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(146 words)

Author(s): Hennings, Ralph
[German Version] (before 354? – before 419/422), played a major role in the controversies between Donatists (Donatism) and Catholics in North Africa. Petilianus was a lawyer, and therefore had legal and rhetorical training. Around 399 he became Donatist bishop of the provincial capital Constantina in Numidia. His writings were directed against Augustine on several occasions, and he was one of the spokesmen of the Donatists at the decisive religious disputation in Carthage in 411. The effect is sti…

Elijah the Prophet

(2,156 words)

Author(s): Thiel, Winfried | Necker, Gerold | Böcher, Otto | Hennings, Ralph
[German Version] I. Old Testament – II. Judaism – III. New Testament – IV. Christianity I. Old Testament Elijah, an Israelite prophet in the 9th century bce, was from transjordanian Tishbe in Gilead (not yet located with certainty); consequently, he bore the nickname “the Tishbite,” but only rarely the title “prophet.” He appeared in the Northern Kingdom and was active under kings Ahab (871–852) and Ahaziah (852–851). He is said not to have died but to have been taken up by God to heaven. The traditions concerning Elijah occur in 1 Kgs 17–19; 21; …

Polychronius of Apamea

(158 words)

Author(s): Hennings, Ralph
[German Version] (died c. 430). The only information we have about Polychronius appears at the end of the account of his brother, Theodore of Mopsuestia, provided by Theodoret of Cyrrhus ( Hist. eccl. V 40.2): “His brother Polychronius was the excellent bishop of Apamea, a man gifted with great eloquence and of illustrious character.” Polychronius, like his brother Theodore, was a representative of Antiochene theology, championing a two natures Christology. His commentaries on Daniel, Ezekiel, and Job are preserved only in fra…