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Poetry

(9,931 words)

Author(s): Seybold, Klaus | Bekkum, Wout J. van | Brucker, Ralph | Rösler, Wolfgang | Pollmann, Karla | Et al.
[German Version] I. Bible and Ancient Judaism 1. Old Testament a. General. In biblical studies, poetry (Gk ποίησις/ poíēsis) in contrast to prose generally comprises stanzaic texts in language employing patterns of rhythm and sound, whose structure and style are determined by both linguistic (sound patters, rhyme, clause sequences, etc.) and nonlinguistic factors (so-called constraints: music, ¶ extent, parallel structure, setting, etc.). We do not know the ancient Hebrew poetic terminology, although poetry constitutes a significant portion of Old …

Literacy/Orality

(2,308 words)

Author(s): Rösler, Wolfgang
[German version] I. Origins Greek writing culture is the result of the adoption of the Phoenician alphabet, which took place in the 1st half of the 8th cent. BC - according to the assumption common today, which is supported by various evidence. As a reflex of the adoption the Ionic preserves the term Φοινικήια ( Phoinikḗïa) for characters, which Herodotus (5,58) evaluates for a fundamentally correct reconstruction of the process. In the Orient a leather scroll was used for longer texts. The fact that it was adopted by the Greeks together with writi…

Schriftlichkeit-Mündlichkeit

(2,068 words)

Author(s): Rösler, Wolfgang
[English version] I. Grundlagen Die griech. Schriftkultur ist Folge der Übernahme des phönizischen Alphabets, zu der es - so die h. verbreitete, auf mannigfache Indizien gestützte Annahme - in der 1. H. des 8. Jh. v. Chr. kam. Als Reflex der Übernahme bewahrte sich im Ionischen der Begriff Φοινικήια ( Phoinikḗïa) für Schriftzeichen, den Herodot (5,58) für eine in den Grundzügen zutreffende Rekonstruktion des Vorganges auswertet. Für längere Texte wurde im Orient die Lederrolle verwendet. Daß sie von den Griechen zusammen mit der Schrift über…