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Philopator

(139 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Φιλοπάτωρ/ Philopátōr, literally 'father lover'). Cultic epithet of Hellenistic rulers, first borne by Ptolemaeus IV, then by his wife Arsinoe [II 4] III  ( theoì philopátores). The epithet P. was also used outside the Ptolemaic dynasty (e.g. Mithridates [4] IV, Ariarathes V, Demetrius [9] III, Antiochus [13] XII). It describes somebody his father designated as his successor during his lifetime. Co-regency could, but did not have to, be connected with the title. The Egyptian background, which the title …

Moncores

(96 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Harpaesis, syngenḗs (court title). (District) strategos of Pathyritis, Ombitis etc. at least between 69/8-62 BC [3]. As such, subordinate to Callimachus [9]. Two of his sons and two of his grandsons were also strategoi. This Egyptian family was responsible for the office of strategos in Hermonthis for three generations. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography 1 H.J. Thissen, Zur Familie des Strategen Monkores, in: ZPE 27, 1977, 181-191 2 L.M. Ricketts, The Epistrategos Kallimachos and a Koptite Inscription: SB V 8036 Reconsidered, in: AncSoc 13…

Aetus

(108 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Ἀετός; Aetós). [German version] [1] Priest of Alexander 253/2 BC From Aspendus, son of Apollonius, father of  Thraseas. Ptolemaic general of Cilicia and founder of Arsinoe [III 3] (between 279 and 253 BC), priest of Alexander 253/2, as eponymous officer documented 245/4 and 242/1. PP 2, 1828; 3/9 4988; [1]. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [German version] [2] Priest of Alexander 197/6 BC Grandson of A. [1], priest of Alexander 197/6 BC honoured in Cos: Bull. 1994, 451. PP 3/9 4988a; [1. 344]. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography C. Habicht, A Hellenistic inscription from Arsinoe in Cil…

Hagesarchus

(59 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] of Megalopolis, father of the Cypriot strategos Ptolemy (PP 6,14778), himself Ptolemaic stratēgòs epì Karías (στρατηγὸς ἐπὶ Καρίας) under Ptolemy III, was also responsible for Samos; attested in 225/4 BC as an eponymous officer of a military unit. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography K. Hallof, Ch. Mileta, Samos und Ptolemaios III., in: Chiron 27, 1997, 255-283, esp. 268ff.

Aristolaus

(35 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Αριστόλαος; Aristólaos). Son of Ameinias, dedicated a statue of Ptolemy II in Olympia. Strategos of Caria between 270 and 259 BC, holder of a dorea (PP 6, 15036). Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Eucles

(52 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Εὐκλῆς; Euklês). Son of a Dionysius, successor of Zeno as head of the δωρέα ( dōréa) of Apollonius near Philadelphia in 248 BC until its dissolution in 243. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography C. Orrieux, Les archives d'Euclès et la fin de la dôréa du dioecète Apollonios, in: CE 55, 1980, 229-239.

Eunostus

(46 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Εὔνοστος; Eúnostos). Son of Pasicrates (?), at the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC he was the city king of Soli on Cyprus; under unknown circumstances he married Eirene [2] after 307. PP 6,14508. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Lysandra

(151 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Λυσάνδρα; Lysándra). Daughter of Ptolemaeus I and Eurydice [4], sister of Ptolemy Keraunos. She probably only married Alexander, the son of Cassander, after 297/6 BC (FGrH 260 F 3,5). After his death in 294/3 she married Agathocles [5], the son of Lysimachus [2] (Plut. Demetrius 31,5; Paus. 1,9,6 probably erroneously assume the date 299, which made a split into two persons necessary, PP VI 14529 and 14530; the formulation by Plutarch, however, speaks against this possibility). Thu…

Panas

(77 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (also Pen-Nout). Son of Psenobastis (PP I 344), father of Ptolemy (PP I 322); syngenḗs and stratēgós (see Court titles B. 2) of the Egyptian district of Tentyritis under Cleopatra [II 12] VII, priest of various indigenous gods, administrator of Augustus and thus one of the local elite who had managed to cross from Ptolemaic to Roman service. PP I/VIII 293. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1975, 125f. (0137).

Petobastis

(204 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] [1] see Nesysti [2] see Nesysti [2] Ameling, Walter (Jena) [German version] [2] Egyptian priest at end of 3rd/beginning of 2nd cent. BC Son of Nesysti [3], High Priest of Ptah in Memphis at the end of the 3rd/beginning of the 2nd cent. BC.; father of Psenptah [2], grand father of P. [3]. Ptah; Memphis Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography J. Quaegebeur, in: D. J. Crawford et al., Studies on Ptolemaic Memphis, 1980, 68 no. 21  D. Devauchelle, Review of E.A.E. Reymond, From the Records of a Priestly Family from Memphis, in: Chronique d'Égypte 58, 1983, 135-145, in part. 142f. …

Perigenes

(132 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Περιγένης/ Perigénēs). [German version] [1] Politician of the Hellenistic period Son of Leontiscus, from Alexandria, próxenos ( proxenía ) of Siphnus (IG XII Suppl. p. 111) c. 278/270 BC, presumably father of P. [2]. A P. from Samos is honoured in 264 as próxenos of Olus, but this identification is rather improbable [1. 196 note 2]. PP VI 14941. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography 1 Robert, OMS 1. R.S. Bagnall, The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions outside Egypt, 1976, 146. [German version] [2] Ptolemaic fleet commander Son of P. [1], possibly father of Iamnea (PP …

Caphisodorus

(69 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Καφισόδωρος; Kaphisódōros). Son of Caphisodorus; father of Metrophanes (PP 6, 14679) and Ptolemaeus (PP 6, 14688); between 163 and 145 BC archisōmatophýlax ( Court titles B.2.); stratēgós of the Egyptian district Xoite and priest of the políteuma of the Boeotians; in 156/55 eponymous priest of Alexander. PP 1/8, 269; 3/9, 5167. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Clarysse, G. v. d. Veken, The Eponymous Priests of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1983, 28.

Pachom

(69 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (also called Hierax). Son of Pachom (PP VIII 300b), father of Pamenches, attested as syngenḗs and stratēgós in various Egyptian nomes c. 50/30 BC. Besides his state offices, P. held a number of indigenous priestly offices, which subsequently also appear in the titles of his son. PP I/VIII 265; 301. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1975, 119f. Nr. 0127.

Komarches

(282 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (κωμάρχης; kōmárchēs). Expressive designation for an official of the Ptolemaic and Roman period in Egypt, who was responsible for all the concerns of village administration ( kṓmē ), was subordinate to the toparches and nomarches (the komarches was also active in metropoleis, being responsible for city districts). In the Ptolemaic period, the office of the dioikētḗs appointed him, and it was a (much) aspired post. The komarches came from the village for which he was responsible. The differentiation from the komogrammateús is difficult; he w…

Lagus

(171 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Λάγος, Λαγός/ Lágos, Lagós; personal name not from lagṓs, ‘hare’, but probably from laoí, ‘people’). [German version] [1] Macedonian from Eordaia or Orestis, father of Ptolemy I Macedonian from Eordaea or Orestis. His status is unknown; no definite conclusion about high nobility can be drawn from his marriage to Arsinoe [II 1]. Father of Ptolemaios I and Menelaus. Ptolemy fostered the memory of L.: a hippodrome in Alexandria and a town in Arsinoe were called Lágeion. The legend of Philippus II fathering Ptolemy I is, therefore, probably of later origin. The Ptolemies …

Caphisophon

(40 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Καφισοφῶν; Kaphisophôn). Son of Philippus (PP 6, 16640), from Cos, doctor (?); theorós ( Theoria, Theoroi) of Ptolemy II or III sent to the sanctuary of Asclepius of Cos. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography S. Sherwin-White, Ancient Cos, 1978, 103.

Harsiesis

(108 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Paious (?), established himself during the Civil War (132-124 BC) as counter-pharaoh and was the last Egyptian who carried the title ‘Pharaoh’. He was presumably supported by the Theban priests; between 26 June and November 131 BC, dating was based on him in Thebes, but already on 10 November, he was no longer recognized there. He fled to the north, where his rebellion came to an end before 15 September 130. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography K. Vandorpe, City of Many a Gate, in: S. P. Vleeming (ed.), Hundred-Gated Thebes, 1995, 203-239, esp. 233ff. B. C. McGing, R…

Trapezites

(136 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (τραπεζίτης/ trapezítēs). Leader in Egypt of the state bank (Ptolemaic: basilikḕ trápeza, 'royal bank'; Roman period: dēmosía trápeza, 'public bank') in the mētropóleis (Metropolis) of the nomes ( Nomos [2]) but also in smaller towns. The trapezites changed money, collected taxes and other monies intended for the state exchequer and passed them on to the Basilikón (Royal Exchequer). His role is comparable with those of the sitólogos ('grain commissioner') and the kollybistḗs ('money changer'). Under the Ptolemies trapezitai usually leased their posts; from…

Katalogeion

(85 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (καταλογεῖον; katalogeîon). Administrative office under the control of the archidikastḗs in Alexandria where, from the Augustan period onwards, civil documents were registered, processed and copied; the original was taken (from AD 127, POxy. 34) to the Hadrianḕ bibliothḗkē and the copy to the toû Nanaíou bibliothḗkē (comparable procedure under the Ptolemies?). In Roman times the katalogeion also handled the lists of ephebes. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography F. Burkhalter, Archives locales et archives centrales en Egypte, in: Chiron 20, 1990, 1…

Thraseas

(148 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Θρασέας/ Thraséas). Son of Aëtus [1], father of Ptolemaeus [29] and Apollonius (187-175 probably his brother's successor as Seleucidian governor, cf. 2 Macc 3:5), citizen of Aspendus, Alexandria [1] and Athens (after 224; T. is honoured for obtaining copious gifts [1. 46 f. no. 17 E]); like his father strategos of Cilicia under Ptolemaeus [6] III (after 238), strategos of Syria and Phoenicia under Ptolemaeus [7] IV (between 217 and 204). His homonymous son (PP VI 14977) worked as a high official from Cyprus and hosted Delphic theōroí (Theoria) in Tamassus [4. 12328]…

Tryphe

(133 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (τρυφή; tryph ). A specifically Ptolemaic ruler ideal (cf. the epithet Trýphōn, Trýphaina), arising out of the cult of the victorious Dionysus and his celebrations. Thryphe meant rule providing splendour and brilliance, wealth and fortune. Since it also included the fertility of the land, it could be linked to perceptions of the activities of the pharaoh. On the other hand, as a Greek term for luxus with negative connotations, thryphe was connected, e.g. under the influence of Stoicism, with (particularly 'oriental') softness and effeminacy (Latin luxuria, effemi…

Nesysti

(222 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] [1] N. I High priest of Ptah, at the turn of the 4th to the 3rd cent. BC Also called Anemher I. Father of N. [2] II, high priest of Ptah (Phthas) in Memphis at the turn of the 4th to the 3rd cent. BC. PP III/IX 5365. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [German version] [2] N. II High priest of Ptah, 1st half of the 3rd cent. BC Also called Petobastis I, high priest of Ptah in Memphis in the 1st half of the 3rd cent. BC, in addition prophet  of Arsinoë [II 3] II and prophet of Philotera; son of N. [1] I, father of Anemher [2] II, ancestor of Petobastis III. PP III/IX 5361; 5362; 5364 (cf. [1]). Ame…

Mnasiades

(46 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Μνασιάδης/ Mnasiádēs). Son of Polycratus, from Argos, athlete, eponymous priest of Alexander in 218/7 BC, father of Polycrates (PP II 2172, VI 15065). PP IX 5200b. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Clarysse, G. van der Veken, The Eponymous Priests of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1983, 15.

Ananias

(49 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Onias IV, brother of Chelcias. 105-101 BC commander of the army of Cleopatra III; is supposed to have dissuaded Cleopatra from annexing Judea as a province. PP 2, 2149; 6, 15173. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography I. Michaelidou-Nicolaou, Prosopography of Ptolemaic Cyprus, 1976, 33 no. 34.

Hacoris

(51 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Herieus, father of Euphron (Greek for Herieus) (OGIS 94; PKöln 4,186). Commanded troops under Comanus against Anchwennefer in 187 BC, probably as the strategos of Hermopolites or Cynopolites. Appellation of the town of Acoris [1]. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Clarysse, Hakoris, in: AncSoc 22, 1991, 235ff.

Eiras

(46 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Εἰράς; Eirás). Sometimes also called Náeira; lady-in-waiting of Cleopatra VII who in Octavian's propaganda was attributed decisive political influence. E. died together with the queen. PP 6,14720. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography H. Heinen, Onomastisches zu E., Kammerzofe Kleopatras VII, in: ZPE 79, 1989, 243-247.

Motes

(49 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Μότης; Mόtēs). Ptolemaic strategos of Caria 248/7 BC who, together with the oikonómos Diodotus, intervened in the administration of the town of Kalynda (PCZ 59341). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography R. Bagnall, The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions Outside Egypt, 1976, 99f., 216, 245  PP VI 15058.

Thenephmus

(32 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Θένεφμος; Thénephmos). Egyptian, recorded as early as 247/6 BC as owner of a dōreá ('estate awarded by the king') of 10,000 árourai. PP IV 10083. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Komomisthotes

(54 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (κωμομισθώτης; kōmomisthṓtēs). Ptolemaic official, first attested in 259/258 BC in Palestine (PLond. VII 1948), who was responsible for leasing of state land to farmers within a village administrative district (cf. also PTebt. 183). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography D. Crawford, Kerkeosiris, 1971, 103 A. 4 Rostovtzeff, Hellenistic World 1, 344f.; 3, 1401f.

Dryton

(71 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Born before 192 BC, died 126/123, from Crete, citizen of Ptolemais, active at various locations as a soldier and hipparch (Archive with documents from 174-99). On 4.3.150 he wed Apollonia, in his second marriage, and thus set an example, promoting Graeco-Egyptian society as the blend of the two cultures. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography N. Lewis, Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1986, 88ff. R. Scholl, D.s Tod, in: CE 63, 1988, 141-144.

Melancomas

(65 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Μελαγκόμας/ Melancomas). Eponymous priest of Alexander in 166/5 BC. Son of the Aetolian Philodamus, served in 180-145 as garrison commander and priest of the theoí euergétai ( euergétēs ) in Citium, father of the garrison commander M. (PP VI 15119). PP III/IX 5194 (VI 15120?). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Clarysse, G. van der Veken, The Eponymous Priests of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1983, 24.

Pamenches

(62 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Pachom; c. 50/30 B.C. syngenḗs and stratēgós (Court titles B. 2.) in various Egyptian nomes. Along with his government offices P. held a series of indigenous priestly offices, which already appear in the titles of his father. PP III 5688; VIII 292 b. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1975, 121f. Nr. 0128.

Lycarion

(99 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Λυκαρίων; Lykaríōn). Son of Numenius, from an important family; in the middle of the 1st cent. BC known as syngenḗs ( Court titles B. 2.), honorary head of the gerousia of Alexandria [1], dioikētḗs , exēgētḗs ( exēgētaí ), epì tês póleōs of Alexandria, gymnasiarch ( Gymnasiarchy) of Alexandria. L. is an example of the accumulation of offices in the late Ptolemaic period as well as of the link between state and city duties. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography PP I 37; 156; III 5349a L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1974, 140 no. 0176.

Ptolemies

(408 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (οἱ Πτολεμαϊκοὶ δυναστεῖς/ hoi Ptolemaïkoì dynasteîs, Str. 2,5,12). Hellenistic dynasty which established itself in Egypt after the death of Alexander [4] the Great and ruled there until Egypt was instituted as a Roman province by Augustus; the dynasty is named after its founder, Ptolemaeus [1] I as 'Ptolemies' or after his father Lagus [1] as 'Lagidae' (Λαγίδαι/ Lagídai). The ambitions of the first P. were not limited to Egypt, but extended to the whole of Alexander's empire (cf. Ptolemaeus [6] III; Hellenistic states) and large parts…

Philadelphos

(369 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Φιλάδελφος/ Philádelphos, literally 'One who loves his/her brother/sister'). (Cult-) epithet of Hellenistic kings. It was borne first of all by Arsinoe [II 3] II. (Philadelphos is only documented from 165/4 BC with referenceto her brother and husband Ptolemy II.). The name is very frequently used in the dynasty of the Ptolemies (Cleopatra [II 9] Berenice III, Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra [II 10] Tryphaina; Cleopatra [II 12] VII and her brothers became theoì néoi philádelphoi during the lifetime of Ptolemy XII; cf. also Ptolemaeus Philadelphos). Philad…

Simaristus

(44 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Σιμάριστος; Simáristos). Alexandrian from a respected family extending back to the 3rd century BC; in 58 BC he led an Alexandrian hetairía against Ptolemaeus [18] XII (Dion Chrys. Or. 32,70). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography F. Zucker, Σιμαριστ<ει>οι, in: Philologus 101, 1957, 164-166.

Hor

(162 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] An Egyptian from the district of  Sebennytus, a village scribe and perhaps also scribe for the district, he began a five-year journey in 173 BC, which he had been instructed to make by an oracle.   Pastophóros of Isis and from 167/6 priest (κάτοχος/ kátochos?) at the ibis Sanctuary of Saqqara/Memphis, where he had an administrative position in the temple. His oracular prophesies delivered via dreams, were listened to even in the palace. Among other destinations he travelled from Alexandria to Sarapeum in 168, where he deli…

Psenamun

(90 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] [1] High Priest of Ptah in Memphis, 1st cent. BC Father of P. [2], c. 80-35 BC. Before 50/49 he was the High Priest of Ptah in Memphis, afterwards he held further priestly offices. PP III/IX 5375. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [German version] [2] Last High Priest of Ptah in 28/7 BC Son of P. [1], born c. 42 BC, last High Priest of Ptah and other gods, received most of his titles in  28/7. P. died after 23 BC. PP III/IX 5375 a. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Komogrammateus

(452 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (κωμογραμματεύς; kōmogrammateús). Administrative official in Ptolemaic Egypt, although the position itself is doubtlessly older. Egypt was divided up into nomoí, tópoi and kômai, and corresponding to this sequence is, in order, basilikós grammateús, topogrammateús and komogrammateús (It is, however, not certain whether the topogrammateús was the superior of the komogrammateus; sometimes both posts were filled by the same person). The komogrammateus was responsible for an area, which usually encompassed one village, but sometimes also several villages ( kôm…

Bolis

(49 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Βῶλις; Bôlis). Senior officer of Ptolemy IV, from Crete. Tasked by Sosibius in 213 BC to free Achaeus from the beleaguered city of Sardes, he changed sides and ensured that Achaeus was handed over to Antiochus III (Pol. 8,15-20). PP 6, 14750. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Mardion

(34 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Μαρδίων; Mardíōn). Slave or statesman of Cleopatra VII. The propaganda of Octavian declared him, a eunuch, to be responsible for leading the Egyptian state (PP VI 14615). Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Agreophon

(30 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] From Caunus, father of Zeno, visits Egypt in 253 BC. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography H. Hauben, Les vacances d'Agréophon (253 av. J. C.), in: CE 60, 1985, 102-108.

Alabarches

(73 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Dissimilated form of Arabarches in the Josephus-MSS AP 11, 383 and the texts cited below (different from [1]). The identification with an independent office of the Jewish community is impossible (see TAM 2,1, 256; Cod. lust. 4,61,9); BCH 16, 1892, 119 no. 44. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography 1 Abd-El-Ghany, The Arabs in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt through papyri and inscriptions, in: L. Criscuolo, G. Geraci (ed.), Egitto e storia antica, 1989, 233-242, 236 f.

Potheinus

(321 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Ποθεῖνος/ Potheînos). Eunuch, nutricius ('tutor') of Ptolemaeus [20] XIII (Caes. B Civ. 3,108), probably appointed guardian by the will of Ptolemy [18] XII. His precise position at the court of Alexandria is unclear. If P. is indeed an amicus regis (Caes. B Civ. 3,104,1), this was probably not the same as one of the court titles phílos; Cassius Dio (42,36,1) describes him as tḕn dioíkēsin tôn toû Ptolemaíou chrēmátōn prostetagménos ('administrator of the goods of Ptolemy') - this may refer to the office of dioikētḗs , which, however, P. can har…

Chelcias

(33 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Χελκίας; Chelkías). Son of Onias IV; brother of Ananias (died 103). From 105-103 BC commander of the army of  Cleopatra III. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography PP 2, 2183; 8, 342a.

Rufio

(76 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (or possibly Rufinus, cf. [1. 163 f.4]). Son of a freedman of Caesar (cf. [2. I 56]), whom the latter left behind in Alexandria [1] in 47 BC as the commander of three legions. R.'s characterization as Caesar's 'lover' ( exoletus: Suet. Iul. 76,3) is likely to be polemical. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography 1 P. Graindor, La Guerre d'Alexandrie, 1931 2 H. Solin, Die stadtrömischen Sklavennamen, 1996. G. Geraci, Genesi della provincia romana d'Egitto, 1983, 26 f.

Menches

(128 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Greek name: Asclepiades ( ho kaì Asklēpiádēs héllēn enchṓrios tôn katoíkōn), son of Petesouchus, Greek: Ammónios ( toû kaì Ammoníou), and grandson of Asclepiades (PTebtunis I 164). He is a typical example of how double Graeco-Egyptian names could be used in Ptolemaic Egypt, according to context. M. is mentioned again in August 119 BC as kōmogrammateús of Cerceosiris. He served until 111 BC. M.'s ‘archive’ (PTebt I; IV) is the most important source for the office of kōmogrammateús in the Ptolemaic period. The necessary payments for M.'s official appointment…

Callimedes

(25 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Καλλιμήδης; Kallimḗdēs). Ptolemaic local commander, who surrendered  Aenus [1] in 200 BC to Philip V. PP 6, 15113. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Didyme

(41 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Διδύμη; Didýmē). Egyptian (Ethiopian) mistress of Ptolemy II; see in Anth. Pal. 5,210? Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography A. Cameron, Two Mistresses of Ptolemy Philadelphus, in: GRBS 31, 1990, 287 F. M. Snowden Jr., Asclepiades' D., in: GRBS 32, 1991, 239-259.

Meridarches

(236 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(μεριδάρχης, Meridárchēs). [German version] [1] Ptolemaic administrative official from at least 260 BC Ptolemaic administrative official. The Egyptian district ( nomós ) of Arsinoites was divided up into three merídes (‘parts’), which in turn consisted of tópoi. This subdivision is attested from 260/259 BC at the latest[1. 5]. A meridarches was in charge of a merís and hence of its toparchs; the title is attested from the end of the 2nd century BC (PTebtunis I 66), but the names of the merídes (Ἡρακλείδου, Θεμίστου, Πολέμωνος) may go back to the first meridarchai. The last meridarchai ar…

Galestes

(96 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Γαλέστης). Sohn des Athamanenkönigs Amynandros, floh nach Pydna zu Ptolemaios VI., dessen phílos (φίλος) er wurde. G. führte 150 v.Chr. ein Expeditionskorps gegen Demetrios [7] I., 145 gegen Alexandros [13] Balas. Ptolemaios VIII. nahm ihm noch 144 seine dōreaí (δωρεαί, “Pfründe”; u.a. im Herakleopolites); G. floh nach Hellas, sammelte Exulanten um sich und starb bei dem Versuch, nach Alexandreia zurückzukehren und einen angeblichen Sohn Ptolemaios' VI. auf den Thron zu setzen. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Schäfer, PKöln V 223/4 L. Criscuolo, L'arc…

Menches

(124 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] oder mit griech. Namen Asklepiades ( ho kai Asklēpiádēs héllēn enchṓrios tōn katoíkōn), Sohn des Petesouchos bzw. griech. Ammónios ( tu kai Ammoníu), Enkel des Asklepiades (PTebtunis I 164), ist ein typisches Beispiel für graeco-ägypt. Doppelnamen im ptolem. Äg., die je nach Kontext benutzt werden konnten. M. wurde im August 119 v.Chr. als kōmogrammateús von Kerkeosiris wieder ernannt und amtierte bis 111 v.Chr. M.' “Archiv” (PTebt I; IV) ist die wichtigste Quelle für das Amt des kōmogrammateús in ptolem. Zeit. Die notwendigen Zahlungen zur Amtsernennung…

Komomisthotes

(50 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (κωμομισθώτης). Ptolem. Beamter, zuerst 259/8 v.Chr. in Palästina belegt (PLond. VII 1948), der für die Verpachtung von Staatsland an Bauern innerhalb eines dörflichen Verwaltungsbezirkes verantwortlich war (vgl. noch PTebt. 183). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography D. Crawford, Kerkeosiris, 1971, 103 A. 4  Rostovtzeff, Hellenistic World 1, 344f.; 3, 1401f.

Bolis

(45 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Βῶλις). Hoher Offizier Ptolemaios' IV. aus Kreta. 213 v.Chr. von Sosibios beauftragt, Achaios aus dem belagerten Sardes zu befreien, wechselte er die Seiten und sorgte für die Auslieferung des Achaios an Antiochos III. (Pol. 8,15-20). PP 6, 14750. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Nomarches

(266 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (νομάρχης). Amt in der äg. Verwaltung, bereits vor-ptolem. bezeugt. Auch wenn der n. sich eher von griech. némein (“verwalten”) als von nomós [2] ableiten lassen sollte, ist sein Amt doch von Anfang an mit einem konkreten Verwaltungsbezirk verbunden, in dem er für die Verteilung und damit auch für alle anderen Belange der königl. Finanz- und Steuerverwaltung zuständig ist. Wenn Alexandros [4] d.Gr. (Arr. an. 3,5,2; 3,5,4) neben den nomárchai der Gaue ( nomoí), die er im Amt ließ, mit den Persern (?, [1. 82]) Petiesis und Doloaspis zwei n. für ganz Äg. einsetzte, so…

Philopator

(140 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Φιλοπάτωρ, wörtlich “der/die den Vater Liebende”). Kultbeiname hell. Herrscher, der zuerst von Ptolemaios IV., dann von seiner Gattin Arsinoë [II 4] III. getragen wurde ( theoí philopátores). Der Beiname Ph. wurde auch außerhalb der ptolem. Dyn. benutzt (z.B. Mithradates [4] IV., Ariarathes V., Demetrios [9] III., Antiochos [13] XII.). Er bezeichnete den Sohn, der von seinem Vater zu Lebzeiten zur Thronfolge designiert wurde. Mitregentschaft konnte, mußte aber nicht mit dem Titel verbunden sein. Der äg.…

Mnasiades

(43 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Μνασιάδης). Sohn des Polykrates, aus Argos, Athlet, eponymer Alexanderpriester 218/7 v.Chr., Vater des Polykrates (PP II 2172, VI 15065). PP IX 5200b. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Clarysse, G. van der Veken, The Eponymous Priests of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1983, 15.

Kaphisophon

(38 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Καφισοφῶν). Sohn des Philippos (PP 6, 16640), aus Kos, Arzt (?); theorós ( theoría, theoroí ) Ptolemaios' II. oder III. an den Asklepios von Kos. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography S. Sherwin-White, Ancient Cos, 1978, 103.

Amenothes

(30 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] Sohn des Horos, ca. 170-116 v. Chr., παρασχίστης und ›capo ritualista‹ in der Nekropole von Djem. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P. W. Pestman, L'archivio di Amenothes, 1981.

Hor

(133 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] Ägypter aus dem Gau Sebennytos, Dorfschreiber und vielleicht auch Schreiber des Gaues, begann 173 v.Chr. eine fünfjährige Reise, die ihm durch Orakel aufgetragen war. Pastophóros der Isis und ab 167/6 Priester (κάτοχος/ kátochos?) am Ibis-Heiligtum von Saqqara/Memphis, wo er eine Stelle in der Tempelverwaltung hatte. Er gab Traumorakel, die bis an den Hof gelangten. U.a. reiste er 168 zum Sarapeion von Alexandreia, wo er ein gegen Antiochos IV. gerichtetes, die Sicherheit Alexandreias und der Dynastie betreffe…

Eiras

(46 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Εἰράς). Manchmal auch Náeira genannt; Zofe Kleopatras VII., der von der Propaganda Octavians bestimmender polit. Einfluß zugeschrieben wurde; E. starb zusammen mit der Königin. PP 6,14720. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography H. Heinen, Onomastisches zu E., Kammerzofe Kleopatras VII, in: ZPE 79, 1989, 243-247.

Anemher

(116 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] [1] s. Nesysti Nesysti. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [English version] [2] Hoherpriester des Ptah zu Memphis (3. Jh. v. Chr.) 289-217 v. Chr.; unter Ptolemaios III. Hohepriester des Ptah zu Memphis; Sohn des Hohepriesters Nesysti, Bruder des Hohepriesters Petoubastis, Vater der Hohepriester Teos und Harmachis. Neben anderen Priesterämtern war er Priester der Theoí Euergétai und Philopátores, hatte zahlreiche Positionen in der königlichen Verwaltung, vor allem zur finanziellen Kontrolle anderer Tempel. PP 3/9, 5352; 5442. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography D. D…

Motes

(45 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Μότης). Ptolem. Stratege Kariens 248/7 v.Chr., der zusammen mit dem oikonómos Diodotos in die Verwaltung der Stadt Kalynda eingriff (PCZ 59341). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography R. Bagnall, The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions Outside Egypt, 1976, 99f., 216, 245  PP VI 15058.

Mardion

(28 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Μαρδίων). Sklave oder Staatsmann Kleopatras VII. Er wird als Eunuch von Octavians Propaganda für die äg. Staatslenkung verantwortlich gemacht (PP VI 14615). Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Charmion

(31 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Χάρμιον). Zofe der Kleopatra VII., der von der Propaganda Octavians bestimmender polit. Einfluß zugeschrieben wurde; sie starb zusammen mit der Königin. PP 6, 14736. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Peteharsemtheus

(95 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] Ägypter, geb. ca. 139 v.Chr., Inhaber eines fünf Generationen zurückreichenden Familienarchivs. Die Familie ist ein Beispiel für die vereinzelte Eingliederung von Griechen in äg. Familien. Mehrere Brüder des P. dienten in der Armee, wie auch Mitglieder früherer Generationen; P. selbst scheint die Familienangelegenheiten verwaltet zu haben; ihn betreffende Dokumente stammen aus den J. 114-88 v.Chr. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P.W. Pestman, in: Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 14, 1965, 47ff.  N. Lewis, Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1986, 139ff.  J. Binge…

Amenothes

(28 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Horus, c. 170-116 BC, παρασχίστης ( paraschístēs) and ‘capo ritualista’ in the necropolis of Djem. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P. W. Pestman, L'archivio di Amenothes, 1981.

Peteharsemtheus

(102 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Egyptian, born in c. 139 BC, owner of a family archive stretching back over five generations. The family is an example of the occasional integration of Greeks into Egyptian families. Several brothers of P. served in the army, as did members of earlier generations; P. himself appears to have managed the family's affairs; documents concerning him come from the years 114-88 BC. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P.W. Pestman, in: Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 14, 1965, 47ff.  N. Lewis, Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1986, 139ff.  J. Bingen, Vente de terre par Pétéharsem…

Crocus, [1]

(42 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Κρόκος). Stratēgós ( autokrátōr;  Lochos) of Cyprus during the Egyptian civil war 131-124/3 BC. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography R. Bagnall, The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions outside Egypt, 1976, 259 L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1975, 191f. no. 0354.

Lochus

(181 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Son of Callimedes; syngenḗs of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra [II 6] III. in 127 BC ( Court titles B. 2.). L. acted as a benefactor for Roman merchants in the conquest of Alexandria by Ptolemy (IDélos 1526; cf. IDélos 1536?) and was perhaps even the commanding general on this occasion (then in Diod. Sic. 34/5,20 L. should likewise be read instead of Hegelochus [2]). Between 128/7 and 118 L. was the stratēgòs autokrátōr (‘Commander in chief’) of the Thebaid, an office that cannot have differed very greatly from that of epistrátēgos (UPZ II 187; [1. 19]; [2. 51f.]); between …

Sibling Marriage

(189 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] There had been sibling marriage among the pharaohs in Egypt since ancient times, albeit not between full siblings; it was an imitation of marriage between gods. Outside the royal house marriage between half-siblings was unusual. Marriage between full siblings was later practiced by a number of Ptolemies (Ptolemaeus II, IV, VI, VIII, IX, XII, XIII?, XIV). Zeus and Hera, Isis and Osiris were invoked as parallels for their subjects, thus seeking sacred reinforcement so as to reduce f…

Cilles

(45 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Κίλλης; Kíllēs). Macedonian, phílos and stratēgós of Ptolemy I, C. was able to drive Demetrius [2] from Syria after the battle of Gaza in 311 BC but was captured by him and sent back to Ptolemy. PP II/VIII 2164. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Philotera

(125 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Φιλωτέρα; Philōtérā). Daughter of Ptolemy I and Berenice [1]; the year of her birth is unknown; d. after 276 BC and shortly before her sister Arsinoe [II 3] II. Not long afterwards she received a Greek cult (cf. Callim. fr. 228,40-58) and was probably worshipped with her sister in the Arsinoeion (for their Egyptian cult see Nesysti [2]). Two villages in Arsinoitis, a deme in Ptolemais and towns on the Red Sea, in Lycia and Israel are named after her. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria, 1972, vol. 1, 668f.; Bd. 2, 373 n. 282; 377 n. 314  G. Webe…

Pasicrates

(234 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Πασικράτης/ Pasikrátēs). [German version] [1] King of Curium on Cyprus Son of Aristocrates, king of the city of Curium on Cyprus who is mentioned, together with other Cyprian kings (SEG 36, 331), on a Nemaean list of thearodochs (Theoria). The text confirms C. H. Dörner's emendation of Arr. Anab. 2,22,2: P. took part with a fleet in the siege of Tyre on the side of Alexander [4] the Great. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography Berve 2, Nr. 609. [German version] [2] King of Soli on Cyprus (P. according to literary sources; Στασικράτης/ Stasikrátēs: SEG 36, 331 A10). King of Soli on Cypr…

Herm( )

(82 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Perhaps a dioiketes in Alexandria, at any rate a high ranking official; on 5 March 112 BC, he sent a letter to his subordinate Asclepiades, ho epì tôn prosódōn (ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν προσόδων) in Fayoum, regarding the preparations for the reception of the Roman senator L. Memmius (cf. [1], who also rejects the extension of the name to Herm(ias)). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography 1 Mitteis/Wilcken I 3. E. Olshausen, Rom und Ägypten von 116 bis 51 v.Chr., Diss. 1963, 6f.

Charmion

(30 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Χάρμιον; Chármion). Maid to  Cleopatra VII; ascribed decisive political influence by the propaganda of Octavian; she died with the queen. PP 6, 14736. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Anemher

(122 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] [1] see Nesysti  Nesysti. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [German version] [2] High priest of Ptah at Memphis (3rd cent. BC) 289-217 BC; under Ptolemy III high priest of Ptah at Memphis; son of the high priest Nesysti, brother of the high priest Petoubastis, father of the high priests Teos and Harmachis. In addition to other priestly duties, he was priest of the Theoi Euergetai and Philopatores, had numerous positions in the royal administration, especially related to financial control of other temples. PP 3/9, 5352; 5442. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography D. Devauchelle, i…

Psenobastis

(102 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] Father of Petimuthes, high official in Semabehdet (17th district of lower Egypt). P.' son was one of Cleopatra [II 6] III's generals at the capture of Ptolemais/Akko in 103/2 BC and may later have been deployed to Thebes. The list of the numerous political, military and religious functions [1] performed by Petimuthes and, equally, by P. is a model of the self-confidence, considerably augmented in the 2nd cent. BC, of Egyptian officials in the service of the Ptolemies. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography 1 J. Quaegebeur, Inscriptions in: E. van't Dack et al. (ed.), T…

Bilistiche

(70 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Βιλιστίχη; Bilistíchē). Daughter of Philo, from a Macedonian family that originated in Argos; won Olympic contests in 268 and 264 BC with young horses, in 251/50 kanephoros to  Arsinoe II 3 Philadelphus, (deified?) mistress of Ptolemy II. Mother of Ptolemy Andromachou (?). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography A. Cameron, Two Mistresses of Ptolemy Philadelphus, in: GRBS 31, 1990, 287-311 HM 3, 589 O. Masson, Onomastica Graeca Selecta 2, 1990, 467ff.

Idios Logos

(381 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Ἴδιος λόγος; Ídios lógos). The idios logos (IL) was set up under  Ptolemaeus VI as a ‘special account’ (first documented 5.1.162 BC, [1]). Almost all revenues from the sale of state property, especially abandoned or confiscated estates (ἀδέσποτα, γῆ ἐν ὑπολόγῳ / adéspota, gê en hypológōi) were paid into this account; by the 1st cent. BC at the latest there was an office πρὸς τῷ ἰδίῳ λόγῳ ( pròs tôi idíōi lógōi) responsible for the administration of the land confiscated in favour of the IL and for reselling it (account management and administration h…

Theris

(46 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] (Θῆρις; Thêris). Stratēgós of the nomós [2] of Heracleopolites (PSI VIII 949; Yale Papyri I 57), then in 69/8 BC  syngenḗs (Court titles B. 2) and hypomnēmatográphos ('secretary'; OGIS 736), perhaps until 64/3 (BGU VIII 1767). PP I/VIII 9; 262. Ameling, Walter (Jena)

Aeglanor

(37 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] From Cyrene, συγγενής ( syngennḗs) and allegedly official of  Ptolemaeus Apion; his daughter Aretaphila murdered the Cyrenian tyrant Nicostratus ( c. 88-81 BC). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography A. Laronde, Cyrène et la Libye hellénistique, 1987, 421 f.; 455.

Bilistiche

(68 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Βιλιστίχη). Tochter des Philon, aus maked. Familie, die sich von Argos ableitete; siegte 268 v.Chr. und 264 mit jungen Pferden in Olympia, 251/50 Kanephore der Arsinoe II 3 Philadelphos, (vergöttl.?) Geliebte Ptolemaios' II. Mutter des Ptolemaios Andromachou (?). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography A. Cameron, Two Mistresses of Ptolemy Philadelphus, in: GRBS 31, 1990, 287-311  HM 3, 589  O. Masson, Onomastica Graeca Selecta 2, 1990, 467ff.

Kaphisodoros

(62 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Καφισόδωρος). Sohn des Kaphisodoros; Vater des Metrophanes (PP 6, 14679) und Ptolemaios (PP 6, 14688); zwischen 163 und 145 v.Chr. archisōmatophýlax (Hoftitel B.2.); stratēgós des äg. Gaues Xoite und Priester des políteuma der Boioter; 156/55 eponymer Alexanderpriester. PP 1/8, 269; 3/9, 5167. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W.Clarysse, G. v. d. Veken, The Eponymous Priests of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1983, 28.

Lenaios

(79 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Ληναῖος). L. stammte aus Koile Syria, war wohl ptolem. dioikētḗs und fungierte nach dem Tod Kleopatras [II 4] I. zusammen mit Eulaios [2] als Regent für Ptolemaios VI. (von 176-169 v.Chr.). Als der Versuch einer Wiedereroberung Syriens im 6. Syr. Krieg (Syrische Kriege) gescheitert war, wurden die Regenten für das Desaster verantwortlich gemacht, weshalb ihr Bild in der Lit. bis zur Unkenntlichkeit verzeichnet ist (Diod. 30,15f.). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography F. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius III, 1979, 355f.

Nesysti

(190 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] [1] N. I. hoher Priester des Ptah, an der Wende vom 4. zum 3. Jh.v.Chr. auch Anemher I. Vater von N. [2] II., hoher Priester des Ptah (Phthas) zu Memphis an der Wende vom 4. zum 3. Jh.v.Chr. PP III/IX 5365. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [English version] [2] N. II. hoher Priester des Ptah, 1. H. des 3. Jh.v.Chr. auch Petobastis I., hoher Priester des Ptah zu Memphis in der 1. H. des 3. Jh.v.Chr., ferner Prophet Arsinoës [II 3] II. und Prophet der Philotera; Sohn des N. [1] I., Vater Anemhers [2] II., Vorfahre Petobastis' III. PP III/IX 5361; 5362; 5364 (vgl. [1]). Ameling…

Krokos

(44 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Κρόκος). Stratēgós ( autokrátōr; Lochos) von Zypern in der Zeit des ägypt. Bürgerkrieges 131-124/3 v.Chr. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography R. Bagnall, The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions outside Egypt, 1976, 259  L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1975, 191f. Nr. 0354.

Komogrammateus

(389 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (κωμογραμματεύς). Verwaltungsbeamter im ptolem. Ägypten, aber der Sache nach wohl schon älter. Äg. war in nomoí, tópoi und kṓmai eingeteilt, und dem entspricht die Reihenfolge basilikós grammateús, topogrammateús und k. (wobei nicht sicher ist, ob der topogrammateús zu den Vorgesetzten des k. zählte; manchmal wurden die beiden Ämter in Personalunion verwaltet). Der k. war für einen Bezirk zuständig, der meist eines, manchmal aber auch mehrere Dörfer ( kṓmai; kṓmē ) umfaßte. In frühptolem. Zeit war der k. dem komárchēs nachgeordnet; er wa…

Philotera

(114 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Φιλωτέρα). Tochter des Ptolemaios I. und der Berenike [1]; ihr Geburtsjahr ist unbekannt, sie starb nach 276 v.Chr. und kurz vor Arsinoë [II 3] II. Sie erhielt sehr bald griech. Kult (vgl. Kall. fr. 228,40-58), wurde dann verm. im Arsinoeion mitverehrt (zu ihrem äg. Kult s. Nesysti [2]). Nach Ph. sind zwei Dörfer im Arsinoitis, ein Demos in Ptolemais und Städte am Roten Meer, in Lykien und Israel benannt. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria, 1972, Bd. 1, 668f.; Bd. 2, 373 Anm. 282; 377 Anm. 314  G. Weber, Dichtung und höfische Ges., 1…

Oinanthe

(78 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (ᾨνάνθη). Aus Samos, Gattin eines Agathokles, hetaíra ( hetaírai ) Ptolemaios' III., Mutter des Agathokles [6] und der Agathokleia [2], führte kurze Zeit die Aufsicht über den jungen Ptolemaios V. Die Alexandriner ermordeten O. im Okt./Nov. 203 v.Chr., als ihr Sohn gestürzt wurde. Sie soll Einfluß nur durch persönl. Beziehungen erworben haben, doch mag das verleumderische Trad. sein. PP VI 14731. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, Bd. 2, 437f.

Agreophon

(31 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] Aus Kaunos, Vater des Zenon, besucht 253 v. Chr. Ägypten. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography H. Hauben, Les vacances d'Agréophon (253 av. J. C.), in: CE 60, 1985, 102-108.

Panas

(73 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (auch Pen-Nout). Sohn des Psenobastis (PP I 344), Vater des Ptolemaios (PP I 322); syngenḗs und stratēgós (s. Hoftitel B. 2.) des äg. Gaus Tentyritis unter Kleopatra [II 12] VII., Priester verschiedener einheimischer Götter, “Verwalter” des Augustus und damit einer der einheimischen Größen, die den Übergang von ptolem. zu röm. Diensten geschafft hatten. PP I/VIII 293. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1975, 125f. Nr. 0137.

Geschwisterehe

(175 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] Die G. gab es in Äg. seit alters bei den Pharaonen, allerdings nicht zwischen Vollgeschwistern; sie war eine Nachbildung der Ehe zwischen den Göttern. Außerhalb des Königshauses war die Ehe von Halbgeschwistern ungewöhnlich. G. wurde dann von einigen Ptolemäern praktiziert (Ptolemaios II., IV., VI., VIII., IX., XII., XIII.?, XIV.), und zwar zwischen Vollgeschwistern. Zeus und Hera, Isis und Osiris wurden für die Untertanen als Parallelen herangezogen, also eine sakrale Überhöhung…

Melankomas

(55 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Μελαγκόμας). Eponymer Alexanderpriester 166/5 v.Chr.; Sohn des Aitolers Philodamos, amtierte 180/145 als Garnisonskommandant und Priester der theoí euergétai ( euergétēs ) in Kition; Vater des Garnisonskommandanten M. (PP VI 15119). PP III/IX 5194 (VI 15120?). Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W.Clarysse, G. van der Veken, The Eponymous Priests of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1983, 24.

Philoktas

(43 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Φιλόκτας oder Φιλοκράτης/ Philokrátēs) brachte zw. 274 und 257 v.Chr. als Führer einer Festgesandtschaft ( archithéōros) des Ptolemaios II. und der Stadt Alexandreia Weihgeschenke nach Delos. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography E. Olshausen, Prosopographie der hell. Königsgesandten, Bd. 1, 1974, 316f. Nr. 209.

Komarches

(259 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (κωμάρχης). Sprechende Bezeichnung eines Beamten der ptolem. und röm. Zeit in Ägypten, der für alle Belange der Dorfverwaltung ( kṓmē ) zuständig war, den Toparchen und Nomarchen unterstand (der K. war auch in Metropoleis tätig, war dort aber eher für Stadtteile zuständig). In ptolem. Zeit wurde er vom Büro des dioikētḗs eingesetzt, und es handelte sich um ein angestrebtes Amt. Der k. stammte aus dem von ihm verwalteten Dorf. Schwer ist die Abgrenzung zum komogrammateús , der zuerst unter dem k. stand, seit dem E. des 2. Jh. v.Chr. jedoch sein Vorgesetzter war. Der k. w…

Lykarion

(85 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (Λυκαρίων). Sohn des Numenios, aus einer wichtigen Familie; in der Mitte des 1. Jh.v.Chr. bekannt als syngenḗs (Hoftitel B. 2.), Ehrenvorsitzender der gerusía von Alexandreia [1], dioikētḗs , exēgētḗs ( exēgētaí ), epí tēs póleōs von Alexandreia, Gymnasiarch (Gymnasiarchie) von Alexandreia. L. ist ein Beispiel für die Akkumulation von Ämtern in spätptolem. Zeit, ferner für die Verbindung von staatlichen und städtischen Aufgaben. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography PP I 37; 156; III 5349a  L. Mooren, The Aulic Titulature in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1974, 140…

Dryton

(72 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] Geb. vor 192 v.Chr., gest. 126/123, aus Kreta, Bürger von Ptolemais, als Soldat und Hipparch an verschiedenen Orten tätig (Archiv mit Dokumenten von 174-99). Heiratete am 4.3.150 in zweiter Ehe Apollonia und ist damit ein Beispiel für die Verbreitung des graeco-ägypt. Milieus als der Vermischung der beiden Kulturen. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography N. Lewis, Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt, 1986, 88ff.  R. Scholl, D.s Tod, in: CE 63, 1988, 141-144.

Pasikrates

(216 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Πασικράτης). [English version] [1] König von Kurion auf Kypros Sohn des Aristokrates, Stadtkönig von Kurion auf Kypros, der auf einer nemeischen Thearodokenliste ( theōría, theōroí ) zusammen mit anderen kyprischen Königen genannt wird (SEG 36, 331). Der Text bestätigt C.H. Dörners Emendation von Arr. an. 2,22,2: P. nahm mit einer Flotte auf der Seite Alexandros' [4] d.Gr. an der Belagerung von Tyros teil. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography Berve 2, Nr. 609. [English version] [2] König von Soloi auf Kypros (P. laut lit. Quellen; Στασικράτης/ Stasikrátēs: SEG 36, 331 A10). Kön…

Harwennefer

(72 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[English version] (= Haronnophris, griech. Hurgonaphor). Anführer einer einheimischen Revolte, der Okt./Nov. 205 v.Chr. in Theben zum Pharao gekrönt wurde; seine Herrschaft schloß Abydos und Pathyris mit ein; aus Abydos (und Ptolemais) verdrängte ihn eine ptolem. Offensive erst 201/0. Im Sommer 199 ist Anchwennefer als Nachfolger bezeugt. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography P.W. Pestman, Haronnophris and Chaonnophris, in: S.P. Vleeming (Hrsg.), Hundred-Gated Thebes, 1995, 101-134  B.C. McGing, in: APF 43, 1997, 285ff.
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