(burgaz, near Zossopolis, ancient Appolonia) 42° 30′ N., 27° 28′ E., after Varna Bulgaria’s major port and fifth largest town. Burgas is the centre of a district, a resort with a recently modernised harbour, textile, fishing and salt industries situated on Burgas gulf with a population of 43,684 in 1376/1956 (district 72,795). The name derives from Greek
Pyrgos . Murād I took Burgas district circa 778-9/1367-8 (B. de la Brocquière, 168-70 cited in Jorga,
GOR, i, 207; I. H. Uzunçarşili,
Osmanli Tarihi , i, 61, 69; I. H. Daniṣmend, . . .
Kronoloji , i, 47-8). Burgas …