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Eyck, Jan van

(262 words)

Author(s): Mikuda-Hüttel, Barbara
[German Version] (c. 1390/1400 [?], Maaseik – buried Jun 9, 1441 in Bruges). From around 1422 until 1424 Jan van Eyck was the court artist of Prince John of Bavaria (Count of Holland) and worked after John's death for Duke Philip of Burgundy. Information about Eyck's life comes from entries in the account books of these two clients, whose residences he decorated, and the signatur…


(1,122 words)

Author(s): Stadler, Ulrich | Mikuda-Hüttel, Barbara
[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Cultural History – III. Art History I. History of Religions Biblical gardens are related to the garden in Gen 2:8ff., which came into being not through God's creative word ¶ but through his creative work. Like paradise and Eden (i.e. the region where the garden is said to have been located), the word refers to a place where the first human beings are said to have lived in harmony with God and nature. The word παράδεισος/ parádeisos goes back to Avestan pairidaēza, “fenced-in area”; χόρτος/ chórtos originally meant “walled area.” Thus bot…


(6,748 words)

Author(s): Sparn, Walter | Hüttel, Richard | Mikuda-Hüttel, Barbara | Kühlmann, Wilhelm | Hagel, Doris
[German Version] I. Use and History of the Term – II. Architecture and Landscaping – III. Painting and Sculpture – IV. Literature – V. Music I. Use and History of the Term Initially a pejorative designation for irregular and un-natural elements of architecture following the Renaissance, the term “Baroque” has, since J. Burckhardt (1855) and Heinrich Wölfflin (1888), been revaluated into a term describing an artistic,…