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Patriarchalism

(705 words)

Author(s): Schoberth, Ingrid
[German Version] Patriarchalism, related to patriarchy, denotes the claim that men are fundamentally superior and should take the lead in family and society. It justifies the domination of women by men but also implies that the father or husband plays a protective role. The “patriarch” claims to be looking after the interests of his inferiors or women, albeit without considering their own wishes and preferences. Patriarchalism ma…

Schwarz, Friedrich Heinrich Christian

(269 words)

Author(s): Schoberth, Ingrid
[German Version] (May 30, 1766, Giessen – Apr 3, 1837, Heidelberg). Schwarz, son of Johann Georg Gottlieb Schwarz (1734–1788), professor of theology at Giessen, served as pastor in several churches in Upper Hesse. In 1804 he was appointed professor of Protestant theology and education at the University of Heidelberg. He turned down several offers, including a call to succeed F.D.E. Schleiermacher in 1834. He had a voice in the formulation of the union catechism for Baden (1821–1834). His Grundriß der kirchlich-protestantischen Dogmatik (1817) may be considered the first hand…

Home

(892 words)

Author(s): Schoberth, Ingrid | Daiber, Karl-Fritz
[German Version] I. Social History, Sociology, Social Ethics – II. Practical Theology I. Social History, Sociology, Social Ethics The concept of home (or home country, Ger.

Apostasy

(765 words)

Author(s): Schoberth, Ingrid | Mell, Ulrich | Wingate, Andrew
[German Version] I. Concept – II. New Testament – III. Practical Theology I. Concept The term “apostasy” – like faith a specific of the Judeo-Christian tradition – is rarely used today, although it has greater significance in Catholic sacramental practice and communion (Excommunication). Apostasy indicates the departure from the teaching and life of the faith community; heresy refers to the rejection of binding doctrine without renouncing the faith entirely. Idolatry, historically the veneration of other gods, can also refer to secular forms of de facto adherence. While these terms reflect the internal perspective of a faith community, conversion describes the external perspective; breaking with tradition does not indicate a conscious apostasy from the faith, but the loss of its lifestyle. Because the identity of a faith community is linked to the observance of certain teachings, the term can be relinquished only if a more precise term can be produced that does not suppress the fact that a capacity for criticism also belongs to faith. Ingrid Schoberth II. New Testament Early Christianity, for which faith was an identity…

Doctrine

(4,252 words)

Author(s): Wiegers, Gerard A. | Herms, Eilert | Schoberth, Ingrid | Nipkow, Karl Ernst
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Systematic Theology I. Religious Studies Doctrine is an oral or written system of traditions regarding the content of faith (Dogma, Revelation, Truth) and the implementations of faith (Rite and ritual). A doctrine assumes a community that defines itself through the establishment of orthodox thinki…

Catechesis and Catechetics

(3,702 words)

Author(s): Bienert, Wolfgang A. | Fraas, Hans-Jürgen | Schoberth, Ingrid | Schweitzer, Friedrich | Phan, Peter
[German Version] I. History – II. Practical Theology – III. Latin America, Asia, Africa I. History 1. Early Church. The verb κατήχειν/ katḗchein originally denoted the oral transmission of a message in the sense of “tell, inform.” In Paul and early Christian literature it usually means “teach, instruct” (Gal 6:6; Lat. catechizare); in contrast to glossolalia, it refers to intelligible sp…