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Carmen de bello Aegyptiaco

(100 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] (or Actiaco) is the modern title for 52 hexameters in eight columns and some fragments on P Hercul. 817. It is improbable that  Rabirius was their author; they were more likely part of the Res Romanae by  Cornelius Severus. The poem deals with Octavian's Egyptian campaign after Actium, and Cleopatra's preparations for suicide. Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) Bibliography G. Ferrara, Poematis latini reliquiae, 1908 G. Garuti, Bellum Actiacum, 1958 Courtney, 334 R. Seider, Paläographie der lat. Papyri, vol. 2.1, 1978, 4 (for the papyrus) M. Gigante, Catal…

Tuticanus

(58 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] A boyhood friend of Ovidius, who was able to include T.'s name () in a letter to him only by playing with the actual syllable quantities (Ov. Pont. 4,12,10 f.,  cf. 4,14,1 f.). He appears to have translated the episode of the Phaeacians in the Odyssey into Latin (ibid. 4,16,27 with 4,12,27). Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)

Hostius

(174 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] [1] Author of an epic with the title Bellum Histricum Wrote an  epic with the title Bellum Histricum in at least 2 bks. of which 7 frs. are extant. It presumably concerned the war waged in 129 BC by C. Sempronius Tuditanus. The relationship between him and H. was probably like that between  Ennius [1] and Fulvius [15] Nobilior and the one between  Furius [I 7] Antias and Lutatius Catulus; the epic was doubtless of the panegyric type as was common in Hellenistic writing. Prop. 3,20,8 mentions the doctus avus of a girl with whom he had a relationship, and on the basis …

Ilias Latina

(451 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[English version] Der Name wurde von Baehrens einem lat. Gedicht gegeben, das Homers ‘Ilias auf 1070 Hexameter verkürzt. Es wird von Lactantius Placidus zu Stat. Theb. 6,114 (121) unter dem Namen Homerus zit., der auch in den Titeln der meisten früh-ma. Hss. auftaucht. Die späteren schreiben es aus unbekannten Gründen Pindar zu. Die einzige weitere Spur der I.L. aus der Ant. ist die Imitation durch Dracontius. Der Prolog (= Il. 1,1-7) bietet das Akrostichon ITALICPS, der (unhomer.) Epilog SCQIPSIT. Letzteres kann leicht in SCRIPSIT emendiert werden, e…

Carmen de bello Aegyptiaco

(98 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[English version] (oder Actiaco) ist der moderne Titel für 52 Hexameter in acht Sp. und einige Fr. auf P Hercul. 817. Sie stammen kaum von Rabirius und könnten eher Teil der Res Romanae des Cornelius Severus sein. Das Gedicht handelt von Octavians Ägyptenfeldzug nach Actium und Kleopatras Vorbereitungen zum Selbstmord. Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) Bibliography G. Ferrara, Poematis latini reliquiae, 1908  G. Garuti, Bellum Actiacum, 1958  Courtney, 334  R. Seider, Paläographie der lat. Papyri, Bd. 2.1, 1978, 4 (zum Papyrus)  M. Gigante, Catalogo dei Papiri ercolanes…

Fescennini versus

(155 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[English version] Improvisierte Verse, die bei Hochzeiten gesungen wurden und zur Kategorie häufig anzutreffender apotropäischer Obszönität gehörten. Der Brauch wurde selbst in christl. Zeiten weiter gepflegt. Der Grund für die (ungesicherte) etym. Herleitung des Namens von Fescennia oder -ium, einer falisk. Stadt im Süden Etruriens, ist unklar. Die andere Ableitung von fascinum (Paul. Fest. 76; vgl. 76, wo er die Form Fescemnoe bietet) ist sprachwiss. unmöglich. Lit. Versionen finden sich in Catull 61,119ff. (wo die früheren homosexuellen Verhältnisse de…

Dorcatius

(66 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Under this name (which is also found in CIL 5,2793) Isid. Etym. 18,69 quotes two hexameters about stuffing a ball with stag hair. [1] identifies the author with an anonymous poet to whom Ovid (Tr. 2,485) refers in a listing of humorous didactic poems. Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) Bibliography 1 M. Haupt, Coniectanea, in: Hermes 7, 1873, 11-12 Opuscula vol. 3, 1876, 571 2 Courtney, 341.

Ponticus

(50 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Epic poet of the Augustan Period, friend of Ovid (Trist. 4,10,47). Propertius addresses Elegies 1,7 and 1,9, to P. as the author of a Thebais, achieving a contrast between erotic elegy and epic by representing P. as desperately in love. Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) Bibliography PIR2 P 785.

Epic

(6,829 words)

Author(s): Neumann, Hans (Berlin) | Latacz, Joachim (Basle) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] I. Ancient Near East The convention in ancient oriental studies is to maintain a distinction between epic and myth in so far as the protagonists of each genre are concerned, even though, in respect of genre theory and style, this remains difficult and contentious [1. 145-153; 2. 1-24]: in epic the actors are (heroicized) people, whereas myths inhabit the realm of the divine. Sumerian epic literature is woven around the legendary kings of the 1st dynasty of Uruk: Enmerkar, Lugalbanda a…

Furius

(3,311 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) | Richmond, John A. (Blackrock, VA) | Eder, Walter (Berlin) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) | Et al.
Name of an ancient Roman patrician lineage (on inscriptions also Fourios), derived from the praenomen Fusus and also occurring occasionally in the original form Fusius in the literary tradition; the family perhaps came from Tusculum (cf. the family grave of the Furii ILLRP 895-903). The numerous members of the gens from the early Republic in the 5th/4th cents. BC are scarcely tangible as historical persons, and their history is in part later annalistic invention. Most well known is the ‘Saviour of Rome’ after the catas…

Aemilius

(4,870 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Nomen gentile Name of a very old patrician line (more often written Aimilius), after which the tribus Aemilia, one of the oldest rustic tribes, is also named. Republican pseudo-genealogy traced the gens back to Mamercus, said to be the son of Pythagoras or of Numa, or to Trojan ancestors: Aemilia, a daughter of Aeneas; Aimylos, a son of Ascanius; or to King Amulius himself (Plut. Aemilius 2; Numa 8; Romulus 2; Fest. 22 L; Sil. Pun. 8,294-296) [1]. The Aemilii belonged to one of the most respected lines in the R…

Ninnius

(255 words)

Author(s): Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Pacuvius and Sthenius N. Celer from a distinguished Campanian family seem to have offered Hannibal accomodation in Capua in 216 BC Pacuvius and Sthenius N. Celer belonged to a distinguished Campanian family. They seem to have offered Hannibal sumptuous accommodation in Capua in 216 BC (Liv. 23,8). Punic Wars Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) Bibliography J. von Ungern-Sternberg, Capua im 2. Punischen Krieg, 1975, 30-31. [German version] [2] N. Crassus Republican writer, translator of the Iliad in Latin Republican writer, who translated the ‘Iliad into Latin…

Cornelius

(14,783 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eder, Walter (Berlin) | Frateantonio, Christa (Gießen) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Stroh, Wilfried (Munich) | Et al.
Name of one of the oldest and most celebrated Roman patrician families; during the Roman Republic the largest and most extensive gens, giving its name to the tribus Cornelia. Its patrician branches probably stem from the Maluginenses, frequently attested in the 5th cent. BC (C. [I 57-58]); the sequence was probably as follows: in the 5th cent. the Cossi [I 20-22]; in the 4th cent. the Scipiones [I 65-85], Rufini [I 62] and Lentuli [I 31-56]; from the 3rd cent. the Dolabellae [I 23-29], Sullae [I 87-90], Blasiones [I 8-10],…
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