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Nautes

(114 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Ναύτης; Naútēs). Elderly Trojan, companion of Aeneas [1], priest of Athena and distinguished by her with outstanding wisdom. When Aeneas doubts whether he should stay in Sicily or continue to Italy, N. advises him to go on and found the colony of Acesta (Egesta/Segesta; Verg. Aen. 5,704ff., 728f.). N. accepts from Diomedes [1] the palladion that has been stolen, as a proxy for Aeneas, who is offering a sacrifice, and so becomes the originator of the service of Minerva in Rome by the gens Nautia, whose ancestor he is (Varro, De Familiis Troianis in Serv. Aen. 2,1…

Phylas

(166 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Φύλας; Phýlas). [German version] [1] King of the Thesprotians King of the Thesprotians, father of Astyoche [4] (Astyocheia in Hom. Il. 2,658). Heracles [1] fights on the side of the Caledonians against the Thesprotians, captures Ephyra [3], kills P, takes his daughter prisoner and fathers Tlepolemus with her (Hom. Il. 2,653-660; Apollod. 2,149, cf. Soph. Trach. hypothesis; Apollod. 2,166; Apollod. Epit. 3,13). The same king is called Phyleus in Diod. Sic. 4,36,1. Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [German version] [2] King of the Dryopians King of the Dryopians who commits sacrilage (a fe…

Pleione

(181 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Πληίονη/ Plēíonē, Latin Plione: Serv. Georg. 1,138). Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys (Ov. Fast. 5,83f.), mother of the Pleiades (Apollod. 3,110; schol. Hom. Od. 5,272), who - according to a widely accepted version- are named after their mother (schol. Hom. Il. 18,486 Bekker after the Epic cycle ; schol. Apoll. Rhod. 3,225-227a), also mother of Hyas and the Hyades (schol. Hes. Op. 383a; Hyg. Poet. Astr. 2,21 after Musaeus; Hyg. Fab. 192 and 248), and grandmother ofMercurius) (Ov. Met.…

Pachrates

(85 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Παχράτης/ Pachrátēs). Magician and prophet from Heliopolis [1], proved his craft to emperor Hadrian with the help of a smoke sacrifice to Selene, in recognition of which he received double his fee (PGM 1, P 4,2446ff.). P. may have served as inspiration for the figure of the magician Pancrates in Lucian. Philopseudes 34-36 [1] and is perhaps identical [2. 618f.] with the poet Pancrates [3]. Antoni, Silke (Kiel) Bibliography 1 K. Preisendanz, s.v. P., RE 18, 2071-2074 2 F. Stoessl, s.v. Pankrates (5), RE 18, 615-619.

Pelarge

(86 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Πελαργή; Pelarg). Daughter of Potneus, wife of Isthmiades. After the Epigoni campaign and the capture of Thebes P. and her husband are said to have renewed the interrupted Boeotian cult of Demeter Kabeiria and of Kore (Persephone) outside its former territory by reinstituting the consecration of the mysteries of the Cabiraei (or Cabirii), the descendants of the Cabiri, who originally inhabited the place. For this, she herself received cultic worship, in accordance with an oracle from Dodona (Paus. 9,25,5-7). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Othryoneus

(97 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Ὀθρυονεύς; Othryoneús). [German version] [1] Warrior from Cabesus Warrior from Cabesus, fights at Troy on Priamus' side, for which the latter promises him the hand of his daughter Cassandra. O. is killed by Idomeneus [1] (Hom. Il. 13,363ff., 772; Steph. Byz. s.v. Ἀγάθυρσοι and Καβασσός; Macr. Sat. 5,5,8). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [German version] [2] Teacher from Opus Teacher from Opus, in whose company Patroclus strikes dead the son of Amphidamas [2] while playing (Alexander Aetolus in schol. Hom. Il. 23,86a1 = CollAlex fr. 10, p. 127f. and TrGF 1, 101 F 1). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Peiras

(108 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Πείρας; Peíras). [German version] [1] Father of Echidna According to Epimenides (FGrH 457 F 5), P. was the father of Echidna with Styx as the mother (Paus. 8,18,2). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [German version] [2] Founder of the Heraeum of Argos Son of Argos [I 1] and Euadne, brother of Ecbasus, Epidaurus and Criasus (Apollod. 2,3). According to Plutarchus (FGrH 388 F 2), P. founded the sanctuary of the Argive Hera, installed his daughter Callithyia (Callithoe [2]/Io) as priestess and dedicated to Hera an idol made from pear-wood. He is ide…

Naiads

(475 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Ναιάδες; Naiádes, Νηιάδες; Nēiádes, singular Ναιάς; Naiás, Νηιάς; Nēiás, Νηίς; Nēís; Latin Naiades). Collective term for water nymphs in general (Nymphs; Hom. Il. 6,22; 14,444; 20,384; Hom. Od. 13,104; 13,356), who also have specific names corresponding to the bodies of water with which they are associated (cf. schol. Hom. Il. 20,8 Bekker). Etymologically, the term Naiádes is related to νάω/ náō (‘to flow’) and νᾶμα/ náma (‘something that flows, river’) (Hesych. s. v. Ναΐδες; etymology m. s. v. Νῆις). Subject to the naiads are above all rivers…

Tenthredon

(61 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Τενθρηδών/ Tenthrēdṓn, 'gall wasp': schol.  Nic. Alex. 547a-b;  cf. [1]). Descendant of Magnes [2] (schol. and Eust. on Hom. Il. 2,756), father of Prothous [3], the leader of the Magnetes (Hom. Il. 2,756; Lycophr.  899 with Tzetz.; Aristot. Epigr. 28, in [2]). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) Bibliography 1 LSJ, 1775, s. v. T. 2 Th. Bergk (ed.), Poetae Lyrici Graeci, vol. 2, 41882.

Telon

(36 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Τήλων; Tḗlōn). King of the Teleboae, ruler of the island Capreae, father of Oebalus [2] by the nymph Sebethis (Verg. Aen. 7,734-736; Serv. Aen. 7,734 f.; cf. Sil. Pun. 8,541 f.). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Phoebe

(422 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Φοίβη/ Phoíbē, Lat. Phoebe). [German version] [1] Titan, daughter of Gaia and Uranus ('Bright, pure one' [2], cf. on the etymology: [3]). Titan (Titans), daughter of Gaia and Uranus (Hes. Theog. 136; Orph. fr. 114; Apollod. 1,2; cf. Diod. Sic. 5,66,2f.; of Chthon (Chthonic deities): Aesch. Eum. 6f.; of Kronos: Schol. Pind. Pyth., hypothesis p. 1 Drachmann), by her brother Coeus (corrupt: Hyg. Fab. praef. 10: Polus) mother of Leto and Asteria [2] (Hes. Theog. 404-409; Diod. Sic. 5,67,2; Apollod. 1,8; Schol. …

Nicagora

(37 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[German version] (Νικαγόρα/ Nikagóra). Sicyonian, wife of Echetimus, mother of Agasicles. According to legend she brought Asclepius, in the shape of a serpent, in a mule cart from Epidaurus to Sicyon (Paus. 2,10,3). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Theios

(94 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke
[English version] (Θεῖος). Die Bezeichnung Theíōi findet sich, ausnahmslos im Dat., in mehreren Inschr., u. a. in einem Opferkalender aus hadrianischer Zeit. Strittig ist (Diskussion der Quellen: [1]), ob es sich um eine selbständige Gottheit handelt (etwa als mask. Gegenstück zu Theia [1]) oder um eine orthographische Variante für den Dat. von theós (“Gott”) bzw. to theíon (“das Göttliche”, “die Gottheit”). Ist Theíōi durch kai (“und”) mit dem Namen einer anderen Gottheit verbunden, ist auch die Deutung als deren weiterer Aspekt (oder Epitheton) möglich. Antoni, Silke Bibliogra…

Othryoneus

(93 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Ὀθρυονεύς). [English version] [1] Krieger aus Kabesos Krieger aus Kabesos, kämpft vor Troia auf der Seite des Priamos, wofür ihm dieser die Hand seiner Tochter Kassandra verspricht. O. wird von Idomeneus [1] getötet (Hom. Il. 13,363ff., 772; Steph. Byz. s.v. Ἀγάθυρσοι und Καβασσός; Macr. Sat. 5,5,8). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [English version] [2] Lehrer aus Opus Lehrer aus Opus, bei dem Patroklos den Sohn des Amphidamas [2] beim Spielen erschlägt (Alexandros Aitolos in schol. Hom. Il. 23,86a1 = CollAlex fr. 10, p. 127f. und TrGF 1, 101 F 1). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Nyktimos

(85 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[English version] (Νύκτιμος). Einer der 50 Söhne des Lykaon, entweder der älteste, der nach dem Tod seines Vaters rechtmäßig die Herrschaft über Arkadien übernimmt (Paus. 8,3,1; 5), oder der jüngste, der nach dem Frevel des Lykaon und seiner Söhne als einziger durch das Eingreifen der Gaia von der Strafe des Zeus verschont bleibt (Märchen) und selbst König wird z.Z. der Deukalionischen Flut (Apollod. 3,96-99). Nach anderer Version wird N. selbst geschlachtet (Lykophr. 481; Clem. Al. protreptikos 2,36,5; Nonn. Dion. 18,20-24). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Sirikios

(54 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke
[English version] (Σιρίκιος; lat. Siricius). Sophist des 4. Jh. n. Chr. aus Neapolis [11] in Palaestina, Schüler des Andromachos (vgl. [1]). S. lehrte einige Zeit in Athen und verfaßte Progymnásmata und Melétai (Suda, s. v. Σιρίκιος; Nikolaos von Myra, Progymnásmata, in: [2]). Antoni, Silke Bibliography 1 L. Cohn, s. v. Andromachos [20], RE 1.2, 2154 2 Spengel 3, 465 (Kap. 4).

Rhexenor

(116 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
(Ῥηξήνωρ). [English version] [1] Bruder des Alkinoos und Vater von dessen Frau Arete Sohn des Nausithoos [1], Bruder des Alkinoos [1]. Er stirbt kurz nach seiner Hochzeit und hinterläßt als einziges Kind seine Tochter Arete [1], die spätere Gattin des Alkinoos (Hom. Od. 7,63-66; 146; schol. Hom. Od. 7,56; Eust. ad Hom. Od. 7,63-65). Antoni, Silke (Kiel) [English version] [2] Vater der Chalkiope [1], der zweiten Gattin des Aigeus Vater der Chalkiope [1], der zweiten Gattin des Aigeus (Apollod. 3,207; Tzetz. ad Lykophr. 494; Phanodemos FGrH 325 F 5). Alternativ wer…

Mylas

(46 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel)
[English version] (Μύλας). Einer der Telchines. Erfinder der Mühle (nach Paus. 3,20,2 der lakonische König Myles), Stifter des Kultes der Mylánteioi theoí in Kameiros auf Rhodos und Namensgeber für das Vorgebirge Mylantia bei Kameiros (Hesych. s.v. Μ.; Steph. Byz. s.v. Μυλαντία). Antoni, Silke (Kiel)

Naiaden

(437 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke
[English version] (Ναιάδες, Νηιάδες, Sg. Ναιάς, Νηιάς, Νηίς; lat. Naiades). Sammelbezeichnung für die Wassernymphen im allg. (Nymphen; Hom. Il. 6,22; 14,444; 20,384; Hom. Od. 13,104; 13,356), die entsprechend den ihnen zugeordneten Gewässern auch Einzelnamen tragen (vgl. schol. Hom. Il. 20,8 Bekker). Etym. wird die Bezeichnung Naiádes mit νάω/ náō (“fließen”) und νᾶμα/ náma (“das Fließende”, “Fluß”) in Verbindung gebracht (Hesych. s. v. Ναΐδες; Etym. m. s. v. Νῆις). Den N. unterstehen in erster Linie die Flüsse, sowohl im ganzen (Eur. Herc. 785; …

Thaumakie

(42 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke
[English version] (Θαυμακίη). Eine der Städte in Magnesia [1], die unter dem Anführer Philoktetes mit insgesamt sieben Schiffen vor Troia vertreten sind, heute nicht lokalisiert (Hom. Il. 2,716-719; Strab. 9,5,16; Plin. nat. 4,32; vgl. Steph. Byz., s. v. Θαυμακία). Antoni, Silke
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