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Clytia, Clytie

(113 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Κλυτία, Κλυτίη; Klytía, Klytíē, Lat. Clytia). [German version] [1] Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys (Hes. Theog. 352). Waldner, Katharina (Berlin) [German version] [2] Daughter of Pandareus from Crete Daughter of  Pandareus from Crete, represented according to Pausanias (10,30,1f.) in the Cnidic  lesche in Delphi. Waldner, Katharina (Berlin) [German version] [3] Beloved of Helios Beloved of Helios (possibly identical to [1]), whom the latter abandons for  Leucothoe. The jealous C. betrays Leucothoe to her father, who has h…

Maia

(446 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Tochter des Atlas [2] und der Pleione (Μαῖα, Μαίας, Μαίη; Maîa, Maías, Maíē). Daughter of Atlas [2] and Pleione, by Zeus mother of Hermes, who is called Maiadeús or Maías hyiós or paîs for this reason (e.g. H. Hom. 4,2f.,73; Aesch. Cho. 814). Nymph of the Arcadian Cyllene mountains. Homer only mentions her once as the mother of Hermes (Hom. Od. 14,435). Hesiod calls her the daughter of Atlas (Hes. Theog. 938) and counts her as one of the Pleiades (Hes. Cat. fr. 169; cf. also Simon. PMG fr. 555). The most deta…

Lysimache

(48 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Λυσιμάχη; Lysimáchē). Daughter of Abas [1], granddaughter of Melampus (according to Antimachus in schol. Eur. Phoen. 150, daughter of Cercyon, granddaughter of Poseidon), wife of the Argive king Talaus, mother of Adrastus [1], Parthenopaeus, Pronax, Mecisteus, Aristomachus and Eriphyle (Apollod. 1,103). Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)

Tethys

(231 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Τηθύς; Tēthýs). In Hom. Il. 14,200 f., Hera calls T. and her brother Oceanus as the ancestors of all the gods. According to Hesiod and others, T. is the daughter of Gaea and Uranus, sister of Oceanus and by him mother of all rivers and the Oceanids (Hes. Theog. 337-370; Apollod. 1,8;  cf. Diod. Sic. 4,69,1; 4,72,1). During the battle between Zeus and Kronos, Rhea takes the young Hera to safety with T. and Oceanus (Hom. Il. 14,202-204). Hera is therefore able to pretend to want to …

Tisiphone

(229 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Τεισιφόνη/ Teisiphónē, Latin Tisiphone). [German version] [1] Erinys, avenger of murder 'Avenger of murder'. Besides Al(l)ecto and Megaera the third Erinys (Lat. Furiae ; e.g. Hyg. Fab. praef. 3) identified by name. The triad is documented from Euripides onwards (Eur. Or. 408; Eur. Tro. 457) and plays an important role in the Orphic tradition (Orph. H. 69,2; Orph. Arg. 966-969; Orphism). The name T. first appears in literature in Lucil. 4, fr. 169 f., but is attested on an Apulian lekythos [1] a…

Hypermestra

(263 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(also Hypermnestra; Ὑπερμήστρα; Hypermḗstra, Ὑπερμνήστρα; Hypermnḗstra). [German version] [1] Daughter of Danaus Daughter of  Danaus, wife of  Lynceus (or Lyrceus). The only daughter of Danaus who, against her father's orders, did not kill her husband in their wedding night (Pind. Nem. 10,6; Aesch. PV 866; Apollod. 2,1,5). She spares him because she loves him (Aesch. PV 865-868; schol. Pind. Pyth. 9,195b; cf. Hor. Carm. 3,11,33-52) or because he does not touch her (Apollod. 2,1,5; cf. Ov. Epist. 14,64). H. …

Ilione

(126 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Ἰλιόνη; Iliónē). Oldest daughter of  Priamus and  Hecabe, wife of Polymestor, the Thracian (Verg. Aen. 1,653f. mentions her sceptre which Aeneas brings from Ilion; cf. Hyg. Fab. 90). She raises her youngest brother  Polydorus along with her and Polymestor's son  Deipylus. After the end of the Trojan War, Agamemnon induces Polymestor to kill Polydorus. He unknowingly kills his own son, since I. had passed Deipylus off as her brother. The real Polydorus then instigates I. to kill he…

Callisto

(331 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Καλλιστώ; Kallistṓ, Lat. Callisto). Arcadian nymph or princess, daughter of  Lycaon (Eumelus of Corinth, EpGF p. 100 fr. 10; Hes. Cat. fr. 163; Apollod. 3.100), according to Asius (EpGF p. 90 fr. 9) of Nycteus, according to Pherecydes (FGrH 3 fr. 157) of Ceteus; Hunting companion of Artemis who falls in love with Zeus. He approaches her in the shape of Artemis or Apollo and either seduces or rapes her (Amphis, CAF II fr. 47; Apollod. 3.100; Ov. Met. 2,425). Artemis (Hes. Cat. fr. …

Nephele

(200 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Νεφέλη/ Nephélē). [German version] [1] Personification of a cloud No evidence exists concerning her ancestry, probably because originally she is the personification of a ‘cloud’. Nephele is the wife of Athamas, mother of Helle and of Phrixus. Because Ino (Leukothea), the second wife of Athamas, caused a drought and wanted to kill Nephele's children, Nephele put the two children onto a golden ram, which flew away with them (Apollod. 1,9,1-6; Hyg. Fab. 1-3; 21; Ov. Met. 11,195). According to schol. Aristo…

Polycaste

(130 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Πολυκάστη/ Polykástē). [German version] [1] Daughter of Lygaeus in Acarnania Daughter of Lygaeus in Acarnania, wife of Icarius [2], mother of Penelope, Alyzeus and Leucadius. The two last were eponyms of Alyzeia and Leucas (Str. 10,2,24; 10,2,8). Waldner, Katharina (Berlin) [German version] [2] Daughter of Nestor Youngest daughter of Nestor [1] (Hom. Od. 3,465) and Eurydice (cf. ibid. 3,451 f.). According to Apollod. 1,1,9, her mother was Anaxibia. She bathed Telemachus when he was received as a guest in the house of her father (Hom. Od. 3,464-468). …

Stheneboea

(136 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Σθενέβοια/ Sthenéboia). Called Antea in Hom. Il. 6,160, daughter of the Lycian king Iobates (Apollod. 2,25; Hyg. Fab. 57) or Amphianax (Apollod. 2,25; schol. Hom. Il. 6,200 Rekker) or the Arcadian king Aphidas [3] (Apollod. 3,102), wife of Proetus and mother of the Proetids and of Megapenthes [1] (Apollod. 2,26; 2,29; Aristoph. Ran. 1043 with Schol. et al.). After failing to seduce Bellerophontes she accuses him of raping her to Proetus (Potiphar motif, Joseph; cf. Phaedra). Bellerophontes is sent away by Proetus with the intention of …

Laodameia

(298 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Λαοδάμεια; Laodámeia). Ep. feminine name (‘Ruler over the People’) of various mythological figures. [German version] [1] Daughter of Bellerophon and a daughter of the Lycian king Iobates Daughter of Bellerophontes and a daughter of the Lycian king Iobates, mother by Zeus of Sarpedon (Hom. Il. 5,196-199; Apollod. 3,1,1; Serv. Aen. 1,100). According to Hom. Il. 5,205 she is killed by the enraged Artemis. Waldner, Katharina (Berlin) [German version] [2] Wife of Protesilaus Daughter of king Acastus of Iolcos, wife of Protesilaus, who goes off immediately after the wed…

Philomele, Philomela

(27 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Φιλομήλη, Φιλομήλα; Philomḗlē, Philomḗla). Daughter of the Attic King Pandion [1], sister of Procne. For her myth, see Procne. Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)

Melanippe

(399 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Μελανίππη; Melaníppē). [German version] [1] Daughter of Aeolus Daughter of Aeolus [1], the son of Hellen, and of Hippe [2], the daughter of the centaur Chiron. Mother by Poseidon of the twins Aeolus [3] and Boeotus. M. was the protagonist in two fragmentarily surviving tragedies by Euripides: Μ. ἡ σοφή (‘The Wise M.; TGF 479-487) and Μ. ἡ δεσμῶτις (‘M. Bound; TGF 488-514). In the older ' Wise M.' (set in Thessaly), it is told how in the absence of her father Aeolus, M. becomes the mother of two sons by Poseidon. Although she exposes the children, they survive a…

Sterope

(195 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Στερόπη/ Sterópē, Ἀστερόπη/ Asterópē '(flash of )lightning'; Ἀερόπη/ Aërópē). [German version] [1] One of the Pleiades One of the Pleiades, the seven daughters of Atlas [2] and Pleione (Hes. fr. 169 M.-W.; Apollod. 3,110; Paus. 5,10,6), mother by Ares of Oenomaus [1] (Hellanikos FGrH 4 F 19a; Eratosth. Katasterismoí (epitome) 23; cf. Tzetz. on Lycoph. 149). There is a depiction of S. on the frieze of the eastern gable at Olympia (Paus. 5,10,6; [2. 809 no. 5]), dated to the second quarter of the 5th cent. BC. She is also called Asterope or Aerope (Hes. fr. 169; Hyg. Fab. 84). Waldner, Kathar…

Polycrite

(331 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Πολυκρίτη/ Polykrítē). Heroine of Naxos who, by a ruse, saves her hometown when it is besieged by the Milesians and Erythreans: she is left behind in a sanctuary before the city of Naxos [1] and taken prisoner by Diognetus, the leader of the Erythreans. Since he does not dare to rape her in the sanctuary, he tries to win her over by persuasion. She agrees under the condition that he swears to grant her request first. When Diognetus agrees, P. requests that he betray his allies, th…

Hippodamia

(455 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Ἱπποδάμεια/ Hippodámeia, Ἱπποδάμη/ Hippodámē, Latin Hippodamia). [German version] [1] Daughter of king Oenomaus Daughter of king  Oenomaus of Pisa and Sterope (Paus. 5,10,6). Because an oracle prophesied his murder by the future son-in-law (Diod. Sic. 4,73,2), or because he himself desires H. (Hyg. Fab. 253), Oenomaus prevents H.'s marriage by challenging her many suitors (Hes. Cat. fr. 259a; Pind. Ol. 1,128; Paus. 6,21,10f.; Epimenides, FGrH 457 fr. 14) to a chariot race, during which he defeats and kills …

Lysippe

(48 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Λυσίππη; Lysíppē). Daughter of Proetus and Stheneboea (Apollod. 2,25-26). Because she sinned against the gods, L. goes mad together with her sisters Iphianassa [1] and Iphinoe, but is then cured by Melampus (Apollod. 2,26-29; cf. Hes. Cat. fr. 37,10-15; 131; 133). Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)

Harpalyce

(259 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Ἁρπαλύκη; Harpalýkē). [German version] [1] Huntress and livestock thief Daughter of the Thracian king Harpalycus who, after the death of her mother, raises her with cow's and mare's milk and trains her to be a warrior. After his death, she lives as a livestock thief and hunter until she is captured with a net and killed. Ritual fighting took place at her grave (Serv. Auct. Aen. 1,317; Hyg. Fab. 193). The oldest reference to her can be found in Virgil (Aen. 1,317) for whom H. served as a model of  Camilla (Verg. Aen. 11,532-915). Waldner, Katharina (Berlin) [German version] [2] Daughter of Ep…

Lysidice

(180 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
(Λυσιδίκη; Lysidíkē). [German version] [1] Daughter of Pelops and Hippodamia Daughter of Pelops and Hippodamia [1], wife of Mestor, mother of Hippothoe (Apollod. 2,50). According to a tradition dismissed by Paus. 8,14,2, the mother of Amphitryon and hence the wife of Alcaeus. According to schol. Pind. Ol. 7,49, the wife of Electryon, mother of Alcmene (cf. also Plut. Thes 7,1 and schol. Pind. Ol. 7,50). All the husbands of L. who appear in the tradition are sons of Perseus. Waldner, Katharina (Berlin) [German version] [2] Female companion of Theseus and Ariadne On the François Vase (5…
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