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Andronicus

(836 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) | Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Et al.
(Ἀνδρόνικος; Andrónikos). [German version] [1] from Olynthus Macedonian officer (2nd half of the 4th cent. BC) Participated in all campaigns of  Alexander [II 4]. 315 BC officer of  Antigonus [1] at Tyre, then advisor of  Demetrius [2], whom he advised 312 to decline the battle at Gaza. In the battle he commanded the cavalry at the right flank and escaped after the defeat to Tyre, where he took over command and was able to hold the city for a time. At the end, delivered by the garrison to  Ptolemaeus [1], by whom he was honoured as a friend. Diod. Sic. 19. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliograph…

Apellicon

(140 words)

Author(s): Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
[German version] (Ἀπελλικῶν; Apellikôn) from Teos; Athenian mint master probably in 89/8 BC. Later, he joined Athenion the tyrant. A. was famous for his book collection, which among other things contained Aristotelian MSS. The story that he had bought Aristotle's unpublished works from  Neleus' heirs in Scepsis is most certainly fictitious. A.'s edition of Aristotle's works proved to be faulty. After A.'s death and the conquest of Athens by Sulla (86 BC), the latter confiscated A.'s library and bro…

Herminus

(119 words)

Author(s): Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
[German version] (Ἑρμῖνος; Hermînos). Peripatetic of the 2nd cent. AD, student of  Aspasius [1] whose view on the movement of the stars he quoted, and teacher of  Alexander [26] of Aphrodisias. Fragments of his commentaries on Aristotle's Categoriae, Analytica Priora, De interpretatione and Topica, and two comments on De Caelo are extant. His assumption that the eternity of the movements of the stars was caused by a heavenly soul probably goes back to Aristotle (Cael. 2,12).  Aristotle, commentators on;  Aristotelianism Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds) Bibliography H. Schmidt, De H. Pe…

Staseas

(56 words)

Author(s): Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
[German version] of Naples (name recorded only in Latin), the first Peripatetic known to be active in Rome ( c. 91 BC). He combined philosophy and rhetoric and represented the doctrine of his school, that, in addition to virtue, external goods are also necessary for eudaimonia (Happiness). Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds) Bibliography Moraux, vol. 1, 1974, 218-221.

Ptolemaeus

(19,876 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) | Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) | Et al.
(Πτολεμαῖος/ Ptolemaîos). Personal name meaning 'warlike' (not 'hostile'), first recorded in Hom. Il. 4,228; the name occurred in Macedonia in the 5th and 4th cents. BC, from where it spread to Thessaly, still in the 4th cent. (IG IX 2, 598). It became prominent with the Lagid dynasty, and became common, not only in Egypt, where it may at first have indicated solidarity with the dynasty, but also elsewhere. It underwent many deformations and transmutations. Ptolemies Famous persons: P. [1] I Soter, P. [6] III Euergetes; P. [22], the son of Caesar; the scientist Claudius P. [65]. Ameling, Wa…

Prytanis

(191 words)

Author(s): Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
(Πρύτανις; Prýtanis). [German version] [1] Mythical king of Sparta Mythical king of Sparta, allegedly son of Eurypon (Hdt. 8,131), who was considered to be progenitor of the Eurypontid dynasty. The genealogy is fictitious, however, like the one of the Agiads before the 6th cent. BC. Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) [German version] [2] King of the Regnum Bosporanum in 310-309 BC King of the Regnum Bosporanum in 310-309 BC, the youngest son of Paerisades [1] I. After the death of his brother Satyrus [2] I, he fought against his eldest brother Eumelus [4] (D…
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