Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)" )' returned 76 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Ekdemos

(94 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] (Ἔκδημος) oder Ekdelos (so Plutarch, Polybios) aus Megalopolis. Akademischer Philosoph des 3. Jh.v.Chr., Arkesilaos-Schüler, der in der Hauptsache durch vielfältige polit. Aktivitäten (Plut. Aratus 5: ‘ein Philosoph und zugleich ein Mann der Tat’, ἀνὴρ φιλόσοφος καὶ πρακτικός - vgl. ders., Philopoimen 1) bekannt ist (Pol. 10,22; vgl. Paus. 8,49,1): Lehrer Philopoimens; zusammen mit Demophanes befreite er seine Vaterstadt von der Tyrannis des Aristodemos und unterstützte Aratos vo…

Erastos

(70 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] (Ἔραστος) aus Skepsis. 4. Jh. v.Chr., Schüler Platons, der an der Philosophengesandtschaft zu Hermias nach Assos beteiligt war (Didymos, In Demosthenem commenta V 54 = F 7 Lasserre). Nach Philod. Index academicorum VI 10-12 war E. wie Asklepiades von Phleius Verf. einer sonst nicht faßbaren Schrift ‘Erinnerungen ( Apomnēmoneúmata) an Platon. Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) Bibliography F. Lasserre, De Léodamas de Thasos à Philippe d' Oronte. Témoignages et fragments, 1987.

Deinomachos

(81 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] (Δεινόμαχος). Philosoph, dessen Lebenszeit und Schulzugehörigkeit nicht genau zu bestimmen sind; doxographisch ist wenig faßbar. Er wird stets nur in Verbindung mit dem kaum klarer greifbaren Kalliphon genannt: Als Vertreter einer Position, die in einer Erweiterung der divisio Carneadea (Karneades) bei Cic. fin. 5,21 erfaßt wird, sehen beide die an die Tüchtigkeit ( honestas) gekoppelte Lust (ἡδονή) als Ziel des menschlichen Handelns an (Clem. Al. strom. 2,21,127; kritisch dazu auch Cic. off. 3,119; Tusc. 5,85). Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)

Krantor

(265 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] (Κράντωρ) aus Soloi. Akad. Philosoph des frühen 3. Jh.v.Chr. Studien bei Xenokrates und Polemon. Er scharte eine beträchtliche Zahl von Schülern um sich (Diog. Laert. 4,24); ob er allerdings für kurze Zeit auch Scholarch der Akademeia war, ist ungewiß. Sein bevorzugter Schüler war Arkesilaos [5]. Von seinem immensen und vielfältigen Schrifttum (Diog. Laert. 4,24: 30000 Zeilen) ist nur wenig erhalten. Berühmt und für die Konsolationslit. bestimmend war die Schrift ‘Über die Trauer (Περὶ Πένθους), aus der einige Fr. erh. sind - über sie Cic. ac. 1,135: aureolus ad …

Axiothea

(66 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] (Ἀξιοθέα) aus Phleius. Sie soll nach der Lektüre einer Schrift Platons über die Staatsordnung in die Akademie gekommen sein und dort in Männerkleidern neben Lastheneia aus Mantineia am Unterricht teilgenommen haben (Diog. Laert. 3,46 = Dikaiarchos F 44 W.). Akademeia Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) Bibliography T. Dorandi, Assiotea e Lastenia. Due donne all'Academia, in: Atti e Memorie Accademia Toscana “La Colombaria” 54, 1989, 53-66.

Anonymus in Theaetetum

(162 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] Auf Papyrus erh. Fragment eines in der Erläuterung eher selektiven Komm. zum platonischen Dialog Theaitetos (i. d. Hauptsache umfaßt es die Partie 142d bis 153de). Maßgebliche Ausgabe mit ausführlicher Einleitung und Komm. jetzt [1]. Die genauere Datierung ist umstritten: Gegenüber der gängigen Annahme einer Entstehung im 2. Jh. n. Chr. wurde zuletzt auch forciert eine Datierung noch in vorchristl. Zeit vertreten; dazu [1. 256]. Der A., der selbst mehrfach auf die Kommentierung anderer Dialoge…

Hestiaios

(99 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[English version] (Ἑστιαῖος) aus Perinthos (4. Jh. v.Chr.), Schüler Platons (Philod. Academicorum index 6,2 nach Timaios; Diog. Laert. 3,46), der laut Simplikios neben Aristoteles und Herakleides [15] Pontikos d.Ä. Platons Vorlesungen ‘Über das Gute hörte und sie auch aufzeichnete. Nach dem Zeugnis Theophrasts (metaphysica 11-13 = F 2 Lasserre = Testimonium Platonicum 30 Gaiser) hat sich neben Xenokrates auch H. bis zu einem gewissen Grad um die Deduktion der Seinsbereiche aus den Prinzipien bemüht. Akademeia Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) Bibliography F. Lasserre, De Léod…

Lacydes

(230 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Λακύδης; Lakýdēs) of Cyrene. Academic philosopher of the 3rd cent. BC. Took over the leadership of the Academy from Arcesilaus [5], which he held, according to Diog. Laert. 4,60/61, for 26 years and handed over in his own lifetime to Evander and Telecles. How the information contained in Philod. Academicorum Index 27,1-7 is to be reconciled with this is disputed (details in [1. 831]). L. died most likely in the year 207 BC ([1. 830], differently [2. 50]). He lectured in a garden…

Speusippus

(1,394 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
(Σπεύσιππος/ Speúsippos), c. 410-339/8 BC [German version] A. Life Academic philosopher, c. 410-339/8 BC Academic philosopher, son of Plato's sister Potone, who succeeded his uncle as scholarch of the Academy (from 348/7 BC, the year of Plato's [1] death; Academy), without having been appointed by means of an official election; the family relationship may have been the decisive factor. A fundamental organisational innovation in the Academy is linked to his name: the introduction of school fees; lessons during…

Hestiaeus

(107 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Ἑστιαῖος; Hestiaîos) from Perinthus (4th cent. BC), student of Plato (Philod. Academicorum index 6,2 after Timaeus; Diog. Laert. 3,46), who, according to Simplicius, together with Aristotle and Heraclides [15] Ponticus the Elder heard Plato's lectures ‘On the Good’ and also recorded them. According to Theophrastus' testimony (Metaphysica 11-13 = F 2 Lasserre = Testimonium Platonicum 30 Gaiser), H., like Xenocrates, also concerned himself to a certain extent with the derivation of the realms of being from the principles.  Academy Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübinge…

Axiothea

(70 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Ἀξιοθέα; Axiothéa) from Phleius. She is supposed to have come to the Academy after reading a work by Plato about government and to have attended classes there with Lastheneia of Mantinea, whilst dressed like a man (Diog. Laert. 3,46 = Dicaearchus F 44 W.).  Academy Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) Bibliography T. Dorandi, Assiotea e Lastenia. Due donne all'Academia, in: Atti e Memorie Accademia Toscana ‘La Colombaria’ 54, 1989, 53-66.

Telecles

(88 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Τηλεκλῆς; Tēleklês). Academian philosopher of the 3rd/ 2nd cent. BC from Phocaea, after Lacydes' resignation from leading the Academy ( Akadḗmeia ) he apparently held a prominent position alongside Evander [3] (cf. Diog. Laert. 4,60). T. had his own pupils and gave lectures, but we know nothing of any writings or specific doctrines, Apollodorus [7] ( Chroniká 30 Dorandi) gives 167/6 BC as the year of his death; T. presumably died before Evander. Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) Bibliography W. Görler, T. Euandros. Hegesinus, in: GGPh2, Bd. 4.2, 834-836.

Carneades

(628 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
(Καρνεάδης; Karneádēs). [German version] [1] Academic philosopher from the 3rd/2nd cent. BC Academic philosopher, born 214/3 (or 219/8 BC) in Cyrene, died 129/8 in Athens. He probably came to Athens as a young man, later receiving rights of citizenship. After studying i. a. under the Stoic  Diogenes [15] of Babylon he joined the  Academy, taking over leadership from another of his masters,  Hegesinus [1], in around 164/60. He gave up the leadership in 137/6, thus long before his death, perhaps for health re…

Ecdemus

(112 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Ἔκδημος; Ékdēmos) or Ecdelus (Ἔκδηλος; Ékdēlos, thus Plutarch, Polybius) from Megalopolis. Academic philosopher of the 3rd cent. BC, pupil of Arcesilaus who is mainly known because of his many and diverse political activities (Plut. Aratus 5: ‘a philosopher and a man of action at the same time’, ἀνὴρ φιλόσοφος καὶ πρακτικός cf. Id., Philopoemen 1); (Pol. 10,22; cf. Paus. 8,49,1): he was a teacher of Philopoemen; together with Demophanes, he liberated his home town of Aristodemus' tyra…

Timonides

(129 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Τιμωνίδης/ Timōnídēs) of Leucas, 4th cent. BC; according to Plut. Dion 31,3, a friend and comrade-in-arms of Dion [I 1] in the latter's attempt to overthrow Dionysius [2] II in Syracuse and seize power himself. He is named by Plutarch among those who actively supported Dion's military venture (Plut. Dion 22,5). According to Diog. Laert. 4,5, T. also wrote letters to Speusippus reporting on Dion's activities in Syracuse. These writings, in which T., not shrinking from distortion, s…

Crantor

(286 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Κράντωρ; Krántōr) of Soli. Academic philosopher of the early 3rd cent. BC. Studied with  Xenocrates and  Polemon. He surrounded himself with a considerable number of students (Diog. Laert. 4,24). It is unclear whether he was scholar of the  Academy for a short period of time. His favourite student was  Arcesilaus [5]. Little has survived of his voluminous and varied writings (Diog. Laert. 4,24: 30,000 lines). The writing ‘On Mourning’ (Περὶ Πένθους) was famous and decisive for the…

Deinomachus

(81 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Δεινόμαχος; Deinómachos). Philosopher whose dates and school cannot be precisely determined; little can be deduced doxographically. He is mentioned only in association with Calliphon, who is scarcely more easily placed: both represent a position recorded in a discourse on the divisio Carneadea ( Carneades) in Cic. Fin. 5,21, seeing virtue ( honestas) allied with pleasure (ἡδονή) as the goal of human action (Clem. Al. Strom. 2,21,127; also critically commented upon in Cic. Off. 3,119; Tusc. 5,85). Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)

Charmadas

(108 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Χαρμάδας; Charmádas or Χαρμίδας; Charmídas). Lived c. 165- 91 BC (cf. Cic. De or. 2,360). Apollod. Chronica 119-130 Dorandi (= FGrH 244 F 59; subsequently Philod. Ind. Acad. 31,35-32,10) very probably relates to him: a pupil of Carneades, after founding his own school he returned to the Academy. In Sext. Emp. Pyrrhōneioi hypotypṓseis 1,220 and Euseb. Praep. evang. 14,4,16 mentioned with Philo as founder of a ‘Fourth Academy’. Probably most important as a teacher of rhetoric (cf. Cic. D…

Erastus

(75 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] (Ἔραστος; Érastos) from Scepsis. 4th cent. BC; a pupil of Plato, he took part in the philosophical delegation to Hermias at Assos (Didymus, In Demosthenem commenta V 54 = F 7 Lasserre). According to Philod. Index academicorum VI 10-12, E. like Asclepiades of Phleius was the author of a text ‘Memories ( Apomnēmoneúmata) of Plato’, otherwise unknown. Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) Bibliography F. Lasserre, De Léodamas de Thasos à Philippe d' Oronte. Témoignages et fragments, 1987.

Anonymus in Theaetetum

(178 words)

Author(s): Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen)
[German version] A fragment preserved on papyrus of a commentary with rather selective interpretations on the Platonic dialogue Theaetetus (mainly concerning the section 142d to 153de). [1] is now the definitive edition with a detailed introduction and commentary. The exact dating is controversial. The common assumption that the fragment originates from the 2nd cent. AD was recently challenged by the attempt of dating it to the pre-Christian era; more at [1. 256]. The anonymous author, who mentions several commen…
▲   Back to top   ▲