, Russ. Ty̲u̲men’, the name of a town, previously called Čimgi-Tura on the Tura river in Western Siberia and of a subgrouping, the
Tümenli , of the Siberian Tatars (who in 1926 numbered 22,636). The toponym derives, probably, from the Činggisid administrative-fiscal unit
tümen (< Turk.
tümen “10,000” < Tokhar. A.
tmān , B.
tmāne , an early borrowing in Mongol where it came to designate a military unit of 10,000 (Clauson,
Dictionary , 507-8; Spuler,
Goldene Horde , 303, 333, 377; Nasonov,
Mongoli̊ , 98 ff. [see tūmān 1.]). This region had been largely inhabited by Uralic peoples, in…