[German version] Old Phoenician deity, probably a healing deity (>
šmn, ‘Oil’), interpreted by the Greeks as Asclepius and also as Apollo. An important sanctuary of the cult of Esmun, which was widespread around the Mediterranean, was situated near Ṣidon (
Bustān aš-Šaiḫ). In Tyrus, Esmun was associated with Melqart. Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen) Bibliography
1 E. Lipiński, s.v. E., DCPP, 158-160
2 R. Stucky, Die Skulpturen aus dem E.-Heiligtum bei Sidon: griech., röm., kypr. und phönik. Statuen vom 6. Jh. v.-3. Jh. n. Chr., 1993.