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Eteo-Cyprian

(157 words)

Author(s): Hintze, Almut (Cambridge)
[German version] The non-Indo-European, still unintelligible language of the Eteo-Cyprians, whose name, like that of the Eteo-Cretans, is applied to the non-Greek population of Cyprus [1. 49ff.]. Textual evidence, c. 7th-3rd cents. BC and for the most part from  Am(m)athus [3], was written in the  Cypriot Script, also used by the Greeks, the symbols for which have the same pronunciation in both languages, as demonstrated by the spelling of proper names in the  bilingual inscription of Amathus: 1) a-na · ma-to-ri · u-mi-e-sa- : i-mu-ku-la-i-la-sa-na · a - ri - si - to - …

Cypriot Script

(678 words)

Author(s): Hintze, Almut (Cambridge)
[German version] The Cypriot script (CS), probably a further development of the  Cypro-Minoan scripts [1; 2], is a syllabic script, related to  Linear B, with signs for vowels and open syllables. Their common origin is apparent in signs which correspond not only in form, but also in phonetic value ( lo/ ro, na, pa, po, se, ta/ da, to, ti). In contrast with Linear B, CS is a purely syllabic script (without ideograms). There are also minor differences in the orthographic rules: in CS, t and d are not differentiated ( i-ta-te = Attic ἐνθάδε), whereas r and l are ( lu-sa-to-ro = Attic gen. Λυσάνδρο…

Cypro-Minoan Scripts

(708 words)

Author(s): Hintze, Almut (Cambridge)
[German version] Term coined by Arthur Evans to describe the late Bronze Age Cypriot linear scripts related to  Linear A [1. 69f.] ( Cyprus). The writing system is presumed to have been syllabic, but the texts are still largely undeciphered. Differences in writing modus, form of signs, and sign inventory have led to the distinction of three variants [2. 11-17]: (a) Cypro-Minoan (= CM) 1, (b) CM 2, (c) CM 3. On (a): From the late 16th to 11th cents. BC, texts in CM 1 are found all over Cyprus and also in north Syrian Ras Šamra ( Ugarit). The signs are painted on …

Cypriot

(953 words)

Author(s): Hintze, Almut (Cambridge) | Binder, Vera (Gießen)
[German version] I. Ancient Cypriot The sources for C. are inscriptions in  Cypriot script (most important finding places: Idalium, Golgi, Paphus, Marion; oldest Text: o-pe-le-ta-u / opheltau/11th/10th cents. BC),  glossography (esp. Hsch., schol. on the Iliad and the Odyssey, fr. of an anonymous grammarians: Anecd. Bekk. 3,1094) and Cypriot proper names. C. a) corresponds particularly with  Arcadian and in parts also with  Mycenaean, and b) has its own specific features. For a): arsis of e, o before a nasal sound (/ in/= ἐν, / on-/ un-/ = ἀνά) and of o (gen. sg. in / -au/< -āo, 3rd sg. -tu