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Kalligone-Roman

(151 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Galli, Lucia (Florenz)
[English version] Als K.-R. bezeichnet man einen griech. Roman, von dem uns zwei Fr. erh. sind, eines davon noch unveröffentlicht [3]. Im anderen (PSI 981, 2. Jh.n.Chr.) kommt die Protagonistin K. in das Zelt eines Eubiotos; ihr Schmerz scheint durch eine Nachricht über das Schicksal eines Eraseinos verursacht. K. sucht daher ihr Schwert, doch Eubiotos hat es ihr in weiser Voraussicht schon von der Seite her abgenommen. Der Name Eubiotos und die Erwähnung der Sauromaten lassen eine gewisse Beziehung zu Lukians ‘Toxaris erkennen [4]. Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) Galli, Lucia (Florenz) Bibliography Ed. princeps: 1 M. Norsa, PSI 981. Lit.: 2 S.A. Stephens, J.J. Winkler (Hrsg.), Ancient Greek Novels. The Fragments, 1995, 267-276 3 P. Parsons, in: Stephens, Winkler (s.o.), 268, Nr. 1 4 F. Zimmermann, Lukians Toxaris und das Kairener Romanfragment, in: Philol. Wochenschrift 55, 1935, 1211-1216…

Achilleus Tatios

(1,008 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
(Ἀχιλλεὺς Τάτιος). [English version] [1] griech. Romanautor, 2. Jh. aus Alexandreia, 2. Jh. n. Chr. Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) [English version] A. Leben Er schrieb außer dem Roman ›Leukippe und Kleitophon‹ (in 8 Büchern) ein Traktat über die Himmelssphäre, ein Traktat über die Etymologie und ein polygraphisches Werk. Dem Suda-Stichwort zufolge (α 4695 Adler) soll er sich zum Christentum bekehrt haben - eine Legende von der Art, wie es sie auch von Heliodoros gibt. Es notiert, der Stil gleiche insgesamt dem anderer Verfasser von Liebesromanen [1. 1710]. Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aqu…

Longos

(1,030 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila)
[English version] (Λόγγος). Über die Person des Verf. des berühmtesten griech. Romans, ‘Daphnis und Chloe, besitzen wir keine Informationen: Der Name L. in den Hss. ist typisch röm. und auf Lesbos, der Insel, auf der die Handlung des Romans spielt, häufig belegt; röm. Namen waren unter den Griechen der Kaiserzeit jedoch sehr verbreitet. Auch für die Datierung des Werks existieren nur Indizien, die Raum für Vermutungen lassen: Die Raffiniertheit seiner Erzählung läßt an eine reife Phase der Gattung des Romans denken, also wahrscheinlich die Zeit der Wende vom 2. zum 3. Jh.n.Chr. L. kon…

Pseudo-Kallisthenes

(159 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila)
[English version] Ein Teil der hsl. Überlieferung nennt für das Werk, das heute allg. als ‘Alexanderroman bekannt ist, irrtümlich Kallisthenes, den Hofhistoriker Alexandros' [4] d.Gr., als Autor. Vom Alexanderroman - einer “Biographie” Alexanders des Großen, in der sich histor. und phantastische Angaben vermengen - sind zahlreiche Fassungen unterschiedlicher Datier. überl. Die Datier. der ältesten Fassung ist unsicher; der einzige terminus ante quem ist die lat. Übers. des Iulius [IV 23] Valerius ( cos. 338 n. Chr.). Weniger umstritten ist der Ort der Abfassung, v…

Antonius

(5,913 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) | Berschin, Walter (Heidelberg) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Et al.
[German version] A. Greek (Ἀντώνιος; Antṓnios). [German version] [1] Thallus Epigrammatic poet, 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC Epigrammatic poet from Miletus (according to [2] he had received Roman citizenship, through the patronage of Antonia Minor) lived in the 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC (in Anth. Pal. 6,235 the birth of a Καῖσαρ [ Kaîsar] is celebrated, who is to be equated with either C. Julius Caesar, the grandson of Augustus, or with Germanicus). His five epigrams, which derive from the ‘Garland’ of Philippus, are certainly conventional in their…

Novella

(1,336 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Galli, Lucia (Florence) | Schönbeck, Hans-Peter (Halle/Saale)
[German version] I. Greek There is no Greek term that accurately translates the modern concept of ‘novella’ and there is nothing in extant Greek literature comparable to the work of medieval novella-writers or to modern collections of short-stories (coming closest to it are perhaps the  Tóxaris of Lucian [1] and the Historia lausiaca of Palladius, while works like the Narrationes amatoriae attributed to Plutarch might better be classified as mythography). Even if no ancient source explicitly attests it, the opinio communis, subscribing to the hypothesis of E. Rohde [1], tak…

Euhemerus

(789 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila)
[German version] (Εὐήμερος; Euḗmeros) of Messene (it is unknown to which Messene this refers; some testimonials attest to other cities of birth). Of his work, the Ἱερὰ ἀναγραφή ( Sacra historia), the résumé in the ‘Historical Library’ of  Diodorus [18] Siculus (5,41-46 and 6,1) and various testimonies and fragments have been passed down to us. E. pretended to have gone on a number of trips on behalf of King Cassander (305-297 BC). He told particularly of his visit to an archipelago: on the biggest island, Panchaea, he saw a …

Iambulus

(277 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila)
[German version] (Ἰαμβοῦλος; Iamboûlos). In his library of world history (2,55-60),  Diodorus [18] Siculus mentions a merchant I., who, while on a voyage in Arabia, was carried off to a blissful island by Ethiopians, who thereby practised a purification ritual that was more than 20 generations old. The description of the island (which might be Sri Lanka) contains all the characteristics of an ancient utopia: an ideal climate, unusual fertility and a communist social structure. There are paradoxical…

Longus

(1,122 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Author of 'Daphnis and Chloe' (Λόγγος; Lóngos). We have no information about the person who wrote the most famous Greek novel, ‘Daphnis and Chloe’: the name L. in the MSS is typically Roman and frequently attested on Lesbos, the island where the action of the novel takes place, but Roman names were very common among Greeks in the Imperial period. Also as far as the dating of the work is concerned, we only have few indications which leave room for doubt. The refinement of the tale con…

Ninus romance

(578 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Galli, Lucia (Florence)
[German version] The discovery of the first fragments of the so-called ‘ Ninus Romance’ (NR) and their publication in 1893 by U. Wilcken mark a turning-point in the study of ancient narrative literature. The NR was the first of a large number of other Greek novels recovered from Egyptian papyri. Its early dating (not later than the 1st cent. AD) led to the rejection of  E. Rohde's thesis, widely accepted at that time, that the flowering of the Greek novel was connected with the Second Sophistic (2nd cent. AD) [1]. As well as fragments A and B of the PBerolinensis 6926 (ed. Wilcken), …

Achilles Tatius

(1,012 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
(Ἀχιλλεὺς Τάτιος; Achilleùs Tátios). [German version] [1] Of Alexandria of Alexandria, 2nd cent. AD Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) [German version] A. Life As well as the novel ‘Leucippe and Cleitophon’ (in eight books), he wrote a treatise on the sphere of heaven, a treatise on etymology and a polygraphic work. According to the Suda lexicon (α 4695 Adler) he is said to have converted to Christianity -- a fiction like that circulating about  Heliodorus. It notes that on the whole his style is similar to that of other authors of romantic novels [1. 1710]. Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) …

Aristides

(3,776 words)

Author(s): Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne) | Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Galli, Lucia (Florence) | Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) | Et al.
(Ἀριστείδης; Aristeídēs). [German version] [1] Athenian politician and srategos (beginning of the 5th cent. BC) Of Athens, son of Lysimachus. He was one of the most prominent politicians and strategoi of Athens at the time of the Persian Wars. In the battle of Marathon, he probably served as a strategos. In 489/488 BC, he was the eponymous archon (Plut. Aristides 1,2, cf. IG I3 1031). In 482 BC, he was ostrazised ( Ostraka) (Hdt. 8,79; Aristot. Ath. Pol. 22,7; Plut. Aristides 7,1 ff.). His rivalry with  Themistocles, documented already in Herodotus (8,79), …

Lucius [I]

(732 words)

Author(s): Nutton, Vivian (London) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Baltes, Matthias (Münster) | Lakmann, Marie-Luise (Münster) | Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Et al.
(Λούκιος; Loúkios) [German version] [1] L. Kathegetes Author of pharmacological texts, 1st cent. AD Author of pharmacological texts, active in the middle to the end of the 1st cent. AD. Galen (De compositione medicamentum secundum genera 13,295 K.), quoting from Andromachus [5] the Younger, records a remedy against diarrhoea by L. of Tarsus, a city with a long pharmacological tradition (cf. also 13,292 K., where the name of the city is not mentioned). He is almost certainly to be identified with the more fa…

Xenophon

(5,032 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Schütrumpf, Eckart E. (Boulder, CO) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Et al.
(Ξενοφῶν; Xenophôn). [German version] [1] Of Athens, strategos, 5th cent. BC Athenian. Initially commander of the cavalry ( hippárchēs; IG I3 511); then participated in the campaign against Samos in 441/40 BC as stratēgós (Androtion FGrH 324 F 38), was also stratēgós the following years and operated as such in Thrace in 430/429. He was treated with hostility due to his unauthorized acceptance of the capitulation of Potidaea (Thuc. 2,70), but remained in office and fell as stratēgós at Spartolus in the summer of 429 during a campaign against the Chalcidians and Bottians (…

Iolaus fragment

(158 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Galli, Lucia (Florence)
[German version] The name given to a work known only through a single papyrus fragment (POxy. 3010, beginning of the 2nd cent. AD). In it someone journeys to a certain Iolaus and delivers a speech in sotadic verses, claiming that he became a Gallus, i.e. a castrated adherent of Cybele [1. 57], and is omniscient. The papyrus breaks off with an Euripidean quotation (Eur. Or. 1155-7) about the value of friendship. The fragment's significance lies in its use of the  prosimetrum (the distinction betwee…
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