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Epikichlides

(68 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Ἐπικιχλίδες; Epikichlídes) is the title of an erotic poem attributed to Homer (Ath. 14,639a). Menaechmus associates it with the word for thrush (κίχλη, kíchlē), which suggests a travesty or parody, set in the animal kingdom, of the Homeric epics (cf.  Batrachomyomachia). The title may perhaps refer to kichlismoí, which denotes exuberant laughter. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Die Ilias und Homer, 1916, 18, n. 2.

Archias

(769 words)

Author(s): Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Volkmann, Hans (Cologne) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Et al.
(Ἀρχίας; Archías). [German version] [1] Corinthian, founder of Syracuse 733 BC Son of Euagetes of Corinth, probably belonging to the family of the  Bacchiadae. He left Corinth following a serious dispute, and, on the instruction of the Delphian oracle, led colonists to lower Italy. In about 733 BC, he founded  Syracusae in Sicily (Thuc. 6,3,2; Str. 6,2,4; Plut. Mor. 772e-773b).  Colonization Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne) Bibliography W. Leschhorn, Gründer der Stadt, 1984, 13-16 H.-P. Drögemüller, s. v. Syrakus, RE Suppl. 13, 817-819. [German version] [2] Politician from C…

Boio

(50 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Βοιώ; Boiṓ) Paus. 10,5,8 quotes four verses from a hymn of the Delphic woman B. in which she names the Hyperboreans as the founders of the oracle and praises Olen as the first prophet of Apollo who wrote down his sayings in hexameters. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)

Asius

(64 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] of Samos. Son of Amphiptolemus; author of genealogical epics from various legendary cycles in the style of the Hesiodic ‘Ehoiai’. In addition to several hexameter fragments, two distichs are extant (Ath. 3,125bd). A fragment (Ath. 12,525e) of roughly seven hexameters describes the luxury of the Samians and their tendency to τρυφή ( tryphḗ). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography EpGF 88-91 IEG 2, 46.

Aglaosthenes

(48 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] Verfasser von Ναξιακά ( Naxiaká), in denen die Kindheit des Zeus behandelt wurde. Mit A. identisch ist vielleicht der bei Schol. Lykophr. 704 und 1021 genannte Paradoxograph Agathosthenes. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography FHG 4, 1868, 293-294  C. Robert (Hrsg.), Eratosthenis Catasterismorum Reliquiae, 1878, 8, 26, 243.

Aigimios

(305 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Princeton) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Αἰγιμιός). [English version] [1] Stammvater der Dorier am Oitegebirge Sohn (oder Vater) des Doros, Vater von Dyman und Pamphilos (Hes. fr. 10a 7). Stammvater der Dorier am Oitegebirge (Pind. P. 1,64;5,72; Strab. 9,427 nach Ephoros, FGrH 115 F 15). Er nahm Herakles' Sohn Hyllos nach dem Tod des Vaters neben seinen eigenen Söhnen an, um sich für Herakles' Hilfe erkenntlich zu zeigen. Nach ihnen erhielten die drei dorischen Phylen die Namen Hylleis, Pamphiloi, Dymanes. Andere lokalisierten A. in Thessalien…

Diotimos

(546 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διότιμος). [English version] [1] Strategos in Kerkyra 433/2 v. Chr. Athener, Sohn des Strombichides, von Euonymon (Familie bis ins 3. Jh. bekannt). Strategos in Kerkyra 433/32 v.Chr. (Thuk. 1,45,2; IG I3 364,9); 439-32 Nauarch bei Neapolis (Timaios FGrH 566 F 98); führte evtl. eine Gesandtschaft nach Susa (Strab. 1,3,1). Vielleicht identisch mit D. bei Athen. 10,436e. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Fraser/Matthews (1)  Davies, 4386. [English version] [2] Athenischer Stratege um 390 v. Chr. Athenischer Stratege. 390/89 v.Chr. Befehlshaber des athenischen S…

Aristeas

(275 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Schwemer, Anna Maria (Tübingen)
[English version] [1] Verf. von Epen über seine Nordeuropareisen von der Insel Prokonnesos in der Propontis. Die Suda siedelt ihn in der Zeit des Kroisos und Kyrosan. A. erzählte in seinem Epos Ἀριμάσπεια ( Arimáspeia) von seinen Reisen in das Land der Skythen und der weiter nördl. lebenden Issedonen. Nach Hdt. 4,13-15 sei A. von den Issedonen über die einäugigen Arimaspen, die Gold hütenden Greifen und die Hyperboreer informiert worden. In diese Beschreibung myth. sowie histor. bezeugter Völker und Orte fügte A. eine Erklärung …

Epikichlides

(70 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] (Ἐπικιχλίδες) ist der Titel einer dem Homer zugeschriebenen Dichtung erotischen Inhaltes (Athen. 14,639a). Menaichmos bringt ihn in Zusammenhang mit dem Wort für Drossel (κίχλη, kíchlē), was an eine Travestie oder Parodie der homer. Epen im Tierbereich denken läßt (vgl. Batrachomyomachia). Vielleicht bezieht sich der Titel auf die kichlismoí, die ausgelassenes Gelächter bezeichnen. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Die Ilias und Homer, 1916, 18, Anm. 2.

Chersias

(126 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] (Χερσίας). Aus Orchomenos; Plutarch, der Ch. in seinem ‘Gastmahl der sieben Weisen als Dichter (mor. 156f) an den Gesprächen teilnehmen läßt, macht ihn zu einem Zeitgenossen und Vertrauten des Tyrannen von Korinth, Periandros (Ende 7./Anf. 6.Jh. v.Chr.). Zwei Hexameter des Dichters (Paus. 9,38,9), in denen der Stadtheros Aspledon als Sohn des Poseidon und der Mideia bezeichnet wird, sollen die Richtigkeit der Lokaltradition der gleichnamigen boiot. Stadt belegen. Pausanias' ausdr…

Evanthes

(57 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Εὐάνθης; Euánthēs). It is not known when he wrote his hymnos to Glaucus, in which he portrayed him as a son of Poseidon and the nymph Nais, and in which the god of the sea fell in love with  Ariadne, after Theseus had abandoned her (Ath. 7, 296c). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography SH 194.

Diotimus

(622 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διότιμος; Diótimos). [German version] [1] Strategos in Corcyra 433/2 BC Athenian, son of Strombichides, from Euonymon (his family is known into the 3rd cent.). Strategos in Corcyra in 433/32 BC (Thuc. 1,45,2; IG I3 364,9); 439-32 nauarchos at Neapolis (Timaeus FGrH 566 F 98); he may have led a legation to Susa (Str. 1,3,1). Perhaps identical with D. in Ath. 10,436e. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Fraser/Matthews (1) Davies, 4386. [German version] [2] Athenian strategos c. 390 BC Athenian strategos. Commander of the Athenian mercenary force near Corinth in 390/…

Boeus

(85 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Βοιός; Boiós). Mentioned by both Ath. 9,393e and Antoninus Liberalis as the author of an Ὀρνιθογονία ( Ornithogonía), a didactic poem in at least two books from the 3rd cent. BC about men being transformed into birds. The work was used by Ovid and imitated, or translated into Latin, by his older contemporary, Aemilius Macer (two books). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography A. S. Hollis (ed.), Ovid, Metamorphoses Book VIII, 1970, xvii, 33 G. Lafaye, Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide et leurs modèles Grecs, 1904, 51-53 CollAlex 23-25.

Aegimius

(325 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Αἰγιμιός; Aigimiós). [German version] [1] Mythical progenitor of the Dorians in the Oete mountains Son (or father) of Dorus, father of Dyman and Pamphilus (Hes. fr. 10a 7). Progenitor of the Dorians in the Oete mountains (Pind. Pyth. 1,64;5,72; Str. 9,427 after Ephoros, FGrH 115 F 15). He adopted Hercules' son Hyllus after the death of his father, in addition to his own sons, to show his appreciation of Hercules' help. The three Dorian phyles were given the names Hylleis, Pamphiloi, Dymanes, after them. Othe…

Antimachus

(718 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Fantuzzi, Marco (Florence) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Ἀντίμαχος; Antímachos). [German version] [1] Trojan, opponent of Antenor Trojan, opponent of  Antenor. When, before the war, Menelaus and Odysseus demanded the return of Helen in Troy, he advised, contrary to custom and tradition, killing the envoys (Hom. Il. 3,205; 11,138). Later, bribed by Paris, he prevented the handing over of Helen, then under consideration by the Trojans (Hom. Il. 11,123 ff.). His three sons were killed by the Greeks (Hom. Il. 12,188). Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) [German version] [2] Two Indo-Greek kings in the 2nd cent. BC Two Indo-Greek kings in the 2nd c…

Dorotheus

(861 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Hoesch, Nicola (Munich) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Et al.
(Δωρόθεος; Dōrótheos). [German version] [1] Bronze sculptor from Argos, 5th cent. BC Sculptor of bronze from Argos. Known by two signatures from the middle of the 5th cent. BC on bases in Delphi and in Hermione (Crete), with traces of an inlet for a horse or rider statue. Neudecker, Richard (Rome) Bibliography J. Marcadé, Recueil des signatures des sculptures grecques, 1, 1953, no. 30-31 P. Orlandini, I donari firmati da Kresilas e Dorotheos a Hermione, in: ArchCl 3, 1951, 94-98. [German version] [2] Painter, from the mid 1st cent. AD Painter from the middle of the 1st cent. AD. Co…

Alexander

(7,586 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Et al.
(Ἀλέξαδρος; Aléxandros). Famous personalities:  Alexander the Great [4] (III.); the Philosopher Alexander [26] of Aphrodisias. I. Myth [German version] [1] see Paris see  Paris. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) II. Associated Hellenistic ruling families [German version] [2] A. I. Macedonian king, 1st half of the 5th cent. BC Son of  Amyntas [1] and his negotiator with  Darius. As Macedonian king he supported  Xerxes' invasion of Greece, but pretended to be a friend of the Greeks (later called ‘Philhellen’). Herodotus has subtly shown his ambigu…

Arctinus

(111 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] From Miletus, poet of the epic cycle. An Aithiopis in five books, which takes up the action from the end of the Iliad, is ascribed to him. This epic deals with the last deeds of Achilles, his victory over the Amazon Penthesilea and the leader of the Aethiopians, Memnon, his death by the hands of Paris and Apollo and his burial. In the two books of the epic Ἰλίου πέρσις ( Ilíou pérsis) A. describes, episodically, the events which lead to the destruction of Troy. He is also regarded as the author of a  Titanomachy. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography EpGF 61-66, 80, 165 M…

Euboeus

(108 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Εὔβοιος; Eúboios). Poet of parodies from Paros. According to Ath. 15,698a, he was a contemporary of Philippus and particularly despised the Athenians. Alexander of Pleuron praised him together with  Boeotus of Syracuse in an elegy (Ath. 15,699c). From preserved fragments it appears that E. parodied the elevated tone of the epic in Homeric hexameters while making craftsmen his subject (Ath. 15, 699a). The influence of this type of epic  parody on the poesis ludibunda may be traced through to Horace. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography SH 410-412 A. Mein…

Dioscorus

(318 words)

Author(s): Makris, Georgios (Bochum) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διόσκορος; Dióskoros). [German version] [1] Patriarch of Alexandria Patriarch of Alexandria (444-451). In terms of ecclesiastical politics, he aimed to achieve the highest standing for his patriarchy and in terms of theology he promoted the teaching of the pre-eminence of the divine nature of Christ (moderate  Monophysitism). When the radical Monophysite  Eutyches was sentenced in 448, D. took his side and, with the help of the Emperor Theodosius II, asserted his will at the ‘Robber Synod’ of Ephesus (…
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