in Tarraconensis. Imprisoned by Nero following Galba's acclamation; freed after Nero's death, he rushed to Spain in only seven days to bring Galba the news. He received the gold ring of the equestrian order from Galba and probably the restitutio natalium. He exerted great influence on Galba, allegedly was able to dominate him - although this opinion is more likely to be a reflection of social prejudice in the source…
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