[German version] The basic meaning of the Latin verb
expedire is ‘to remove the foot from its bond’, in a military context it means ‘to make ready’, ‘to make ready for battle’.
Expeditio is the term for a hunt (Arnob. 3,21:
venationum praepotens [...]
in expeditionibus Diana), but especially for a campaign against an enemy and thus originally for only a part of warfare (
bellum), as suggested by the division of the
expeditio into march and battle (Liv. 3,12,5:
egregia facinora nunc in expeditionibus, nunc in acie).
Expeditio as the term for operations within a larger war is found i…