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(31 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ἰάνθη; Iánthē, ‘violet blossom’). Daughter of  Oceanus and  Tethys (Hes. Theog. 349; Hyg. Fab. praef. 6; Paus. 4,30,4); playmate of  Persephone (H. Hom. 2,418). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(35 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ἁγνίας; Hagnías). Father of  Tiphys who was the helmsman of the  Argo, reconstructed from the Patronymikon Hagniades (Apoll. Rhod. 1,105; 560; Orph. A. 122; 542; 690; Apollod. 1,111). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(158 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Meißner, Burkhard (Halle/Saale)
(Ἱάρβας; Hiárbas). [German version] [1] H., Iarbas Mythical African King Mythical African King of the Maxitani (Just. Epit. 18,6,1), son of Ammon and a nymph (Verg. Aen. 4,198). He unsuccessfully courted  Dido (Verg. Aen. 4,213ff.; Ov. Fast. 3,553f.), then captured Carthage after her death (Ov. Fast. 3,551f.). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography A. M. Guillemin, Comment Virgile construit un caractère. Iarbas, in: Humanités: revue d'enseignement secondaire et d'éducation 28, 1951, 20-22. [German version] [2] King of East Numidia around 100 BC Following the su…


(45 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ἕλειος; Héleios). Youngest son of  Perseus (Apollod. 2,49; Paus. 3,20,6); eponym of the city of Helus in Laconia, which he is said to have founded after taking part in the campaign against the Taphians (Apollod. 2,59; Str. 8,5,2). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(163 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἱπποθόων; Hippothóōn). [German version] [1] King in Eleusis Second son of  Poseidon and  Alope (Hyg. Fab. 187; 252). As an infant abandoned by his grandfather  Cercyon and taken in by  Theseus; later king, probably in Eleusis (Hes. fr. 215 M-W; H. Hom. 2,153). This is further supported by the fact that H. was venerated there as a cult hero and phyle hero, as suggested by the Hippothoontion's location near Eleusis on the river Cephissus (Paus. 1,38,4). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography U. Kron, s.v. H., LIMC 5.1, 468-475. [German version] [2] Author of sententious …


(294 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Falco, Giulia (Athens)
(Ἕλωρος; Hélōros). [German version] [1] Ally of the Trojan Telephus Son of the river god Ister and brother of Actaeus; as an ally of the Trojan  Telephus, he fell in the battle of the Mysians against the Achaeans (Philostr. Heroicus 23,13f.,157). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography A. Bettini, s.v. Aktaios II, LIMC 1.1, 470f. [German version] [2] River in eastern Sicily River in eastern Sicily, modern Tellaro. It has its origin near Palazzolo and flows into the mare Ionium 20 km north of the southern tip of the island. Often mentioned because of the battl…


(88 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ὑψεύς; Hypseús). King of the Thessalian  Lapithae (Pind. Pyth. 9,13-31; according to schol. ad loc. based on a Ehoie of Hes. fr. 215 M-W), born in the Thessalian Pindus mountains as a son of the river god  Peneius and of the naiad  Creusa (a daughter of Oceanus and of Gaia), or daughter of Philyra (schol. Pind. Pyth. 9,27); father of  Cyrene and Alcaea (schol. Pind. Pyth. 9,31), whom he fathers with Chlidanope; also father of Themisto (Apollod. 1,84; Hyg. Fab. 1). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(196 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
(Ἕλος; Hélos, ‘swamp, marshland’). [German version] [1] Town in the area of rule of Nestor Town in the area of rule of  Nestor (Hom. Il. 2,594); the geographical position was already the subject of debate in antiquity (Str. 8,3,25). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography B. Mader, s.v. H., LFE. [German version] [2] Town in the eastern plain surrounding the mouth of the Eurotas This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta Town, the location of which has not been pinpointed precisely, in the eastern plain surrounding the mouth of the  Eurotas (Pol…


(49 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ὑψώ; Hypsṓ). According to Val. Flacc. 1,365ff., mother of the Argonaut twins  Deucalion and  Amphion from Pella; the version at Apoll. Rhod. 1,176 gives a different account, naming Asterion (in place of Deucalion) and Amphion from Pellene as the sons of Hyperasius. Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(68 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Γαυάνης/ Gauánēs; etymology doubtful). According to Herodotus (8,137f.) the son of the Heraclid Temenus of Argos, predecessor of the Macedonian king  Alexander [2]. Together with his brothers  Aeropus [1] and  Perdiccas, G. subjected the whole of Macedonia and founded a new dynasty (Hdt. ibid.). With this aetiology the origin of the Macedonian royal family can be traced through the Temenids to  Hercules. Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(38 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ἰφθίμη; Iphthímē). Daughter of  Icarius (Hom. Od. 4,797) and possibly Asterodia, sister of  Penelope (schol. Hom. Od. 4,797); Athena sends I.'s image as a dream to comfort Penelope (Hom. Od. 4,799ff.). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)


(74 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] (Ἴσμαρος; Ísmaros). Town located in Ciconia in south-eastern Thrace, near Maronea (Str. 7 fr. 44) or identical with it (schol. Hom. Od. 9,39f.). As an ally of Troy, I. was destroyed by Odysseus (Hom. Il. 2,846; schol. Hom. Od. 9,40). According to Archilochus, a well-known wine-growing area (Archil. fr. 2 W.). Later mentioned, e.g. in Verg. Aen. 10,381 and Prop. 3,12,25. Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography J. Wiesner, Die Thraker, 1963, 16f., 44.


(186 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin)
(Ἱππόστρατος; Hippóstratos). [German version] [1] Seducer of Periboea Son of Amarynceus who seduced  Periboea, daughter of Hipponous (Apollod. 1,74; Hes. fr. 12 M-W). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) [German version] [2] Nephew of Attalus [1] Nephew of  Attalus [1], brother of  Cleopatra, after whose death he was executed by  Alexander [4] the Great (cf. Iust. 11,5,1); not to be identified with other men by the same name. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve 2, no. 390. [German version] [3] H. Soter Indo-Greek king in Gandhara in the 1st cent. BC One of the later I…


(88 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)
[German version] Along with  Pales, the Roman tutelary god of cattle herds (Arnob. 3,23); because of the Rutulian cult centre Castrum Inui (Verg. Aen. 6,775 and Serv. ad loc.) probably of Old Latin origin. According to Servius, the name is derived from inire (‘to mount’) (Serv. loc. cit.). I. was widely identified with  Pan or  Faunus (Liv. 1,5,2; Serv. loc. cit.; Prob. in Verg. G. 1,10,16; Macrob. Sat. 1,22,2). According to Livy, the  Lupercalia were held in honour of I. (Liv. loc. cit.). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg)