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Petrine Privilege

(183 words)

Author(s): Primetshofer, Bruno
[German Version] This (unofficial) designation is in several ways inappropriate. It does not relate to any privilege as a special right of particular persons; moreover, the reference to Peter has no basis in the New Testament. The term refers to divorce, on the basis of papal authority (the so-called potestas vicaria), of a non-sacramental marriage, including cases in which, at the time of contracting the marriage, one party was already baptized (half-Christian marriage). The marriage is dissolved by papal decree. The sufficient reason is in general ¶ the salvation of the soul, no…

Pauline Privilege

(216 words)

Author(s): Primetshofer, Bruno
[German Version] ( Privilegium Pauli or Privilegium fidei). The Pauline privilege, today governed by canons 1143–1150 of CIC/1983, is the canonical implementation of the procedure leading to dissolution of a (valid) marriage (Divorce) between two non-Christians, in the course of which one of the spouses receives baptism. The biblical basis of the Pauline privilege is 1 Cor 7:12–15. The marriage is dissolved by a new marriage entered into be the baptized party if the unbaptized party departs or, upon being asked,…

Provida sapientique cura

(180 words)

Author(s): Primetshofer, Bruno
[German Version] Provida sapientique cura, a constitution issued by Pope Pius X on Jan 18, 1906 (AAS 39, 1906, 82–84), according to which the form of marriage introduced by the Council of Trent in cases of otherwise invalid marriage ( Tametsi, 1563), i.e. marriage in the presence of the Catholic parish priest and two witnesses, was declared obligatory throughout what was then the German Empire (including Hungary after 1909) only for purely Catholic marriages. Marriages of non-Catholics and confessionally mixed marriages were valid wit…