I. Philosophy Neoplatonism takes the system constructed by Plotinus as its starting point. Important representatives are Amelios, Porphyry, Iamblichus, Theodore of Asine, Emperor Julian the Apostate, Plutarch of Athens, Syrian, Proclus, Damascius, and Simplicius. Pagan Neoplatonism ends institutionally with the closing of the Academy by Emperor Justinian I in 529 ce.
1. Self-understanding. Neoplatonism understands itself as an interpretation and renewal of the genuine philosophy of Plato (Platonism). No conscious distinction is made between the views of the historical author Plato and the truth that is sought. Plato’s philosophy is interpreted as a comprehensive metaphysical system into which the relevant insights of the great Pre-Socratics and Aristotle can be integrated. The tendency towards ¶ harmonization of Plato and Aristotle does not, however, exclude insistence on differences between them, especially in the philosophy of principles (Principle). All basic ideas and systematizing motifs of Neoplatonism may be traced to Plato and his students in the older Academy (I). Neoplatonism draws not only on Plato’s
Dialogues, but to a great …