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Castellina del Marangone

(174 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Etrusci, Etruria Small settlement close to the coast on a hill above the mouth of the river Marangone between  Tarquinia and  Caere; the walled settlement was continuously settled from the late Bronze Age to 1st cent. BC. A few remnants of the buildings have been excavated or are visible in the terrain. Sprawling necropolises to the coast; shrines outside the town on the coast at Punta della Vipera and at the mouth of the Marangone. Since the 6th…

Pontecagnano

(329 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Villanova Culture Little more than its dimensions is known about the Etruscan-Campanian settlement on a plain rising slightly above the Piana del Sele near the present-day site of P. (10 km south of Salerno) of c. 85 hectares. Only two shrines have been excavated in the western quarter along with some workshops (ovens of brickworks from the 6th and 5th cents. BC and a dye works) in the eastern. The large necropoleis southwest and east of the ancient settlement have been systemat…

Castel di Decima

(188 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] Medieval fortress 18 km south of Rome on the via Laurentina. On the hill of the castle there is a settlement from the 8th-6th cents. BC with a large necropolis from which since 1971 c. 350 tombs have been systematically examined. The settlement was protected by two watercourses, the third side was fortified in the 8th cent. BC by an embankment to which a wall made of large regular tuff blocks was bonded at the end of the 7th cent. In the 6th cent. BC a large fortification wall made of regular tuff …

Ghiaccio Forte

(125 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] In antiquity the Etruscan settlement situated on a hill that was flat on top and fell away steeply on the edges, 14 km south-east of Scansano, probably belonged to the area of influence of Vulci. In the 6th cent. BC there was a rural sanctuary here. A settlement can only be proven for the late 4th and earl…

Murlo/Poggio Civitate

(309 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria | Etrusci, Etruria From 1966 on, American excavations have been uncovering a large Etruscan building complex on the Poggio Civitate hill near Vescovado di Murlo, 18 km south-east of Siena. Two different construction phases have been identified. The first building, dating from around 650 BC, was destroyed by fire in the last quarter of the 7th cent. The later, almost square-shaped structure, about 60 m in length, consists of four wings,…

San Giovenale

(213 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] Swedish excavations, 1956-1967, uncovered large sections of an Etruscan settlement on a high plateau at the confluence of two water courses in the northeastern foothills of the Tolfa Mountains. The floor plans of houses from three settlement phases are important for the study of the architecture of archaic Etruscan houses (cf. House [II C]): a late Bronze Age hut settlement with timber-framed buildin…

Rossano di Vaglio

(170 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] The Lucanian sanctuary of the Oscan goddess Mefitis Utiana in the mountains above Vaglio Basilicata has been systematically excavated since 1969. Several buildings of sandstone and limestone blocks, belonging to two phases, are grouped around a 27 × 21 m paved courtyard. The centre is formed by an elongated altar along the southern side. A large votive pit with Oscan/Lucanian inscriptions (in the Greek alphabet), chariot wheels, marble statues, terracottas, thymiateria, bronze

Castel d'Asso

(184 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] Medieval fortress west of Viterbo on the site of the Roman Castellum Axia (Cic. Caecin. 7,20), situated on a tuff plateau that falls away steeply to water courses to the west, north and south. The tuff spur is protected from the hinterland by three ditches. In archaic t…

Luni sul Mignone

(226 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Etrusci, Etruria Place of settlement in early history in the northern foothills of the Tolfa mountains c. 80 km northwest of Rome. On a 560 by 150 metre tuff plateau with steeply dropping edges bounded in the north and south by valleys. Swedish excavations (1960-1963) were able to reveal three phases of settlement. The Bronze Age settlement (14th-11th cents. BC) belongs to the Apennine culture. In three adjacent long houses, fragments of Mycenaean ceramics were found. The settlement from the Protovillanova and Villanova period (10th-8th cents. BC, Villanova period) is distinguished by smaller oval and rectangular huts. In the western part of the plateau, however, there is a larger site partly hewn out of rock (perhaps a sanctuary), which continued to exist until the Etruscan phase. From the later 6th until into the 4th cents. BC there was a small Etruscan settlement of the Tarquinian territory fortified by a wall and ditches. Southeast of the settlement plateau in a depression surrounded on three sides by cliffs (Tre Erici) there are…

Norchia

(230 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria | Etrusci, Etruria The Etruscan settlement …

Suana/Sovana

(183 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Etrusci, Etruria The now almost entirely abandoned episcopal city of S. near Pitigliano, to t…

Musarna

(173 words)

Author(s): Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Port in Gedrosia (Μουσάρνα; Mousárna). Port in Gedrosia, visited by Nearchus [2] (Arr. Ind. 26,10-27,2). He found a pilot here who was able to guide th…

Acquarossa

(206 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Etrusci, Etruria Etruscan settlement to the south of the later Roman colony  Ferentium. A. is situated on a high altitude plateau of 32 hectares with steep drops along its edges to water courses at lower levels. The easy access from the south was secured with defensive moats. Swedish excavations since 1966 discovered that A. was flourishing from the late 7th cent. until its violent destruction in c. 500 BC. At the edge of the settled area, smaller, two- to three-roomed rectangular houses were located in an ar…

Heba (Magliano)

(157 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria The Roman colony H., established in the 3rd or 2nd cent. BC, lay on a hill south-east of Magliano. The equation with the H. mentioned by Ptol. 3,1,43 and Plin. HN 3,52 is confirmed on the basis of an inscription on a  cippus. A previous Etruscan settlement is assumed only because of necropoleis which are documented from the late 7th cent. BC and were esp. wealthy in the 6th cent. A lead plate of the 5th-4th cents. BC found in the ar…

Poggio Buco

(180 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[German version] The Etruscan settlement of PB near Pitigliano (Prov. Grasseto, Italy) is most often identified with the Statonia (Etruscan Statne) mentioned in Str. 5,2,9 [1; 2]. The latter, however, is also located in the Monti Cimini west of Viterbo [4]. Of the ancient settlement on the rock plateau Le Sparne only minimal remains of the surrounding wall and a temple area remain. The necropolis, excavated since 1897, has rock chamber graves dating to the 7th and 6th cent. BC as well as to the 3rd and 1st. The site was not settled continuously. The finds (ceramics and terracotta, i.a.) of th…

Ghiaccio Forte

(102 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[English version] Die auf einem oben flachen, zu den Rändern steil abfallenden Hügel gelegene etr. Siedlung 14 km südöstl. von Scansano gehörte in der Ant. wohl zum Einflußgebiet von Vulci. Im 6. Jh. v.Chr. gab es hier ein ländliches Heiligtum. Eine Siedlung ist erst für das späte 4. und frühe 3. Jh. v.Chr. nachweisbar. Die von einer umlaufenden Mauer aus großen Blöcken mit Bruchsteinfüllung befestigte Siedlung wurde um 280 v.Chr. gewaltsam zerstört. Amerikanische Grabungen legten 1972/1973 …

Castel d'Asso

(150 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[English version] Mittelalterliche Burg westl. von Viterbo am Ort des röm. Castellum Axia (Cic. Caecin. 7,20), auf einem Tuffplateau gelegen, das nach Westen, Norden und Süden steil zu Wasserläufen abfällt. Der Tuffsporn ist durch drei Gräben gegen das Hinterland geschützt. Die …

Acquarossa

(162 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)

Narce

(180 words)

Author(s): Miller, Martin (Berlin)
[English version] Die faliskische Siedlung N. lag auf drei steilabfallenden Tuffplateaus 9 km südl. von Cività Castellana. Die drei Plateaus (Narce, Monte li Santi und Pizzo Piede) bildeten su…
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