Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)" )' returned 67 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Aristides

(3,776 words)

Author(s): Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne) | Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Galli, Lucia (Florence) | Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) | Et al.
(Ἀριστείδης; Aristeídēs). [German version] [1] Athenian politician and srategos (beginning of the 5th cent. BC) Of Athens, son of Lysimachus. He was one of the most prominent politicians and strategoi of Athens at the time of the Persian Wars. In the battle of Marathon, he probably served as a strategos. In 489/488 BC, he was the eponymous archon (Plut. Aristides 1,2, cf. IG I3 1031). In 482 BC, he was ostrazised ( Ostraka) (Hdt. 8,79; Aristot. Ath. Pol. 22,7; Plut. Aristides 7,1 ff.). His rivalry with  Themistocles, documented already in Herodotus (8,79), …

Aristoclides

(32 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] (Ἀριστοκλείδης; Aristokléidēs). Kithara player of the School of Terpander, won over Phrynis, who began as an aulos player, to kithara playing (schol. Aristoph. Nub. 971). Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)

Augustinus, Aurelius (Augustine)

(3,640 words)

Author(s): Pollmann, Karla (St. Andrews) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] A. Life In addition to self-testimonials cf. especially the biography by  Possidius. On 13.11.354 birth of A. in Thagaste (northern Africa), the son of a simple non-Christian Roman civil servant, Patricius, and a Christian, Monnica. In 370 commenced rhetoric training in Carthage. 372: reading of Cicero's Hortensius. From 373-382 follower of Manichaeism, in 374 return to Thagaste; teacher of grammar and rhetoric. 376: teaching in Carthage. 380/1: (lost) first work De pulchro et de apto. 383: teaching in Rome; interest in the New  Academy. From 383 onwar…

Didymus

(1,946 words)

Author(s): Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover)
(Δίδυμος; Dídymos). [1] of Alexandria Important Greek grammarian of the latter half of the 1st cent. BC [German version] A. Philological activity The most important Greek grammarian of the latter half of the 1st cent. BC. The biographical entry in the Suda (δ 872) tells us that he was still alive in the reign of Augustus, and mentions a nickname ‘Chalkenteros’ (Χαλκέντερος, ‘Brazen-guts’, cf. the Suda ι 399, χ 29). To his strong constitution he attributed an untiring assiduity that extended to different branches of p…

Alypius

(331 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
(Ἀλύπιος; Alýpios). [German version] [1] Vicarius of Britain under Iulianus Possibly from Cilicia, absolved a study programme in Antiochia (Lib. Ep. 324). Under emperor  Julian he administered Britain as vicarius (Lib. loc.cit; n. 23,1,2). AD 363 Julian passed on the rebuilding of the temple of Jerusalem to the educated pagan (cf. Julian Ep. 29 and 30), this failed in the end (Philostorgius Hist. eccl. 7,9; Rufin. hist. 10,38; note 23,1,2). 371 A. was embroiled in a lawsuit concerning murder by poison and was exiled (n. 29,1,44). Portmann, Werner (Berlin) [German version] [2] Faltoniu…

Isidorus

(2,455 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Oelsner, Joachim (Leipzig) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Et al.
(Ἰσίδωρος; Isídōros). [German version] [1] Pirate captain, defeated by Lucullus at Tenedus in 72 BC Pirate captain who organized the Cilician pirates in the area around Crete, was besieged in 78 BC by P. Servilius Isauricus (Flor. 1,41,3), later entered the service of Mithridates and in 72 was defeated by Lucullus in the naval battle of Tenedos at the entrance to the Dardanelles (App. Mithr. 77, Memnon 42,2 = FHG 3,548) and killed (Plut. Lucullus 12.2). Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) [German version] [2] I. of Charax Geographer, end of 1st cent. BC Geographer, certainly of the Augustan p…

Kordax

(90 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] (κόρδαξ; kórdax). Typical comedy dance (κωμικὴ ὄρχησις; kōmikḕ orchēsis; the word kordax appears first in Aristoph. Nub. 540). Usually connected with drunkenness, the kordax was a boisterous, burlesque, and rude dance. It was never described in detail, thus it cannot be identified clearly on vase paintings. The kordax also occurred outside of the theatre as a hyporchematic dance (Ath. 14,630e) or as a solo dance with instrumental accompaniment during banquets (Lucian Icaromenippus 27). Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) Bibliography K. Latte, De saltationibus Graeco…

Calcidius

(247 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Hadot, Pierre (Limours)
[German version] (not Chalcidius). Christian philosopher; his dates are disputed: he either lived from the second half of the 3rd to the first half of the 4th cent. AD [1] or from the first half to the middle of 4th cent. [2]. Assigning his commentary on Plato's Timaeus to a particular school of thought (for Middle Platonism see [1] or Neoplatonism, see [2; 3; 4; 5]), is further complicated by the fact that important tenets, like those on providence and fatum, have basically remained unchanged from Middle Platonism to the end of Neoplatonism [6]. C.'s Timaeus commentary is also the first …

Eratosthenes

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Tosi, Renzo (Bologna) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Ἐρατοσθένης; Eratosthénēs). [German version] [1] Athenian, active in the Peloponnesian War An Athenian of rich family. In 411 BC he was serving as a trierarch in the Hellespont, but left his ship in order to support the oligarchs in Athens (Lys. 12,42). After the capitulation of Athens in the Peloponnesian War (404 BC), E. belonged to an action group ─ the five ephors ─ working for an oligarchic coup. After the abolition of the democratic order, E. was on the ruling committee of the Thirty, and after its …

Metre

(8,752 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Leonhardt, Jürgen (Marburg/Lahn) | Hecker, Karl (Münster) | Quack, Joachim (Berlin) | Podella, Thomas (Lübeck) | Et al.
[German version] I. Preliminary remark Originally sung poetry, often accompanied by dance, metric literature was obviously subject to other formative conditions than poetry intended from the outset for spoken presentation or for reading. Texts of such kinds still show traces of their earlier sound form ( Music). Accordingly the form ranged from simple ‘melodic lines of sound’, as can be presumed for the ancient Orient and Israel ( parallelismus membrorum, strophic poetry, sometimes with rhythmic accent order, congruence of form and language s…

Affects, Theory of (Musical)

(685 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] Although affects were themes in Classical philosophy and rhetoric, incidentally also in the ethical doctrine of music ( Music), there was no specific theory of musical affects. That melodies and rhythms affected different souls in different manners had been demonstrated by Boethius inst. mus. 1,1) as a transmitter of the idea (Pythagoras, Plato rep. 3,398-401). After the 11th cent., the attempt was made to link the Musical theory of keys in Gregorian chant with the ethical doctr…

Cassiodorus

(1,366 words)

Author(s): Eder, Walter (Berlin) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] A. Life Flavius Magnus Aurelius C., a senator, born c. AD 490, came from a family of the senatorial aristocracy -- probably of Syrian origin (the name refers to the Syrian Zeus Kasios), but for generations settled in Scylacium (Squillace in Calabria) -- which was very influential in Bruttium and Sicily ( primatus: Cassiod. Var. 1,4,14) and carried out important political tasks (PLRE 2, 263f., C. 1 and 2). As a comes sacr. larg. of Odoacer, C.'s father (PLRE 2, 264f.) went over to Theoderic at the right time (AD 490), handed Sicily over to him without …

Chorus

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] A. Concept Χορός ( Chorós), ‘Ring dance, troupe of dancers, dance floor, chorus of singers’ (‘original meaning not ascertainable with any certainty’ Frisk). Ring or group dance associated with singing; in the narrower sense the chorus trained for the performance of choral lyrics and songs in Attic drama. Surviving evidence (texts of choral lyrics, pictorial representations, descriptions) provides scarcely more than sketchy impressions of the lively whole. The loss of song meant that…

Gaudentius

(730 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Uthemann, Karl-Heinz (Amsterdam) | Et al.
(Γαυδέντιος; Gaudéntios). [German version] [1] G. Philosophus Musician and philosopher Author of an introduction to harmony, Ἁρμονικὴ εἰσαγωγή ( Harmonikḕ eisagōgḗ) ─ probably written in line with Claudius Ptolemy's ─ translated into Latin by Cassiodorus' friend Mutianus (Cassiod. Inst. 2,5,142 Mynors). The incompletely preserved work (in 23 chapters) contains traditional teachings in a slightly modified form, especially from Aristoxenus and the Pythagoreans: voice, sound, interval, modes, composition (1-7), unison…

Glauke

(332 words)

Author(s): Harder, Ruth Elisabeth (Zürich) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)
(Γλαύκη). [English version] [1] Nereide Nereide (Hom. Il. 18,39; Hes. theog. 244; Hyg. praef. 8), deren Name die blauglänzende sowie vergleichbare Farbschattierungen des Meeres bezeichnet (Hom. Il. 16,34; Hes. theog. 440) und zu der Glaukos die männliche Entsprechung ist. G. wird an verschiedenen Orten auch als eine Nymphe dargestellt (Paus. 8,47,2f.; Tzetz. Theogonie 100-102). Harder, Ruth Elisabeth (Zürich) [English version] [2] Quellnymphe, Braut des Iason Quellnymphe in Korinth, von einigen Autoren mit der Tochter des dortigen Königs Kreon gleichgesetzt, …

Agathokles

(1,456 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Et al.
(Ἀγαθοκλῆς) [English version] [1] aus Athen Archon 357/56 v. Chr. Archon 357/56 v. Chr. (Demosth. or. 47,44; Diod. 16,9). Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [English version] [2] Tyrann König von Syrakus (316-288 v. Chr.) später König von Syrakus, geb. 361/0 v. Chr. im sizilianischen Thermai als Sohn des aus Rhegion verbannten Karkinos, der unter Timoleon in Syrakus das Bürgerrecht erhalten hatte und eine keramische Großmanufaktur betrieb. A. verbrachte eine abenteuerliche Jugend, beteiligte sich an mehreren kriegerischen Unternehmung…

Calcidius

(216 words)

Author(s): Hadot, Pierre (Limours) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] (nicht Chalcidius). Christl. Philosoph. Umstritten ist seine Lebenszeit: entweder 2. Hälfte 3. bis 1. Hälfte 4.Jh. n.Chr. [1] oder 1. Hälfte bis Mitte 4.Jh. [2]. Die Entscheidung über die Schulzugehörigkeit seines Komm. zu Platons Timaios (zum Mittelplatonismus [1] oder Neuplatonismus [2; 3; 4; 5]) wird dadurch erschwert, daß wichtige Lehren wie diejenige über Vorsehung und fatum seit dem Mittelplatonismus bis zum Ende des Neuplatonismus in den Grundzügen dieselben geblieben sind [6]. Der oben genannte Timaios-Komm. überliefert mit den z.T. auf grie…

Chor

(1,423 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] A. Begriff Χορός, “Reigentanz, Tänzerschar, Tanzplatz, Sängerchor” (‘urspr. Bed. nicht mit Sicherheit festzustellen’ Frisk). Mit Gesang verbundener Reigen- oder Gruppentanz, im engeren Sinne der für den Vortrag der Ch.-Lyrik und der Ch.-Lieder im att. Drama geschulte Ch. Die erh. Zeugnisse (chorlyrische Texte, Bilddarstellungen, Beschreibungen) vermitteln kaum mehr als umrißhafte Vorstellungen vom lebendigen Ganzen. Mit dem Gesang war die von ihm gestiftete Einheit aus Wort, Beweg…

Eratosthenes

(1,494 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Tosi, Renzo (Bologna) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Ἐρατοσθένης). [English version] [1] Athener, aktiv im Peloponn. Krieg Athener aus reicher Familie. Diente 411 v.Chr. als Trierarch im Hellespont, verließ aber sein Schiff, um die Oligarchen in Athen zu unterstützen (Lys. 12,42). Nach der Kapitulation Athens im Peloponnesischen Krieg (404 v.Chr.) gehörte E. einem Aktionskreis - den fünf Ephoren - an, die auf einen oligarchischen Umsturz hinarbeiteten. Nach Aufhebung der demokratischen Ordnung war E. am Regierungskomitee der Dreißig, nach deren Absetzung …

Hyagnis

(53 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] Myth. Musiker aus Kelainai in Phrygien, “Erfinder” des Aulos, soll als erster die phryg. Tonart ( harmonía) sowie nómoi der Kybele und des Pan eingeführt haben (Aristox. fr. 78; Marmor Parium 10); zusammen mit Marsyas und Olympos gen. (Pseudo-Plut. mus. 1132f; Anon. Bellermanni 28). Musikinstrumente II (Aulos) Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
▲   Back to top   ▲