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2.4.1.1 Genesis

(2,938 words)

Author(s): Rösel, Martin
Part of 2 Pentateuch - 2.4 Primary Translations - 2.4.1 Septuagint 2.4.1.1.1 NatureIt is generally assumed that the Greek book of Genesis is the oldest of the translations of the Septuagint. It is possible that parts of the Bible were translated earlier ( Let. Aris., §§ 314–16) or that there were word lists or vocabularies called “ pinakes,” because the translation of Genesis is relatively consistent. Moreover, several calques such as διαθήκη for בְּרִית “covenant,” and εὐλογέω for בּרךְ ( piʿel) “to bless,” were used, pointing to their preceding use in the community of the …
Date: 2020-03-17

3.2 Greek

(3,992 words)

Author(s): Rösel, Martin
Part of 3 Daniel, Additions to 3.2.1 Nature and SignificanceThe literary history of the book of Daniel is very complicated, with intermingled aspects of redaction, reception and interpretation. The text evolved slowly, beginning with the Aramaic legends from the Persian diaspora (Daniel 2–6). In Daniel 4–6, the OG (I.18.3.1) attests to a Vorlage that differs in parts considerably from the Aramaic text of the MT (I.18.2.2). Therefore, different versions of the Daniel tradition were transmitted separately. The canonical text has grown in several stages, through…
Date: 2020-02-27

2.4.1.4 Numbers

(2,310 words)

Author(s): Rösel, Martin
Part of 2 Pentateuch - 2.4 Primary Translations - 2.4.1 Septuagint 2.4.1.4.1 NatureAmong the translations of the Greek Pentateuch, Numbers poses some specific problems. The translator did not use a homogeneous technique when rendering his Vorlage; moreover, at times, one has to judge that he was working carelessly or lacking competence.1 In other instances, he found good solutions for difficult problems. In some cases he introduced his own interpretations or ad sensum translations, e.g., in Num 24:7. Thus, the use of this version for the textual criticism of the He…
Date: 2020-03-17

Forms and Genres

(5,675 words)

Author(s): Trappen, Stefan | Rösel, Martin | Dormeyer, Detlev
[German Version] I. Literary Theory – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament I. Literary Theory Genres are literary forms. They group multiple texts into a conceptual unit on the basis of formal similarity. Poetics determines the genres of literature and how they are constituted. Both literature and poetics stand within their own autonomous traditions. Therefore the conceptuality of genre, despite intensive interchange between poetics and literature, is not simply a reflection of literature. Every genre, in …

Effective History/Reception History

(5,400 words)

Author(s): Steinmann, Michael | Schüle, Andreas | Rösel, Martin | Luz, Ulrich | Köpf, Ulrich
[German Version] I. Philosophy – II. Fundamental Theology – III. Applications I. Philosophy The concept of effective history ( Wirkungsgeschichte) takes on philosophical significance in the hermeneutics of H.G. Gadamer, where it represents the attempt to clarify the fundamental requirement for understanding texts and make this understanding transparent in its own historically conditioned context. …

Wirkungsgeschichte/Rezeptionsgeschichte

(4,777 words)

Author(s): Steinmann, Michael | Schüle, Andreas | Rösel, Martin | Luz, Ulrich | Köpf, Ulrich
[English Version] I. Philosophisch Der Begriff einer Wirkungsgesch. (Wg.) erlangt in der Hermeneutik (: IV.) Hans-Georg Gadamers eine philos. Bedeutung. Er steht dort für den Versuch, die grundsätzliche Bedingung des Verstehens überlieferter Texte zu klären und das Verstehen in der ihm eigenen Geschichtsgebundenheit durchsichtig zu machen. Demnach geht es bei der Wg. nicht mehr um die philol. oder hist. Aufgabe, die Fortwirkung eines Textes zu untersuchen. Vielmehr soll sich das Verstehen selbst al…

Dreams/Interpretation of Dreams

(5,513 words)

Author(s): Bierbaumer, Niels | Maier, Bernhard | Albani, Matthias | Rösel, Martin | Wandrey, Irina | Et al.
[German Version] I. Neurobiology and Psychology – II. Religious Studies – III. Ancient Near East and Old Testament – IV. Early Judaism – V. Greco-Roman Antiquity – VI. New Testament – VII. Church History – VIII. Fundamental Theology – IX. Practical Theology – X. Missiology – XI. Art History I. Neurobiology and Psychology Dreams are hallucinatory experiences that generally occur during sleep. Unlike real experiences, they involve associations that are temporally, spatially, and emot…

Traum/Traumdeutung

(4,811 words)

Author(s): Birbaumer, Niels | Maier, Bernhard | Albani, Matthias | Rösel, Martin | Wandrey, Irina | Et al.
[English Version] I. Neurobiologisch und psychologischT. sind Erlebnisinhalte, die üblicherweise während des Nachtschlafs auftreten und sich von nicht-geträumten realen Erlebnisinhalten durch freie zeitliche, örtliche sowie emotionale Assoziationen auszeichnen und von erwachsenen gesunden Menschen von real erlebten Gedächtnisinhalten unterschieden werden können. Im Kleinkindalter und bei verschiedenen Erkrankungen kann der subjektive Unterschied zw. T. und Realität aufgehoben werden (z.B. in der Sch…