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Akrokeraunia

(95 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] (τὰ Ἀκροκεραύνια). Gebirgszug an der Küste von Epeiros (h. Karaburun in Albanien) in der Fortsetzung der Keraunischen Berge im Gebiet der Chaones, Grenze zu Illyrien (Strab. 7,7,5; Plin. nat. 3,97,1; 145,2), desgleichen Halbinsel, 16 km lang, 3-5 km breit und bis zu 800 m hoch, die den Golf von Aulon (Vlores) und den Hafen Orikos schützt. Wegen Unwirtlichkeit und häufiger Unwetter metonymisch für “gefährliche Orte” (Ov. rem. 739; vgl. ThLL 1, 42). Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography N. G. L. Hammond, Epirus, 1967, 679, 690-92  Philippson/Kirsten 2, 11 f., 59 f…

Ptychia

(44 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] (Πτυχία). Insel zw. Korkyra [1] und dem Festland (Thuk. 4,46,3); wohl das h. Vido nördl. der h. Stadt Kerkyra. Belegt auch bei Ptol. 3,13,9 und Plin. nat. 4,53. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography E. Kirsten, s. v. P., RE 23, 1893 f.

Neriton

(134 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] (Νήριτον). Urspr. wohl poetische Bezeichnung für “Bergwald” [1. 185], Name eines bewaldeten Berges auf Ithake (Hom. Od. 9,22; 13,351). Im homer. Schiffskat. (Hom. Il. 2,632) ist die Bed. unklar: N. ist entweder ebenfalls als Berg [2. 591-596] oder als Insel bzw. Stadt neben Ithake zu verstehen (vgl. Verg. Aen. 3,271; Ov. met. 13,712; Mela 2,110). Andere ant. Autoren identifizieren N. mit dem Ort Nerikos, den sie auf Leukas lokalisieren (vgl. Plin. nat. 4,5). Bei ant. Autoren und in den Hss. gehen daher die Formen Nerikos und Neritos durcheinander (Plin. nat. 4,5…

Poteidania

(57 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] (Ποτειδανία). Stadt in Aitolia (Aitoloi, mit Karte) im Gebiet der Apodotoi, identifiziert mit den Ruinen südöstl. des h. Kambos am mittleren Mornos durch hier gefundene Freilassungsurkunden (SEG 41, 528) von 135/4 v. Chr. Vgl. Thuk. 3,96,2; Liv. 28,8,9. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography Pritchett 7, 49-52  D. Strauch, Röm. Politik und griech. Trad., 1996, 301.

Colentum

(43 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] Dalmatische Insel (h. Murter, Kroatien), zum conventus von Salona gehörig; Plin. nat. 3,140; Ptol. 2,13,3; Geogr. Rav. 408,13. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography J.J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, 1969, 487  S. Čače, Colentum insula (Plinio Nat. Hist. 3,140), in: Diadora 10, 1988, 65-72.

Epeiros

(1,595 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) | Niehoff, Johannes (Freiburg)
(Ἤπειρος, Epirus) [English version] I. Landschaft E. liegt im äußersten NW des griech. Kulturraums im h. Griechenland und in S-Albanien. Von Homer an (8.Jh. v.Chr.) bis in das späte 5. Jh. bezeichnet ἤπειρος ( ḗpeiros) als geogr. Begriff das Festland nördl. des Ambrakischen Golfes. Die Zuordnung der Stämme zu E. in ant. und moderner Lit. schwankt, so daß die geogr. Ausdehnung von E. nicht eindeutig zu beschreiben ist [1]. Die Grenzen sind im Westen das Ion. Meer, im Süden zu den Akarnanes und Amphilochoi der Ambrakische Golf, im…

Brattia

(42 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] (Βραττία). Liburnische Insel, auch Brettia (Steph. Byz. s.v. B.), Krateia (Skyl. 23), h. Bra (Kroatien), von Salona (12 km nördl.) abhängig, bekannt für Ziegen, Wein und Steinbrüche. Liburni Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography J.J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, 1969  Ders., The Illyrians, 1992.

Ithoria

(73 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Aitoloi, Aitolia (Ἰθωρία). Befestigter Ort in Aitolia, zerstört 219 v.Chr. von Philippos V. (Pol. 4,64,9f.). Innerhalb des hell. Mauerzugs am linken Ufer des Acheloos [1] auf dem Berg oberhalb des h. Dorfes Hagios Ilias Funde von myk. bis frühröm. Zeit. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography S. Bommeljé (Hrsg.), Aetolia and the Aetolians, 1987, 74  Pritchett 7, 15f.  R. Scheer, s.v. I., in: Lauffer, Griechenland, 284.

Tymphaea

(163 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] (Τυμφαία; Tymphaía). Region in Epirus, to the east of Mount Tymphe (2497 m high, modern Mavrovouni) in the Pindus [1]. T. extended in the northeast from the source rivers of the Veneticus to the basin region of the upper Haliacmon as far as modern Grevená, in the south as far as the area of the source of the Peneius around modern Kalabáka. The Tymphaei were originally considered as Epeirotae (Arr. An. 1,7,5; Str. 7,7,8f.; Plin. HN 4,6), and from the time of Philippus [4] II (cf. [1…

Stratos

(246 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Aetolians, Aetolia | Acarnanians, Acarnania | Peloponnesian War | Education / Culture (ὁ or ἡ Στράτος/ Strátos (m/f)). The most important city of Acarnania (Thuc. 2,80; Acarnanians, Acarnania, with map); on the right bank of the Achelous [1], upstream of the modern Stratos; chief city of the Acarnanian confederacy in the 5th and 4th cents. BC. After the partition of Acarnania in 260 BC, S. became Aetolian; with the foundation of Nicopolis [3] in 30 BC, …

Metropolis

(1,797 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) | Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) | Meriç, Recep (Izmir) | Et al.
(μητρόπολις/ mētrópolis, literally ‘mother city’). [German version] [1] Mother city of colonies in the era of the ‘Great’ Colonisation (c. 750-500 BC) Since the so-called Great Colonisation (c. 750-500 BC, Colonization IV, cf. the overview there), in numerous Greek communities an oikistḗs (‘founder’) and further ápoikoi (‘settlers’, ‘colonists’) were selected from the citizenry of the future metropolis as starting point for a colonisation enterprise (or they left on their own initiative) and entrusted with the establishment of an apoikía outside the …

Zacynthos

(656 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Peloponnesian War | Persian Wars | Punic Wars | Delian League | Athenian League (Second) (ἡ Ζάκυνθος; hē Zákynthos). The southernmost of the Ionian islands (401 km2; approximately 37 km in length, 19 km in width); the southeastern coast is 16 km from the mainland (Elis [1] in the Peloponnesus). Three zones cross Z. from northwest to southeast: in the west a broad almost uninhabited limestone mountain range (Vrachionas, up to 756 m high) with a steep harbourless coast, …

Onchesmus

(62 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] (Ὀγχεσμός/ Onchesmós). Port in Epirus, today's Sarandë (Hagioi Saranda) in Albania. O. served as harbour for Phoenice, the main city of the district of Chaonia. In Roman times, O. was the ferry port between Epirus and Italy (Cic. Att. 7,2,1; Str. 7,7,5; Ptol. 3,14,2; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1,51,2). Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography P. Cabanes, L'Épire, 1976  N.G.L. Hammond, Epirus, 1967.

Ithaca

(1,042 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
This item can be found on the following maps: Dark Ages | Persian Wars (Ἰθάκη; Ithákē, Lat. Ithaca). [German version] A. Geography One of the central Ionian islands west of Greece, nowadays also known as Thiaki; it is 23 km long and c. 6 km wide, with a total area of c. 94 sq km, east of the island of  Cephallenia and separated from the latter by a 2-5 km wide sound. I. is divided into a larger northern half with Mt. Neriton (808 m), and a southern half with Mt. Merovigli (671 m); they are joined by a narrow isthmus (600 m wide) with Mt. Aetus…

Epirus

(1,836 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) | Niehoff, Johannes (Freiburg)
(Ἤπειρος; Ḗpeiros, Epirus) [German version] I. Region E. is located at the north-western fringe of the Greek cultural sphere, nowadays comprising northern Greece and southern Albania. From Homer (8th cent. BC) to the late 5th cent., the geographical term ἤπειρος ( ḗpeiros) referred to the mainland north of the Gulf of Ambracia. There is a wide variation in the attribution of individual tribes to E. both in ancient and modern literature, making it impossible clearly to define E.'s geographic expansion [1]. E. was bordered in the west by…

Aous

(127 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] (Ἀῶος, Ἄωος; Aôos, Áōos). River in northern  Epirus (the modern Viosa, Albanian Vijosë); also called Aias (FGrH 1 Hecat. F 102b; Plin. HN 3,26). Sources on the Lacmon in the Pindus; on the upper reaches in the territory of the Molossi a bridge (Pol. 27,16; [2. 280, 628]); on the middle reaches the Paravaea (Arr. Anab. 1,7,5); here west of Tepelena (as a river border [1. 115 f.]) the gorge at the river's entry onto the plain (Liv. 32,5,11; 10,2). The A. was navigable from Apollonia [1] to its mouth (Plut. Caesar 38); here an asphalt spring with  nymphaeum and oracle [1. 494]. St…

Palaeste

(46 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] (Παλαίστη/ Palaíst ē). Town in Acroceraunia on the coast of Epirus, modern Palasë in Albania, where Caesar landed his troops during his Dyrrhachium campaign on 4 January 48 BC (Caes. B. Civ. 3,6,3; Luc. 5,460). Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography N.G.L. Hammond, Epirus, 1967, 125f.

Pullaria

(59 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
[German version] Island in the  Ionios Kolpos off the southern extremity of  Histria (Plin. HN 3,151; Tab. Peut. 5,39; Geogr. Rav. 5,24). P. can be identified either with modern Lošinj (in Croatia) or with the Brioni Islands to the northwest of ancient Pola. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, 1969, 4, 196  Id., The Illyrians, 1992, 185.

Elea

(99 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
(Ἐλέα; Eléa). [German version] [1] Coastal town in Epirus Coastal town in Epirus at the mouth of the Acheron near modern Veliani, main settlement of the Eleatis region (wrongly Elaia/Elaiatis in Thuc. 1,46,4) in Thesprotia. Origin of the pólis before 350 BC, first minting between 360 and 335 BC. Of the 10-ha. town mainly the 1.5-km-long walls are preserved. Documents: Scyl. 30; Str. 7,7,5. Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) Bibliography Archaeological Reports 41, 1994/5, 26 P. Cabanes, L'Épire, 1976 S. I. Dakaris, Thesprotia, 1972 P. R. Franke, Die ant. Mz. von Epirus, 1961, 300-307. …

Evenus

(688 words)

Author(s): Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
(Εὔηνος, Εύηνός; Eúēnos, Euēnós) [1] of Paros [German version] A. Personal Data Eratosthenes distinguishes between two elegiac poets from Paros, both named E. (Harpocr. s.v. Εὔηνος 139,15 Dindorf), others maintain that there had only been one [1]. Plato mentions an E. of Paros, a poet and ‘philosopher’ (Pl. Phd. 60d; 61b), a teacher of political rhetoric around 400 BC (Pl. Ap. 20a-b), who had ‘discovered’ a number of tropes (Pl. Phdr. 267a). Both his language and the subject matter of some of the extant fra…
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