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Antioch

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Wittke, Anne-Maria (Tübingen) | Leisten, Thomas (Princeton) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen) | Tomaschitz, Kurt (Vienna) | Weiß, Peter (Kiel) | Et al.
(Ἀντιόχεια; Antiócheia). [German version] [1] on the Orontes Founded as Antigonea on the Orontes 307 BC, but after the defeat of Antigonus I by Seleucus I Nicator at  Ipsus (301 BC), the town was moved to the site of present-day Antakya (Turkey) in 300 BC, and renamed as A. in honour of the latter's father Antiochus. Capital city of the Seleucid kingdom; it developed under the Seleucids through incorporating numerous settlements into a tetrapolis, each with their own boundary walls. Thanks to its positi…

Sidon

(768 words)

Author(s): Liwak, Rüdiger (Berlin) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen)
This item can be found on the following maps: Syria | Christianity | Coloniae | Diadochi and Epigoni | Hasmonaeans | Hellenistic states | Colonization | Mesopotamia | Natural catastrophes | Phoenicians, Poeni | Pompeius | Aegean Koine (Σιδών/ Sidṓn; Hebrew Ṣîdôn, Arabic Ṣaidā). …

Doliche

(319 words)

Author(s): Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen)
[German version] Doliche [1] (Δολίχη; Dolíchē). City of the Perrhaebic Tripolis (with Azorus and Pythium) in western Olympus on the border of Macedonian Elimiotis. D. is now identified not with today's village of Duklista but with the ruins at the village of Sarantaporo. Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) Bibliography G. Lucas, La Tripolis de Perrhébie et ses confins, in: I. Blum (ed.), Topographie antique et géographie historique en pays grec, 1992, 93-137 …

Germanicaea

(146 words)

Author(s): Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Byzantium | Limes (Γερμανίκεια;

Nemrud Dağı

(449 words)

Author(s): Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen)
[German version] (ND), 2150 m high in the Taurus mountains, is the location of the tomb of Antiochus [2] I of Commagene. The tomb is associated with the apotheosis of Antiochus I in the wake of a dramatic increase in power following Pompey's victory over Tigranes II of Armenia and the acquisition of the city of Seleucia on the Euphrates/Zeugma at the princes' congress of Amisus (65/64 BC). The burial tumulus, a mound made of fist-sized stones that reaches a good 50 m in height, is the site of cult terraces, colossal statues of the …

Limes

(12,382 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Todd, Malcolm (Exeter) | Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) | Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) | Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Et al.
[German version] I. General In the religious and administrative theory of the land surveyors, the Latin word limes denoted the path marking the boundary between two pieces of land, while in military and political usage (Tac. …

Zeugma

(554 words)

Author(s): Plath, Robert (Erlangen) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen)
[German version] [1] Figure of speech (ζεῦγμα/ zeûgma, 'connection', in this case an 'incongruous combination'). A rhetorical and stylistic phenomenon of word economy, considered to be one of the figures, a special form of ellipsis: two or more syntactically coordinated substantives are connected as objects or subjects by a verb whose manner of use essentially matches only one of them (cf. Quint. Inst. 9,3,62 est per detractionem figura ..., quae dicitur ἐπεζευγμένον/ epezeugménon, in qua unum ad verbum plures sententiae referuntur, quarum unaquaeque desideraret ill…

Arsamea

(265 words)

Author(s): Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen)
Name of two towns in Commagene. [German version] [1] On the Euphrates On the Euphrates, modern Gerger, fortified town, founded by  Arsames at the beginning of the 2nd cent. BC, and extended by  Antiochus I ( c. 69-34 BC) as a hierothesion (tomb sanctuary) for his grandfather Samos II and his earlier ancestors. Preserved are a monumental rock relief of Samos II, and important sections of the cultic inscription on the ascent to the castle, which transmits the town's name. Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen) [German version] [2] On the Nymphaeus On the Nymphaeus, modern Eski Kâhta, discovered in 1…