Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Eustathius

(2,352 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 19/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eustathius | Εὐστάθιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th/5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Initially identified with the archbishop of Thessalonica1 (Fuhr, Zwei Hermogeneskommentartoren, «RhM» 51 (1896), pp. 45-51, esp. p. 48), the rhetor Eustathius actually belonged to a much earlier age (to the 5th c. CE according to L. Schilling, Quae…

Porphyrius

(8,945 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: 232/4 CE–ca. 304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) or Batanea, in modern day Syria, Porphyry was called Malchus at birth – from the Semitic root meaning "king" – in honor of his father; t…

Herminus

(8,414 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herminus | Ἑρμῖνος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Pergamum? Date: 2nd c. CE (120–180/190 CE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about the life of Herminus, an exegete of Aristotle’s1 works, who is mentioned among the teachers of Alexander of Aphrodisias2, is quite meager. Zeller (E. Zeller, Die Philosophie der Grieche…

Pius

(2,827 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pius | Πῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Pius remains essentially uncertain; the activity of the grammarian was initially dated shortly before the end of the 2nd c. CE (A. Gudeman, Scholien, RE 2A 1 [1921], 662), a hypothesis shared also by Hiller ( Pius, 1869 , pp. 93ff.); Richter ( Interpr. Gr., 1…

Callimachus [1]

(17,043 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 303 ca. – 240 ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico, nacque intorno al 303 a.C. e visse all’incirca fino al 240 (cfr. la menzione della guerra Laodicea del 246/245 nel fr. 110 Harder). La sua carriera si svolse per lo più ad Alessandria alla …

Archestratus

(1,943 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archestratus | Ἀρχέστρατος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It seems likely that Archestratus, the author of a Περὶ αὐλητῶν in two books cited by Ath. 14, 634d, should be identified as the Archestratus mentioned by Philod. Mus. col. 137, 13-27 Delattre = 4, 23, 14 Kemke and by Porph. in Harm. 26, …

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(9,878 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Kotiaeion (Frigia) Data: 70/80 ca.-150 ca. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, cioè originario della città frigia di Κοτιάειον (questa la forma corretta del toponimo stando a Strabone 12, 8, 12, contro Κοτυάειον e Κοτιαέον della tradizione tardoantica e bizantina),…

Porphyrius

(7,868 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Tiro Data: 232/4 d.C.–304 d.C. ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nato intorno al 232/4 d.C. a Tiro ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) o a Batanea, nell’attuale Siria, Porfirio fu chiamato alla nascita Malco – dalla radice semitica che significa “re” –, in onore del padre; il nome con cui divenne più…

Apion

(31,725 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apion | Ἀπίων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Oasis Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A dense web of notices allows us to date the life and career of the Egyptian grammarian Apion, a native of Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), to between the end of the 1st c. BCE and the first half of the 1st c. CE. We lear…

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Glaucus [1]

(4,422 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [1] | Γλαῦκος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Rhegium Date: 5th-4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have little certain information about the life of Glaucus of Rhegium, or simply “of Italy.” It is not easy to determine his date, which scholars currently base on two pieces of information: a) he was a contemporary of Democrit…

Glaucus [4]

(393 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [4] | Γλαῦκος Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Glaucus mentioned in Sch. Il. 16, 414a1.a2 (4, pp. 254-255 Erbse) about a problem of accentuation1 is distinguished from other men of the same name in RE, where he is identified, probably with good reason, with the Glaucus of Tarsus2 who is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, …

Nessas

(1,446 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Marco Ercoles è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Nessas | Νεσσᾶς Luogo di provenienza: Chio Data: 4° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nativo di Chio, Nessa fu allievo di Democrito e maestro di Metrodoro di Chio. Il nome è attestato anche nella variante Νέσσος (Porph. ad Il. 9, 378, Sch. vet. Hes. Op. 77c Pertusi), ma la forma Νεσσᾶς, impiegata da Diogene Laerzio (9, 58) e Eusebio ( PE 14, 17, 10), appare preferibile: Diels notava la sospetta coinci…

Archias

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archias | Ἀρχίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The principal source of information about the life of Archias is an entry in the Suda1 (ε 2004, s.v.Ἐπαφρόδιτος), probably derived from the biographical work of Hermippus of Berytus2 περὶ τῶν διαπρεψάντων ἐν παιδείᾳ δούλων, in which Archias is presen…

Ps.-Euclides

(2,482 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 23/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ps.-Euclides | [Ἐυκλείδος] Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Some Late Antique sources like Proclus1, Marinus2, and, in the Byzantine Era, Theodorus Metochites mention a work on music by the mathematician Euclides3 (Αἱ κατὰ μουσικὴν στοιχείωσις or Μουσικῆς στοιχεῖα). These testimonia have asserted that the au…

Harpocration [2]

(3,819 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 30/11/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [2] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Argos Date: ca. late 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Harpocration was an exponent of Middle Platonism1 and a student of Atticus2. Proclus3 ( in Remp. 2, p. 96, 11-13 Kroll) mentions him among τῶν Πλατωνικῶν οἱ κορυφαῖοι in the era before Porphyry4. Within these restrictions he is…

Apollonius [11] Molo

(5,069 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apollonius [11] Molo | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Μόλων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Alabanda Data: 2°-1° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il soprannome con cui Apollonio era noto ai suoi contemporanei compare nelle fonti sia come ὁ Μόλων che come ὁ τοῦ Μόλωνος; questo fatto, discusso da Riese 1879 costituisce in realtà un problema soltanto apparente. È infatti evid…

Philemon [3]

(3,883 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 30/03/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [3] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian of the imperial age, Philemon has now been dated to ca. 200 CE on the basis of several pieces of evidence, which are not of the same value: 1) Oros1 (5th c. CE) could offer a terminus ante quem, if he is in fact the source, through Choerobo…
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