Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Giaro, Tomasz" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Giaro, Tomasz" )' returned 169 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Tryphoninus

(82 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Der röm. Jurist Claudius T. (um 200 n. Chr.), verm. östlicher Herkunft [3], Schüler des Cervidius Scaevola [1] (Dig. 49,17,19 pr.) und Konsiliar des Septimius [II 7] Severus (Dig. 49,14,50), schrieb Erörterungen strittiger Rechtsfälle ( Disputationes, 21 B.) und Notae (‘Anmerkungen) zu den Digesta und Responsa seines Lehrers [1; 2]. Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography 1 H. T. Klami, Entscheidung und Begründung in den Kommentaren Tryphonins zu Scaevolas Responsen, 1975 2 M. Sixto, Las anotaciones de Trifonino, Bd. 1, 1989; Bd. 2, 1991 3 D. Liebs, Jurisprudenz, …

Thalelaios

(96 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Rechtsprofessor ( antecessor) unter Iustinianus [1] I., verm. in Berytos, einer der acht Adressaten der Const. Omnem (der mit dem Abschluß der Digesta 533 n. Chr. erlassenen Studienordnung), schrieb eine griech. Paraphrase des codex (II.) Iustinianus. Das in den Basiliken und deren Scholien (Byzanz I. B.3.) überl. Werk vermittelt gute Informationen über den Codexunterricht des Th. Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography D. Simon, Aus dem Kodexunterricht des Th., in: ZRG 86, 1969, 334-383; RIDA 16, 1969, 283-308; ZRG 87, 1970, 315-394; RIDA 17, 1970, 273-397  P. E. Pieler…

Urseius Ferox

(85 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Röm. Jurist des frühen Prinzipats (1. Jh. n. Chr.), referierte in mindestens 10 B. (Coll. 12,7,9) die Meinungen der Gründer von Rechtsschulen, einerseits des Sabinus [II 5] und des Cassius [II 14], andererseits des Proculus [1]. Das Werk ist außer durch fünf Zitate bei Ulpianus und bei Iulius [IV 16] Paulus nur durch den Komm. des Iulianus [1] Ad Urseium Ferocem bekannt. Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia Iuris Civilis, Bd. 2, 1889, 1201-1224  Kunkel, 145 f.  D. Liebs, Rechtsschulen und Rechtsunterricht im Prinzipat, in: ANRW II 15,…

Ulpianus

(623 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Domitius U. Röm. Jurist der Severerzeit aus Tyros in Syrien (Dig. 50,15,1 pr.), verm. Schüler des Papinianus [2. 208 f.] und Lehrer des Modestinus (Dig. 47,2,52,20). Unter Septimius [II 7] Severus Assessor seines Lehrers, der inzwischen Praetorianerpraefekt geworden war (SHA Pesc. 7,4; SHA Alex. 26,6), und wohl von 205 bis 209 n. Chr. Leiter der Kanzlei a libellis (des kaiserlichen Justizbüros), unter Elagabal [2] praefectus [4] annonae (Leiter der Lebensmittelversorgung; Cod. Iust. 8,37,4), unter Severus [2] Alexander 222 Praetorianerpraef…

Tribonianus

(200 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Von 529 bis 532 n. Chr. “Justizminister” unter Iustinianus [1] I. ( qu. sacri palatii), von 533 bis 535 Vorsteher der Kaiserkanzleien ( magister officiorum) und danach bis zu seinem Tod (verm. 542 n. Chr.) erneut qu. [1. 40-69]. Als Kenner und Bewunderer des röm. Rechts und der Jurisprudenz der Prinzipatszeit war T. federführend bei der Ausarbeitung aller Teile der iustinianischen Kompilation: des alten codex (II. C.; Const. Haec 1; Summa 2), der Digesta (Deo auctore 3; Tanta pr.), der Institutiones ( Imperatoriam 3; Tanta 11) und des neuen codex ( Cordi 2). Ob er …

Vivianus

(53 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Der wohl E. des 1. Jh. n. Chr. tätige röm. Jurist schrieb ein einziges, von Ulpianus und von Iulius [IV 16] Paulus mehrfach zitiertes Werk [1], entweder einen Ediktskommentar [2] oder Digesta [3. 34 ff.]. Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography 1 O. Lenel, Palingenesia Iuris Civilis, Bd. 2, 1889, 1225 ff. 2 Schulz, 235; 270 3 C. Russo Ruggeri, Viviano giurista minore?, 1997.

Vindius Verus

(63 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Röm. Jurist, Suffektconsul 138 n. Chr. (CIL XVI 84) und Consiliar des Antoninus [1] Pius (SHA Pius 12,1), ist in Iustinianus' [1] Digesta (6. Jh. n. Chr.) nur mit fünf indirekten Zitaten vertreten. Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia Iuris Civilis, Bd. 2, 1889, 1223 f.  R. A. Bauman, Lawyers and Politics in the Early Roman Empire, 1989, 248 f.  D. Liebs, Jurisprudenz, in: HLL 4, 1997, 106.

Taruttienus Paternus

(84 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Der röm. Jurist P. Taruttienus (Taruntenus) Paternus war 171-173 n. Chr. Leiter der Kanzlei ab epistulis Latinis und seit 177 Praetorianerpraefekt unter Marcus [2] Aurelius (Cass. Dio 71,12,3; 71,33,3). Nach dessen Tod wurde T. um 182 n. Chr. seines Amtes enthoben und wegen Hochverrats hingerichtet (SHA Comm. 4,7 f.). T. schrieb das erste juristische Werk über das Heerwesen ( De re militari, 4 B.). Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia iuris civilis, Bd. 2, 1889, 335 f.  Kunkel, 219-222  D. Liebs, Jurisprudenz, in: HLL 4, 1997, 136 f.

Tuscianus

(80 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz
[English version] Nach Dig. 1,2,2,53 war T. neben Fulvius [II 2] Aburnius Valens Anf. des 2. Jh. n. Chr. Nachfolger des Iavolenus [2] und Vorgänger des Iulianus [1] in der Führung der sabinianischen Rechtsschule. Eine Verwechslung mit Iavolenus, der das Cogn. Tossianus trug, ist unwahrscheinlich. Giaro, Tomasz Bibliography D. Liebs, Nicht-lit. röm. Juristen der Kaiserzeit, in: K. Luig, D. Liebs (Hrsg.), Das Profil des Juristen in der europäischen Trad. Symposion F. Wieacker, 1980, 149-153  R. A. Bauman, Lawyers and Politics in the Early Roman Empire, 1989, 231-234.

Responsa

(841 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] A. Term and form Responsa (lit.: 'responses', sing. responsum) were originally rulings or opinions of sacred law made by the Roman colleges of priests (the augures, fetiales, haruspices and pontifices) [1. 19-21; 2. 313 f., 560-563]. According to Dig. 1,2,2,6, the pontifical college ( pontifex ; hence: responsa pontificum) issued preventative or cautelary responsa for the formulation and interpretation of legal transactions ( cautio in the sense of a precaution) or suits ( actio), and responsa for the organs of judicial administration in respect of past…

Papinianus, Aemilius

(532 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] This jurist, probably born in the mid second century AD in the eastern half of the province of Africa (cf. [7. 118]), seems to have been a student of Cervidius Scaevola (SHA Carac. 8,2). During the reign of Septimius Severus, with whom he was close friends, he became assessor to the Praetorian prefects (Dig. 22,1,3,3), from AD 194 to 202 he first became member and later head of the government department a libellis (Dig. 20,5,12 pr.; see [7. 118, 121]), thereafter from 205 to 211 he was Praetorian prefect (ILS 2187); his assessors were Iulius [IV 16] …

Cascellius

(132 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (C. Aulus Cascellius). Jurist, pupil of Volcatius, who in turn was taught by Q.  Mucius Pontifex (Dig. 1,2,2,45; Plin. HN 8,144); evident in documents of 73 BC as a senator, he held no further office after his quaestorship, but dedicated himself to practical jurisprudence [2]. The iudicium Cascellianum (Gai. Inst. 4,166a), which he had drafted, allowed the winner of a sponsio trial to claim for material restitution within the framework of prohibitory interdicts on property (a form of interim order for the protection of property) [1] (  restitutio )…

Thalelaeus

(109 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Professor of law ( antecessor) under Iustinianus [1] I, presumably in Berytus, one of the eight addresses of the Const. Omnem (ordinances for study brought into force with the conclusion of the Digesta in AD 533), who wrote a Greek paraphrase of the Codex (II.) Iustinianus. The work, preserved in the Basilika and their scholia (Byzantium I. B.3.), contains useful information on T.' teachings on the Codex. Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography D. Simon, Aus dem Kodexunterricht des T., in: ZRG 86, 1969, 334-383; RIDA 16, 1969, 283-308; ZRG 87, 1…

Urseius Ferox

(94 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Roman jurist of the early Principate (1st cent. AD), reviewed in at least ten books (Coll. 12,7,9) the opinions of the founders of law schools, on the one hand Sabinus [II 5] and Cassius [II 14], on the other  Proculus [1]. Other than five citations in Ulpian and in Iulius [IV 16] Paulus, the work is known only from the commentary Ad Urseium Ferocem by Iulianus [1]. Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia Iuris Civilis, vol. 2, 1889, 1201-1224  Kunkel, 145 f.  D. Liebs, Rechtsschulen und Rechtsunterricht im Prinzipat, in: ANRW II …

Hermogenianus

(133 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Jurist from the Hellenistic east of the Roman empire, from AD 293 to 295 magister libellorum (head of the petition office) of Diocletian [1; 3], published in AD 295 the Codex Hermogenianus, a semi-official collection of rescripts of Diocletian from 293 and 294. Excerpts were taken from the collection in the  Fragmenta Vaticana , in the  Collatio legum Mosaicarum et Romanarum and in the  Consultatio and adopted by the Codex Justinianus ( Haec, pr.; Summa § 1). H. also wrote the legal breviary Juris epitomae (6 bks.; re [2]) from which excerpts were taken probably…

Iuris consultus

(320 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Preferred expression for the Roman specialized jurist aside from iuris prudens, peritus, auctor or studiosus. The iuris consultus is an authority ‘consulted’ about law and hence implicitly competent to answer [1. 25; 4. 554], ‘experienced in statutory and customary law’ ( legum et consuetudinis ... peritus, Cic. De or. 1,212). For the designation iuris consultus (IC) neither the literary or the official work nor - in view of the private character of  legal instruction - a formal educational level was decisive but only consultation …

Atilicinus

(56 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Jurist, probably a student of  Proculus (Dig. 23,4,17), only known through 28 indirect quotations in later legal compilations. PIR2 A 1292. Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia iuris civilis, 1889 (repr. 1960), vol. 1, 71ff. C. A. Maschi, La scienza del diritto all'età dei Flavi, in: Atti Congr. Intern. Studi Vespasianei I, 1981, 64ff.

Ulpianus

(710 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Domitius U. Roman jurist of the Severan period from Tyrus in Syria (Dig. 50,15,1 pr.), probably a student of Papinianus [2. 208 f.] and teacher of Modestinus (Dig. 47,2,52,20). Under Septimius [II 7] Severus, he was assessor for his teacher, who had since become Praetorian prefect (SHA Pesc. Nig. 7,4; SHA Alex. Sev. 26,6), and was probably leader of the chancellery a libellis (the imperial judiciary office) from AD 205 to 209; praefectus [4] annonae (leader of the office ensuring food supply; Cod. Iust. 8,37,4) under Elagabalus [2]; Praetorian prefec…

Taruttienus Paternus

(94 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] The Roman jurist P. Taruttienus (Taruntenus) Paternus was the head of the chancellery ab epistulis Latinis in AD 171-173 and praetorian prefect under Marcus [II 2] Aurelius (Cass. Dio 71,12,3; 71,33,3) beginning in 177. After the latter's death, T. was relieved of his office about AD 182 and executed for high treason (SHA Comm. 4,7 f.). T. wrote the first legal work on the military ( De re militari, 4 books). Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia iuris civilis, vol. 2, 1889, 335 f.  Kunkel, 219-222  D. Liebs, Jurisprudenz, in: HLL 4, …

Coruncanius, Ti.

(42 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Consul in 280 BC, first plebeian pontifex maximus in 254, first issued responsa publicly and in association with legal instruction (Dig. 1,2,2,35), did not, however, produce any writings (Dig. 1,2,2,38). Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography Wieacker, RRG, 528, 535.
▲   Back to top   ▲