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Ericea

(79 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἐρίκεια/ Eríkeia, from ἐρείκη/ Ereíkē, ‘brier’?). Attic asty(?)-deme of the Aegeis phyle, one bouleutes (after 307/6 BC two). Its location determined to be near Kypseli as the finding-place of a decree (IG II2, 1215, beginning of the 3rd cent. BC) in which an unknown deme honours a donor for the repairs to cultic installations. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 16, 39 with n. 10, 59, 70, 74 n. 10, 110 no. 42, table 2 Whitehead Index s.v. E.

Marathon

(577 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Μαραθών; Marathṓn). Large Attic paralia deme of the Aeantis phyle, 10 (?) bouleutai , in a flat coastal area in the east of Attica, capital of the Attic Tetrapolis (M., Oenoe, Probalinthus, Tricorynthus), not identical with modern Marathonas. The name is pre-Greek. There are important prehistoric, ancient and early Christian remains at various sites on the plain (map [10. 223 fig. 271]): Neolithic and Early Helladic settlement near Nea Makri (Probalinthus?) [8; 9; 10. 219],…

Leontis

(164 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Λεωντίς; Leōntís, epigraphically Λεοντίς; Leontís). Since the reform of phyles of Cleisthenes in 508/7 BC, the fourth of ten phyles of Attica (IG II2 417, 478, 1742, 1744, 1752, 1926, 2409, 2818); eponymous hero Leos (Λεώς; Leṓs) in Paus. 1,5,2. In the 4th cent. BC the L. comprised 20 demes, of which seven were in the asty-trittys Scambonidae, four in the paralia-trittys Phrearrhii and nine in the mesogaia-trittys Hecale(?). Five demes changed over from 307/6 to 201/20 BC to the Macedonian phyles of Antigonis and Demetrias. In 224/3 BC, Hecale w…

Trinemeia

(94 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Attica (Τρινέμεια; Trinémeia). Attic mesogeia deme, of the Cecropis phyle, two bouleutaí, at the source of the Cephissus [2] (Str. 9,1,24) to the northeast of modern Kifissia in the valley of the modern Kokkinaras. An ephebe ( Ephēbeía ) from T. (IG II2 1028 col. III Z. 143) is an addendum to the list of the Cecropis phyle, but this does not attest to a second T. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 51, 69, 85, 112 No. 140, 122, Tab. 7.

Sypalettus

(57 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Συπαληττός/ Sypalēttós). Attic mesogeia deme of the Cecropis phyle, with two bouleutaí. The site of the Lex sacra IG I3 245 (470/460 BC) locates S. at Nea Ionia (formerly Kukuvaones) to the north of Athens. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 10 f., 51, 68, 85, 112 Nr. 132, 121, Tab. 7  Whitehead, Index s. v. S.

Cettus

(75 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κηττός; Kēttós). Attic asty [2] or mesogeia deme [3] of the phyle Leontis, three (four) bouleutaí. Inscriptions confirm neither the location near Daphni [2] nor the one in the region north-east of Menidi [3. 174f.]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 18, 43, 62, 68, 110 no. 66, table 4 2 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 81 fn. 7, 130 3 E. Vanderpool, The Acharnanian Aqueduct, in: Χαριστήριον εἰς Ἀναστάσιον Κ. Ὀρλάνδον 1, 1965, 166-175.

Halae

(855 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) | Funke, Peter (Münster)
(Ἁλαί; Halaí). ‘Salt pans’, name of several settlements, in Attica of two demes. [German version] [1] Att. deme of the phyle Cecropis H. Aixonides (Ἁλαὶ Αἰξωνίδες; Halaì Aixōnídes), Attic deme, which constituted together with Aexone the paralia trittys of the phyle Cecropis. Therefore, (only administratively? [3. 148476]) distinguished by ‘Aixonides’ from H. [2] on the east coast of Attica. H. provided six (ten)   bouleutaí . H. (modern Voula and Vouliagmeni [7. 466 fig. 588]) bordered in the north on Aexone (modern Glyphada) and in the…

Athmonon

(203 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἄθμονον; Áthmonon). Attic mesogeia deme of the  phyle Cecropis, later of Attalis; five (six?) bouleutai. In A., which bordered  Phlya in the south (?) (IG II2 2776 Z. 49; [1; 2]), lay the sanctuary of Artemis Amarysia (Paus. 1,31,5), whose name lives on in the erstwhile village Marusi (today Amarousio). Here two border stones of the sanctuary (IG I2 865; [2]) were found, as well as a decree of the Athmoneans (IG II2 1203) which relates to the festival of Amarysia, mentions an agon and was set up ‘in the sanctuary’ (of Artemis). Discovery of grave ins…

Scambonidae

(85 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Σκαμβωνίδαι; Skambōnídai). Attic asty deme of the Leontis phyle, from 126/7 AD of the Hadrianis phyle, with three (four) bouleutaí, in the northwest of Athens. The Lex Sacra IG I3 244 of the S. deme records a dḗmarchos [3], an eúthynos ( Eúthynai ), métoikoi , an agora and participation in the synoíkia festival in Athens, possibly also a tamías . Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 18, 44, 59, 62, 68, 112 Nr. 127, Tab. 4, 15  Whitehead, Index s. v. S.

Agryle

(110 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀγρυλή; Agrylḗ). Attic   asty-deme (upper and lower A.) of the   phyle Erechtheis (trittys Euonymeis), from 306-201 BC of the  Antigonis, after 200 BC of the Attalis, with three to five bouleutai, bordering on  Ancyle (IG II2 2776 l. 58-59 [2. 70]) on the western slopes of the  Hymettus, above the Panathenaean stadion (Harpokr. s. v. Ἀρδηττός/Ardettos, Str. 9,1,24), near the modern Pankrati.  Panathenaea;  Trittyes Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 37, 59, 62, 67 ff., 109 no. 3, 4, 123, 125, table 1 2 S. G. Miller, A Roman Monument in the At…

Teichiussa

(113 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Τειχιοῦσσα; Teichioûssa). Fortified settlement in Milesia (from teichióeis 'with high walls': Hom. Il. 2,559; 646), 18 km to the southeast of Miletus [2] on the Basilikos Kolpos (modern Akbük Limanı) on the Saplı Adası peninsula, attested from the 6th cent. BC until the 3rd (IDidyma 6; Archestratus fr. 55; Stratonicus in Ath. 8,351a and b;  Thuc. 8,26; 28), the demotikon T(e)ichiesseís until the Imperial Period. In the 5th cent. T. was a member of the Delian League (ATL 1, 553 f.). Finds from between the 8th and 3rd cents. BC are recorded, after that T. was abandoned. Loh…

Charadrus

(384 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) | Tomaschitz, Kurt (Vienna) | Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
(Χάραδρος; Cháradros). A. Towns [German version] [1] Town in southern Epirus Town in southern Epirus, from 167 BC independent of the Epirote koinon. By means of a border agreement (SEG 35, 665; c. 160 BC) located to the north-west of  Ambracia, near the modern Palaia-Philippias; Pol. 4,63; 21,26. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography BCH 112, 1988, 359-373 V. Karatzeni, Τὸ ἱερὸν ὄρος, in: FS Dakaris, 1995, 289-299. [German version] [2] Port town and river in Cilicia Port and river (FGrH 1 Hecat. fr. 265) in Cilicia Tracheia, the modern Yakacık (previously Kaledıran),…

Oeum Cerameicum

(82 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Οἶον Κεραμεικόν/ Oîon kerameikón). Attic mesogeia deme of the phyle of Leontis. From 307/6 to 224/3 BC it belonged to the phyle of Demetrias; with one bouleutḗs. The suffix kerameikón (Harpocr. s.v. O.) indicates the proximity to the deme of Cerameis and to the Kerameikos [1. 44 with note 17]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 8, 44, 62, 69, 105, 111 nr. 96, 14, table 4, 12. J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 131, 148f.  Whitehead, Index s.v. O.

Ilis(s)us

(202 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἰλισός/ Ilisós, Ἰλισσός/ Ilissós). One of the two main rivers of the plain of Athens (Str. 9,1,24), the other being the  Cephis(s)us [2]. Having its source on the north-western slope of the  Hymettus it turned towards the southwest at the southern edge of Athens (today completely built over and as in antiquity seasonal). It is disputed whether the I. emptied itself into the sea at Phalerum or into the Cephisus north of Piraeus [2. 164 fig. 213]. The Eridanus (Paus. 1,19,5) was a tri…

Eetionia

(184 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἠετιώνεια; Ēetiṓneia, Ἠτιώνεια; Ētiṓneia). Narrow peninsula that borders the main harbour ( Kántharos) of Piraeus on the northwest (Harpocr. s.v. E.). In 411 BC ‘the 400’ had the wall on the Eetionia made into a fort of the Piraius fortification (Munichia,  Athens [1]) (Aristot. Ath. Pol. 37; Thuc. 8,90-92). Its reconstruction after the razing in 404 is attested by construction documents of 395/4 or 394/3 BC on the base of the Hellenistic Eetionia wall (IG II2 1656, 1657; [1. 28; 3. 21ff. No. 1, 2]). Restored in 337/6 BC (in stone?) (IG II2 244; [3. 36ff. No. 10]). T…

Asty

(181 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (ἄστυ; ásty). In a general sense, it means ‘town’ (also physically, in contrast with   polis = citizenry), in  Attica, it refers in a stricter sense to  Athens. In the classical period, of a total of 139 demes, about 42 belonged to the asty (one to eight per phyle, in three phyles -- Aeantis, Antiochis, and Pandionis -- the asty-trittys consisted of only one deme each) [2. table 1-10, map 1]. The asty demes were largely rural in character; only for a small number of them can a dense urban habitat be assumed [1. 37]. They supplied a total of about 130 bouleutai to the   boule

Deiradiotae

(72 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Δειραδιῶται; Deiradiôtai). Attic paralia deme of the Leontis phyle, from 307/6 to 201/0 BC of the Antigonis ( Potamos Deiradiotae). Two   bouleutai . Finds of a gravestone and a mortgage marker stone (IG II2, 2650, 5965) at Daskalio locate D. on the south-east coast of Attica east of Keratea. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 44, 65, 68, 110 no. 31, tables 4, 11 Id., Demos and Trittys, 1986, 131.

Cydathenaeum

(173 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κυδαθήναιον; Kydathénaion, Κυδαθηναιείς; Kydathenaieís). Great and only asty-deme of the phyle Pandionis, from 307/6 to 201 BC of Antigonis, had 11 (12) bouleutaí; in the centre of Athens north of the Acropolis to the Eridanus, west to the Agora. For the 5th cent. BC there is evidence of a sanctuary and thiasotai of Hercules on the Eridanus. The tanneries ibid. (IG II2 1556, 33ff.; 1576, 5ff.; SEG 18, 36 B9) are considered by Lind [1] to be the cause of the enmity felt by  Aristophanes [3] towards the tannery owner Cleon; both originate fr…

Salmone

(78 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
(Σαλμώνη/ Salmṓnē). [German version] [1] City in Elean Pisatis City in Elean Pisatis. Location disputed, possibly near modern Néraïda, 12 km north of Olympia (Str. 8,3,31; Diod. Sic. 4,68,1). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) [German version] [2] Main source of the Enipeus [1] Main source of the Enipeus [1] (Str. 8,3,32). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography G. Panayotopoulos, Questions sur la topographie éléenne ..., in: A.D. Rizakis (ed.), Αρχαία Αχαΐα και Ελεία. Ανακοινώσεις κατά το Πρώτο Διεθνές Συμπόσιο (Athens 1989), 1991, 275-281.

Antinoeis

(58 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀντινοείς; Antinoeís). Attic deme of the phyle  Hadrianis (IG II2 1793), which was founded in AD 126/27, probably after the death of  Antinous [2] in AD 130; it was located in that part of Athens which had been founded by  Hadrianus. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 31 n. 18, 109 (no. 16), table 15.
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