[German version] According to Festus (318, s. v.
s. described objects or persons who were protected by oath (
Sacramentum ) in such a way that by harming them the culprit came under the threat of the death penalty. As examples Festus gives the tribune of the plebs (
Tribunus plebis ) and, incorrectly, also the plebeian
aediles. From their inception (in 494 BC; Struggle of the orders), the people's tribunes were protected by the
lex sacrata (Liv. 2,33,1 and 3; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 6,89,2-4; Cic. Rep. 2,58), i.e. by an oath of the plebs to have every injury to a tribu…