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al-Aharī, ʿAbd al-Qādir

(600 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza
Quṭb al-Dīn ʿ Abd al-Qādir b. Ḥamza b. Yāqūt al-Aharī (d. 657/1259–60), was a Ṣūfī and a philosopher from Ahar in Azerbaijan by whom a philosophical work titled al-Bulgha fī l-ḥikma is extant. The only known independent bio-bibliographical source on him is the Majmaʿ al-ādāb fī muʿjam al-alqāb by Ibn al-Fuwaṭī (d. 723/1318) (ed. Muḥammad al-Kāẓim (Tehran 1416/1995–96), 3:399–400 no. 2841). Ibn al-Fuwaṭī relates that al-Aharī left his home town in his youth and travelled to different regions in Khurāsān and Fārs. While he was in Herat he stud…
Date: 2021-02-14

ʿAlī Qulī Jadīd al-Islām

(586 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza | Schmidtke, Sabine
ʿAlī Qulī Jadīd al-Islām was an eleventh/seventeenth-century Christian convert to Islam who wrote several polemical works against Christianity and Judaism. His historical identity is not altogether clear. In his own writings he claims to have been a highly respected priest who had discovered the truth of Islam after a great deal of research and investigation, whereas independent historical evidence suggests that he was in fact an Augustinian Portuguese prior by the name of Antonio who converted to Islam in Isfahan in 1108/1696. ʿAlī Qulī wrote the following works in the field…
Date: 2021-02-14

Bāghnawī, Ḥabīballāh

(1,022 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza
Ḥabīballāh Bāghnawī (d. 995/1587), known as Mīrzā Jān, was an Ashʿarī theologian, logician, and mathematician from Bāghnaw, a district of Shiraz, in Iran. Born in about 930/1524, he studied in his hometown with Naṣr al-Bayān al-Kāzirūnī (fl. 950/1543) and with Jamāl al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Shīrāzī (d. 962/1555), who was a student of Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī (d. 908/1502–3). Bāghnawī regarded himself as a student of al-Dawānī, through the intermediation of Jamāl al-Dīn Maḥmūd, and, in his writings, he referred to al-Dawānī as his master (ustādh). After completing his education, Bāghnaw…
Date: 2021-02-14

George Strachan

(591 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza
Date of Birth: About 1572 Place of Birth: Mearns, Scotland Date of Death: After 1634 Place of Death: Unknown; possibly on his way back to Europe Biography A Scottish traveller and Orientalist, George Strachan was a Roman Catholic from Mearns, to the south of Aberdeen. He was born around 1572. In his early youth, his family sent him to study in France. There, he appears to have been based mainly in Paris, although he travelled around to attend lectures by the best teachers. He also spent some time in various cities in Ital…

 Risāla dar bashārātī bar ẓuhūr-i ḥaḍrat-i khatam al-anbiyāʾ az kutub-i āsmānī

(592 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza
‘Treatise on the allusions to the appearance of the Seal of the Prophets in the heavenly books’ Muḥammad ʿAlī al-Lāhījī; ʿAlī Ḥazīn Lāhījī Date: Before 1766, and probably after 1739 Original Language: Persian DescriptionBased on what Ḥazīn says in the introduction to this treatise, it can be inferred that he wrote it in the latter part of his life when he was in India. This would be after 1739, and before his death in 1766. The treatise has been published from a single manuscript, described by the editors as MS Khatak 163, thou…


(497 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza
(Inter-linear translation and gloss on Mīr Ḥusayn Maybudī’s Jām-i gītī-numa) George Strachan Date: 1634 Original Language: Latin Description MS British Library add. 7720 contains a copy of Mīr Ḥusayn Maybudī’s (d. 1504)  Jām-i gītī-numā (fols 63r-106v), apparently copied for Strachan’s personal use. Strachan entitled it  Universum, adding as clarification that a more literal translation would be poculum mundi. The text is written in large script, leaving generous spaces between the lines, and difficult words have been vocalised throughout. With a few…

Muḥammad ʿAlī Ḥazīn Lāhījī

(622 words)

Author(s): Pourjavady, Reza
Muḥammad ʿAlī al-Lāhījī; ʿAlī Ḥazīn Lāhījī Date of Birth: 1692 Place of Birth: Isfahan Date of Death: 1766 Place of Death: Benares (Varanasi) BiographyMuḥammad ʿAlī Lāhījī, better known by his pen name Ḥazīn (‘sorrowful’), was a prominent Persian poet, historian, theologian and philosopher who, following the fall of the Safavids in 1722, continued his career in the Indian subcontinent. His father, Abū Ṭālib Lāhījī, was a philosopher who moved from his hometown Lahijan to Isfahan in order to study, where Ḥazīn was born…