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(841 words)

Author(s): Glock, Andreas (Bremen)
[German version] Lýkeion (Λύκειον, sc. ἱερόν/ hierón ‘sanctuary’) designates any cult centre of Apollo Lykeios. The most famous is the Lyceum in Athens in a wider sense the park of the same name ( Athens [1] II.8.). Its foundation legends (wolf plague: schol. Dem. Or. 24,114; founder Lycus [8]: Paus. 1,19,3) and the naming of the Lyceum in the legend of Theseus (Cleidemus FGrH 323 F 18) presumably indicate the great age of the cult in Athens. In the 4th cent. BC the cult image of Apollo Lykeios in A…


(1,930 words)

Author(s): Glock, Andreas (Bremen)
(Μουσεῖον/ Mouseîon sc. ἱερόν/ hierón, pl. Μουσεῖα/ Mouseîa, Lat. museum). [German version] A. Definition Sanctuary of the Muses; a place to experience the powers of the Muses, celebrate them in cult or give them cultural expression. The Muses gave humankind memory and expression – the prerequisite for intellectual and artistic traditions – thus inspiring dance and music, song and poetry and the preservation of this tradition in cult and schools ( mousikḗ as well as gymnastikḗ sc. téchnē [9. 680-687]; Education). Just as wide as the Muses’ sphere of influence was the ran…

Epigrammata Damasiana

(259 words)

Author(s): Glock, Andreas (Bremen)
[German version] According to [1], the Epigrammata Damasiana (ED) are the epigraphic and epigrammatic work of the Roman bishop  Damasus' I, consisting of 57 mostly metrical, primarily hexametrical inscriptions from Rome and of two poems designed for literary publication. In addition to building inscriptions, we find cemeterial inscriptions, above all on martyrs, designed to help find their graves and to emphasise their significance (Rome ideology). This purpose is served by  Filocalus' calligraphy…


(2,530 words)

Author(s): Dyck, Andrew (Los Angeles) | Glock, Andreas (Bremen)
(τὰ σχόλια/ tà schólia, Lat. scholia). The sg. σχόλιον ( schólion), a diminutive of σχολή ( scholḗ, Leisure), appears at first in the sense of 'learned discussion' (Cic. Att. 16,7,3); later 'note' to an author (Marinus, Vita Procli 27), then 'marginal note' (Anastasios Sinaites, Viae Dux 3,1,1-3; 24,134-136). Scholia are thence exegetical comments, written beside the text in the margins of medieval manuscripts and attested since the 6th cent. AD. I. Greek [German version] A. General Scholia survive on a number of Greek authors. They were excerpted from ancient commentar…


(2,871 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Glock, Andreas (Bremen) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf) | Et al.
In the 1st cent. BC, vernacular form of the gentilicium  Claudius (C. [I 4] and  Clodia), since late Republican period also an independent family name. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] C., C. Praefect of M. Brutus in 43/42 BC In 43/42 BC follower and prefect of M. Brutus; he murdered C. Antonius [I 3]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] C., Sex. Henchman of P. Clodius [I 4] Pulcher, Sex. Cloelius [2] Henchman of P. Clodius [I 4] Pulcher, Sex.  Cloelius [2]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 3] C. Aesopus Tragic actor, 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC Tragic …