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(2,308 words)

Author(s): Rösler, Wolfgang
[German version] I. Origins Greek writing culture is the result of the adoption of the Phoenician alphabet, which took place in the 1st half of the 8th cent. BC - according to the assumption common today, which is supported by various evidence. As a reflex of the adoption the Ionic preserves the term Φοινικήια ( Phoinikḗïa) for characters, which Herodotus (5,58) evaluates for a fundamentally correct reconstruction of the process. In the Orient a leather scroll was used for longer texts. The fact that it was adopted by the Greeks together with writi…