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Truttedius Clemens

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. T. C., equestrian; tribune of the second cohort of the vigiles in Rome; later procurator of Asturia et Gallaecia, afterwards of Dalmatia et Histria; perhaps in first half of the 2nd cent. AD (CIL II 2643; VI 2968; AE 1985, 374);  cf.  [1. 64]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Prov. Hispania superior (AHAW 19), 2000.

Corellia

(25 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Hispulla. Daughter of Corellius [2]; married to one Neratius; Corellius [1] was her son. PIR2 C 1296. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Suetrius

(132 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Octavius Appius S. Sabinus. Senator from Histonium; his father was already a senator. Admitted to the Senate under Septimius [II 7] Severus. After junior posts, legate to the legio XXII Primigenia; took part as dux vexillationis in Caracalla’s expeditio Germanica; governor of Raetia in AD 213, cos. ord. in 214; then iudex instead of the emperor in a province; praefectus alimentorum and appointed ad corrigendum statum Italiae. Governor of Pannonia inferior in 216/17 and of a further consular province; procos. of Africa c. 230. In 240 for the second time cos. ord.; cf. …

Cossutianus Capito

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator at least from 47 BC; in 57 sentenced by the Senate because of extortion in his province, perhaps Lycia-Pamphylia (Tac. Ann . 13,33; 16,21; [1]). As son-in-law of Ofonius Tigellinus was readmitted to the Senate where he accused Antistius Sosianus and Thrasea Paetus (PIR2 C 1543). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2, 1150ff.

Platorius

(266 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.P.Nepos Aponius Italicus Manilianus C. Licinius Pollio Official under Trajan and Hadrian Senator with a lengthy career under Trajan (Traianus) and Hadrian (Hadrianus). From a not especially promising start as triumvir capitalis, he at length gained Trajan's support as praetor. Subsequently, he became curator viae Cassiae, Clodiae, Ciminiae novae, Traianae; thereupon, legate of legio I Adiutrix during the Parthian War; praetorian legate of Thracia, AD 117/8; cos. suff., AD 119, together with Hadrian, from which a close association with the la…

Suffect consul

(321 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Roman magistrates (Magistratus) were, on principle, elected for one year only. When, however, a magistrate resigned or died during his term of office, a successor had to be appointed for the rest of that year. This successor was called suffectus (from sufficere, 'to grow again'). While by-elections were rare during the Republic, it became normal during the period of the Triumvirate (43-30 BC) and then from 5 BC, to appoint more than two consuls per year from the outset who were to hold office in succession and in pairs. At first, there were usually only two suffecti per year…

Duvius

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. D. Avitus One of the earliest senators to come from Gaul (Vasio Vocontiorum). After his praetorship he became praetorian governor of Aquitania; cos. suff. with Thrasea Paetus in the last months of AD 56. In 57/8 he became commander of the army of Lower Germany, presumably through the influence of the praetorian prefect Afranius Burrus (likewise from Vasio Vocontiorum) (CIL XII 1354 = ILS 979; AE 1976, 391). He drove out the Frisians, who occupied the right bank of the Rhine. With the commander of the…

Poenius Postumus

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian praefectus [5] castrorum of the Legio II Augusta in Britain, who did not follow the orders of the governor Suetonius Paulinus during Boudicca's revolution in AD 60. Since he had deprived his legion of participation in the victory he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 14,34-37, esp. 37,3). PIR2 P 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Thyrsus

(35 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A freed slave of Octavianus; after the Battle of Actium, sent on secret orders to Cleopatra [II 12], but sent back again by M. Antonius [I 9] (Cass. Dio 51,8,6; 51,9,5 f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Burbuleius

(76 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.B. Optatus Ligarianus, senator. A long career led him via the prefecture of the aerarium Saturni to the suffect consulate (probably AD 135, AE 1983, 517). Finally he was legate of Cappadocia from c. 137-140 [1. 182ff.] and Syria, where he died (CIL X 6006 = ILS 1066; cf. AE 1983, 157 = [2. 121]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten, in: Chiron 13, 1983 2 H. Solin, Analecta Epigraphica, in: Arctos 18, 1984.

Macer

(171 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Licinius M., C. see Licinius [I 30] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Licinius M. Calvus, C. see Licinius [I 31] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Correspondent of the younger Pliny, end of the 1st cent. AD Correspondent of the younger Plinius (Plin. Ep. 6,24). Probably identical to P. Calpurnius [II 11]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [4] [- - -]cius Macer Cos. suff. in AD 100 Cos. suff. in AD 100 [1. 45, 94]; identification with other senators who bear the name M. during this period is not possible: M., curator viae Appiae in 95; M., Imperial…

Pantuleius

(117 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Roman eques, late 1st cent. BC. - early 1st cent. AD Wealthy Roman equestrian who, upon his death in AD 7, made Tiberius his partial heir instead of M. Servilius, cos. AD 3 (Tac. Ann. 2,48,1). PIR2 P 95. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Pantuleius Graptiacus Governor of Thrace, AD 172 He may have stemmed from Fundi, if he is indeed named in CIL X 6265. Praetorian governor of the province of Thrace in AD 172. If his name is really to be supplemented in AE 1969/1970, 579, he was also suffect consul and consular legate of Moesia inferior under Commodus. PIR2 P 96. Eck, We…

Crepereius

(78 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Gallus Confidant of Agrippina the Younger, killed under Nero Agrippina [3] the Younger's confidant, killed in AD 59 in the shipwreck organized by Nero in the Gulf of Baiae (Tac. Ann. 14,5,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C.Proculus Cos. suff. and procos. of unknown dating Suffectio consul and proconsul of an unknown province (PIR2 C 1573); according to [1. 27ff.], perhaps proconsul on Cyprus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Le Glay, CCEC 1986, no. 6.

Britannicus

(351 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Son of Emperor Claudius and Valeria Messalina, born 12 February 41, 20 days after Claudius' assumption of office. His name was first Ti. Claudius Caesar Germanicus, changed to Ti. Claudius Caesar Britannicus after his father's triumph in Britain in 43 (Suet. Claud. 27,1). He was brought up, together with Titus, the later emperor, by the freedman Sosibius (Suet. Tit. 2). He took part in the Game of Troy at the Secular Games of 47. C. Silius, his mother's lover, is said to have want…

Urbanae cohortes

(287 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Augustus established three cohorts on military lines for the purpose of 'policing' Rome (Police). They bore the numbers X-XII, which demonstrates their close association with the nine cohorts of the Praetorians. They were also accommodated in the same camp ( castra praetoria), while being under the command not of the praefectus praetorio , but the praefectus urbi . This could occasion differing political loyalties (cf. Suet. Claud. 10,3 after the death of Caligula). The UC had the maintenance of peace in the city as t…

Helvidius

(320 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.H. Priscus Praetor in 70 AD Came from Cluviae. His father had been   primipilus . Entry to the Senate before AD 49. Quaestor Achaiae at the latest in 49/50; his companion was P.  Celerius of Histonium (IEph 7, 1, 3043/4 = [1. 67ff.]). Legionary legate in Syria as quaestorian in 51. During this period he married Fannia, the daughter of  Clodius [II 15] Thrasea Paetus. People's tribune in 56; then no other office under Nero, a consequence of the link with his father-in-law and the Stoic-influenced ci…

Ragonius

(190 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. R. Quintianus Consul ord. in AD 289 Cos. ord. in AD 289, presumably only for the first two months of the year [1. 275 ff.]. He was a descendant of L. Ragonius Venustus, cos. ord. in 240 and of R. [2] and R. [3]. PIR2 R 15. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Probleme der Konsularfasten, in: ZPE 118, 1997, 275-280. [German version] [2] L. R. Urinatius Larcius Quintianus Senator, probably proconsul of Sardinia under Marcus Aurelius Senator, probably from Opitergium, cf. [1. 265 ff., 293]. His career took him via the juridicate in Apulia to the…

Mercello

(44 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Mercello Persinus Marius. An equestrian from Cordoba, where he held municipal offices; p rocurator Augusti, probably in the first decades of the 1st cent. AD, possibly in Hispania Baetica (CIL II2 7, 311; II2 5, 1296). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sabinius Barbarus

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Sabinius Barbarus. Praetorian legate (of the legio III Augusta?) in Africa in AD 116/7 [1. 361 f.], cos. suff. in 118. Not to be identified with a Barbarus who is called ὑπατικός/ hypatikós (Latin consul) in IGR IV 494; cf. Syme, RP 3, 1303; PIR2 B 46. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 281-362.

Afer

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Frequently used cognomen, since the later Republic nearly always without reference to its meaning ‘stemming from Africa’. Used thus, e.g., by the poet P.  Terentius Afer [1]. [German version] [1] Cognomen used by the poet Martial Cognomen used by the poet Martial. Various persons are meant: 4,37; 78; 6,77; 9,7; 25; 10,84; 12,42. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cousin of Caracalla A., cousin of Caracalla, who had him killed in 212 (SHA Carac. 3,6 f.; probably identical to L. Septimius Aper, cos. ord. 207 [2]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 205 2 A. …

Didia Clara

(40 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Didius [II 6] and wife to Cornelius [II 47] Repentinus. Coins bearing her name and the title Augusta were minted in April and May of AD 193. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 312.

Dexius

(35 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C.D. Staberianus. Cos. suff. together with L. Venuleius Montanus in an unknown year (AE 1958, 262; [1. 111]; for possible identifications see [2. 338ff.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, RE Suppl. 14 2 Scheid, Collège.

Verus

(570 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Imp. Caesar L. Aurelius Verus Augustus (in literary sources usually called L. Verus; his vita in the HA is less reliable). Roman emperor AD 161-169. Born on 15 December 130 as L. Ceionius Commodus, son of L. Ceionius [3] Commodus, who was adopted by Hadrianus in 136 but died on 1 January 138, and Avidia [1] Plautia (cf. stemma under Adoptive emperors). After the death of his father he and the later Marcus [2] Aurelius were adopted at Hadrian's command by Antoninus [1] Pius. His name after adopti…

Curtius

(99 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 2a] A. C. Crispinus Suffect consul in AD 159 (CIL VI 32321 = [1]). The family probably came from Aspendus in Pamphylia; his sons could be A. Curtius Crispinus Arruntianus and A. Curtius Auspicatus Titinnianus (IGR III 803; CIL XIV 2695; 3030 = ILS 7788). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n. Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 160-167. [German version] [II 9a] Cn.C. Severus praefectus alae [1]; also named in Tac. Ann. 12,55,1 f. He honoured Ummidius [2] Quadratus with a monument in an exedra in Apamea. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibli…

Trebellenus

(114 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. T. Rufus. Senator from Concordia in Upper Italy, where among other things an equestrian statue was raised to him (ILS 931; cf. 931a). After serving as quaestor and people's tribune, he became legatus Augusti with a legion. A praetorian in 18 AD, he was given the task of looking after the children of the Thracian king Kotys [I 9] as their tutor; this task, during which he also became involved in armed conflicts, lasted at least until 21 (Tac. Ann. 2,67,2; 3,38,3 f.). When he was accused of maiestas in 35 AD, he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 6,39,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliog…

Novellius

(107 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Torquatus N. Atticus. From Milan (Mediolan(i)um [1]). In the course of his career, N. served, probably under Tiberius inter alia, as tribune in Germania with the legio I, was tribunus vexillariorum legionum quattuor primae, quintae, vicesimae, vicesimae primae; and was finally posted to the province of Gallia Narbonensis as legatus ad census accipiendos et dilectum et proconsul, still under Tiberius. N. died there at the age of 44. According to Pliny (HN 14,144), he was one of Tiberius' drinking companions (CIL XIV 3602 = ILS 950). PIR2 N 175. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibli…

Volasenna

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] P. V. Suffect consul in c. AD 54; pro-consul of Asia probably in 62/3 [1. 438-441]. Probably a brother of V. [2]. Bibliography 1 Vogel-Weidemann. [German version] [2] C. V. Severus Probably a brother of V. [1]. Suffect consul together with Cn. Hosidius [4] Geta in November/December AD 47 [1. 247]. Cf. CIL VI 8,3, p. 4784 ad 31767. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Camodeca, Tabulae Pompeianae Sulpiciorum, 1999.

Munatia Plancina

(275 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] She was probably the daughter of Munatius [II 1], thus granddaughter of Munatius [I 4] and sister to Munatius [II 6]. This lineage gave her great self-confidence (Tac. Ann. 2,43,3). Probably the second wife of Cn. Calpurnius [II 16] Piso, whom she bore two sons, Cn. Calpurnius [II 20] Piso and M. Calpurnius [II 23] Piso. She was a member of the inner circle of friends of Livia [2], the mother of Tiberius. In AD 18, she accompanied her husband to Syria, where she played an importan…

Avidius

(727 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A. Cassius, C. Deputy commander to L. Verus in the Parthian War Came from Cyrrhus in Syria, son of A. [2] (SHA Marc. 25,12). Admitted into the Senate under Antoninus Pius; deputy commander to L. Verus in the Parthian War, in command of the legio III Gallica and auxiliary troops (Lucian. 31); conquered Seleucia and Ctesiphon (Cass. Dio 71,2,2ff.; 3,1); his contribution to the Parthian War was even recognized in Rome (Fronto Ad Am. 1,6) [1; 2. 141ff.]. Probably suffect consul in 166 [6. 181f.], also governor of Syria from a…

Vespasius Pollio

(74 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian from Nursia. Three times he was a tribunus [4] militum in a legion, including the Legio I, then a praefectus [5] castrorum, no earlier than the time of Augustus (Suet. Vesp. 1,3; cf. [1. 155-160]). His daughter was Vespasia Polla; one of his sons reached the rank of senator (cf. Vespasianus, with stemma). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Epigraphische Notizen aus Italien, in: ZPE 77, 1989, 155-180 2 Demougin, Nr. 192.

Sedatius

(130 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. S. Severianus Iulius Rufinus Acer Metilius Nepos Rufinus Ti. Rutilianus Censor. A senator from the city of Limonum in Aquitania (AE 1981, 640), he was probably admitted to senatorial status from equestrian status. After quaestorship, people's tribuneship and praetorship he achieved command of a legion, the cura viae Flaminiae and praetorian governorship in Dacia (AD 150/1-153) and in 153 consulship. He was dispatched as consular legate to Cappadocia  by Antoninus [1] Pius. There he and his army were defeated by the Parthian…

Plotia Isaurica

(53 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Owner of brickworks near Rome in the time of Trajan (98-117), products of which survive in great numbers (CIL XV 52-60; 63-68; 339 etc.). She may have been a member of a senatorial family (cf. Plotius [II 3 and 4]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, Nr. 620  PIR2 P 524.

Aius Sanctus, T

(85 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Rhetoric instructor of  Commodus (SHA Comm. 1,6; Ateius or Attius, according to AE 1961, 280 to emend). Equestrian procurator, among other things ab epistulis Graecis, a rationibus; praef. Aegypti 179/180 [1]. Acceptance into the Senate, cos. suff. around 184, praef. alimentorum; his grave inscription erected by M. Aurelius Cleander (AE 1961, 280). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 W. Eck, s. v. T. Aius Sanctus, RE Suppl. 14, 40 f.

Ostorius

(419 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] O. Sabinus Accuser of Marcius [II 2] Barea Soranus Roman eques who accused Marcius [II 2] Barea Soranus in 66 and was awarded 1,2 million sesterces and the Ornamenta Quaestoria. PIR2 O 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M. O. Scapula Senator and official (1st cent. AD), son of O. [4] Senator who served in the army in Britain under his father O. [4] and was awarded the corona civica for rescuing citizens (Tac. Ann. 12,31,4). In 59 cos. suff. Although he had saved the praetor Antistius [II 5] Sosianus from indictment, the latter accused him lat…

Curtilius

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.C.Mancia Cos. suff. 55 AD Suffect consul in AD 55 [1. 267]; governor and commander of the Upper Germanic army from 56 until at least 58 [2. 25f.]. We are uncertain whether he became proconsul of Africa (PIR2 C 1605; [3. 214ff.]). Re the bequeathing of his fortune, see Domitia [II 7]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, L'archivio Puteolano dei Sulpicii I, 1992 2 Eck, Statthalter 25f. 3 Vogel-Weidemann.

Germanicus

(1,417 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Epithet, conferred for a victory over Germanics Epithet, first conferred to Nero  Claudius [II 24] Drusus posthumously by the Senate in 9 BC, for his victories over Germanic tribes; adopted by his successors G. [2], Caligula, Claudius, Nero. Vitellius gave the name to his son. From the time of Domitian, it was again granted by the Senate for victories over Germanic tribes, namely to Nerva, Trajan, and Marcus Aurelius. The intensification 'G. maximus' is found from Commodus to Gratianus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography P. Kneißl, Die Siegestitulatur der röm…

Mussidius

(165 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.M. Senator in the Augustan period Senator in the Augustan period IVvir viarum curandum, quaestor, tribunus plebis, praetor, possibly proconsul. Father of M. [2] (CIL VI 1467 = 41053). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] T.M.Pollianus Consul AD 40 or 43/4 Son of M. [1], from the tribus Arnensis. Decemvir stlitibus iudicandis, quaestor, tribunus plebis, praetor, curator viarum, praefectus frumenti dandi, proconsul provinciae Galliae Narbonensis, consul either in AD 40 or AD 43/4 [1.263]. In AD 48, he may have been accepted as a member…

Tarius

(163 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. T. Rufus. Possibly from Liburnia ([1. 105-135], but cf. [2. 563]), of lowly origins (Plin. HN 18,37). He was involved in leading sea operations at Actium (Cass. Dio 50,14,1), probably already a senator at the time. He acquired a large estate in Picenum (Plin. HN loc.cit.), possibly proconsul of Cyprus: IGR 3, 952. He took part, in c. 16 BC, in campaigns in Macedonia (Cass. Dio 54,20,3), possibly as ( legatus) pro pr( aetore) (AE 1936, 18), but possibly only as promagistrate pro pr( aetore). In 16 BC cos. suff. According to Frontin. Aq. 102,3 f., in AD 23 a…

Murrenius

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. M. Severus. Consul suffectus in December 202 AD. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. Pferdehirt, Vier neue Militärdiplome im Besitz des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, in: Arch. Korrespondenzblatt 31, 2001, 61-280, bes. 266 ff.

Antonine

(191 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] This term designates the Roman emperors of the 2nd cent. The limits of its application are not strictly defined. Normally it covers only the time from  Antoninus [1] Pius to  Commodus (180-192), as all these emperors bore the name Antoninus, as in [1] below. In the same context both  Caracalla and  Elagabalus should be included, since both bore the name; albeit stemming from a belated and fictive adoption. Others use it to cover the time from  Nerva to Commodus, as in [2], from  H…

Gerellanus

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praetorian tribune, who instigated the killing of consul Iulius Vestinus in AD 65 under Nero's orders (Tac. Ann. 15,69). His brother is possibly L.G. Fronto (CIL III 14387 g.h = IGLS VI 2786/7). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. Dobson, Die Primipilares, 1978, 201f.

Decianus

(62 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Friend of Martial who came from Emerita in the province of Lusitania, but acted as a lawyer ( causidicus) in Rome (Mart. 1,61,10; 2,5). He was a friend of literature to whom Martial dedicated his second book of epigrams. Follower of Stoic philosophy. In Martial, he only appears in book 1 and 2. PIR2 D 20. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sellius

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. S. Clodianus. Senator, who is probably identical to the Asellius Claudianus mentioned in the Historia Augusta (HA Sept. Sev. 13,1). Suffect consul before 193 AD, the year in which he is recorded as curator operum publicorum (AE 1974, 11; [1. 236]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Kolb, Bauverwaltung.

Mammius

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.M. Pollio. Senator. During his tenure as consul designatus in AD 49, and at the urging of Agrippina [3], he proposed to the Senate that Claudius [III 1] should marry his daughter to the son of Agrippina [3], the future emperor Nero (Tac. Ann. 12,9). He is attested as consul in May of the same year. PIR2 M 126. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Martius

(316 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. M. Macer Proconsul of Achaia, after AD 44 Senator, probably from Arretium. M.'s career began under Tiberius; between AD 41 and 44 he was governor of Moesia under the command of Memmius [II 4] Regulus. Finally he became proconsul of Achaia by direct appointment. PIR2 M 343. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M. Torelli, in: EOS 2, 289. [German version] [2] L. M. Macer Praetor M.'s career included three offices of the vigintiviri and culminated in the praetorship. Since he was also Salius Palatinus ( Salii ), he must have been a patrician;…

Tenagino Probus

(160 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian official, who, as Praeses provinciae Numidiae, dedicated a gate building, designed with a groma, in Lambaesis (see city plan no. 10c) in AD 268 still under Gallienus (CIL VIII 2571 = 18057 = AE 1974,723;  cf. [1]). Under Claudius [III 2] Gothicus he continued in office there (AE 1936,58; ILAlg II 1,24). He is probably identical to the Probus who, as Praefectus Aegypti in 269, was victorious over the Marmarites in Cyrenaeca and founded the city of Claudiopolis (AE 1934,257). According to Zos. 1,4,4 he fought for…

Nymphidia

(28 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of the imperial freedman C. Iulius [II 36] Callistus and a seamstress; mother of C. Nymphidius [2] Sabinus. PIR2 N 251. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Poppaeus

(242 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. P. Sabinus Homo novus, cos. ord. AD 9 His family is presumably from Interamna Praetuttiorum, not Pompeii. Homo novus; his brother was P. [2]; father of  Poppaea [1] Sabina and father-in-law of T. Ollius. Promoted by Augustus and above all Tiberius. In 9 AD, extraordinarily for a homo novus, he became cos. ord. Shortly thereafter, probably in 11 AD, he was sent to Moesia; he was presumably the first to organize it as an independent province. In 15, he was also placed over Achaea and Macedonia, and so held overarching command …

Crispinus

(93 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Official under Domitian, originally from Egypt Originally from Egypt, perhaps formerly a slave. In Iuvenal 4,108 he is mentioned as a participant in Domitian's consilium on the Albanum (cf. [1. 532, n. 76]: perhaps praef. annonae; [2. 69f.]: courtier). Since Martial 7,99 is addressed to him, he was in any case an influential man at Domitian's court (PIR2 C 1586). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 7 2 B. W. Jones, The Emperor Domitian, 1992. [German version] [2] A. A[..]cius C. (IEphes. III 517; VII 3045) see A.  Larcius Crispinus. Eck, Werner (Cologn…

Saevinius

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. S. Proculus, senator, perhaps of equestrian origin. On his career: AE 1969/70, 601 and IEph VII 1, 3037. After serving as praetor, he became the legate of the procos. of Asia on the insulae Cyclades, probably upon the special request of Marcus Aurelius and Verus, then i uridicus per Flaminiam et Transpadanam, legate of the legio XXX Ulpia in Xanten; praetorian governor of Cilicia, later of Galatia as well. Cos. suff. in c. AD 180. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Alföldy, Konsulat 200; 345  W. Eck, Zur Verwaltungsgeschichte Italiens unter Marc Aurel, in: ZPE …

Cottia

(30 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of the consul Vestricius Spurinna, to whom Plin. Ep. 3,10 is addressed. Possibly from the Transpadana [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 7, 488, 542f.

Oclatius

(86 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Ti. O. Severus. Senator whose name used to be read as T. Iul(ius) Clatius Severus (PIR2 I 268). The correct name has now become known through a military award certificate that attests him as cos. suff. around AD 169-172 [1. 9ff.]. He is named, probably as the governor of Pontus-Bithynia, in 174 on a lead weight that is thought to come from Nicomedia (IGR I 524). PIR2 I 268. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Wolff, Neue Militärdiplome aus Künzing, in: Ostbairische Grenzmarken 41, 1999.

Statorius

(49 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.(?) S. Secundus. senator; cos. suff. under Hadrian. Thereafter, probably in c. AD 124/5, consular governor of Cappadocia (AE 1968, 504); cf. [1.160-163]. Brother in law of Minicius [4] Fundanus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 13, 1983, 147-237.

Maternus

(350 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Conspirator against Commodus At first a soldier, then ringleader of a group of rebels, with whom he exercised considerable influence through raids in Gaul and Hispania. If the bellum desertorum (War of the Deserters) can be connected with him, the legio VIII Augusta, which was stationed in Argentorate, fought against him. When M. tried to kill Commodus himself, he is said to have been betrayed by other members of his movement and was executed (HA Comm. 16,2; Hdn. 1,10; 11,5; [1. 178ff.]; cf. also [2. 69f.]). PIR2 M 363. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Th. Grünewald,…

Mummia

(160 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M. Achaica Wife of Sulpicius Galba (cos. in 5 BC) Granddaughter of  Q. Lutatius [4] Catulus, cos. in 78 BC, and proneptis (‘great-niece’) of L. Mummius [I 3] Achaicus, the conqueror of Corinth (Suet. Galba 3,5). M. was married to Sulpicius Galba, cos. in 5 BC; her son was later the emperor Galba [2]. PIR2 M 712. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M. Laevilla Senator's wife of the Mummii Sisennae family Senator's wife with an estate in Apulia (CIL IX 220; AE 1980, 279). She presumably belonged to the Mummii Sisennae family [1. 347]. PIR2 M 713. Eck, Werner (Cologne) B…

Orfitus

(117 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
The cognomen O. can be found in several senatorial families of the Imperial period (cf. PIR2, vol. 5, 461-463). [German version] [1] Third husband of Vistilia Third husband of Vistilia; the marriage produced a son (Plin. HN 7,39). Probably the grandfather of P. Cornelius [II 50] Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus. PIR2 O 139. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP, vol. 2, 812. [German version] [2] Lover of Faustina [3] According to the Historia Augusta (SHA Aur. 29,1), O. was a lover of Faustina [3]; Marcus [2] Aurelius is said to have promoted him nonetheless. It is…

Opsius

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.O. Senator, 1st cent. AD Senator who, along with other senators, accused Titius Sabinus in the Senate of being a friend of Germanicus [2]. He was later called to account for this. PIR2 O 126. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.O.Navius Fannianus Senator from Neapolis Senator from Neapolis; it is uncertain whether he was a descendant of O. [1]. According to IG XIV 719 (= IGR I 431 = [1. 20ff. no. 6], he possibly lived as late as the 2nd/3rd cent. AD. PIR2 O 127. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 E. Miranda (ed.), Iscrizioni greche d'Italia. Napoli I, 1990.

Crescens

(71 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Freedman of Nero's Freedman of Nero's, who in AD 69 held a banquet for the citizens in Carthago on the occasion of Otho's installation as emperor (Tac. Hist. 1,76,3; PIR2 C 1576). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cynical philosopher mid-2nd cent. AD Cynical philosopher from the mid-2nd cent. who attacked Justin as well as Christianity (Justin. Apol. 2,3; Euseb. Hist. eccl. 4,16). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Maximius Attianus

(41 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator; quaestor in the province of Asia in AD 209 at the earliest (AE 1998, 1361 f.); positively identical to the consular governor of Germania superior in 229 AD. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Eck, Statthalter, 91 f.

Icelus II (rom.)

(122 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Full name (Ser. Sulpicius) I. Marcianus. Freedman of  Galba [2], who had remained behind in Rome during Galba's governorship in Tarraconensis. Imprisoned by Nero following Galba's acclamation; freed after Nero's death, he rushed to Spain in only seven days to bring Galba the news. He received the gold ring of the equestrian order from Galba and probably the restitutio natalium. He exerted great influence on Galba, allegedly was able to dominate him - although this opinion is more likely to be a reflection of social prejudice in the source…

Lisinius

(27 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q.L. Sabinus. Equestrian; procurator of the province of Noricum between AD 135 and 138. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography RMD II 93; PIR2 L 285.

Varia

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] V. is supposed to have been the name of the grandmother of  Elagabalus [2]  (SHA Opil. 9, 1-3; SHA Heliog. 10,1; 12,3; 31,4). This may have been a fiction based on the name of Elagabalus' father (see Varius [II 6] Marcellus). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Hirrius

(14 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M.H. Fronto Neratius Pansa, PIR2 N 56  Neratius. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Simplicinius Genialis

(146 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. S. G., an equestrian who, in AD 260, governed the province of Raetia as vir perfectissimus in place of a senatorial governor ( agens vice praesidis). He was specifically sent to Raetia for this purpose. On 24/25 April 260, he defeated an army of Semnones near Augsburg and built a victory altar there in September of the same year ([1] = AE 1993, 1231b). He may have been born in the province of Germania inferior (cf. recently [2; 3. 226 f.; 4]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 L. Bakker, Raetien unter Postumus, in: Germania 71, 1993, 369-386 2 M. Christol, M. S. G.…

Claudius

(361 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 2a] C. Agrippinus procurator Asiae under Hadrian. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography J. Reynolds, New Letters of Hadrian to Aphrodisias, in: Journal of Roman Archaeology 13, 2000, 5-20. [German version] [II 3a] Ti. C. Antoninus Son of a Tiberius, from the tribus Sergia. Prefect of the cohors II Galatarum (= Gallorum?), tribune of the cohors I Hispanorum milliaria, prefect of the ala Tauriana, procurator of the vicesima hereditatium in the Gaulish-Germanic provinces, procurator in Macedonia under Hadrian, procurator of Britain (unpublished …

Dasumius

(232 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] see Domitius [II 25] Reputedly testator in the will handed down by CIL VI 10229; a new fragment (AE 1976, 77 = AE 1978, 16) shows that this is not the case [1]. Cf. Domitius, [II 25]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Zum neuen Fragment des sogenannten Testamentum Dasumii, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277ff. [German version] [2] (L.D.) Hadrianus Procos. Asiae c. 106/7 AD Probably from Cordoba; cos. suff in 93, proconsul Asiae c. 106/107 [1; 2; 3]. Presumably related to Dasumia [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Vidman FO2, 44, 85 2 W. Eck, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 43 3 …

Caligula

(871 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. (Iulius) Caesar Augustus Germanicus. Roman emperor AD 37-41. Born 31 August 12 in Antium, son of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder. A grandnephew of Augustus and grandson of the triumvir Mark Antony by birth, he also became Augustus' grandson, following Germanicus' adoption by Tiberius. He was given the nickname C. (‘bootee’) by the soldiers on the Rhine front, where his mother had taken him in AD 14. On the 26 May 17, he took part in his father's triumph over Germania, follow…

Vescularius Flaccus

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian, a close friend of the emperor Tiberius [1] whom he accompanied to Rhodes (V) and later to Capri (Capreae). He also worked as a confidant of Tiberius on the preparation of the trial of Scribonius [II 6] Libo Drusus (Tac. Ann. 2,28,1 f.). V. was probably also close to Aelius [II 19] Seianus, and in AD 32 this led to his execution (Tac. Ann. 6,10,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Iturius

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cliens of Iunia Silana, who in the year AD 55, after Agrippina’s [3] first loss of power, raised an accusation against her. On the demand of Agrippina, he was banished by Nero; after her death in 59 he was allowed to return, Tac. Ann . 13,19; 21f.; 14,12,4; PIR2 J 62. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sallustia

(109 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Gnaea Seia Herennia S. Barbia Orbiana. Daughter of Sallustius [II 5] Macrianus, according to Herodianus (6,1,9) from a patrician line, wedded to the emperor Severus Alexander in AD 225. She received the title of Augusta. Apparently, conflicts with the emperor's mother Iulia [9] Mamaea soon emerged, a fact which is claimed to have led S.'s father to attempt an overthrow. S. was divorced from Severus at the end of 227 at the latest and banished to Africa. Her name was removed from inscriptions. Regarding the name s. especially [1; 2. 179]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliograph…

Hiberus

(123 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (M. Antonius?) H. Imperial financial official in Egypt, 1st cent. AD Imperial freedman, active in the financial administration of Egypt c. AD 26-28, perhaps in a similar position as the   dioiketes of later times (POxy. 3807; although he is not mentioned as praefectus Aegypti there). Tiberius appointed him in AD 32 as the prefect of Egypt for a few months after the death of Vitrasius Pollio, but he died shortly after. The consul of AD 133, M. Antonius Hiberus, was supposedly his descendent (PIR2 H 168; if the inscription AE 1975, 861 = [1] does not refer to him). Eck, Werne…

Mutilia Prisca

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Belonged to the inner circle of friends of Livia [2]. According to Tacitus (4,12,4), Aelius [II 19] Seianus was able to learn of Livia's intentions and also to influence them through MP's lover, Iulius Postumus. The uncertainty of the transmission of the name makes it doubtful whether Cass. Dio 58,4,6 and 7 can be regarded as referring to MP. PIR2 M 763. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Terminatio

(299 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (from Latin terminus , 'boundary'). The definition of boundaries between land belonging to individuals, but esp. between communities. An official boundary was almost never drawn between Roman provinces, however, because their limits were defined by the territorial extent of the autonomous administrative units concerned. Markers were boundary stones ( termini; ILS 5926) or wooden posts [1. 244]. The terminatio was carried out by mensores, 'surveyors'; some of the theoretical technical literature survives (cf. [1; 2; 3]). Roman magistrates wer…

Vibidia

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vestal, the oldest in the College of Vestals in AD 48; shortly before her death she was asked by Messalina [2] to intercede with Claudius [III 1] regarding her marrying C. Silius [II 1] (Tac. Ann. 11,32,2). She and her father Vibidius Virro were honoured in Athens (IG II/III2 3532). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, 627, Nr. 805.

Barbius

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M.B. Aemilianus, cos. suff. in the year 140 (CIL XVI 177); RMD 1, 39; originated from Aquileia (EOS 2, 332f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Nummius

(353 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.N.Attidius Senecio Albinus 3rd cent. AD official Praefectus urbi in AD 256 and 261-263, and so cos. suff. before  256, and cos. II ord. in 263. Son of N. [4], married to  [- - -]ia Aurelia Flavia Archelais. N.'s son was presumably a [M. N. Flavius] Archelaus Sene[cio Albinus], his daughter [N]ummia (s. CIL VI 41225a). PIR2 N 227. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.N.Ceienius Annius Albinus Late 3rd/early 4th cent. AD praetor urbanus Praetor urbanus. Like other praetors, at the end of the 3rd or beginning of the 4th century AD, he establish…

Arria

(167 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] the Elder. Wife of Senator Caecina Paetus, died 42 AD Wife of Senator Caecina Paetus; when he was sentenced to death by Emperor Claudius in 42, she killed herself (Plin. Ep. 3,16; Tac. Ann. 16.34.2; Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 96). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] the Younger. Wife of P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus (1st cent. AD) Daughter of [1], wife of P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus, cos. suff. in 56; like her mother, she wanted to join her husband in death in the year 66; he prevented her from doing so (Tac. Ann. 16,34,2). Mother of Fannia who…

Galeria

(82 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Annia G. Faustina see  Faustina [1] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] G. Fundana Wife of the later emperor Vitellius about AD 60 Daughter of a senator of praetorian rank, related also to Galerius [4] [1]. Married A. Vitellius, the later emperor, no later than around AD 60. In 69 she joined her husband in Gaul. After his death she took care of the funeral. PIR2 G 33. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, in: ZPE 101, 1994, 229f.

Funisulanus

(156 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.F.Vettonianus. Originally probably from Caesaraugusta in Spain. Was accepted into the Senate under Claudius; after the offices of quaestor, tribune of the people, and praetor, he became legate of the legio IV Scythica in Syria and Armenia in the year AD 62 (Tac. Ann. 15,7,1). Joined Vespasianus; in 78, he was appointed to the office of (among others) praefectus aerarii Saturni before becoming cos. suff. In the following, he became consular legate of Dalmatia ( c. 79-82), Pannonia (82-86), and of the newly organized province of Moesia superior (86-88), …

Sosia

(144 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
( Sossia). [German version] [1] Pompeia S. Falconilla Daughter of Pompeius Sosius [II 2] Priscus ( cos. ord. in AD 149); married to M. Pontius [II 3] Laelianus ( cos. ord. in 163). An indication of her social position was her extraordinary paternal ancestral line, which therefore - as with her grandmother S. [2] Polla - always appears in her inscriptions (CIL VIII 7066; AE 1935, 26). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] S. Polla Daughter of Sosius [II 4] Senecio who had married a daughter of Sex. Iulius Frontinus. S. was married to Q. Pompeius [II 8] Falco ( cos. suff. in 108) whom sh…

Caesernius

(178 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.C. Statius Quinctius Macedo Knight, around 100 AD Eques from Aquileia. Procurator of Pannonia(?), praesidial procurator of Mauretania Caesariensis in AD 107 (PIR2 C 181) [1. 158ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] T.C. Statius Quinctius Macedo Quinctianus Senator under Hadrian Son of C. [1]. He was much supported in his senatorial career by Hadrian; i.a., he was comes Hadriani per Orientem et Illyricum, and attained a suffect consulate in c. AD 138, (AE 1957, 135; CIL V 865 = ILS 1069) [2. 347]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] T.C. Stat…

Calestrius

(153 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Tiro Proconsul of the Baetica, around 107 BC Friend of Pliny the Younger (Ep. 7,16), quaestor Caesaris, tribunus plebis, praetor in AD 93, procos. prov. Baeticae c. AD 107 (Plin. Ep. 6,22,7; 9,5; PIR2 C 222) [1. 779ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] T.C. Tiro Iulius Maternus Governor of Lycia-Pamphylia AD 132-135 Son of C. [3], governor of Lycia-Pamphylia AD 132-135 (AE 1972, 651a; IGR 3, 704, 1) [2. 83f.; 3. 39, 43]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] T.C. Tiro Orbius Speratus Cos. suff. in 122 Senator, probably a younger brother or …

Serius

(67 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Old Italic nomen gentile (Schulze 229). [German version] [1] C. Iunius S. Augurinus Cos. ord. in AD 132 (Degrassi, FCIR 38). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. S. Augurinus Son of S. [1]. Cos. ord. in AD 156, procos. of Africa in 169/170 [1. 69 f.]. Presumably he, and his father too, already had patrician rank; cf. CIL VI 1979. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Thomasson, Fasti Africani.

Agermus

(38 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] also transmitted as Ager(r)inus. Freedman of Agrippina [3] the younger (also C. Iulius A.), falsely accused by Nero of an assassination attempt (Tac. Ann. 14,6-10; Suet. Nero 34,3; PIR2 A 456). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Halotus

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Eunuch, who was the food taster of  Claudius [III 1], and is supposed to have given him the poison from which he died at the order of  Agrippina [3]. Although he was found guilty under Nero, Galba protected him and conferred a financially lucrative procuratorship on him. PIR2 H 11. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Lissenius

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Proculus. Equestrian, represented the prefect of Egypt (POxy. 3050) in AD 252/3 [1. 313; 2. 87; 3. 514]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2Id., in: ZPE 38, 1980, 75-89 3Id., Il prefetto d'Egitto (30 a.C. - 297 d.C.): Addenda (1973-1985), in: ANRW II 10.1, 1988, 503-517.

Agaclytus

(96 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A. (L. Aurelius), freedperson of the emperor Verus A. (L. Aurelius), freedperson of the emperor Verus, who married, against the objections of Marcus Aurelius, the widow of the senator Annius Libo to the libertus (SHA Verus 9,3; 19,5; Marcus 15,2; PIR2 A 452; [1. 243] s. v. Annius Libo). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. (L. Aurelius). son of no. 1 A. (L. Aurelius). Probably son of no. 1 and married to Marcus Aurelius' youngest daughter Vibia Aurelia Sabina (CIL XV 7402; [1. 239, 243]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 A. Birley, Marcus Aurelius, 21987…

Prastina

(137 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. P. Messalinus Senator, cos. ord. AD 147 Senator. Praetorian legate of legio III Augusta in Numidia AD 143-146. Cos. ord. in 147. He was probably also legate of Moesia inferior, if CIL III 7529 and [1. 14] refer to him; but they may instead refer to P. [3]. PIR2 P 926. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 B. Gerov, Inscriptiones Latinae in Bulgaria Repertae, 1989. [German version] [2] P. Messalinus Consular legate in Pannonia, AD 188-191? Consular legate of Pannonia superior under Commodus, perhaps AD 188-191. Probably son of P. [1]. PIR2 P 927. Eck, Werner (Cologne) …

Hoenius

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.H. Severus Consul ord. 141 AD Cos. ord. in AD 141, possibly came from Umbria (PIR2 H 189); perhaps related by blood to  Iuventius Celsus, cos. II in 129. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M. Gaggiotti, L. Sensi, in: EOS 2,237. [German version] [2] T.H. Severus Consul suff. 170 AD Son of H. [1]. Patrician, cos. suff. in AD 170. PIR2 H 190. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Munius Lupercus

(121 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator, who as legate of the legio XV Apollinaris in the army of Lower Germany in AD 69 was in command of the winter camp of his legion and the remains of the legio V Alaudae. He attacked Iulius [II 43] Civilis on the island of Batavia, but withdrew defeated to Vetera. There he had to surrender owing to lack of food. He escaped the massacre of the retreating troops. When he was sent by Civilis as a gift to the seer  Veleda, he was murdered on the way (Tac. Hist. 4,18; 4,22; 4,61,2-3). PIR2 M 741. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography u Th. Franke, Die Legionslegaten der römischen Ar…

Asellius

(136 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Aemilianus Cos. suff. around 177 AD Among other offices praetorian legate of Thracia between AD 176 and 180, cos. suff. around 177 [1. 262]. Consular governor of Syria about 188 [2]; proconsul of Asia in 192/193. As a relative of Clodius Albinus he remained neutral between Septimius Severus and Pescennius Niger, for a longer period; but was finally defeated by Septimius in the summer of 193 as a general of Niger and executed soon after (Herodian 3,2,2; 6; Cass. Dio 74,6,4; SHA Sept. Sev. 8,16; [3]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Claudianus Senator (2nd …

Sigerus

(42 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] For many years a high cubicularius of Domitian, who had great influence with the emperor (Mart. 4,78,8). He took part in the plot against Domitian and wounded him mortally (Cass. Dio 67,15,1-5; Suet. Dom. 17,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vespasianus

(1,247 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman emperor, AD 69-79. Born T. Flavius Vespasianus on 17 Nov. AD 9 at Falacrinae near Reate, son of the tax farmer Flavius [II 39] Sabinus and Vespasia Polla, a daughter of an equestrian officer [1. 155-160]. Married to Flavia [1] Domitilla; the marriage produced Titus [II 2] (born in AD 39) and Domitian (Domitianus [1], born in AD 51). [German version] I. Early career At the urging of his mother, V. followed his uncle and his elder brother, Flavius [II 40] Sabinus, in pursuing a senatorial career. His first position was as tribunus [4] militum in Thracia (pro…

Faenius Rufus, L.

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Eques who in AD 55 became praefectus annonae through the support of Agrippina [3] and was held in high esteem by the people of Rome. Appointed by Nero in 62 to the position of praefectus praetorio along with Tigellinus; when the latter accused him of having had a relationship with Agrippina and Nero mistrusted him, he joined the Pisonian conspiracy. After it was uncovered, he was executed. It is still very uncertain whether the horrea Faeniana go back to him (CIL VI 37796). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography H. Pavis d'Escurac, La préfecture de l'annone, 1976, 322 PIR2 F 10…

Scribonianus

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] S. Camerinus belonged to the family of the Licinii, probably the son of Licinius [II 10] Crassus, who was cos. in AD 64. S. was apparently killed along with his parents under Nero. Under Vitellius, a slave by the name of Geta claimed to be S. but was exposed and executed (Tac. Hist. 2,72). PIR2 L 241. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Lucusta

(73 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Dealer in poisons, probably from Gaul, who, according to tradition, supplied the poison to Agrippina [3] to kill Claudius in AD 54, and in the following year to Nero to eliminate Britannicus. Although L. had previously been sentenced for murder by poisoning, she was now set free. In 68 Nero also used poison prepared by her for his suicide. Galba had her executed. PIR2 L 414. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Saturius Firmus

(54 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator, cos. suff. in 148 AD (FO2 51). His father (or grandfather) of the same name, probably mentioned in Plin. Ep. 4,15,3, was married to a daughter of the senator Asinius Rufus (cf. [1]) and this eased his rise to senatorial status. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 7, 604.

Syllaeus

(233 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Nabataean (Nabataei), leading office-bearer of the Nabataean king Obodas II: epitropos [1] (in Jos. BI 1,487; Str. 16,4,23 f.); dioiketes (Nicolaus of Damascus, Excerpta Historica 3,1,1 Boissevain). When Aelius [II 11] Gallus, the prefect of Egypt, went into battle against southern Arabia in 24 BC, S. advised on the route the army took. Because it was a failure, Strabo accuses him (16,4,23 f.) of treason. S. played a substantial role in the competition between the local rulers in the area of Syria, Judaea and Nabataea;…

Orfidius

(88 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.? O. Benignus Military officer in the 1st cent. AD Legate of the newly established legio I Adiutrix; he fell at the battle of Bedriacum in AD 69. PIR2 O 136. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] P. O. Senecio Governor of Dacia superior under Antoninus [1] Pius Praetorian governor of Dacia superior under Antoninus [1] Pius. In AD 148, he rose to the position of suffect consul, probably while still in the province [1. 57f.]. PIR2 O 137. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Piso, FPD.

Ergastulum

(438 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Refers to a room in which tied-up slaves had to spend the night; it also refers to a group of bound slaves. With the acquisition of larger numbers of slaves during the Roman expansion in the 2nd and 1st cents. BC, the Roman slave owners were more frequently confronted with the fact that slaves fled or became violent against their owners. The result was an increased occurrence of slaves being tied up, who also had to do their work in that condition ( compediti or vincti). This phenomenon becomes clear both in Cato as well as in Varro without the word ergastulum being used, which,…
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