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Nūr al-Dīn

(1,126 words)

Author(s): Bencheneb, R.
, ʿAbd al-Ḳādir, professeur et savant algérien, né à Biskra vers 1892 et mort à Alger le 12 avril 1981. D’origine modeste, il fréquenta l’école primaire de sa ville natale et, à quinze ans, fut admis à la médersa d’Alger. Sous la direction de maîtres éminents, notamment ʿAbd al-Ḳādir al-Mad̲j̲d̲j̲āwī, ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm Ben Smāya, Muḥammad al-Saʿīd Ibn Zakrī, Muḥammad Ben Cheneb, il y fit des études classiques en arabe et en français à l’issue desquelles il obtient le diplôme d’études supérieures. Il compléta sa formation en assistant aux cours que des ʿulamāʾ réputés comme ʿAlī b. Aḥmad b…

Masraḥ

(31,344 words)

Author(s): Landau, J.M. | Bencheneb, R. | And, Metin | Bruijn, J.T.P. de | Allworth, E. | Et al.
(a.), «scène», de plus en plus employé pour désigner le «théâtre» (dans le même sens que Bühne en allemand); fréquemment synonyme de tiyātrō (de l’italien). Phénomène artistique et littéraire qui se manifesta au premier chef dans les deux derniers siècles, le théâtre arabe a ses racines dans des représentations locales de la passion de Ḥusayn [voir Ta ʿziya], les marionnettes et le théâtre d’ombres [voir Ḳaragöz], la mimique et d’autres farces populaires et a été influencé par le théâtre étranger contemporain (plutôt que classique). I. — Orient arabe. Bien que des pièces populaires…

al-Mad̲j̲d̲j̲āwī

(760 words)

Author(s): Bencheneb, R.
ʿAbd al-Ḳādir b. ʿAbd allāh b. Muḥ. b. ʿAbd al-Ḳārīm, professeur et savant algérien, né en 1266/1848 à Tlemcen et mort en 1331/1913 à Alger. Suivant l’exemple de son père qui avait longtemps vécu au Maroc où il avait étudié et enseigné notamment à al-Ḳarawiyyīn avant de retourner dans sa ville natale pour y exercer les fonctions de ḳāḍī, al-Mad̲j̲d̲j̲āwī se rendit très jeune dans ce pays. Il entreprit à Tanger, puis à Tétouan des études classiques qu’il acheva à Fès auprès de grands ʿulamāʾ tels que Mawlāy Muḥammad al-ʿAlawī, Muḥammad b. al-Madanī Gannūn, Ṣāliḥ al-S̲h̲āwī, Aḥma…

al-Ḳusanṭīnī

(2,264 words)

Author(s): Bencheneb, R.
(dial. Ḳsenṭīnī, fr. Ksentini) Ras̲h̲īd, auteur dramatique, comédien et chansonnier algérien. De son vrai nom Ibn al-Ak̲h̲ḍar (pron. Bel-Lak̲h̲ḍar). il naquit le 11 novembre 1887 à Bouzaréa (banlieue d’Alger) d’un père cor- donnier, originaire de Constantine. Enfant, il suivit les cours d’une école ḳurʾānique où il fit de médiocres études et il apprit le français dans la rue. Quelques années plus tard, il fut placé comme apprenti chez un ébéniste. Il se maria en 1909 avec Tune de ses cousines do…

Masraḥ

(31,037 words)

Author(s): Landau, J.M. | Bencheneb, R. | And, Metin | Bruijn, J.T.P. de | Allworth, E. | Et al.
(a.), “scene”, increasingly employed as “theatre” (in the same sense as “Bühne” in German); frequently synonymous with tiyātrō (from the Italian). 1. In the Arab East. Primarily an artistic and literary phenomenon of the last two centuries, the Arab theatre has its roots in local performances of passion plays [see taʿziya ], marionette and shadow plays [see ḳaragöz ], mimicry and other popular farces, and was affected by the then contemporary (rather than the classical) foreign theatre as well. Although some popular open-air plays…

al-Ḳusanṭīnī

(2,295 words)

Author(s): Bencheneb, R.
(in dialect Ḳsentīnī, in French Ksentini) Ras̲h̲īd , Algerian dramatist, comic actor and song-writer. Under his real name Ibn al-Ak̲h̲ḍar (pronounced Bel-Lak̲h̲ḍar) he was born on 11 November 1887 at Bouzarea (a surburb of Algiers). His father, a shoemaker, was a native of Constantine. As a child he attended a Ḳurʾānic school, where his ¶ progress was mediocre, and he learned French in the street. Some years later he was apprenticed to a cabinet-maker. In 1909 he married one of his cousins by whom he had two daughters, both dying in infancy. Having…

al-Mad̲j̲d̲j̲āwī

(805 words)

Author(s): Bencheneb, R.
, ʿAbd al-Ḳādir b. ʿAbd Allah b. Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Karīm , Algerian teacher and scholar, born in 1266/1848 in Tlemcen and died in 1331/1913 in Algiers. Following the example of his father who had lived for a long time in Morocco where he had studied and taught, especially at al-Ḳarawiyyīn [ q.v.], before returning to his native city to practise there the duties of ḳāḍī , al-Mad̲j̲d̲j̲āwī travelled to this country at a very early age. At Tangier and later at Tetouan he undertook classical studies which he completed at Fās as a pupil of distinguished ʿulamāʾ , including…

Nūr al-Dīn

(1,137 words)

Author(s): Bencheneb, R.
, ʿAbd al-Ḳādir , Algerian scholar and teacher, born at Biskra ca. 1892 and died in Algiers on 12 April 1987. Of modest origins, he attended the primary school in his home town and at 15 entered the Algiers medersa. Under the guidance of eminent teachers, in particular, ʿAbd al-Ḳādir al-Mad̲j̲d̲j̲āwī, ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm Ben Smāya, Muḥammad al-Saʿīd Ibn…