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Regendarius

(138 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Late ancient official in the officium [6] of the praetorian prefect, who was responsible for issuing licences ( evectiones) for the use of the cursus publicus (Lydus. Mag. 3,4 and 21; Cassiod. Var. 11,29). It is not certain whether this office is identical with that of a regerendarius, which the Notitia dignitatum records in the offices of all praetorian prefects, the city prefect of Rome, magistri militum and a number of comites and duces of the West (Not. Dign. Or. 2,68; 3,29; Not. Dign. Occ. 2,52; 3,47; 4,28; 5,280; 25,44; 30,27 et passim). The latt…

Zenonis

(118 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] (Ζηνωνίς/ Zēnōnís). Aelia Z. Augusta, wife of the Eastern Roman counter-emperor Basiliscus (January 475 until August 476), who she seems to have influenced towards a pro-Monophysite church policy. Her son Marcus became co-regent, her alleged lover Armatus became head of the army and consul in 476. After the fall of her husband she and her son were banished with him and killed (Malchus fr. 8 = Suda α 3968, 3970 Adler; Candidus fr. 1 = FHG 4,136; Theophanes, Chronographia 1,121,124 f. de Boor = 187, 192 Mango-Scott). Basiliscus; Monophysitism Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) B…

Notitia dignitatum

(811 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] State manual or reference book for the internal use of Roman authorities in Late Antiquity. As shown by its full title Notitia dignitatum tam civilium quam militarium in partibus orientis/occidentis (‘Manual of civil and military appointments in the Eastern and Western parts), this two-part work provides an index of positions to be filled by the Emperor in the army and the administration of the imperium orientale (= or.) and occidentale (= occ.). The high civilian and military offices, beginning with the Praetorian and city prefects ( praefectus praetorio ; praefectus…

Gildas

(154 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Oldest historian of the Britons with the epithet Sapiens. G. was a Romanized Celt from western Britain, was born before AD 504 and wrote before 547, as a Christian who was fully committed to Roman culture, the work De excidio et conquestu Britanniae that was important for the history of the island during and after the decline of Roman rule. A description of the topography is followed by the history in Roman times, emphasizing the events of Church history. The invasion of the Anglo-Saxons is interpreted as a punishment fro…

Aegidius

(121 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Gallic aristocrat, named comes et magister utriusque militiae per Gallias by emperor  Maiorianus in AD 456 or 457, lost Cologne to the Franks, wrested Lyon from the Burgundians in 458 and defended Arles against the West Goths, whom he defeated in 463 in league with the Salic king Childerich at Orléans. In 461 he refused to recognize Maiorianus' successor and created for himself in North Gallia an independent power base centred in Soisson, which he, until his death in 464/65, asserted above…

Laterculum

(253 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Attested in the general sense of ‘list’ from Tertullianus (Ad nat. 1,13), common as a technical term for the list of all civil and military office bearers from the 4th cent. AD. In the notitia dignitatum , among the insignia of the primicerius notariorum a codex-like object (probably a container for loose sheets) with the supplement laterculum maius (Not. Dign. Or. 18,2; Not. Dign. Occ. 16,3) is to be found. It was the list of the high imperial offices, presumably kept by the most senior notary from the time of Constantinus [1] I, as it…

Notitia urbis Constantinopolitanae

(78 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] The NUC is a description of the 14 regions of Constantinopolis with their churches, palaces, baths, etc., as well as a listing of municipal officials. This compilation, written in Latin, was drawn up under the Emperor Theodosius II around AD 425. Notitia dignitatum; Theodosius II Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography Edition: O. Seeck, Notitia dignitatum, 1876, 227-243. Literature: P. Speck, Zur Datierung der N.u.C., in: H.-G. Beck (ed.), Studien zur Frühgeschichte Konstantinopels, 1973, 144ff.

Zemarchus

(125 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] (Ζήμαρχος/ Zḗmarchos). Magister militum per Orientem under the emperor Iustinus [4] II, a Cilician by origin who led a legation to the khan Sizabulus of the Turks (AD 552-576) to the central Asiatic region of Sogdiana in the years 569-571/2, rather than 568/9. He took part in Sizabulus' campaign against the Persians, concluded a treaty with the Turks and returned after an adventuresome voyage over the Volga. The account of this legation is very important for its information about the T…

Lagodius

(65 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Spanish relative, probably cousin, of the emperor Honorius [3]; after the collapse of the resistance put up by his brothers Didymus and Verenianus against the usurper Constantinus [3] III in Spain in AD 408/9, he fled to the eastern part of the Empire (Zos. 6,4,4; Sozom. Hist. eccl. 9,12,1; cf. Oros. 7,40,5-8). PLRE 2,654; cf. 358, 1099, 1155. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)

Historia Augusta

(1,505 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] A. Work Historia Augusta (HA) is the modern title of the Scriptores historiae Augustae (SHA), as Casaubonus in 1603, following the Vita Taciti (10,3), named the six otherwise unknown authors Aelius Spartianus, Iulius Capitolinus, Vulcacius Gallicanus, Aelius Lampridius, Trebellius Pollio and Flavius Vopiscus from Syracuse. They feature as the compilers of a collection of  biographies of Roman emperors, heirs apparent and usurpers from the time of Hadrian (AD 117-138) to Numerianus and Carinus (283-284/…

Gaiso

(102 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] [1] 350 n.Chr wohl magister militum des Usurpators Magnentius Verfolgte 350 n.Chr., evtl. als magister militum des Usurpators Magnentius, den fliehenden Kaiser Constans und tötete ihn bei der Festnahme in der Pyrenäenstadt Helena ([Aur. Vict.] epit. Caes. 41,23; Zos. 2,42,5). 351 war er mit Magnentius zusammen consul (Chron. min. 1, 69 Mommsen). PLRE 1, 380. Portmann, Werner (Berlin) [English version] [2] unter Honoriusum 409 n.Chr. Amtsträger Comes sacrarum largitionum unter Honorius wohl 409 n.Chr. und comes et magister officiorum im Jahre 410 (Cod. Ius…

Florentius

(339 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] [1] Flavius F. Praefectus praetorio Galliarum 357-360 n. Chr. war 357-360 n.Chr. praefectus praetorio Galliarum. Auf sein Betreiben ließ Constantius [2] II. Hilfstruppen aus Gallien abziehen, was die Erhebung Iulians zur Folge hatte (Iul. epist. 282c; Amm. 20,4,2). Constantius ernannte ihn 360 zum praefectus praetorio Illyrici und ehrte ihn 361 mit dem Consulat (Amm. 21,6,5). Nach Iulians Sieg wurde er von der Kommission zu Kalchedon in absentia zum Tod verurteilt (Amm. 22,3,6). Wahrscheinlich ist er identisch mit dem gleichnamigen comes des Constantius, de…

Gaiso

(110 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] AD 350 possibly magister militum of the usurper Magnentius In AD 350, possibly as magister militum of the usurper Magnentius, he pursued the fleeing emperor Constans, and killed him during his arrest in the Pyrenean town of Helena ([Aur. Vict.] Epit. Caes. 41,23; Zos. 2,42,5). In 351, he was consul together with Magnentius (Chron. min. 1, 69 Mommsen). PLRE 1, 380. Portmann, Werner (Berlin) [German version] [2] Official under Honorius AD 409 Comes sacrarum largitionum under Honorius probably in AD 409, and comes et magister officiorum in 410 (Cod. lust. 4,61,12…

Florentius

(359 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Flavius F. Praefectus praetorio Galliarum AD 357-360 Was praefectus praetorio Galliarum from AD 357 to 360. At his instigation, Constantius [2] II had his auxiliary troops withdrawn from Gaul, which resulted in Julian's elevation (Julian. Ep. 282c; Amm. Marc. 20,4,2). In 360 Constantius appointed him praefectus praetorio Illyrici and in 361 honoured him with the consulate (Amm. Marc. 21,6,5). After Julian's victory he was sentenced to death in absentia by the Commission of Calchedon (Amm. Marc. 22,3,6). He is probably identical to the homonymous comes of Const…

Honorius

(675 words)

Author(s): Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] [1] (Groß-)Vater des Kaisers Theodosius I. Bei [Aur. Vict.] Epit. Caes. 48,1 als Vater des Kaisers Theodosius I. bezeichnet, dürfte aber sein Großvater gewesen sein. PLRE 1,441. Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) [English version] [2] Älterer Bruder Theodosius' I. Älterer Bruder Theodosius' I., verh. wohl mit Maria, Tochter war Serena; beide wurden in den Haushalt des Kaisers aufgenommen wurden. PLRE 1,441. Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) [English version] [3] Flavius H. Weström. Kaiser 393-423 n. Chr., puer nobilissimus weström. Kaiser 393-423 n.Chr., wurde am 9.9…

Iovius

(161 words)

Author(s): Bleckmann, Bruno (Straßburg) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[English version] [1] Beiname des Diocletianus Beiname des Diocletianus, Tetrarchie. Bleckmann, Bruno (Straßburg) [English version] [2] Praetorianerpraefekt des Kaisers Honorius [3] Praetorianerpraefekt des Kaisers Honorius [3]. Von Stilicho 407 n.Chr. zum praefectus praetorio Illyrici ernannt, um diese Praefektur dem Ostreich zu entreißen, blieb dort aber vom Gotenkönig Alaricus [2] abhängig (Soz. 8,25,3; 9,4,3; Zos. 5,48,2). Im Jahre 409 wurde er praef. praet. Italiae und patricius (Cod. Theod. 2,8,25; 16,5,47; Zos. 5,47,1). Als einflußreichster Berater …

Avitus

(459 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Smolak, Kurt (Wien)
[English version] [1] Flavius Eparchius A. Weström. Kaiser 455-456 n. Chr. weström. Kaiser 9.7.455-17.10.456, * um 400 in Clermont. Er entstammte einer Senatorenfamilie der Auvergne, gewann Einfluß auf den Westgotenkönig Theoderich I., vermittelte als praef. praetorio Galliarum 439 einen Friedensvertrag mit ihm und konnte ihn 451 zum Kampf gegen die Hunnen gewinnen (Sidon. carm. 7,295-355). 455 wurde A. vom Kaiser Petronius Maximus zum mag. militum praesentalis ernannt und nach dessen Sturz mit Hilfe von Westgoten und gallischer Aristokratie in Arles selbst …

Honorius

(738 words)

Author(s): Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] (Grand)father of emperor Theodosius I Listed in [Aur. Vict.] Epit. Caes. 48,1 as father of the emperor Theodosius I, but may have been his grandfather. PLRE 1,441. Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) [German version] [2] Elder brother of Theodosius I Elder brother of Theodosius I, probably related to  Maria, whose daughter was  Serena; both were taken into the emperor's household. PLRE 1,441. Leppin, Hartmut (Hannover) [German version] [3] Flavius H. West Roman emperor 393-423 AD, puer nobilissimus West Roman emperor AD 393-423, was born on 9 September AD 384 …

Avitus

(544 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Smolak, Kurt (Vienna)
[German version] [1] Flavius Eparchius A. West Roman emperor 9.7.455-17.10.456 West Roman emperor 9.7.455-17.10.456, born c. 400 in Clermont. He came from a family of senators from the Auvergne, came to have some influence over the king of the West Goths,  Theoderic I and, as praef. praetorio Galliarum in 439, he negotiated a peace treaty with the king and persuaded him to join sides in the war against the Huns in 451 (Sid. Apoll. Carm. 7,295-355). In 455, A. was appointed mag. militum praesentalis by the emperor Petronius  Maximus and after the latter's overthrow was himself…

Iovius

(182 words)

Author(s): Bleckmann, Bruno (Strasbourg) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Cognomen of Diocletian Cognomen of Diocletian,  Tetrarchy. Bleckmann, Bruno (Strasbourg) [German version] [2] Praetorian prefect of emperor Honorius [3] Praetorian prefect under emperor  Honorius [3]. In 407, he was made Praefectus Praetorio Illyrici by Stilicho, in order to wrest this prefecture from the eastern empire, but remained dependent on the Gothic king  Alaricus [2] (Sozom. Hist. eccl. 8,25,3; 9,4,3; Zos. 5,48,2). In 409, he became Praef. Praet. Italiae and Patricius (Cod. Theod. 2,8,25; 16,5,47; Zos. 5,47,1). As the most influential…
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