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Vitorius

(201 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. V. Hosidius Geta Son of V. [2], born before AD 95; recorded from AD 118 among the fratres Arvales. Praefectus urbi feriarum Latinarum causa, 'quaestor Traiani' (CIL VI 370079 = 41116). Praetor before 120 [1. 35, n. 22]; suffect consul under Hadrian (before 139 since he is mentioned in ILS 7190) [2. 53, 379-384]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Senatoren von Vespasian bis Hadrian, 1970 2 Scheid, Collège. [German version] [2] M. V. Marcellus Senator, from Teate Marrucinorum, born shortly after AD 60. One of his fellow pupils was a C. …

Patrobius

(53 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A rich freedman of Nero who enjoyed the latter's confidence. In AD 66, P. organised the gladiatorial games in Puteoli in honour of the Armenian king Tiridates [5]. Their lavishness surpassed everything that the people were used to. Galba [2] had him executed. PIR2 P 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Tusidius Campester

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. (?) T. Campester. Roman senator; suffect consul under Antoninus [1] Pius in the September/October of  AD 142 together with Q. Cornelius [II 54] Senecio Annianus (see also RMD 106, fr. 37 of the Fasti Ostienses = FO2, fr. S and a new fragment of a diploma in [1]). He is without doubt identical to L. Tusidius Campester (CIL XI 5632 = ILS 2735), the son of the procurator M. Maenius [II 1] Agrippa, whose career was in the time of Hadrian. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, P. Weiß, T. C., in: ZPE 134, 2001, 251-260.

Cosconius

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 0] C. Celsus Presiding procurator in Raetia until AD 139 when he was replaced by Sempronius Liberalis [1]; his name should probably also be added to RMD II 94 = AE 1984,706. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 K. Dietz, Ein neues Militärdiplom aus Alteglofsheim, Lkr. Regensburg, in: Beiträge zur Arch. in der Oberpfalz 3, 1999, 225-256.

Tattius

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. T. Maximus. Eques. Tribune of the equites singulares in Rome, attested 142-145 AD. Recorded from 156 until 158 as praefectus [16] vigilum; in 158 he became praefectus praetorio succeeding Gavius [II 6] Maximus until his death in 160. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Sablayrolles, Libertinus miles, 1996, 487 f.

Epponina

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of the Lingonian Iulius Sabinus, whom, following his participation in the Gallic uprising against Rome in AD 69/70, she kept hidden in a cave for nine years, during which time she bore him two sons. Following their discovery, Vespasian had her and Sabinus executed in AD 79. PIR2 E 81. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Mussius

(158 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Mussius Aemilianus, rival emperor AD 261/2. He was of equestrian rank and his career is known partly from CIL XIV 170 = ILS 1433. After the quattuor militiae he became praefectus vehiculorum in the three Gallic provinces, procurator in Alexandria [1] and procurator of the two ports in Ostia (documented in AD 247). From 257-259 he held office in Egypt in place of the prefect of the province; at the same time correctores were operating there. From 259, M. was himself then praefectus Aegypti until 261. Since 257 he had been taking brutal action against Dionysius …

Rufrius

(270 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (P.?) R. Crispinus Praetorian prefect, AD 47-51 Roman equestrian, of whose activities prior to AD 47 nothing is known. At that date, emperor Claudius [III 1] made him Praetorian prefect, possibly prompted by Messalina [2]. As a reward for his commitment to Claudius, he was granted the rank of a praetor and 1.5 million HS by the Senate. When R. was dismissed as Praetorian prefect in 51 at the urging of Agrippina, he additionally received the insignia of a consul. Married to Poppaea [2]…

Corrector (Italiae)

(225 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] At the beginning of the 3rd cent. AD there is evidence for the senator C. Octavius Appius  Suetrius Sabinus as corrector Italiae ( CI) while iuridiciiuridicus ) still held office simultaneously: CIL X 5178 and 5398 = ILS 1159 (under Caracalla); possibly T. Pomponius [II 5] Bassus was also CI: CIL VI 3836 = 31747 = 41237 (probably in 268/9). [3. 221 ff.]. So they had not replaced the iuridici as occurred from the late 3rd cent. These correctores were special authorized representatives, as the description in CIL X 5398 = ILS 1159 for Octavius Appius Sue…

Eprius

(244 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Clodius E. Marcellus. Descendant of a socially unimportant family from Capua (where the province of Cyprus later had a monument erected in his honour, ILS 992); homo novus. He probably entered the Senate under Claudius, and became praetor in AD 48. After commanding a legion, he was posted to Lycia as praetorian governor ( c. 53-56); he was charged with extortion by the province, but acquitted. Under Nero, he became proconsul of Cyprus (SEG 18, 587 [1]), and cos. suff. in 62 [2]. He excelled as an orator, and under Nero publicly accused several senators, a…

Pollenius

(343 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(also Pollienus). [German version] [1] Tib. P. Armenius Peregrinus Consul ord. AD 244 Cos. ord. in AD 244. He may have been both praetorian proconsul of Lycia-Pamphylia as well as proconsul of Asia after the consulate. The genealogical relationships are not completely clear; probably the adopted son of P. [2]. PIR2 P 536. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] P. Auspex Consul suff., XV sacris faciundis AD 204 Cos. suff. Consular legate of Dalmatia, judge commissioned by the emperor, praefectus alimentorum viae Appiae et Flaminiae ter, proconsul of Africa. It is uncertain wh…

Passenianus

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senatorial consular governor of the province of Syria Palaestina under the Emperor Probus [1] (cf. [1. no. 13]); the nomen gentile Clod(ius) supposedly read by [2. 192 ff.] = AE 1998, 1440 cannot be confirmed on the stone. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. M. Lehmann, K. G. Holum, The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Caesarea Maritima, 2000 2 F. Chausson, Trois Clodii sénatoriaux, in: Cahiers du Centre Gustave-Glotz 9, 1998, 177-213.

Vespasia Polla

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Vespasius Pollio from Nursia. Married to Flavius [II 39] Sabinus, the father of her three children, including T. Flavius [II 40] Sabinus and the later emperor Vespasian (Vespasianus, with stemma). Since her brother had been a senator, she also moved her sons to this career (Suet. Vesp. 1,3; 2,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Baebia

(44 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] B. Galla, wife of procurator Q. Licinius Silvanus Granianus, flaminica in Hispania Tarraconensis (AE 1929, 232 = RIT 321); mother of a consular by the same name who served in the year 106 (see PIR2 L 247). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Anicetus

(172 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (Domitius?) A. Freedman of Nero Freedman of Nero (or Agrippina?) and his tutor, who did not stand in Agrippina's favour (Tac. Ann. 14,3,3; Cass. Dio 62,13,2). As praefect of the fleet of Misenum, he tried in 59 at Nero's command to murder Agrippina during a staged shipwreck; after his efforts failed, he had her killed by the soldiers in his fleet (Tac. Ann. 14,7,5; 8,2-5; Cass. Dio 62,13,2-5). At Nero's prompting, he admitted committing adultery with Octavia; therefore he was formal…

Eggius

(198 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Eggius Praef. castrorum of Varus in Germania praef. castrorum of Varus in Germania (Vell. Pat. 2,119,4). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.E. Ambibulus Cos. 126 AD Identical with [C. Eggius] Ambibulus Pom[ponius Lon]ginus Cassianus L. Maecius Pos[tumus] of CIL IX 1123. His career began as a senator's son under Trajan, who admitted him among the patricians, and in 126 he became an ordinary consul. Like all other senatorial Eggii, he was from Aeclanum. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, in: EOS 2, 132ff. PIR2 E 5, 6. [German version] [3] C.E…

Proculeius

(126 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. P., friend of Octavian, the future Augustus [1]. P. accompanied Octavian, apparently without official position, in the wars against Sex. Pompeius [I 5] in Sicily and against M. Antonius [I 9] in Egypt. A military commission could, of course, be inferred from the coins struck with his name in Cephallenia (RPC I 1359-1362). P.' siblings were Terentius Murena, Terentia [2] the wife of Maecenas [2], and a Scipio; his mother must therefore have been married more than once. P. was co…

Augurinus

(72 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Caligula Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Caligula. PIR2 A 1397. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Person in Senecas Apocolocynthosis Introduced in Seneca Apocol. 3,4 as a worthless person, who was supposed to die in the same year as Claudius. PIR2 A 1398. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Fictional person Fictional person (cf. in Seneca: Augurinus, Baba, Claudius = ABC). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Canidia

(42 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Frequently mentioned by Horace because of her magic art and mixing of poisons (Epod. 3,8; 5,15; 17,6; sat. 1,8,24; 2,1,48; 8,95). It is assumed that in real life she was Gratidia, a perfume seller from Naples (Porphyrio). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cutius

(81 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.C. Ciltus Cos. suff. 55 AD Suffect consul probably inAD 55 with L. Junius Gallio (AE 1960, 61f.; [1]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, RE Suppl. 14, 110. [German version] [2] C. Lupus Quaestor, put down a slave revolt in 24 AD Quaestor who had to supervise the calles in Lower Italy. In AD24 he put down a slave revolt in Apulia (Tac. Ann. 4,27,2; [1]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, in: Scripta Classica Israelica 13, 1994, 60ff.

Ummidius

(490 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. U. Durmius Quadratus From a senatorial family; possibly adopted by a U. from Casinum. His career was transmitted in CIL X 5182 = ILS 972. After a quick rise (quaestor in AD 14, praetor as early as in AD 18), his advancement slowed down. Following his office as proconsul on the island of Cyprus and a governorship in Lusitania (attested for the year 37, ILS 190), he did not become suffect consul until c. 40. Under Claudius [III 1], he became consular governor in Illyricum (either Dalmatia or Pannonia), then, from no later than 51, governor in Sy…

Sallius

(209 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Aristaenetus Senator, governor of Thracia between AD 253 and 260 Senator; governor of Thracia between AD 253 and 260 (AE 1978, 724); descendant of S. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. S. Aristaenetus Senator, imperial legate of Moesia inferior under Caracalla or Elagabalus Senator, possibly from Byzantium. There are records of his career in CIL VI 1511 = ILS 2934 up to his office as iuridicus of Picenum and Apulia; later, he became a consul [1. 163]. Probably he was governor of Pontus-Bithynia, and afterwards probably imperial legate…

Servaeus

(273 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. S. Senator, who as a praetorian accompanied Germanicus [2] to the East. There he converted Commagene into a province (Tac. Ann. 2,56,4). In 20 AD he took part in a lawsuit against Calpurnius [II 16] Piso in the Senate (Tac. Ann. 3,13). Later in alliance with Aelius [II 19] Seianus, in 32 after the latter's overthrow he was convicted, to the regret of many in the Senate (Tac. Ann. 6,7,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q. S. Fuscus Cornelianus Senator from Gightis in Africa. After being a praetor dealing with the cura viae Salariae ('care for the Salarian …

Pompusius Mettius

(37 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praefectus aerarii Saturni for four years, AD 80-83 (InscrIt 13,1 p. 307). He is not identical to the Mettius Pompusianus mentioned in Suet. Vesp. 14. PIR2 M 570; P 783. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Bruttia

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] B. Crispina = Crispina Augusta, daughter of Bruttius [II 5], wife of Commodus from AD 178; exiled to Capri after an alleged adultery, and later killed (Cass. Dio 72,4,6) [1. no. 149]. PIR2 B 170. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Raepsaet-Charlier.

Tettienus

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Galeo T. Petronianus Senator from Asisium. Cos. suff. in AD 76. Brother of T. [2]. Probably the adoptive father of T. [3]; [1. 263]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Gaggiotti, L. Sensi, Italia: regio VI (Umbria), in: EOS 2, 263. [German version] [2] T. T. Serenus Brother of T. [1]. Praetorian governor of Lugdunensis in c. AD 78-80 [1. 300]; cos. suff. probably in 81. Member of the pontifices [2. 8 f.; 3. 449 f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 281-362 2 L. Sc…

Princeps iuventutis

(537 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Greek πρόκριτος τῆς νεότητος/ prókritos tês neótētos, Cass. Dio 55,9,9; 78,17,1; 'the first/most select among the youth'; the English word 'prince' derives from it). In the Republic, the term was used in the plural for the patrician equestrians organized in special units ( t urma ); as only the younger patricians served actively in the cavalry, the principes iuventutis could be described as the seminarium senatus ('nursery of the Senate') (Liv. 42,61,5). Cicero was already applying the term to individuals, already employing the distinction respective of the princep…

Fabulla

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a certain Asiaticus, mentioned in the will of Domitius [II 25] Tullus as the recipient of a legacy (AE 1976, 77); she is presumably identical to the F. mentioned in Apollonius [14] of Tyana as the wife of Valerius, proconsul of Asia (Epist. 58). The latter is perhaps identical to Valerius Asiaticus, cos. in AD 94, proconsul of Asia 108/9 [1. 292ff.]. In this case the Letter of Apollonius would be fictitious. Cf. PIR2 F 92. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Zum neuen Fr. des sog. Testamentum Dasumii, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277-295.

Curtia Flavia Archelais Valentilla

(29 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Woman of consular rank, a member of the landed gentry of Lydia [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Petzl, in: EA 26, 1996, 9ff.

Rubellia Bassa

(40 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Probably the daughter of Rubellius [3] Blandus or of one of his sons, married to a senator Octavius [II 4] Laenas, grandmother of Sergius Octavius [II 6] Laenas Pontianus, cos. ord. in AD 131. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Laetus

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Successful commander of Septimius [II 7] Severus during the Parthian War of AD 195 and again in 198. L. was murdered because he was too popular with the army; Severus denied that this was on his orders; L. probably fell victim to the thirst for power of the praetorian prefect Fulvius [II 10] Plautianus. PIR2 L 69. L.'s identification is disputed: according to [1. 116f.] he was identical to Iulius Laetus, who led the vanguard of Severus' army on their march into Rome in 193, and who in 197, allegedly after much hesitation, won the vic…

Corellius

(167 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Neratius C. Pansa Cos. ord. 122 AD Cos. ord. AD 122; son of Corellia Hispulla, a daughter of C. [2], and probably of one of the Neratii from Saepinum; related to the family of Domitius Apollinaris, cos. suff. 97 [1; 2. 487, 598]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q.C. Rufus Cos. suff. 78 AD Perhaps from Laus Pompeia [3]. Suffect consul probably in AD 78; governor of Germania superior in 82; according to Plin. Ep. 1,12,6f. an opponent of Domitian, but not openly. He was commissioned by Nerva to buy up and distribute land…

Otho

(736 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. Salvius Otho, Roman emperor in AD 69, born on 28.4.32 AD. The family came from Ferentum in Etruria. O.'s grandfather was the first in the family to be admitted to the Senate. His father was L. Salvius Otho, cos. suff. in 33; his mother, Albia Terentia, came from an equestrian family. From the time of Augustus, the family of the Salvii was closely connected with the domus Augusta. His father was accepted by Claudius [III 1] into the Patriciate, as was the young O. at the same time, too. Of his senatorial career, only the quaestorship is known; t…

Adoptive emperors

(398 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] The term adoptive emperor (AE) is applied to the emperors from  Nerva to  Marcus Aurelius because they each adopted their respective successor. The special characteristic was that the successor supposedly came from outside the family: sed Augustus in domo successorem quaesivit, ego in re publica ( Galba in his speech at the adoption of L.  Calpurnius Piso Frugi, Tac. Hist. 1,15,2). Among the Julio-Claudian dynasty, Rome was supposed to have been unius familiae quasi hereditas. The reason why the successor, per adoptionem, should be the ideal form of rulership…

Cuspius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.C. Camerinus Cos. suff. 126 AD from Pergamum Pergamenian who entered the Senate under Nerva or Trajan; suffect consul in126 AD [1]. Father of C. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, M. Roxan, in: FS H. Lieb, 1995, 77ff. [German version] [2] L.C. Pactumeius Rufinus Cos. ord. 142 AD, friend of Aelius Aristides Son of C.[1]. Cos. ord. in AD 142. Often stayed in Pergamum where he also built the temple of Asclepius. A friend of Aelius Aristides (PIR2 C 1637). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.C. Rufinus Cos. ord. 197 AD Probably the grandson of C.…

Acerronia

(39 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Polla, confidante of Agrippina, who perished during the staged shipwreck in the Gulf of Baiae in AD 59 (Tac. Ann. 14,5 f.; Cass. Dio 61,13,3). Daughter of Acerronius [1] (PIR2 A 34). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cosconia Gallitta

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis, cos. suff. in AD 10; wife of the praetorian praefect Seius Strabo [1. 307ff.]. PIR2 C 1528. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, AA.

Iuventia

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] I. Maxima. Wife of C. Cassius Statilius [II 9] Severus Hadrianus. She is probably identical with the homonymous daughter of Lucius, attested in Berytus in AE 1998, 1437. She may have originated from Syria, like her husband. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Nomenclator

(269 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Mostly a slave, who called out to his master, especially an office-holder or a candidate to an office, the names of people coming to meet him. This was particularly important during elections to an office, since the candidate had to convey the impression that he remembered each one of his constituents personally. Cicero’s brother especially emphasizes this aspect in his Commentariolum petitionis, which is also our source for the function and importance of the nomenclator. Plinius (HN 29,19) describes the nomenclator as follows: alienis oculis agnoscimus, aliena …

Arrecina

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Tertulla, daughter of Arrecinus [1] Clemens, Titus' first wife who died early (Suet. Tit. 4,2; PIR2 A 1074). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sallienus

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. S. Clemens. Senator who was praetor in AD 56 (AE 1960,64). In the year 65, he attacked Iunius [II 14] Gallio, the brother of the deceased Seneca, in the Senate, but the Senate rebuffed him (Tac. Ann. 15,73,3). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Rubellius

(344 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (R.) Blandus See Blandus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. R. Blandus Proconsul of Crete and Cyrenae Proconsul of Crete and Cyrenae; probably a son of R. [1]. PIR2 R 109. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C. R. Blandus Suffect consul in 18 AD, related to the Domus Augusta through marrige to Julia [8] Probably a son of R. [2]; quaestor of Augustus, people's tribune, praetor; suffect consul in AD 18. In 20 he made an application to the Senate to banish Aemilia [4] Lepida. Presumably he is the proconsul of Africa …

Bellicius

(292 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] B. Calpurnius Torquatus, C. Consul ord. 148 AD belonged to a senatorial family originally from Vienna (EOS 2, 415). Cos. ord. in AD 148 [1. 42], son of [3], brother of [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Degrassi, FC. [German version] [2] B. Flaccus Torquatus, C. Consul ord. 143 AD. cos. ord. in AD 143 (AE 1940, 62) [1. 144]. Son of [3], brother of [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Alföldy, Consulat. [German version] [3] B. Flaccus Torquatus Tebanianus, C. Consul ord. 124 AD cos. ord. in AD 124 (IGUR 2, 741) [1. 36]. Father of B. [1] and B. [2]. Eck, Werner (…

Prifernius

(453 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T. P. Paetus Cos. suff. AD 96 Cos. suff. AD 96. P. [3] and [4] bear his name. PIR2 P 934. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. Pomponius Augurinus T. P. Paetus Knight, honoured by Trajan Knight who served as a tribunus militum legionis X Fretensis, then as a praefectus cohortis I milliariae and finally as a praefectus alae II Flaviae; in this capacity he took part in the first Dacian War, after which he was honoured by Traianus [1]. Procurator of the province of Achaia; procurator of the Idios Logos in Egypt c. AD 105/6. The family connection with P. [1] is unce…

Ranius

(207 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. R. Castus Legate of the procos. of Asia, AD 126/7 Senator whose nomen gentile could also be Granius. Legate of the procos. of Asia in AD 126/7, PIR2 R 23. Perhaps identical with the cos. suff. Castus of the year 142 [1] whom fragment S of the Fasti Ostienses mentions [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, P. Weiß, Tusidius Campester, cos. suff. unter Antoninus Pius und die Fasti Ostienses zum J. 141/2, in: ZPE 134, 2001, 251-260. 2 FO2 52. [German version] [2] L. R. Optatus Senator, cons. suff. probably under Septimius Severus Senator; his career is known …

Neapolitanus

(71 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Tribunus militum in one of the Syrian legions. In AD 66, the governor C. Cestius [II 3] Gallus sent him to Jerusalem, in order to report on the unsettled situation there which was attributed to the behaviour of Gessius Florus (Jos. BI. 2,16,1-2). In the following year as praefectus alae he protected the town of Scythopolis (see Beisan) against the insurgent Jews PIR2 N 36. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Lollia

(230 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Paulina Wife of P. Memmius [II 4] Regulus, taken away from her husband by Caligula in 38 AD Probably the granddaughter of Lollius [II 1], cos. of 21 BC. Married to P. Memmius [II 4] Regulus, governor of Achaea, Macedonia and Moesia. Caligula took her away from her husband in AD 38 and married her shortly after the death of his sister Drusilla. He, however, disowned her again the following year and ordered that she was never again to have sexual relations with a man. In 48 the freedman Callistus sugg…

Cannutia Crescentina

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vestal. Sentenced by Caracalla for incest, she took her own life (Cass. Dio 77,16,1; 3; PIR2 C 400). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Hordeonius

(262 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.H. Patrimonial procurator of Narbonensis under Tiberius Evidently the patrimonial procurator of Narbonensis under Tiberius (CIL VI 92 = 30690). Probably the father of H. [2]; originating from Puteoli. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, in: EOS 2, 128f. [German version] [2] M.H. Flaccus Son of H. [1]. Cos. suff. in 47 AD Son of H. [1]. Cos. suff. in the year AD 47 (AE 1988, 325; 1991, 474; [1]). In the summer of 68, already as senex, he replaced Verginius Rufus as legate of the army of Upper Germany. When the troops refused to take the…

Commodus

(1,133 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Roman emperor in AD 180-192. Son of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina II. He was born on 31 August 161 in a villa near Lanuvium. His twin brother T. Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus died at the age of four (PIR2 A 1512). His name was originally L. Aurelius Commodus. On 12 October 166 he and his brother both received the title of Caesar: L. Aurelius Commodus Caesar. He was thereby designated as the natural successor, and the ideological concept of  adoptive emperorship was avoided altogether. For the same purpose, he was admitted into all priestly colleges and designated as princeps iuven…
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