Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)" )' returned 266 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Abdalonymus

(57 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Impoverished offspring of a king of  Sidon, put in the place of Straton as city-king by  Alexander [4] and outfitted richly. Embellished in Curt. 4,2,15-26 and Diod. Sic. 17,47 as a philosophical novella. He is probably the person for whom the  Alexander Sarcophagus was made. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve II no. 1.

Spitamenes

(197 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Σπιταμένης/ Spitaménēs). Prince in Sogdiana, father of Apama [1] (Arr. Anab. 7,4,6), remained loyal to Bessus after the death of Darius [3] until he despaired of him and in 329 BC, in concert with Dataphernes, handed him over to Alexander [4] (thus Aristobulus [7]; Ptolemaeus [1] wrote himself into the action: Arr.  Anab. 3,30). After Alexander's departure S. triggered a partisan war, supported by Bactrian princes and Sacae tribes, who also give him san…

Autophradates

(155 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Αὐτοφραδάτης; Autophradátēs). [German version] [1] Persian naval commander against Philippus II and Alexander the Great Identical or related to the satrap of Lydia at the time of the Satraps' Revolt. As naval commander under  Memmon and then Pharnabazus against  Philippus II and  Alexander [4], he carried out successful actions in the Aegean and supported  Agis [3] both in terms of money and ships. His fleet was disbanded after the battle of  Issus. Badian, E…

Metron

(62 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μήτρων; Mḗtrōn). One of the basilikoi paides , responsible for the arsenal of Alexander [4] the Great in 330 BC. He heard of the conspiracy of Dimnus from Cebalinus, and reported it to Alexander (Curt. 6,7; Diod. 17,79,4-5). He is not to be identified with a trierarch of the Hydaspes fleet (Arr. Ind. 18,5). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Peucestas

(257 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Πευκέστας; Peukéstas). [German version] [1] Commander of the occupation of Egypt under Alexander the Great Son of Macartatus, he and Balacrus [2] were commanders of the garrison in Egypt under Alexander [4] the Great (Arr. An. 3,5,5, 331 BC). In the  Saqqara necropolis a decree by P. for the protection of a priestly estate has been found. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)…

Alexander historians

(302 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Collective name for the ancient authors, who wrote about the history and biography of  Alexander [4] (the Great).  Callisthenes was his court historian and fulfilled the duties expected of him until their quarrel. Many of the later histories are based on his, which was published right away (until 330 BC?). Of the eyewitnesses, only  Ptolemaeus and  Aristoboulus [7] seem to have described all campaigns; both praised Alexander. They wrote many years later, used Callisthenes …

Mazarus

(67 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μάζαρος; Mázaros). Hetaîros ( hetaîroi ) of Alexander [4] the Great. According to Arrian (Arr. Anab. 3,16,9), he was appointed fortress commander in Susa in 331/30 BC. Curtius (5,2,16) names Xenophilus instead. Since the name M. is Iranian, Arrian probably confused him with the Persian predecessor. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography A. B. Bosworth, A Historical Commentary on Arrian's History, vol. 1, 1980, 319.…

Basilikoi paides

(178 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (βασιλικοὶ παῖδες). Lat. pueri regii, Pagen des maked. Königs: Knaben, die er sowohl als Geiseln wie auch als “Pflanzschule für Heerführer und Offiziere” (Curt. 8,6,6) aus der Aristokratie rekrutierte. Unter Alexandros [4] waren es über 50; sie begleiteten und bewachten den König, leisteten ihm persönliche Dienste und standen unter strenger Hauszucht (Curt. 8,6,2-6), weshalb Griechen sie oft als Sklaven bezeichneten. Ob die älteren an der Seite des Königs kämpften, ist nicht sicher. …

Cassander

(933 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Κάσσανδρος; Kássandros). Son of  Antipater [1], born before 353 BC (Ath. 1,18a), sent by his father in 324 in his place to  Alexander [4] in Babylon but was mistreated by the king, which caused lifelong hatred (Plut. Alexander 74). The slander spread by the circle around  Olympias that C. and his brother  Iolaus [3] poisoned Alexander is repeated in several sources and also in the  Alexander Romance (however, see Arr. Anab. 7,27; Plut. Alexander 74). After Alexander's death (323) …

Basilikoi paides

(197 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (βασιλικοὶ παῖδες; basilikoì paîdes). Lat. pueri regii, pages of the Macedonian king: boys recruited from aristocracy as hostages and as a ‘nursery for army leaders and officers’ (Curt. 8,6,6).  Alexander [4] kept more than 50 of them. They accompanied and guarded the king, rendered personal services, and were kept under strict discipline (Curt. 8,6,2-6), hence the Greeks often referred to them as slaves. It is not certain whether the older ones fought at the king's side.  Philippus II …

Abisares

(184 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Indian prince named after his tribe (the Abhisari), who was allied with  Poros. His territory reached from the southern chain of the Karakorum to Kashmir in the east and Hazera (near Rawalpindi) in the west. He supported the resistance to  Alexander [4] in Swat (Arr. Anab. 4,27,7; 30,7), but then sent him presents at Taxila (loc. cit. 5,8,3; in Curt. 8,13,1 false: homage). He was absent from the battle of the Hydaspes ( Hydaspes) even though it was expected that he would support P…

Sibyrtius

(148 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Σιβύρτιος; Sibýrtios). Friend of Peucestas [2]. He was installed as satrap of Carmania by Alexander [4] in 325 BC, but was soon redeployed to Gedrosia with Arachosia and Oreitae (Arr. Anab. 6,27,1) and was confirmed in office by Perdiccas [4] and Antipater [1]; after 323, however, only Arachosia is mentioned (Diod. 18,3,3; Arr. FGrH 156 F 9,36). He allied himself to Eumenes [1] (Diod. 19,14,6), but had to flee when the latter accused him of high treason (Diod. 19,23,4; 19,27,4). A…

Phila

(220 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Φίλα; Phíla). [German version] [1] One of the wives of Philip [4] II. According to Satyrus in Ath. 13,557c, one of the wives of Philippus [4] II, sister of Derdas [3] and Machatas [1]. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) [German version] [2] Wife of Alexander [7] Oldest daughter of Antipater [1] and probably the wife of Alexander [7], born therefore around 355 BC. She later married Balacrus [1] and, in 322 BC, Craterus [1] by whom she had a son Craterus [2]. In 321/320 BC her father married her to Demetrius [2], the father of her children Antig…

Pharnuches

(127 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Φαρνούχης; Pharnoúchēs), a Lycian interpreter (though, as his name shows, from a Persian colonist family), was assigned in 329 BC by Alexander [4]  the Great to a task force under the leadership of three hetaíroi that was to relieve the fortress of Marakanda from siege by Spitamenes. By means of the incompetence of the officers the troops were almost completely annihilated. It is impossible that a P. had three hetaíroi under his command (as Arr. Anab. 4,3,7 reports on the authority of Ptolemaeus and Aristobulus [7]): it is certain that he was, as …

Pharnuches

(104 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Φαρνούχης), ein lykischer Dolmetscher (doch, wie der Name zeigt, aus persischer Kolonistenfamilie), wurde 329 v.Chr. von Alexandros [4] d.Gr. einem Truppenverband beigegeben, der unter Führung von drei hetaíroi die von Spitamenes belagerte Burg von Marakanda entsetzen sollte. Durch die Inkompetenz der Offiziere wurde die Truppe fast ganz vernichtet. Daß ein Ph. drei hetaíroi unter seinem Kommando hatte (so Arr. an. 4,3,7 aus Ptolemaios und Aristobulos [7]), ist unmöglich: Er wurde, wie Aristobulos ihn sagen läßt, dem Verband sich…

Leonnatos

(241 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Λεόννατος). L., geb. um 356 v.Chr., aus dem Königshaus von Lynkestis (Lynkos), vielleicht Sohn eines Anteas, nahm 336 an der Verfolgung des Mörders von Philippos II. teil. Als einer seiner Hetairoi wurde L. von Alexandros [4] d.Gr. mit einer Trostbotschaft zur Familie des Dareios [3] geschickt (Arr. an. 2,12,5; ebenso Curt.; Diod.). Unter die sōmatophýlakes (“Leibwächter”) aufgenommen (Arr. an. 3,5,5), nahm L. am Staatsstreich gegen Philotas teil (Curt. 6,8,17) und versuchte, die Tötung von Kleitos [6] zu verhindern. Den Plan, die proskýnēsis

Amicitia

(376 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] A. und amicus umfassen auch im Lat. persönliche, philos. und sozial-polit. Aspekte der Freundschaft. Die Nutzung von a. als Ausdruck sozialer und polit. Beziehungen zw. Individuen oder Staaten und ihre unter griech. Einfluß (Philia, Freundschaft) erfolgte Einführung in die Philos. durch Cicero lassen dann familiaris zur ungezwungenen Bezeichnung für den “Freund” werden. Amicus und a. drücken innerhalb Roms sowohl die Beziehung zw. gleichrangigen hochstehenden Personen als auch die Bindung zw. diesen und abhängigen Personen aus: Aris…

Moirokles

(107 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Μοιροκλῆς, Harpokr. s.v. M.), aus dem dḗmos Salaminioi, athenischer Politiker, wurde um 350 v.Chr. von Eubulos [1] wegen unlauterer Amtsführung angeklagt. M. war einer der Männer, deren Auslieferung Alexandros [4] d.Gr. 335 verlangte, doch dann nicht darauf bestand (Arr. an. 1,10,4; Plut. Demosthenes 23,4). 324 wurde er in einer Komödie auf eine Liste der von Harpalos Bestochenen gesetzt (Athen. 8,341f.), war aber nicht auf der Liste der Beschuldigten, die der Areios pagos nach einer …

Argeadai

(172 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] Erstes maked. Königshaus, beherrschte um 510 v. Chr., bei Amyntas' [1] Erscheinen in der Gesch., von Aigai aus die maked. Küstenebene. Amyntas unterwarf sich Dareios und wurde mit Gebietserweiterung und Verbindung mit den Achaimenidai belohnt. Sein Sohn Alexandros [2] blieb Xerxes bei der Invasion von Griechenland treu, nahm aber mit den Griechen Fühlung auf und war zuletzt auf der Seite der Sieger. Sein auf Sage und falsche Etym. gestützter Anspruch, von den Temenidai (Argos) ab…

Lanike

(65 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Λανίκη; wohl Kurzform von Ἑλλανίκη, Hellaníkē, Curt. 8,1,21). Schwester des Kleitos [6], Amme Alexandros' [4], der sie nach Kleitos' Tod angeblich klagend apostrophierte (Arr. an. 4,9,3f.; Curt. 8,2,8f.). L.s Ehemann ist unbekannt. Zwei ihrer Söhne fielen bei Miletos, einer - Proteas - wurde als Trinkkumpan Alexandros' berühmt (Athen. 4,129a; Ail. var. 12,26). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve, Nr. 462, vgl. Nr. 664.
▲   Back to top   ▲