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Poggio Buco

(180 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] The Etruscan settlement of PB near Pitigliano (Prov. Grasseto, Italy) is most often identified with the Statonia (Etruscan Statne) mentioned in Str. 5,2,9 [1; 2]. The latter, however, is also located in the Monti Cimini west of Viterbo [4]. Of the ancient settlement on the rock plateau Le Sparne only minimal remains of the surrounding wall and a temple area remain. The necropolis, excavated since 1897, has rock chamber graves dating to the 7th and 6th cent. BC as well as to the 3rd and 1st. The site was not settled continuously. The finds (ceramics and terracotta, i.a.) of th…

Heba (Magliano)

(138 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Umbri, Umbria Die röm., im 3. oder 2. Jh. v.Chr. eingerichtete Kolonie H. lag auf einem Hügel südöstl. von Magliano. Die Gleichsetzung mit dem bei Ptol. 3,1,43 und Plin. nat. 3,52 erwähnten H. ist aufgrund einer Inschr. auf einem Cippus gesichert. Eine etr. Vorgängersiedlung ist nur wegen der im späten 7. Jh. v.Chr. einsetzenden und im 6. Jh. bes. reichen Nekropolen vorauszusetzen. Wichtig ist eine im ant. Stadtgebiet gefundene Bleiplatte d…

Bomarzo

(117 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[English version] In der Umgebung der heutigen Stadt B. lagen mehrere kleine etr. Siedlungen, z.B. auf dem Hügel Pianmiano 2 km im NO, Piano della Colonna 3 km im NW und auf Monte Casoli; möglicherweise das ant. Maeonia oder Pneonia. Die Besiedlung der Gegend ist auf den Zeitraum von archa. bis frühhell. Zeit begrenzt; nur Pianmiano war noch bis ins 6.Jh. n.Chr. besiedelt. Die Nekropolen wurden im 19.Jh. geplündert. Der in der Renaissance angelegte Parco dei Mostri mit Felsstatuen weist vielfach ant. Einflüsse auf. Miller, Martin (Berlin) Bibliography M.P. Baglione, Ricognizioni arc…

Sur(r)ina

(132 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] The small Etruscan settlement of S. was on the Colle di San Lorenzo in Viterbo near the papal palace and the cathedral which is separated by a passage from an adjacent hill which was also built over by mediaeval Viterbo. Parts of the encircling wall and the sewerage system are still visible. Of the Roman municipium of Surrina Nova, on a hill between Viterbo and Lake Bullicame, there are only limited remains. Finds from the surrounding area, e.g. from Acquarossa, Blera, Ferentis, Ferentium, Manturanum, Musarna [2], Norchia and San Giov…

Saturnia

(221 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Umbri, Umbria | Coloniae | Regio, regiones A small town, nowadays insignificant, on the River Albegna in the hinterland of Volci/Vulci. According to Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1,20 and Plin. HN 3,52, S. was called Aurinia in the Etruscan Period; with the institution of a Roman military prefecture after 280 BC its name was changed to S. In the 6th cent. BC, after the decline of Marsiliana d'Albegna (perhaps Caletra), the agrarian se…

Fortifications

(2,871 words)

Author(s): Burckhardt, Leonhard (Basle) | Miller, Martin (Berlin) | Blech, Michael (Madrid) | Pingel, Volker (Bochum) | Baatz, Dietwulf (Bad Homburg)
[German version] I. Greece After the massive Mycenaean fortified palaces had been abandoned, several centuries passed before larger fortifications were again built in Greece. During the Geometric Period fortification construction in the motherland remained modest. Simple structures were built that left few if any remains, and the ruins of Mycenaean fortifications sufficed for protection requirements. However, citadels (acropoleis), peninsulas, and other topographically suitable locations were fortif…

Pietrabbondante

(266 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] A Samnite federal sanctuary which may possibly be equated with Bovianum Vetus lay near the village of P. (in the province of Isernia). Numerous dedications of weapons dating from the late 5th cent. BC up to the Samnite Wars in the early 3rd suggest that a god, no longer identifiable, here received a tithe of the booty of war. Shortly after the mid 3rd cent., an Ionic temple replaced the first square, walled enclosure from the 4th cent; the temple was violently destroyed at the end…

Castellina del Marangone

(174 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Etrusci, Etruria Small settlement close to the coast on a hill above the mouth of the river Marangone between  Tarquinia and  Caere; the walled settlement was continuously settled from the late Bronze Age to 1st cent. BC. A few remnants of the buildings have been excavated or are visible in the terrain. Sprawling necropolises to the coast; shrines outside the town on the coast at Punta della Vipera and at the mouth of the Marangone. Since the 6th…
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