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(1,322 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Krasser, Helmut (Gießen)
Roman nomen gentile, which can almost certainly be traced back to the praenomen G. attested from the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC. There is evidence of the bearers of the name in the political life of Rome from the 2nd cent. BC. [German version] [1] Stepbrother of L. Marcius Philippus (Cos. 56 BC) Stepbrother of L. Marcius Philippus ( cos. 56 BC), otherwise unknown supporter of P. Clodius [I 4] from the equestrian class, defamed by Cicero as ‘the wet-nurse of all revolutionaries’ (Cic. Vatin. 4; Cic. Sest. 110-112). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] G., Cn. Rom. historia…

Ampelius, L

(183 words)

Author(s): Krasser, Helmut (Gießen)
[German version] is the author of a topical  encyclopaedia with the title Liber memorialis. Both the author and the addressee named in the introduction of the work, Macrinus, are otherwise unknown. The writing is thematically ordered and offers brief information on cosmology, geography (with a more extensive list of the wonders of the world), theology, as well as a list of kings in world history. Further to this, A. deals with Roman history. Following kings and heroes, he includes the external and internal e…


(1,226 words)

Author(s): Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Krasser, Helmut (Gießen)
[German version] A. Greek The term was coined by German classicists (based on  Aelianus' [2] title ποικίλη ἱστορία, poikílē historía), to classify prose works which present their material in a deliberately indiscriminate order. We have no ancient generic term for works of this kind (neither do we have a detailed critical explanation), but can make the following distinction: (a) works whose contents follow one another apparently haphazardly and whose subjects are different and (b) works whose contents follow one an…


(9,308 words)

Author(s): Krasser, Helmut (Gießen) | Stenzel, Hartmut (Gießen RWG) | Hellwig, Karin (Munich) | Wenzel, Carola (Munich)
Krasser, Helmut (Gießen) [German version] I. Germany (CT) Krasser, Helmut (Gießen) [German version] A. The Term and its History (CT) The term, baroque, probably derived from the Portuguese word for an off-round, irregular pearl ( barroco), appears from the 18th cent. on as a synonym for such terms as ‘bizarre, bombastic, irregular.’ In its sense as a stylistic term or expression describing a cultural period, baroque did not come into use in the world of art-historical discourse until the second half of the 19th cent. - for the first time with J. …


(5,432 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eder, Walter (Berlin) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf) | Et al.
Name of a plebeian gens (cf. Tac. Ann. 6,15,1), the representatives of whom have been known historically since the middle of the 3rd cent. BC. The most important family, especially in the 1st cent. BC, are the Cassii Longini. A patrician C. (around 500 BC, C. I 19) is rare. I. Republican age [German version] [I 1] C., C. Governor of Asia 89-88 BC Praetor 90 BC (?), in 89-88 governor of the province of Asia whence he, with M'. Aquillius [I 4], induced Nicomedes of Bithynia to attack  Mithridates (MRR 2,34). He then had to retreat from the victorious Mithridat…


(1,899 words)

Author(s): Krasser, Helmut (Gießen)
Krasser, Helmut (Gießen) [German version] A. Game Books from the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century (CT) References to Antiquity were less concerned with the purpose of a game or its subject matter. Rather, Classical authorities served to legitimize the very concept of games and game-playing, to explain their rationale, origins and forms. Thus Pythagoras acts as the Protos heuretes of Rhythmomachia, the mathematical battle game of the Middle Ages; Dido and Aeneas are drawn on as the cultural model for courtly games in early modern times and Mercury is c…


(4,411 words)

Author(s): Sallmann, Klaus (Mainz) | Krasser, Helmut (Gießen)
[German version] [1] P. Secundus, C. (Pliny the Elder) Roman historian and orator, 1st cent. Roman equestrian [1], cavalry officer, government official, historian, orator, encyplopaedist. Sallmann, Klaus (Mainz) [German version] I. Life P. was born in AD 23/4 in Novum Comum (Gallia Transpadana, modern Como). Under emperor Claudius [III 1], he served as an officer and financial administrator in the provinces ( procurator), simultaneously active as an encyclopaedist and versatile author. Apparently unmarried, he took his widowed sister Plinia and her son C. …

Light reading

(1,030 words)

Author(s): Krasser, Helmut (Gießen)
[German version] I. Definition of the term According to Horace [7], the task of literature is - besides instruction - entertainment (Lat. delectatio; Hor. Ars P. 333-346). Ultimately, this goes back to Aristotle's [6] theory of rhetoric and was already used in the Peripatos for the view of literature. The entertaining character (τέρψις/ térpsis) of literature as a horizon of reception, however, is already apparent in Homeric epic and is also reflected in the debate over the utility and cognitive function of poetry ( Hesiodus, Solon [1], Gorgias […