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Dorner, Isaak August

(354 words)

Author(s): Axt-Piscalar, Christine
[German Version] (Jun 20, 1809, Neuhausen ob Eck, Württemberg – Jul 7, 1884, Wiesbaden) studied theology and philosophy at Tübingen. He was professor of theology at Kiel, Königsberg, Bonn, Göttingen and Berlin (1862–1883) and cofounder and coeditor of the annual, Jahrbücher für deutsche Theologie (1856–1878). He was influenced by F.D.E. Schleiermacher, G.W.F. Hegel, and I. Kant. For Dorner, faith is the foundation of theology, while theology itself is a speculative discipline that deals with the foundation of faith as objective truth. Accordingly, in his System …

Müller, Julius

(348 words)

Author(s): Axt-Piscalar, Christine
[German Version] (Apr 10, 1801, Brieg, Silesia – Sep 27, 1878, Halle). Müller first studied law in Breslau and Göttingen, then theology in Breslau and Berlin; in 1834 he became assistant professor in Göttingen, 1835 professor of dogmatics in Marburg, from 1839 until his death in Halle; he was co-founder of the Zeitschrift für christliche Wissenschaft und christliches Leben [Journal of Christian scholarship and Christian life] (1848–1857, n.s. 1858–1861). He was a member of the Berlin General Synod and Consistory Council. Müller's main dogmatic work, Die christliche Lehre von der…

Biedermann, Alois Emanuel

(219 words)

Author(s): Axt-Piscalar, Christine
[German Version] (Mar 2, 1819, Bendlikon near Zürich – Jan 25, 1885, Zürich) studied theology in Basel and Berlin, influenced especially by G.W.F. Hegel, D.F. Strauβ and W. Vatke, was professor of dogmatics in Zürich from 1860. At the same time he was a local government (canton) politician, and a preacher. A forerunner of the liberal reformation in German-speaking Switzerland, Bied…


(1,735 words)

Author(s): Axt-Piscalar, Christine
1. Bedeutung und Funktion des BekenntnissesGrundfunktion des christl. B. ist die in Wort und Tat vollzogene öffentliche Bezeugung der Heilsoffenbarung Gottes in Person und Werk Jesu Christi, wie sie sich durch das Wirken des Heiligen Geistes dem Glauben erschließt (Offenbarung). Das B. ist der Grundakt sowohl des persönlichen Glaubens des Einzelnen als auch des Glaubens der Kirche als Gemeinschaft. Diese Funktion des B., wie sie im Neuen Testament für die ersten Christen und Gemeinden bezeugt ist (Römerbrief 10, 9; erster Brief an Timotheus 6, 12) und für den Anspruch der Glaubens-B…
Date: 2019-11-19

Confession of faith

(1,873 words)

Author(s): Axt-Piscalar, Christine
1. Significance and functionThe basic function of the Christian confession of faith is to bear public witness in word and deed to the salvific revelation of God in the person and work of Jesus Christ, as revealed to faith through the working of the Holy Spirit (Revelation). The confession of faith is the fundamental act of both the personal faith of the individual and the faith of the church as a community. As attested in the New Testament, this function was normative for the first Christians and c…
Date: 2019-10-14


(4,189 words)

Author(s): Keller, Carl-A. | Miller, Patrick D. | Frankemölle, Hubert | Axt-Piscalar, Christine | Jüngel, Eberhard | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament – IV. Philosophy of Religion – V. Dogmatics – VI. Ethics – VII. Judaism I. History of Religions From the standpoint of the study of religion, evil – which is offensive, threatens order and existence, and is therefore feared and avoided – is an aspect of hidden power that is uncontrollable and unfathomable, to which human beings feel exposed and by which the…