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Antimachos

(705 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Princeton) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Fantuzzi, Marco (Florenz) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Ἀντίμαχος). [English version] [1] Troer, Gegner des Antenor Troer, Gegner des Antenor. Als vor dem Kriege Menelaos und Odysseus in Troia Helenas Rückgabe verlangten, riet er gegen Sitte und Brauch, die Gesandten zu töten (Hom. Il. 3,205; 11,138). Später verhinderte er, von Paris bestochen, die von den Troern erwogene Auslieferung Helenas (Hom. Il. 11,123 ff.). Seine drei Söhne wurden von den Griechen getötet (Hom. Il. 12,188). Graf, Fritz (Princeton) [English version] [2] Zwei indogriech. Könige (2. Jh. v. Chr.) Zwei indogriech. Könige im 2. Jh. v. Chr., nur durch ihre M…

Arktinos

(94 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] Von Milet, Dichter des ep. Kyklos. Eine Aithiopis in 5 Büchern, die sich an die Ilias anschloß, wird ihm zugeschrieben. Dieses Epos behandelte die letzten Taten des Achilleus, seine Siege über die Amazone Penthesileia und den Führer der Aithiopen, Memnon, seinen Tod durch Paris und Apollo und seine Bestattung. In den zwei Büchern des Epos Ἰλίου πέρσις ( Ilíu pérsis) schilderte A. episodenhaft die Ereignisse, die zur Zerstörung Troias führten. Er gilt auch als Verf. einer Titanomachie. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography EpGF 61-66, 80, 165  M. Davies, …

Danais

(35 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] (Δαναίς) oder Danaídes (Δαναίδες). Der Titel eines Epos, das das Schicksal der Danaiden, ihre Flucht vor den Söhnen des Aigyptos nach Argos, in 6500 Hexametern behandelte. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography EpGF 141.

Eugam(m)on

(161 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] (Εὐγάμ(μ)ων). Epiker aus Kyrene, dem die Telegonie in zwei Büchern zugeschrieben wird. Das Epos entstand laut Eusebios (bei Hier. chron. 102,1 Helm) in der Zeit der 53. Ol. = 568-565 v.Chr. und soll (Clem. Al. strom. 2,442,4f.) mit einem Buch des Musaios über die Thesproter identisch gewesen sein: E. habe daraus ohne Nennung der Vorlage geschöpft (Paus. 8,12,5 erwähnt ebenfalls eine Thesprotís). Die Telegonie berichtete von den der Odyssee nachfolgenden Reisen des Odysseus nach Elis, nach Thesprotien wegen der Weissagung des Teiresias (vgl. Hom. …

Eugam(m)on

(170 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Εὐγάμ(μ)ων; Eugám(m)ōn). Epic poet of Cyrene to whom is attributed the two-volume  Telegonia. According to Eusebius (in Jer. Chron. 102,1 Helm), the epic was written during the period of the 53rd Olympiad = 568-565 BC and is supposed (Clem. Al. strom. 2,442,4f.) to have been identical to a book of  Musaeus about the Thesprotians: E. allegedly drew upon this without naming his source (Paus. 8,12,5 likewise mentions a Thesprotís). The Telegonia described the post-Odyssean journeys of Odysseus to Elis, to Thesprotia because of the prophecy of Tiresias…

Chersias

(141 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Χερσίας; Chersías). From Orchomenus; Plutarch in his ‘Banquet of the Seven Sages has C. taking part in the conversations as a poet (Mor. 156f), contemporary and close friend of  Periander, tyrant of Corinth (end of the 7th/beginning 6th cent. BC). Two hexameters by the poet (Paus. 9,38,9), in which the city's hero Aspledon is described as the son of Poseidon and Midea, are supposed to attest to the accuracy of local tradition in the Boeotian city of the same name. Pausanias' expli…

Danais

(39 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Δαναίς; Danaís) or Danaídes (Δαναίδες; Danaides). The title of a 6,500 hexameter epic dealing with the fate of the  Danaids and their flight from the sons of Aigyptos to Argus. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography EpGF 141.

Antagoras

(165 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Ἀνταγόρας; Antagóras) of Rhodes. Writer of a Thebais; like his contemporary  Aratus [4], he was summoned to the Macedonian court by Antigonus Gonatas. Diog. Laert. (4,26 and 2,133) connected him with the philosopher Crantor and mentioned his friendship with Menedemus. The epitaph for Crates, and Polemon, who died c. 270 or 266/265 BC (Anth. Pal. 7,103), suggest an interest of A. in the Academy. The two distichs of an inscription which were written for a bridge built in 321/320 on the road between Athens and Eleusis (Anth. Pal. 9,147; Syll.3 1048), need not have been …

Diophilus, Diophila

(77 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Preserved on the POxy. 20, 2258C fr. 1 in addition to the fragments of the Plokamós Bereníkēs by Callimachus are nine hexameters of an astrological poem which have thematic and linguistic links to Aratus and Callimachus. An exact identification of the author's name (Diophilos/Diophila) is not possible. The verses were quoted on the papyrus as they also concern the ‘Lock of Berenice’. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography R. Pfeiffer, Callimachus 1, 1949, 118-120 SH 179-181

Aristeas

(297 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Schwemer, Anna Maria (Tübingen)
[German version] [1] Epic poet of the island of Proconnesus in the Propontis. The Suda places him in the period of Croesus and Cyrus. In his epic Ἀριμάσπεια ( Arimáspeia), A. tells of his travels into the land of the Scythes and of the Issedones, who lived further north. According to Hdt. 4,13-15, it was the Issedones who told A. about the one-eyed Arimaspeans, about the griffins who guarded the gold, and about the Hyperboreans. A. added to this description of mythical and historical peoples and places an explanation for th…

Demosthenes

(3,503 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Δημοσθένης; Dēmosthénēs). [German version] [1] Athenian commander during the Peloponnesian War Prominent Athenian commander during the Peloponnesian War. Appointed strategos for the first time in 427/6 BC, he entered Aetolia with Western Greek allies so as to be able to attack Boeotia from the west. Through tactical errors D. suffered a severe defeat and fear prevented him from returning to Athens (Thuc. 3,94-98). However, in the Aetolian and Spartan assault on the Athenian stronghold of Naupactus in 426, D., wit…

Aglaosthenes

(45 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Author of Ναξιακά ( Naxiaká) treating the childhood of Zeus. A. is perhaps the Agathosthenes named by the schol. Lycoph. 704 and 1021 as a paradoxographer. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography FHG 4, 1868, 293-294 C. Robert (ed.), Eratosthenis Catasterismorum Reliquiae, 1878, 8, 26, 243.

Christodorus

(265 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Χριστόδωρος; Christódōros) from Coptus. Son of Paniscus; lived at the time of Anastasius I (491-518). Author of Πάτρια ( Pátria), i.e. poems about the early histories of different cities (Thessalonica, Nakle, Miletus, Tralles, Aphrodisias and Constantinople). As well as Λυδιακά ( Lydiaká), C. wrote an epic Ἰσαυρικά ( Isauriká) about Anastasius' Isaurian wars. Extant is his ἔκφρασις ( Ekphrasis) of the 80 statues in the baths of Zeuxippus in Constantinople, destroyed by fire during the Nika revolt of AD 532 (Anth. Pal. 2,1-416)…

Aglais

(40 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Daughter of Megacles (3rd cent. BC);she played on the trumpet at the first πομπή ( pompé) the πομπικὸν μέλος ( pompikòn mélos) held in Alexandria. Ath. 10,415ab mentions her greediness (see also Ael. VH 1,26). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)

Demetrius

(7,578 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Schütrumpf, Eckart E. (Boulder, CO) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) | Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Et al.
(Δημήτριος; Dēmḗtrios). Well-known personalities: the Macedonian King D. [2] Poliorketes; the politician and writer D. [4] of Phalerum; the Jewish-Hellenistic chronographer D. [29]. I. Politically active personalities [German version] [1] Officer under Alexander the Great Officer under Alexander [4], fought at Gaugamela as commander of a troop ( ile) of  Hetairoi and in India he commanded a hipparchy. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve 2, no. 256. [German version] [2] D. Poliorketes Son of  Antigonus [1], born 337/6 BC (Diod. Sic. 19,96,1). In 320 he m…

Antiphon

(1,591 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Cassin, Barbara (Paris)
(Ἀντιφῶν; Antiphôn). [German version] [1] Athenian (end of the 5th cent. BC) Athenian, who towards the end of the Peloponnesian War equipped two triremes. He was executed 404/403 BC by the 30 Tyrants ( Triakonta) (Xen. Hell. 2,3,40; Traill PAA, 138325). He is probably identical with an A., for whose daughter  Lysias gave an oration (Traill PAA, 138320; cf. Theop. FGrH 115 F 120 = Plut. Mor. 833A-B). Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [German version] [2] Athenian (middle of the 4th cent. BC) Athenian, was removed from the list of citizens. Thereafter he allegedly promised  Philippu…

Anubion

(59 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Writer of an astrological didactic poem in elegiac form, of which only a paraphrase in prose and some verses in a work ascribed to  Manetho, namely the Ἀποτελεσματικά ( Apotelesmatiká) have survived. It is proven that  Firmicus Maternus has used this poem.  Didactic poem Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography CCAG II, 202-212 CCAG VIII 2, 57 und 62.

Archytas

(1,232 words)

Author(s): Riedweg, Christoph (Zürich) | Frede, Michael (Oxford) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Ἀρχύτας, Archỳtas) [1] of Tarentum Pythagoraean philosopher [German version] A. Life Important Pythagorean philosopher of the ‘mathematical’ orientation, politician of Tarentum, a friend of Plato's. His life and his teachings are known in little more than outline because of insufficient records; his true works, with the exception of a few fragments, are lost, as is Aristoxenus' biography, Aristotle's treatise on A.'s philosophy and his comparison of Plato's Timaeus and A. (no. 94 in Diog. Laert. 5,25 = no. 85 in Hesychius' catalogue). A. is described as the so…

Didymarchus

(60 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Διδύμαρχος; Didýmarchos). Author of ‘Metamorphoses’ in at least three books, which seem to have included the  Battus myth. Rather than a heavenly origin for Pan he prefers the version with Pan as the son of  Gaia (Theoc. schol. 1, 3-4). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography SH 20 & 175 U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Antigonos von Karystos, 1881, 172, n. 5.

Dionysius

(11,175 words)

Author(s): Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Et al.
(Διονύσιος; Dionýsios). Famous personalities: D. [1], the tyrant of Syracuse; the historian D. [18] of Halicarnassus. Dionysios (month),  Months, names of the. The chronicle of Ps.-D. by Tell Maḥre see D. [23]. I. Politically active personalities [German version] [1] D. I. Notorious tyrant in Syracuse c. 400 BC of Syracuse, son of Hermocritus, born in c. 430 BC, died in 367 BC. Founder of the ‘greatest and longest tyrannical rule in history’ (Diod. Sic. 13,96,4; appearance: Timaeus FGrH 566 F 29). Possessing a sophist education (Cic. Tusc. 5,63), D. had enormous ambitions a…
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