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Aedia Servilia

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of M'.  Acilius [II 3] Aviola, cos. ord. AD 54. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, in: L. DiCosmo, A. M. Villucci (ed.), Il territorio Allifano, 1990, 136 f. Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 6.

Caerellius

(189 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q.C. Knight, 3rd cent. AD Eques from a provincial town; in AD 238, Censorinus dedicated De die natali to him (PIR2 C 156). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q.C. (= Cerellius) Apollinaris Praetorian tribune, 3rd cent. AD Praetorian tribune who, after serving twice as procurator, is attested as praef. vigilum in AD 212 (CIL VI 1063 = ILS 2178). Admitted to the ordo senatorius (AE 1969/70, 193: funerary inscription) [1. 59ff.; 2. 230]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.C. Fufidius Annius Ravus Pollittianus Official, 3rd cent. AD Senator, quaesto…

Vinia Crispina

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of T. Vinius [II 1] (Rufinus). Her husband, whose name is unknown, was apparently involved in the Pisonic conspiracy (Calpurnius [II 13] Piso); she was rescued through the intervention of Ofonius Tigellinus. In AD 68, her father wanted to marry her to Otho. She arranged for her father's burial after he was murdered in early 69. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier 629, Nr. 807.

Dillius

(162 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.D. Aponianus Spanish senator under Nero Senator, originally from Cordoba, entered the Senate under Nero. As legate of the legio III Gallica he joined Vespasian and fought for him at Cremona. Of his career only a cura alvei Tiberis is certain (AE 1932, 78 = CIL II2 7, 275); related to D. [2]. PIR2 D 89. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.D. Vocula Senator under Nero, praetorian 69/70 AD Related to D. [1]. Also from Cordoba, probably also accepted, like D. [1], into the Senate under Nero. As a praetorian he commanded the legio XXII Primigenia in Germania superio…

Vitrasius

(422 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. V. Flamininus Probably a descendant of V. [2]. A senator from Cales, where he was buried by his son L. V. Ennius Aequus [1]. Suffect consul in AD 122, subsequently curator alvei Tiberis, legatus pro praetore exercitus et provinciae Dalmatiae (it may be that at that time quite large numbers of troops were stationed there and this is the reason it was specially emphasized), recorded as a consular legate in Moesia superior between 131 and 133 in an unpublished military diploma (Catalogue Lanz, auction 104: orders a…

Papinius

(173 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Sex. Papinius Senator, 1st cent. AD Son of Papinius [3], he killed himself at the end of the reign of Tiberius, because his mother had seduced him. She was prosecuted in the Senate and banished from Rome for ten years. PIR2 P 100. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Sex. Papinius Senator, 1st cent. AD Son of Papinius [3]; he conspired against Caligula, who had him tortured to death, along with others. PIR3 P 101. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Sex. Papinius Allienus Senator from Patavium, early Imperial Period A senator from Patavium, probably a homo no…

Vistilia

(182 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Daughter of Sex. Vistilius Probably a daughter of Sex. Vistilius. Married to the senator Titedius Labeo. In AD 19, she declared herself before the aediles to be a prostitute, in order to avoid being punished under the Lex Iulia de adulteriis ( Adulterium ). She was banished to the island of Seriphos (Tac. Ann. 2,85,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, s. v. V., RE Suppl. 14, 910 f.  Syme, RP 2, 811. [German version] [2] Sister of Sex. Vistilius Probably a sister of Sex. Vistilius. Plin. HN. 7,39 mentions her six marriages, from which six chil…

Casperius

(192 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Centurio, 1st cent. AD Centurio. In AD 51, he tried -- in the castle of Gorneae in Armenia -- to mediate between Pharasmanes and Mithridates (Tac. Ann. 12,45f.). Corbulo sent him to the Parthian king Vologaeses in 62 (Tac. Ann. 15,5,2ff.; PIR2 C 461). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Aelianus Military tribune, 2nd half of 1st cent. AD Military tribune, who accompanied Vespasian to Egypt in AD 69 (Philostr. VA 7,18). Praetorian prefect under Domitian, and once again under Nerva, when he joined an opposition group around Co…

Sextilia

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Married to L. Vitellius, cos. III in AD 47. Her sons were A. Vitellius, the later emperor, and his brother L. Vitellius. After her son was enthroned in Rome in the summer of 69 she was given the honorary name Augusta (Tac. Hist. 2,89,2); she died of old age shortly afterwards (Tac. Hist. 3,67,1). Suetonius (Vit. 3) speaks of her approvingly. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 715.

Ornamenta

(594 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Ornamenta  were outward signs and special rights attached to the Republican magistrature ( magistratus  C. 2; thus, for example the wearing of the toga praetexta or a specific seat at state games) which could be awarded to specific persons, who were not or not yet entitled to them, separately from the political rights derived from these offices. This development began in the Roman Republic, mostly only in exceptional cases. Thus, according to Cicero (Cic. Cluent. 132) a certain Popilius, the son of a freedman, was granted a seat among the senators as well as other ornament…

Terentilla

(52 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] According to Suet. Aug. 69,2 she is mentioned in a letter by Antonius [I 9] as one of the women in intimate relationship with Octavian. Presumably Terentia [2] is meant, the wife of Maecenas [2]  (see Cass. Dio 54,19,3); T. may then be a pet name. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Haterius

(541 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Mentioned by Cic. 46 BC Mentioned by Cic. Fam. 9,18,3 in the year 46 BC; possibly identical with the proscript of the same name in App. B Civ. 4,29. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q. H. Cos. suff. 5 BC Possibly descendant of H. [1], from a senatorial family. If he died in AD 26 at almost 90 years of age, he must have been born in c. 65 BC. Through his wife, he was related to the house of Augustus. Cos. suff. in 5 BC, i.e. at an advanced age. Mentioned several times by Tacitus in the context of negotiations of the Senate under Tiberius. He appears …

Praefectus

(2,472 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
('Superior, head', from praeficere; his office or area of responsibility = praefectura). The praefectus is the Roman functionary appointed by a magistratus as a proxy with comprehensive responsibilities for a defined period or for a specific task per mandatum (see praefectus iure dicundo/dando). In the Empire, his appointment by the princeps generally resulted in the functions becoming permanent. In the non-military field, the designation praefectus was still used only under Augustus [1] for new functions; later it was used exclusively in analogy to already existing functions. Pr…

Numisia

(100 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Maximilla Vestal virgin around 200 AD Virgo Vestalis maxima (Vestal Virgin), at least after 201; she took part in the Saecular Games ( saeculum ) of AD 204 PIR2 N 219. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cocceia Bassula N. Procula Wife of M. Munatius Popilicanus She was married to M. Munatius Popilicanus. The question as to whether she and the senator's wife N. Procula in CIL XV 7459 are one and the same person cannot be resolved [1. 334]. PIR2 N 220. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M.-Th. Raepsaet-Charlier, in: Journal of Roman archeology 4, 1991.

Seius

(359 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Fuscianus Senator, from early youth a friend of Marcus [2] Aurelius with whom he also studied philosophy together (SHA Aur. 3,8). S. was cos. suff. no later than AD 151 [1. 159 f.], cos ord. II in 188 and praef. urbi probably until 189 (SHA Pert. 4,3); his successor was the later emperor Pertinax. S. presided over prosecutions of Christians (Tert. Ad nat. 1,16; Hippolytos, refutatio 9,11,4; 12,7 f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Alföldy, Konsulat. [German version] [2] L. S. Strabo Father of L. Aelius [II 19] Seianus. He was from Volsinii in Et…

Aedinius Iulianus, M

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] By this name are known a praefectus Aegypti in AD 222/3 [1. 308 f.], a senatorial patron in the album of Canusium (CIL IX 338 = ILS 6121) and a legatus Augusti of the Lugdunensis, who later became praef. praetorio (before 238, CIL XIII 3162; [2]). Presumably all evidence points to one person; the mixed senatorial-knightly career can probably be placed in the time of  Elagabalus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 H. G. Plaum, Marbre de Thorigny, 1948. Dietz, 40 f. Leunissen, 100,…

Caesennius

(268 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.C. Antoninus Consul. suff. 128 AD Cos. suff. in AD 128, perhaps son of C. [5] [1. 49, 118]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A.C. Gallus Roman military and governor, 1st cent. AD As legate of the legio XII Fulminata, he fought the Jewish rebellion in AD 66 (Jos. Bell. Iud. 2,510ff.; 3,31). After a suffect consulate, he was governor of Cappadocia-Galatia from 80 to 82/3 (PIR2 C 170) [2. 304ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L. Iunius C. Paetus Roman governor, 1st cent. AD Cos. ord. in AD 61 (AE 1973, 141f.). Extraordinary governor of C…

Mestrius

(269 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.M. Son of L.M. Florus (cos. suff. ca. AD 75), [1] L. M. Son of M. [3]. PIR2 M 529. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.M. Autobulus Son of Plutarch, [2] L. M.Autobulus Son of Plutarch, who was revered in Chaeronea as a Platonic philosopher (Syll.3 844). His father dedicated his work on the Platonic Tímaios to him (Plut. mor. 1012a-1030d). PIR2 M 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.M. Florus Cos. suff. c. AD 75, [3] L. M.Florus Senator. Probably entered the Senate as a novus homo under Nero. At the beginning of the year AD 69 he was in Ro…

Hadrianus [II]

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Origin and senatorial career Roman Emperor AD 117-138. Son of Senator P. Aelius Hadrianus Afer and one Domitia Paulina; his home town was  Italica in the Spanish province of Baetica. Born on 24 January 76 probably in Rome as P. Aelius Hadrianus. When he was 10 years of age he lost his father, who had achieved the rank of praetor. The eques Acilius Attianus and the senator (later emperor) M. Ulpius Traianus, his great-uncle (see stemma in [1. 308]), both likewise from Italica, became his guardians. At an early age he was made acquainted wi…

Matuccius

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Matuccius Fuscinus. Praetorian legate of the legio III Augusta in the year AD 158; he was already designated to be consul at that time. On 21 June 159 he is attested as being consul along with M. Pisibanius Lepidus. PIR2 M 374. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. E. Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 1997, 151f. P. Weiß, in: Chiron 29, 1999.
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