[German Version] I. Philosophy – II. Ethics – III. Psychology – IV. Law
I. Philosophy Judgment (Lat.
Urteil) is the intellectual decision (I) that concludes the process of opinion formation or cognition. It may (but need not) include an utterance of the matching proposition. Philosophically, judgment is one of the most important problems of logic, epistemology, practical philosophy, and aesthetics (discrimination). In ἀπóϕανσις/
apóphansis Aristotle (
De interpretatione) already combined concepts in a predicative proposition joined with a reality claim. Following his lead, philosophical tradition has often used the term
judgment for an assertion combined with a truth claim. Equally often, however, the term – like judgment in the legal sense (see IV below) – has been used to denote the result of testing such an assertion. Cicero (
Topica, Rhetorica, De Oratore…