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Antinoeis

(58 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀντινοείς; Antinoeís). Attic deme of the phyle  Hadrianis (IG II2 1793), which was founded in AD 126/27, probably after the death of  Antinous [2] in AD 130; it was located in that part of Athens which had been founded by  Hadrianus. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 31 n. 18, 109 (no. 16), table 15.

Acamantis

(130 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀκαμαντίς; Akamantís). Since the reforms of the phyles by  Cleisthenes, fifth of the ten Attic phyles (IG II/III2 1700 ff.); eponymous hero  Acamas. In the 4th cent. BC, it comprised five   asty , three   paralia and five   mesogeia demes. In 308/7 BC, three of them changed over to the Macedonian phyles of Antigonis and  Demetrias; following their dissolution in 201/200 BC, they rejoined A.  Prospalta changed over to the  Ptolemais in 224/3 BC,  Hagnus to the  Attalis in 201/0 BC, Eitea to the  Hadr…

Helena

(1,535 words)

Author(s): Harder, Ruth Elisabeth (Zürich) | Bleckmann, Bruno (Strasbourg) | Hoesch, Nicola (Munich) | Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
(Ἑλένη; Helénē, Lat. Helena). [German version] [1] Beautiful wife of Menelaus ('Helen of Troy') Goddess who was worshipped at various cult sites in and around Sparta, especially in the Menelaion in  Therapne (Hdt. 6,61; Paus. 3,15,3; Hsch. s.v. Ἑλένεια, [1]). In  Rhodes she had a cult as H. Dendritis (Paus. 3,19,10), in  Cenchreae and  Chios she is attested as a deity of springs (Paus. 2,2,3; Steph. Byz. s.v. Ἑλένη). There is no completely reliable etymology for her name [2. 63-80]. For evidence of her cult i…

Naulochum

(182 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ναύλοχον/ Naúlochon). Port of the early Hellenistic new foundation of Priene (Plin. HN 5,113: oppidum Naulochum), for which Scyl. 98 records two harbours, one of which was a λιμὴν κλειστός/ limḗn kleistós (‘closed harbour’). Because the edge of the delta of the river Maeander [2] had almost reached Priene in about 350 BC [1], N. must have been to the west of Priene. A dedicatory inscription to the heros Naolochos at the Gate of the Spring in Priene (IPriene 196) indicates that the road to N. probably left from…

Aegaleos

(139 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Αἰγάλεως; Aigáleōs). Range of hills (up to 458 m) between the plains of Athens and of  Eleusis (Thuc. 2,19; in parts belonging to the demos  Colonus: FGrH 334 Ister fr. 17), from where  Xerxes in 480 BC observed the naval battle near  Salamis (Hdt. 8,90,4). In ancient times covered by forest (Stat. Theb. 12,620) or maquis (Callim. Fr. 238,23 Pf.; Suda s. v. μᾶσσον; mâsson). Separated from  Parnes by a pass near Fili (formerly Chassia) which is closed off by the so-called Dema, the A. forms a further defile in the south near the monastery of D…

Antigonis

(160 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀντιγονίς; Antigonís). One of the five Attic  phyles after the reforms by Cleisthenes; formed in 307/6 BC together with  Demetrias in honour of  Antigonus [1] (Plut. Demetr. 10; Diod. Sic. 20,46,2; Poll. 8,110; Steph. Byz. s. v. A.); A. and Demetrias were the first and second phyle at the head of the 10 Cleisthenian phyles; abolished in 201/200 BC. Out of seven Cleisthenian phyles, a total of 15   demoi were incorporated into A. [1. 26 table 11]. No new demes were created, nor was this in any way related to the remarking of deme borders by  rock-hewn horos inscriptions (oppo…

Teithras

(84 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Τείθρας/ Teíthras, Τίθρας/ Títhras). Attic paralia(?) deme, Aegeis phyle, four bouleutaí . Decrees of the Teithrasians place T. certainly at modern Pikermi (SEG 21, 520; 542; 24, 151-153). There is evidence of cults of Athena, Zeus, Kore (SEG 24, 542), Heracles [1] and the hero Datylus (SEG 24, 151). A hero T. (schol. Aristoph. Ran. 477) and T. figs (Ath. 14,652f) are mentioned. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 5, 41 with note 13, 68, 112 No 133, Table. 2  Whitehead, Index s. v. T.

Panormus

(1,324 words)

Author(s): Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg) | Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Falco, Giulia (Athens) | Niehoff, Johannes (Freiburg)
(Πάνορμος; Pánormos). [German version] [1] Harbour on the coast of Karia Harbour on the coast of Karia (Stadiasmus maris magni 285; 287; 294 with contradictory details) between Miletus [2] and Myndus, located at a distance of 80 stadia (14.8 km) from them, therefore near (Aşağı) Gölköy, which is the location also assumed for Caryanda, near the natural harbour of the Türkbükü bay or further to the west at the Ağaçbaşı-Limanı bay (Paşa Limanı). Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg) Bibliography W. Ruge, s.v. P. (1), RE 18,3, 654  G.E. Bean, J.M. Cook, The Halicarnassus Peninsula, in: ABSA 50,…

Aexone

(346 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Αἰξωνή; Aixōnḗ). Attic   paralia deme of the phyle  Cecropis (IG II2 2375) at the south-west coast of Attica between Glyphada and Voula [3]. Eight bouleutai [7]. Its western border was marked by the sea, its eastern one by Mount  Hymettus whose slopes were terraced [1; 2. 29 ff.] -- the φελλεῖς ( phelleîs) in IG II2 2492. To the north, Halimus and Euonymon followed. As Hydrussa (modern Prasonisi) was κατὰ τοὺς Αἰξωνέας ( katà toùs Aixonéas, Str. 9,1,21), A. presumably extended to the south up to Ano Vula, where it bordered on Halai Aixonides. Extensive…

Colonus

(100 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κολωνός; Kolōnós, ‘hill’). Attic asty deme of the Aegeis phyle, installed two bouleutaí, according to [4] by the C. [2]. Demotikon ἐκ Κολωνοῦ [6. 7330].  Sophocles came from C. and attests a cult of the eponymous hero C. (Soph. OC 54f., 888f.) [6. 208, 211].  Athens;  Colonae Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 J.M. Camp, Die Agora von Athen, 1989 2 Chr. Habicht, Athen, 1995, 151 3 E. Honigmann, s.v. Kolonos (2), RE 11, 1113f. 4 D.M. Lewis, The Deme of Kolonos, in: ABSA 50, 1955, 12-17 5 Travlos, Athen, 79 6 Whitehead, Index s.v. Kolonos Traill, Attica, 40, 68, 11…

Nape

(123 words)

Author(s): Sonnabend, Holger (Stuttgart) | Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
(Νάπη/ Nápē, ‘wooded gorge, valley’). [German version] [1] Settlement on Lesbos Settlement on Lesbos, in the territory of Methymna, with a temple of Apollo Napaios (Str. 9,4,5; Steph. Byz. s.v. N.). N. cannot be precisely located. The temple, however, may have been the cultic site to the west of the modern village of Napi in the district of Klopedi. Sonnabend, Holger (Stuttgart) Bibliography H.-G. Buchholz, Methymna: Archäologische Beiträge zur Geschichte und Topographie von Nordlesbos, 1966, 206f.  W. Günther, s.v. N., in: Lauffer, Griechenland, 454f. [German version] [2] In Att…

Azenia

(125 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀζηνιά; Azēniá). Attic   paralia (?) deme belonging to the phyle of Hippothontis, which had its geographical centre in the Thriasion Pedion and in the area around  Eleusis. Str. 9,1,21 mentions Ἀζηνεῖς as being between Sunium and Anaphlystus, which is, however, to be emended to Ἀτηνεῖς ( Atene) [1.50f.; 3.14450]. The same mistake appears in IG II2 1706 Z. 73 [2. 83]. A location south of Kokkini [3. 13740] is questioned by [1. 50f.]. The Azenieis made dedications to Eleusis (IG II2 3492), and the demos of Eleusis worships an Azenieus (IG II2 3517; 3904),  Carneades b…

Paralia

(141 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Παραλία). Originally the coastal region of Attica, also more generally the region to the east of Mt. Hymettus. After the constitutional reforms of Cleisthenes [2] ([5. 157ff.]; Attica, with map), each of the 10 Attic phylai comprised three trittyes (‘thirds’): a city third ( asty), an inland one ( mesogeia) and a coastal one ( paralia), each consisting of demes (Aristot. Ath. Pol. 21,4) [1; 3. 251ff.; 5. 159]. In the Classical period, the 10 paralia trittyes comprised approx. 40 demes [4. 125ff.]. A frontier post between Paralia and Mesogeia in the up…

Pambotadae

(93 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Παμβοτάδαι/ Pambotádai). Attic Paralia (?) deme of the phyle of Erechtheis, from 127/8 AD of the phyle of Hadrianis. Before 307/6 BC, P. took it in turn with Sybridae to provide one bouleutḗs and after 224/3 BC two bouleutaí. Location unknown. Rock inscriptions in the upper Vari valley at Thiti cannot be read as ὅρ(ος) Π(α)μ(βοτάδων)/ hór(os) P(a)m(botádōn) [1; 2. 118]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 H. Lohmann, Atene, 1993, 58 2 J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 118, 126. Traill, Attica, 6, 14f., 38, 59, 62, 69, 100f., 111 nr. 102, table 1, 15.

Eunostidae

(207 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) | Sonnabend, Holger (Stuttgart) | Pappalardo, Umberto (Naples)
(Εὐνοστίδαι; Eunostídai). [German version] [1] Attic deme (?) of the phyle Ptolemais Attic deme (?) of the phyle Ptolemais, first attested to in 201/0 BC (IG II2 2362), cf. the inscriptions of 108/7 BC (IG II2 1036 l. 37; [1. 159; 2]). In AD 154/5 (IG II2 2067) and AD 173/4 (IG II 2 2103) ephebes of the phyle Ptolemais from Εὐν and Εὐ, respectively, are mentioned. Position unknown. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 C. A. Hutton, The Greek Inscriptions at Petworth House, in: ABSA 21, 1914/16, 155-165 2 Traill, Attica 90, 114 No. 12. [German version] [2] Phratry in Naples Phratry in Naple…

Oeum Deceleicum

(112 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Οἶον Δεκελεικόν/ Oîon Dekeleikón). Attic mesogeia deme of the phyle of Hippothontis. From 224/3 BC it belonged to the phyle of Ptolemaïs, from 200 BC to that of Attalis. It provided three bouleutaí. Location: near Bugiati southeast of Decelea, to which OD possibly belonged once (see the phratria inscriptions of the Demotionidae IG II2 1237) [1]. An independent dêmos possibly only after Cleisthenes [2]. Grave inscriptions IG II2 6885-7012; 6990 and 7009 from Bugiati, cf. IG 2558. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 J. Wiesner, s.v. O. (1a), RE Suppl. 7, 788. Traill,…

Diolkos, Diholkos

(372 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Δίολκος; Dí(h)olkos). Paved trackway for transporting goods and ships between the Saronic Gulf ( Saronikos Kolpos) and the Gulf of  Corinth across the  Isthmus of Corinth at its narrowest point. The diolkos describes a slight southerly curve between the moorings at its ends. It is c. 8 km long, the gradient is a max. 6 % and the track is 1.5 m wide. By connecting the harbours of Cenchreae [2] and  Lechaeum, it strengthened the infrastructure of Corinth, though ancient sources shed no light on its economical significance. A…

Ptelea

(76 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πτελέα/ Pteléa; demotikon Πτελεάσιος/ Pteleásios). Small Attic ásty deme, phyle Oineis, with one bouleutḗs. Location uncertain, in the Cephissus Valley near modern Aigaleo north of the sacred road [2. 49] or near Aspropirgos (formerly Kalívia Chasiotika) [1]; IG II2 4927. P. (cf. [3]) is the scene of the comedy Hérōs by Menander [4]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 E. Meyer, s. v. P., RE 23, 1478 2 Traill, Attica, 49, 70, 112 Nr. 124, Tab. 6 3 Whitehead, 341.

Thorax

(592 words)

Author(s): Burckhardt, Leonhard (Basle) | Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
(θώραξ; thṓrax). [German version] [1] Cuirass Cuirass. As a part of Greek hoplite armour, the thorax protected the chest and the back. In the Geometric and Archaic Periods, it was commonly a bell-shaped armour made of bronze; it consisted of two hip-length plates that widened towards the bottom and were attached to each other at the sides. This thorax offered excellent cover against blows from lances and swords or shots from arrows, but it was extremely heavy and cumbersome and limited the soldiers' mobility to a great extent. It was therefore replaced…

Thria

(254 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Attica (Θρία/ Thría). Large Attic paralia deme, chief town of the coastal Trittys (Trittyes), Oineis phyle, from 126/7 AD part of the Hadrianis phyle, seven (eight) bouleutaí; situated in the plain of Eleusis [1] named after T. ( Thriásion pedíon) at modern Aspropyrgos (formerly Kalyvia) 5 km to the northeast of Eleusis (cf. [3]); an aqueduct led from the Parnes to T. IG II2 2500 (found in Eleusis) relates to an agora, to which the Thriasians and the Eleusinians had access. From T. itself there are no re…
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