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Isinda

(257 words)

Author(s): Geppert, Karin (Tübingen) | Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
(Ἴσινδα; Ísinda). [German version] [1] Central Lycian settlement near modern Belenli This item can be found on the following maps: Lycii, Lycia Central Lycian settlement near modern Belenli, Lycian name isñt. Polis identified by Steph. Byz. (s.v. Σινδία), which toget…

Olbasa

(146 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Coloniae (Ὄλβασα; Ó lbasa). One of the Pisidian colonies (Pisidia) founded by Augustus, Colonia Iulia Augusta Olbasena/ Olbasenorum, at the site of an earlier fortified Hellenistic city high above the Lysis valley in western Pisidia. Coin minting …

Cremna

(179 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)

Antioch

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Wittke, Anne-Maria (Tübingen) | Leisten, Thomas (Princeton) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen) | Tomaschitz, Kurt (Vienna) | Weiß, Peter (Kiel) | Et al.
(Ἀντιόχεια; Antiócheia). [German version] [1] on the Orontes Founded as Antigonea on the Orontes 307 BC, but after the defeat of Antigonus I by Seleucus I Nicator at  Ipsus (301 BC), the town was moved to the site of present-day Antakya (Turkey) in 300 BC, and renamed as A. in honour of the latter's father Antiochus. Capital city of the Seleucid kingdom; it developed under the Seleucids through incorporating numerous settlements into a tetrapolis, each with their own boundary walls. Thanks to its positi…

Slingers' lead bullets

(653 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] (μολυβδίς/ molybdís, μολύβδαινα/ molýbdaina, glans). Slingers' lead bullets were the most advanced type of ancient sling shot; they are mentioned several times in sources and thousands of examples survive. Lead (μόλυβδος/ mólybdos) shot of the desired shape and calibre was relatively easy to make on the spot (in half-moulds, in sets of up to nine at once [7. 40; 8. 153]). The special ballistic characteristics of SLB are founded primarily on the high density of the material. In 401 BC SLB, which had certainly al…

Etenna

(130 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] (Ἐτεννα; Étenna). Pisidian mountain town in the Side hinterland, today's Sirtköy. Coins assure that it was already established in the early Hellenistic period. E. provided mercenaries (epigraphically attested), fought with a …

Steelyard

(1,125 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] (Latin statera, campana; καμπανός/ kampanós, καμπανόν/ kampanón). Steelyard refers to the form of straight-beam balance with arms of varying length, which has been demonstrated in Italy beginning in the late 1st cent. BC, and was later widespread in the Roman Empire. The early form of the typical Roman steelyard and its mechanical principle was described by Vitruvius, who provides the then common term statera ('scale'; Vitr. De arch. 10,3,4), while much later, around AD 600, Isidorus calls it campana (Isid. Orig. 16,25,6). Correspondingly, in the late ant…

Lysinia

(116 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] Pisidian town on the north-western bank of the Lake of Burdur/Turkey, remains on the hill of Üveyik Burnu near Karakent [2]. Its (probably Greek) name has been deduced from the ethnicon ΛΥΣΙΝΙΕΩΝ of the coins; the few literary records provide distorted forms. Attested for the first time on the occasion of the campaign of Manlius Vulso (in 189 BC) to whom L. surrendered (Pol. 21,36; …

Pednelissus

(123 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre (Πεδνηλισσός/ Pednēlissós, Πετνηλισσός/ Petnēlissós). Fortified city in Pisidia west of Selge. With the aid of Achaeus [5] and G…

Donativum

(431 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] A donativum is a one-time special gift to soldiers by the Roman principes that was paid out in money. The practise of the donativum presupposes the power to dispose of the army and the public treasury as well as the institutionalized closeness of the commander and his troops. Therefore, it is a typical phenomenon of the Imperial period. It continues practices of the late Republic, under different conditions, in which the distribution of booty could be mixed with motives of rewarding for loyalty in the c…

Military diplomas

(615 words)

Author(s): Weiß, Peter (Kiel)
[German version] Modern term for a type of Roman document introduced by the emperor Claudius (AD 41-54) and later wide…