[German Version] I. History of the Concept – II. Bible and Theology – III. Systematic and Practical Theology
I. History of the Concept Beauty – Gk τὸ καλόν/
tó kalón, Lat.
die Schönheit, Fr.
la beauté – is the positive aesthetic attraction which an object exercises on the beholder by virtue of its felicitous form. In contemplative, aesthetic, and erotic experience beauty is experienced as harmonious and stimulating, as something that kindles enthusiasm and gives delight thus leading to a heightened attention and attraction to the object. From the beginnings of Western philosophy, beauty – whether linked to, or demarcated from, that which is proper, useful, and functional, but above all in its link to the true and the good – has been discussed in metaphysics, ontology, and ethics as an element of the human relationship to one's own self and to the world. In the modern period, it became the subject of aesthetics and the philosophy of art. In antiquity, the paradigm of beauty is the human being with a fine physique, in the modern period it is the work of art. Less attention has been paid to the beauty of nature. Philosophers have discussed both the objective nature of beauty (i.e. as a property of the object) and its effect on the experience of the subject. Until the mod…